Influence of the application of Tithonia diversifolia and phosphate rocks on the performances of rainfed rice

  • Rusaati, Butoto Imani wa (School of Forest Sciences and Landscape Architecture, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Kang, Jun-Won (School of Forest Sciences and Landscape Architecture, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Gendusa, Patience Arusi (Independent Researcher) ;
  • Bisimwa, Pacifique Bulakali (Department of Biology, University of Kinshasa) ;
  • Kasali, Joseph Lumande (Department of Biology, University of Kinshasa) ;
  • Rolly, Nkulu Kabange (Laboratory of Plant Functional Genomics, School of Applied Biosciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Park, Joowon (School of Forest Sciences and Landscape Architecture, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Kyungpook National University) ;
  • Rehema, Esther Matendo (Universite Evangelique en Afrique, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences) ;
  • Ndabaga, Cephas Masumbuko (Department of Biology, Official University of Bukavu) ;
  • Kaboyi, Gentil Iragi (Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles (CRSN/Lwiro)) ;
  • Nankafu, Orleanne Nangalire (Centre de Recherche en Sciences Naturelles (CRSN/Lwiro)) ;
  • Chirimwami, Anastasie Bahati (Institut Superieur d'Ecologie pour la conservation de la nature (ISEC-Katana))
  • Received : 2020.03.18
  • Accepted : 2020.06.17
  • Published : 2020.09.01


Gradient concentrations of Tithonia diversifolia green leaves and phosphate rocks were used to investigate their contributions as a fertilizer to the yield and quality improvement of a rainfed rice cultivar. Six treatments were compared: (1) T0, no fertilization (control); (2) T1, 1.28 g of phosphate rocks; (3) T2, 250 g of organic matter; (4) T3, 500 g of organic matter; (5) T4, 250 g of organic matter + 1.28 g of phosphate rocks; (6) T5, 500 g of organic matter + 1.28 g of phosphate rocks. The results showed that the germination percentage recorded 15 days after sowing varied from 58 - 76% between T0 and T5. The number of panicles ranged between 2 (T0) to 6.3 (T5). Moreover, the recorded length of the panicles ranged between 7.5 (T1) to 15.8 cm (T2), and the number of grains per panicle ranged between 25.5 (T1) to 273.5 (T3). The plant height was significantly increased in the T5 (79.27 cm) group compared to the T1 (33.63 cm) and control treatment (T0) (40.08 cm) groups. Although the plant height in the T2, T3, and T4 groups was slightly lower than the T5 group, the difference was not statistically significant. The average of the grain number per plant was high in the T3 (273.6 grains) group compared to the T1 and T0 (25.5 and 32.8 grains) groups, respectively. These results suggest that the combination of T. diversifolia leaves and phosphate rocks as a natural fertilizer would be beneficial when integrated into soil fertility management strategies and would contribute to improving crop yield and quality.


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