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Evaluation of calving interval and selection indices in Korean native cows

  • Choi, Inchul (Division of Animal and Dairy Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Dooho (Division of Animal and Dairy Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Jong-Gwan (Livestock Experiment Institute) ;
  • Lee, Seung-Hwan (Division of Animal and Dairy Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Chungnam University) ;
  • Ryoo, Seung-Heui (Livestock Experiment Institute)
  • Received : 2020.07.09
  • Accepted : 2020.08.20
  • Published : 2020.09.01

Abstract

It is well known that intensive selection caused a decline in reproductive performance in dairy cattle. Interestingly, the reproductive performances including fertility and calving interval of Korean native beef cattle have declined in the last 20 years, suggesting that a breeding program focusing on carcass weight and intramuscular fat may affect the reproductive physiology in Korean native beef cattle, too. In this study, we analyzed the calving interval (CI) and selection index (SI) based on genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of Hanwoo cows for seven years (2013 - 2019). Multiparous cows (4.5 ± 0.11) were analyzed, which were bred by artificial insemination (AI). We first examined the distribution of the AIs and calving dates. About 40% of the AIs were carried out in May to June and October to December; subsequently, calving was observed from March to April and August to October, respectively, indicating the cows were seasonally bred. No correlation between CI and SI was found (y = 0.0459x - 17.64; R2 = 0.0356), but the ratio of cows with a positive SI was higher in the longer CI group compared to the shorter group, suggesting that the selection for meat quality and quantity may affect the reproductive performances. In addition, the average value of SI was - 3.42 in the CI < 400 while + 5.79 in the CI > 400 although the values were not statistically significant. However, our results suggest that reproductive indices such as fertility and CI should be considered for sustainability in the Hanwoo breeding selection program.

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