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Development of a diagnostic method for human enteric Adenovirus-41 with rapid, specific and high sensitivity using the loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay

  • Lee, Jin-Young (Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Dankook University) ;
  • Rho, Jae Young (Department of Microbiology, College of Natural Sciences, Dankook University)
  • Received : 2020.01.08
  • Accepted : 2020.08.24
  • Published : 2020.09.01

Abstract

Human enteric Adenovirus 41 (HueAdV-41) is a major waterborne virus that causes human gastroenteritis and is classified as a viral group I double-strand DNA virus, Adenoviridae. HueAdV-41 has been detected with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in various samples such as ground water. However, the PCR-based diagnostic method has problems such as reaction time, sensitivity, and specificity. Thus, the loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) assay has emerged as an excellent method for field applications. In this study, we developed a LAMP system that can rapidly detect HueAdV-41 with high specificity and sensitivity. HueAdV-41 specific LAMP primer sets were tested through a specific, non-specific selection and sensitivity test for three prepared LAMP primer sets, of which only one primer set and optimum reaction temperature were selected. The developed LAMP primer set condition was confirmed as 63℃, and the sensitivity was 1 copy. In addition, to confirm the system, a LAMP positive reaction was developed with the restriction enzyme Taq I (T/GCC). The developed method in this study was more specific, rapid (typically within 2 - 3 hours), and highly sensitive than that of the conventional PCR method. To evaluate and verify the developed LAMP assay, an artificial infection test was done with five cDNAs from groundwater samples, and the results were compared to those of the conventional PCR method. We expect the developed LAMP primer set will be used to diagnose HueAdV-41 from various samples.

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