에너지와 환경에 대한 관심이 증대되면서 전동기의 고효율화의 필요성이 증대되고 있다. 현재 유도전동기의 고효율화에 대한 연구가 진행되고 있지만 슬립으로 인한 회전자 동손의 감소는 한계점이 존재한다. 또한 영구자석 동기전동기는 별도의 기동장치가 필요하므로 제품의 단가가 증가하게 된다. 이에 기동은 유도기의 특성을 이용하고 정격시는 동기전동기로 운전하는 영구자석 매입형 유도성 기동전동기의 효용성이 높아지고 있다. 본 논문에서는 유도동기전동기의 과도상태 토크특성 및 동기시의 효율 등을 유한요소법을 이용하여 계산하였다. 본 해석법을 현재 생산중인 섬유기계용 유도동기 전동기에 적용하여 그 특성을 해석하였다.
차단기 내에 위치하는 이동부에서 작용하는 힘은 외부 조작력 외에도 여러 가지가 존재하며 이들 힘의 상호작용으로 인해 이동부의 스트로크 곡선이 결정된다. 또한, 이 힘들에 따라 차단기에서의 아크 소호시간, 차단기의 성능 등이 영향을 받으므로 이동부에서 작용하는 힘들의 해석이 필요하다. 이 힘들은 유체의 밀도와 압력, 이동부의 기계적 구조 등을 고려하여 해석이 되며, 이 힘들을 해석함으로써 결과적으로는 차단기의 동작특성을 파악할 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 힘들을 정의하고 이들 각각에 대하여 해석한다. 이동부에서 작용하는 힘들을 해석하기 위해서 먼저 이동부에서의 운동방정식을 세우고 이를 시뮬레이션하여 스트로크 곡선과 이동부에서의 힘들을 얻는다. 이렇게 얻어진 결과를 실험 값과 비교하고 이동부에서 작용하는 힘들에 대해 논의한다.
This paper deals with design and characteristic analysis of a permanent magnet linear synchronous motor for magnetic levitation stage of semi-conductor manufacture machine. In order to improve the control performance by detent force minimization, skew and PM offset method are used.
In this paper, three dimensional Equivalent Magnetic Circuit Method(3-D EMCN method), a numerical analysis method which supplements to magnetic equivalent circuit adding numerical technique, is proposed for analysis Optical Pickup Actuator.  This method provides better characteristics both in precision of the analysis and in computation time than other analysis method such as three-dimensional Finite Element Method. RCS Niching Genetic Algorithm are used for optimal design.
BLDC 전동기의 제작시 영구자석의 가격은 전체 가격을 결정하는데 높은 비중을 갖는다. 이런 영구자석의 크기를 최적화시킬 수 있다면 비용절감이 예상된다. 본 논문은 BLDC 전동기에서 고가(高價)의 영구자석의 재료비용을 절감시키기 위한 설계방법을 제시한다. 기본적인 설계방법은 영구자석 내부에서 적정한 동작점을 갖는 한계 내에서 영구자석의 크기를 줄이는 것이다. 그리고 전동기의 전체크기를 비례적으로 증가시킴으로써 요구되는 기본파 자속을 보상한다. BLDC 전동기의 자기적 특성은 유한요소법을 사용하여 해석하였다. 회전자의 위치에 따라 계산되는 유한요소 해석결과의 magnetic vector potential을 이용하여 권선의 자속을 계산하였고, 기본파의 성분은 푸리에 변환으로 얻었다. 설계사례로서 영구자석 대 기타부분의 비용을 각각 80/20, 70/30, 60/40, 50/50으로 가정할 때 기존 전동기 비용에 대해서 크기가 새로이 조정된 전동기 비용을 비교 검토하였다.
This paper describes are quenching chambers of three type for Magnetic Switch and analyzes electromagnetic blowout force acting on the arc using 3D finite element method we make prototype device of each model and establish characteristics of arc quenching by measuring arcing time. This paper compares electromagnetic blowout to inverse arcing time. As the result this proposes the improving method for arc quen performance in DC magnetic switch.
