Analysis of the Experiences and Attitudes of Elementary School Pre-service Teachers on Entrepreneurship Education and Core Competencies of Entrepreneurship

초등 예비교사의 창업가정신 교육에 대한 경험 및 태도와 창업가정신 핵심역량 분석

  • Received : 2020.12.30
  • Accepted : 2021.02.25
  • Published : 2021.02.28

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the experiences and attitudes of elementary pre-service teachers, the level of entrepreneurship core competencies, and to analyze differences in entrepreneurship core competencies by grade, gender, and attitude. To this end, 208 elementary pre-service teachers who responded to the online questionnaire surveyed their experience, attitudes, perceptions, entrepreneurship attempts, and entrepreneurship core competency levels. As a result, pre-service teachers had a low level of understanding and direct participation in entrepreneurship education, the need for entrepreneurship education for elementary school students and teachers was high. The average of the value-creation competency group consisting of innovation, social value orientation, and change agility was relatively lower than the challenge, group creativity, and self-directed competency group. The difference of the entrepreneurship core competency level between the grades was not significant, and female students' competency levels were statistically significantly higher than male students. In addition, the average of the four core competencies of entrepreneurship in the group that recognizes the importance of entrepreneurship as essential competencies was statistically higher than that of their counterparts. Based on the results of this study, the implications for the design and development of a program for enhancing entrepreneurship competency for elementary school pre-service teachers were presented.

본 연구의 목적은 교원양성대학 재학생인 초등 예비교사의 창업가정신 교육에 대한 경험 및 태도와 창업가정신 핵심역량의 수준을 살펴보고, 학년과 성별, 그리고 창업가정신 교육에 대한 태도에 따른 창업가정신 핵심역량의 차이를 분석하는 것이다. 이를 위해 온라인 설문에 응답한 초등 예비교사 208명을 대상으로 이들의 창업가정신 교육에 대한 경험, 태도, 인식, 창업 시도 및 창업가정신 핵심역량 수준을 조사하고 이에 따른 창업가정신 핵심역량 수준의 차이를 t-검정을 통해 분석하였다. 연구 결과 초등 예비교사들은 창업가정신 교육에 대해 이해 수준과 직접 참여 경험은 낮았으나 초등학생과 초등교사 대상의 창업가정신 교육의 필요성과 창업가정신 교육 및 창업에 대한 관심도는 높은 편이었다. 창업가정신 핵심역량군별로 나눠서 볼 때 초등 예비교사의 도전, 집단창의, 자기주도 역량군에 비해 혁신성, 사회적 가치지향, 변화민첩성으로 구성된 가치창출 역량군의 평균이 상대적으로 낮게 나왔다. 창업가정신 핵심역량 수준의 학년에 따른 차이는 유의하지 않았으며, 여학생의 역량 수준이 남학생보다 통계적으로 유의하게 높았다. 또한 초등교사가 갖추어야 할 필수역량으로서의 창업가정신 중요성을 인식하는 집단의 창업가정신 4대 핵심역량군의 평균이 상대 집단보다 통계적으로 높았고, 대학에서의 창업 관련 교육 참여를 희망하는 집단과 창업 시도 의향이 있는 집단의 가치창출과 도전 역량이 상대 집단보다 통계적으로 높았다. 이러한 연구의 결과를 바탕으로 초등 예비교사를 위한 창업가정신 역량 강화 프로그램의 설계 및 개발에 대한 시사점을 제시하였다.

Keywords

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