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Relationship between Basic Pychological Needs and Psychological Burnout of Nurse: Mediation Effect of Positive Psychological Capital and Moderated Mediation Effect of Authentic Leadership

간호사의 기본심리욕구와 심리적 소진 간의 관계: 긍정심리자본의 매개효과와 진성리더십의 조절된 매개효과

  • Cho, Young-Mun (Department of Nursing, Dongshin University) ;
  • jang, Kyoung-Hee (Department of Nursing, Dongshin University)
  • 조영문 (동신대학교 한의과 대학 간호학과) ;
  • 장경희 (동신대학교 일반대학원 간호학과)
  • Received : 2020.09.02
  • Accepted : 2020.11.20
  • Published : 2020.11.28

Abstract

This study aimed to investigate the relationships between basic pychological needs, positive psychological capital, authentic leadership and psychological burnout of clinical nurses, and to identify the mediation effect of positive psychological capital and moderated mediation effect of authentic leadership. The participants were 182 clinical nurses at 5 general hospital located in M city from April 2020 to June 2020 by questionnaire survey. Data analysis was done by using SPSS WIN 23.0 program and SPSS PROCESS MACRO program(model 4 and model 7). This study shows that the basic psychological need had an negative effect on psychological burnout, and the mediating effect of positive psychological capital and the moderated mediating effect of authentic leadership were confirmed in the relationship between basic psychological need and psychological burnout. Therefore, in order to reduce psychological burnout of general ward nurses, it is necessary to develop strategy to improve basic psychological needs and positive psychological capital of nurses, and leadership program for authentic leadership of nurse managers.