A design and analysis program is proposed for switched reluctance motor using an analytical method and a CAD program LabVIEW. The algorithm uses conventional permeance method, in which flux linkages, inductances and torques are calculated numerically. In order to analyze a dynamic characteristics of the motor, voltage control scheme is fallen and a single pulse operation is applied. 2 SRM models are analyzed under the given specifications and constraints. The results compared with measured data.
The high temperature super-conductor transformer gains interests from the industries. This paper described construction and test results of a 10kVA HTS transformer. Three phase transformer with double pancake windings were constructed. BSCCO-2223 wire, silicon sheet steel core and FRP cryostats were used in that transformer After the test of basic properties of the 3 phase HTS transformer using no load test, short ciucuit test and full load test, continuous operation of 100 hours with pure resistive load has been carried out. Test proved over-load capability and reliability of the HTS transformer.
In this paper, we study in magnetizing the NdFeB magnet which is inserted in a squirrel cage rotor. The inserted NdFeB magnet need much more magnetizing flux than that of ferrite magnet. Also the eddy current flowing in rotor bar disturbs the magnetizer in magnetizing the NdFeB magnet. The existing magnetizing yoke is designed by increasing the coil turn. But we recognize that only by increasing the coil turn it is impossible to make NdFeB magnet magnetized fully. Hence, in this paper we propose the method of increasing magnetizing flux by reducing the rotor bar area.
There are many difficult problems in analyzing the flow characteristics in a high voltage circuit breaker such as shock wave and complex geometries, which may be either static or in relative motion. Although a variety of mesh generation techniques are now available, the generation of meshes around complicated, multi-component geometries like a gas circuit breaker is still a tedious and difficult task for the computational fluid dynamics. This paper presents the CFD program for analyzing the compressible flow fields in a high voltage gas circuit breaker using the Cartesian cut-cell method based on the CFD-CAD integration, which can achieve the accurate representation of the geometry designed by a CAD tools. This technique is frequently satisfied, and it will be almost universally so in the future, as the CFD-CAD traffic increase.
Linear Pulse Motor(LPM) has a thrust ripple which is causing vibration. To reduce the vibration, Microstep driving method is adopted. We manufactured Microstep drive, and drove LPM with that, and then investigated the characteristics of thrust force.
A neutron controls a nuclear fission in the core of a reactor. Drive system for in-core neutron detector is an equipment that drives the detector and cable to survey neutron flux in the reactor. The drive system introduced by this paper was designed for mock-up system and fabricated to drive two drivers that having a different function. The system consists of a driver assembly, a power transmission part, and cable storage part. And there is a control panel that contains PLC and inverter. This paper is going to introduce the design and certify the operation status of completed system by control panal. And we conducted the test for torque measurement.
This paper deals with a simulation and a position control for linear synchronous motor with Halbach array (HA) permanent magnet mover. We derived decouple the forces (thrust, normal force) by magnetic field modeling of the electromagnetic field analysis. The results of control simulation for HA-PM having air-core primary are calculated using M Simulink.
This paper proposes impact vibration theory of magnetic contactor moving mechanism and correlation test the bouncing time with the spring load. Mechanical and electrical lifetime is under the influence of impact vibration of magnetic contactor moving mechanism. In shortage of technique, we have experienced many difficulties in magnetic contactor development. By this research, we analyzed total moving mechanism and applied results to optimum 4p magnetic contactor development.
This paper studies the relationship between output and vibration characteristics of Switched Reluctance Motor(SRM) according to switch-on and off angles. Acceleration and motor performance are measured by changing switching angles and the magnetic forces are analyzed by Finite Element Analysis. A proper switching angle from theoretical and several experimental results are presented for satisfying power, efficiency and low vibration.
This paper presents the switching angle and the 1/2-phase hybrid exciting method to minimize torque ripple in the 6/4 Switched Reluctance Motor (SRM). The inductance in SRM is dependent on rotor position and current. Therefore, the inductance profile is expressed as an approximate function based on FEM data. And then, the dynamic characteristics are simulated by Matlab simulink using the derived inductance function. The torque ripple resulting from single phase exciting and 1/2-phase hybrid exciting is compared.
