A Study on the Burdens of Business Failure and Entrepreneurial Intention

중소기업 기업가들의 사업실패비용과 사업의욕

  • 하규수 (호서대학교 벤처대학원 벤처경영학과) ;
  • 박배진 (건국대학교 기술경영학과)
  • Received : 2020.11.10
  • Accepted : 2020.12.22
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

It is not easy to go on business. Many businesses are fails for many reasons. The purpose of this research was to study ongoing business intention of entrepreneurs that were related to the business burdens such as economic loss, psychological stress, bankruptcy and other failure stresses. To study this search, wide surveys were conducted targeting entrepreneurs of small and medium size companies. About 300 research papers were distributed and 260 papers were collected and 247 questionaries were used for final analysis. And SPSS 24.0 programs were used. The results of this study were as follows. First, the entrepreneurial intention was closely related to the debt burdens. If the burdens of debt were high, ongoing entrepreneur intention went down. Second, the recognition of bankruptcy systems gave positive impacts for the entrepreneurs of small and medium size companies. Third, among the psychological costs, the intention of business stop gave negative impacts to ongoing business intention. There are many obstacles and difficulties in real business world. Especially in Korea failure costs are considered to individual costs and responsibilities. However, countries such as U.S., E.U. and Israel, the costs of failures considered to social costs. According to this study, burdens related to business failure were closely related to entrepreneur intentions. Therefore, the implications of this study are diverse solutions to easy business burdens are necessary.

창업과 폐업을 주도하는 기업 활동의 주요 주체(player)인 기업가 연구는 기업연구에서 매우 중요하다. 회사가 경영이 악화되면 경영의 지속, 자산매각과 같은 자율적인 구조조정, 워크아웃, 도산신청 등 다양한 대안 가운데 하나를 선택해야 한다. 기업이 실패하는 경우 기업가들이 부담하는 실패비용을 제대로 파악하여야 사업가들의 사업의욕을 높이기 위한 효과적인 방안을 마련할 수 있다. 본 연구는 기업가가 인식하는 사업종결 시 발생하는 재무적 비용, 사업종결시스템, 심리적 비용이 사업의욕에 미치는 영향력을 분석하였다. 본 연구의 목적을 달성하기 위하여 중소기업을 운영하는 기업인들을 설문대상으로 하였다. 배포한 설문지 중 최종 247개를 대상으로 분석을 실시하였다. 본 연구결과 사업의욕에 영향을 미치는 유의미한 변수는 차입금, 파산제도, 사업중단 의욕으로 나타났다. 현재 기업이 폐업하는 경우 기업가들이 감당하는 비용이 지나치게 높으며, 기업가들의 사업의욕을 높이기 위해서는 사업실패 시에 부담해야 하는 재무적 비용과 심리적 비용을 완화시켜야 한다.

Keywords

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