Toxicological Research, the official journal of the Korean Society of Toxicology, is devoted to a rapid publication of original articles, review articles, short communications and letters on the toxicology of chemicals and drugs affecting human and animals, which in turn, affect the public health. The goal of the journal is to advance sound scientific understanding of any area of toxicology. Therefore, contributions by toxicologists, molecular biologists, geneticists, biochemists, pharmacologists, clinical researchers and epidemiologists with global view on public wellbeing through toxicological research are accepted. The toxicological research brings papers from these diverse disciplines together under a single cover, providing a forum for the sharing of information and participation in debate on all aspects of toxicology and public health. Emphasis is given to papers providing an understanding of the toxicological mechanisms affecting animal, human and public health.