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Automated epileptic seizure waveform detection method based on the feature of the mean slope of wavelet coefficient counts using a hidden Markov model and EEG signals

  • Lee, Miran (Graduate School of Information Science and Engineering, Ritsumeikan University) ;
  • Ryu, Jaehwan (Technical Research Institute, Sammi Information System) ;
  • Kim, Deok-Hwan (Department of Electronic Engineering, Inha University)
  • Received : 2018.03.06
  • Accepted : 2019.07.05
  • Published : 2020.04.03

Abstract

Long-term electroencephalography (EEG) monitoring is time-consuming, and requires experts to interpret EEG signals to detect seizures in patients. In this paper, we propose a novel automated method called adaptive slope of wavelet coefficient counts over various thresholds (ASCOT) to classify patient episodes as seizure waveforms. ASCOT involves extracting the feature matrix by calculating the mean slope of wavelet coefficient counts over various thresholds in each frequency subband. We validated our method using our own database and a public database to avoid overtuning. The experimental results show that the proposed method achieved a reliable and promising accuracy in both our own database (98.93%) and the public database (99.78%). Finally, we evaluated the performance of the method considering various window sizes. In conclusion, the proposed method achieved a reliable seizure detection performance with a short-term window size. Therefore, our method can be utilized to interpret long-term EEG results and detect momentary seizure waveforms in diagnostic systems.

Acknowledgement

Grant : Development of human-friendly human-robot interaction technologies using human internal emotional states, Intelligent Mobile Edge Cloud Solution for Connected Car

Supported by : National Research Foundation of Korea, Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MI), Institute for Information & communications Technology Promotion(IITP)

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