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A Study on the Change of Urban Spatial Networks in Gwangju and Naju due to Gwangju-Jeonnam Innovation City

광주·전남 혁신도시로 인한 광주광역시 및 나주시의 도시 공간 네트워크 특성 변화에 관한 연구

  • 김영우 (서울대학교 건설환경종합연구소) ;
  • 박근송 (창원대학교 건축학부) ;
  • 김민석 (부경대학교 건축학과)
  • Received : 2020.04.22
  • Accepted : 2020.08.20
  • Published : 2020.09.30

Abstract

In this study, the effects of the construction of Gwangju-Jeonnam Innovation City were examined on the existing urban context around the city in the respect of urban spatial structure, and improvement directions of the broader region of Gwangju and Naju were discussed. Focusing on the wide-range region from Gwangju Metropolitan City to Naju City including the innovative city, comparative analyses were conducted of the wide-range spatial structures before and after construction of the innovative city using Primal Spatial Network-based Spatial Analysis. As a result, it was found that Gwangju-Jeonnam Innovative City had more influence on Gwangju Metropolitan City, than Naju City. After construction of the innovative city, Gwangju City showed clear differentiation of accessibility and centrality by region. The centrality has moved to the southern areas of Gwangsan-gu and Nam-gu, and accessibility has increased on the arterial roads connecting the innovative city and Gwangju. However, the accessibility of those roads did not spread to urban cores. Rather, it was found that the accessibility was lowered on the second ring road and the arterial roads connected to it, and the centrality in the urban cores was lowered than before construction of the innovative city. In this regard, Gwangju Metropolitan City is expected to increase the likelihood of development in the outskirts of the city, which is a boundary area with Naju, due to the innovative city. While it is expected that the centrality of the urban cores is shifting, and some urban cores will decline or even become hollow. Moreover, the phenomenon of decline of the old urban core is more concerned than other regions in that the centrality of the old urban core has already begun to decrease before the construction of the innovative city.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

이 논문은 2019-2020년도 창원대학교 자율연구과제 연구비 지원으로 수행된 연구결과임.

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