Permanent Magnet DC Motors are widely used in Automotive parts because they have cheap price, simple structure and high torque-speed ratio. But the motor in automotive parts is required high quality, complex function and lower price than before. This paper deals with design of controller for safety function that body trap on the automotive window. The algorithm of controller can adapt variety conditions with temperature, electrical, driving, etc.
This paper presents a new method for removing reaching phase in variable structure control systems using Bell type switching function. By proposed method, during the entire control process reaching phase is removed. For effective speed control of trapezoidal type brushless DC motor, a time varying switching function based speed controller is developed as illustration.
Demand for development of 154kV Less-Flammable Power transformer is now increasing greatly instead of a oil-immersed transformer for preventing disasters and Less-flammability of substations. The most important point in developing Less-flammable transformer is cooling system. This paper describes the study on cooling characteristic of Less-flammable transformer.
In general, the results of finite element method(FEM) on the analysis of the electrical machines has known as high accuracy but required very long time to calculate the field distribution. Magnetic equivalent circuit(MEC) method can be computing times less than the finite element method and also it provides steady state and transient state simulation. In this paper, describes matrix representation of the winding magneto motive force(MMF) and carry out the distributed the airgap magnetic density takes into account the influence on the stator slots.
본 논문에서는 유한 요소법을 이용하여 압전 트랜스듀서 (piezoelectric transducer)의 임피던스 및 기계적인 변위값을 계산하였고 이를 실험적으로 검증하였다. 이러한 수치해석을 바탕으로 압전 현상을 해석하기 위해 필요한 물질 상수들의 특성에 미치는 영향을 분석하였다. 이러한 분석을 바탕으로 수치해석에 필요한 물질 상수들을 가리고, 가려진 물질 상수들간의 관계를 규명하여 역산해야할 상수들의 개수를 줄임으로써 간단한 실험에 의해서 압전체의 수치해석에 필요한 물질 상수들을 역으로 찾아갈 수 있는 방법을 제시하였다.
The saturated winding inductances of a transformer are determined using the instantaneous magnetic saturation curve. The instantaneous curve is obtained from no load saturation curve in rms form by a direct piecewise linearized approach, then it is represented by a four-term ploynominal approximation. The saturated differential, effective and apparent winding inductances are computed from this curve, and these inductances are compared with the measured magnetizing inductance. The results show that the relation of $L_d<L_e<L_a$ exists and the computed apparent inductance is more close to the measured inductance.
This paper deals with a comparison between the secondary Halbach array and conventional array of permanent magnets(PMs) in air-core type linear synchronous motor(LSM). Two types of PMLSM are analyzed and compared, with reference to the following parameters as variables: magnetic field, thrust and back emf.
In industrial field, especially the mobile generator is almost used as a islanding generator source for light, electric thrill, and compressor, and so on. However, because there still exists a lot of aged load, it causes the electric shock against person. In this paper authors introduce the proper method to reduce the electric shock in field discussing the scheme of ground connection.
Linear motor damper(LMD) for vibration control of structure is consisted of the NdFeB permanent magnets with high specific energy as the stator, a coil-wrapped nonmagnetic hollow rectangular structure and an iron core as a pathway for magnetic flux. The active mass of LMD is 1.5 ton and consisted of permanent magnet and iron yoke. In this paper, LMD system is manufactured and tested for dynamic characteristics and frequency response.
This paper proposes a driving scheme for 6/6 single-phase SRM. The driving scheme is very simple and inexpensive. By use of this scheme, simple power devices based on low switching losses enable to high efficiency SRM drive. Starting, One of the main problem in single-phase SRM is overcome by a new starling algorithm with one hall sensor and a parting magnet. The proposed single-phase SRM has a high efficiency and robust drive characteristics compared to that of a universal motor.
Linear pulse Motors(LPM) are widely used in fields where smooth linear motion is required, and their position accuracy is higher than other motors. Hybrid linear pulse motors(HLPM) are regarded as an excellent solution to positioning problems that require high accuracy, rapid acceleration and high-speed. The LPM has low mechanical complexity, high reliability, precise open-loop operation and low inertia etc. In many application areas such as factory automation speed positioning, computer peripherals and numerically controlled machine tools, LPM can be used. This motor drive system is especially suitable for machine tools the high position accuracy and repeatability. This paper describes about that need of the embroider machine, we want to design position-scanning device for the embroidery machine. At first, to be analysed characteristics of the machine and next designed the LPM, we used the field analysis program. The finite element method(FEM) program tool is employed for calculation the force. The reluctance models will be used the magnetic permeance of air gap by static-conditions. The forces between forcer and platen have been calculated using the virtual work method. And we used the simulink to know the dynamic characteristics of LPM.
본 논문은 차폐유도형 고온초전도 한류기의 전류제한 특성을 연구하였다. 회로해석은 유한 차분법(FDM)을 사용하였으며 회로 설계의 변수 값에 따라서 전류제한 방식은 저항형과 유도형으로 전류 제한이 이루어짐을 알 수 있었다. 사고 발생 시 나타나는 고온초전도 한류기의 임피던스는 사고 전류를 제한하는 주요한 요소로써 다양한 파라미터 값의 변화를 통하여 고온 초전도한류기의 임피던스 변화와 특성을 관찰하였고, 본 논문에서 설계한 형태의 임피던스 변화에 따른 전류 제한 효과를 저항형 과 유도형 방식으로 제어 가능함을 확인할 수 있었다.
본 논문은 전원단과 부하단사이에 GTO 사이리스터 브리지가 설치된 단상 DC 리액터타입을 적용한 고온초전도 사고전류제한기 동작특성에 대해 분석하였다. GTO 사이리스터 브리지가 설치된 DC 리액터 타입 FCL(FAULT CURRENT LIMITER)은 평상시에 초전도코일에 전기에너지를 저장한다. 전원단의 사고로 인해 전력공급이 중단되었을 경우 FCL은 부하에 저장된 에너지를 공급할 수 있을 뿐 아니라 부하단 사고로 인한 사고전류 제한기능을 수행하게 되는데 이와 같은 동작은 GTO 사이리스터를 제어함으로서 가능해진다.
The magnetic force calculation methods, the Maxwell's stress tensor method, virtual work method, and nodal force method are reviewed. The methods are applied to the magnetic force calculation of 2D linear and nonlinear Problems. As the results the convergence of the methods as the number of elements increases, accuracy of the methods, and integral path dependence of the methods are discussed. Finally some recommendations on the usage of the methods, including the determination of the integral path, are given.
In this paper, it is object of design of high efficiency slotless BLDC motor using film coil. Slotless BLDC motor is able to have high efficiency property and low cogging torque, due to magnetization of stator core have constant contribution by slotless core. But it is difficult to make coil winding of slotless BLDC motor. So we make amateur of slotless BLDC motor using film coil. Film coil is fabricated by drilling, electro-plating and etching of copper/insulator/copper plate. In this paper, after design of slotless BLDC motor for moving axial blower, it is fabricated by NdFeB permanent magnet type rotor and film coil.
The salient pole rotor type single phase SRM has a salient pole in the rotor in order to use axial direction fluxes and radial direction fluxes simultaneously. A flux linkage between the rotor and the stator are increased because of the salient pole in the rotor. But, the inductance at unaligned position and aligned position is increased together. Therefore, the length of pole are and salient pole should be selected that the inductance increment at aligned position is higher than the inductance increment at unaligned position. On this paper, we will be studied the influence of the pole arc and the salient pole length on the torque of the salient pole rotor type single phase SRM.
본 논문에서는 전력선 통신 시스템의 전송신호가 비수용가로 전송되는 현상을 차단하기 위한 비접촉식 Blocking Filter를 유한요소법을 이용하여 해석하였다. 새로운 통신망 시스템이 연구되면서 기존의 전력케이블 망을 이용한 전력선 통신방식에 대한 연구가 이루어 졌으나, 전력선 통신이 서비스 지역 이외에 다른 지역으로 통신신호들이 전송될 수 있는 문제점이 제기되었으며, 또한 지정된 지역 내에서 최적화된 통신환경의 구성이 요구되었다. 따라서 본 논문은 타 지역으로의 신호 간섭을 차단하기 위한 비접촉식 Blocking Filter의 기본 모델을 제시하였으며, 이러한 비접촉식 Blocking Filter를 유한요소법을 기초로 한 전자장 수치해석 기법과 전송선 이론을 도입하여 신호 전송 특성을 해석하였다.
본 논문에서는 고온초전도체를 이용하여 한류기에 적용시 고온초전도체 제작에 따른 재료적인 제약으로 인한 문제점을 해결할 수 있는 자속구속개념을 이용한 고온초전도 한류기의 동작원리에 대해 고찰하고 라드(ROD)형태로 제작이 용이한 소형의 고온초전도벌크를 이용하여 대용량에 적용이 유리함을 한류임피던스와 한류비를 �c치용량과 l차인덕턴스의 크기에 따라 조사하여 시뮬레이션을 통해 검증하였다.
This paper deals with characteristic analysis of a slotless PM linear motor using analytical method. In order to calculate voltage equations, back-EMF waveform and winding inductance are caculated by PM's magnetic field and winding's magnetic field respectively.
This paper presents steady state analysis of single-phase line-start motor. 2-phase motor transformation is performed to consider the different specifications between main and auxiliary windings. The symmetrical coordinates transformation is applied to solve the unbalanced magnetic field. The validity of analysis method is verified by comparing to experiments.
In this paper, the influence of electrical parameters such as the turn-on and turn-off angle on the torque and force characteristics is investigated for the reduction of the torque ripple which is main source of vibration and noise in switched reluctance motor (SRM). The four different types of the turn-on angle are set to the section of rising inductance profile respectively. The optimum turn-on angle is proposed for the acquisition of the flat current shape minimizing the torque ripple. 2D finite element method (FEM) considering the iron saturation and the actual switching circuit of the SRM drive is applied for the dynamic analysis. The simulation results of phase current and torque are also compared to the experimental results.
Switched reluctance motor (SRM) has some advantages such as low cost, high torque density etc. However SRM has inevitably high torque ripple due to the double salient structure. To apply SRM to industrial field, we have to minimize torque ripple, which is the weak-Point of SRM. This paper presents optimal design process of SRM using numerical method such as 2D finite element method (FEM) and 3D equivalent magnetic circuit network method (EMCNM). The electrical and geometrical design parameters have been adopted as 2D design variables. The overhang structure of rotor has been also adopted as 3D design variable. From this work, we can obtain the optimal design, which minimize the torque ripple and maximize energy conversion loop.
고성능 영구자석의 보급이 활발해지면서 기존 유도 전동기와 같이 상용전원에서 구동이 가능하고 동기전동기의 특성을 갖는 고효율 유도기동성 영구자석 전동기에 대한 관심이 증가하고 있다. 이러한 유도기동성 영구자석 전동기는 회전자에 알루미늄 바와 영구자석이 설치되어 유도기의 원리로 기동이 되며 정상 속도에서는 동기 전동기의 특성을 갖게 된다. 이때 동기속도로 인입되는가의 여부를 판별하기 위한 기동 특성 해석은 매우 중요하다. 이러한 유도 기동성 영구자석 전동기의 기동시 특성을 해석하기 위해서는 종래의 유도 전동기의 과도 특성 해석 방법에 영구자석에 의한 영향을 고려해야 한다. 본 논문에서는 등가회로 해석 방법을 이용하여 유도 기동성 영구자석 전동기의 기동시의 특성을 살펴보고자 한다.
2D analysis is impossible for Hybrid stepping motor(HSM) and 3D analysis is necessary because the permanent magnet is magnetized to the axial direction. In this paper, the characteristics of HSM are analyzed by using 3D equivalent magnetic circuit network method(3D EMCNM). In addition, the trapezoidal element is introduced for the exact permeance calculation in the complex shape machinery such as HSM. The magnetic saturation of core is considered.
In this paper, using equivalent circuit of BLDC motor in the 30W class, process of modeling the BLDC motor and calculating the parameter is shown. Through run-down-test and measuring back EMF, torque, speed and ampere, parameter that transfer function requires was gotten. In this result, for step response of BLDC motor, comparing the actual result obtained by circuit experiment with the simulation result obtained by substituting this parameter into the transfer function, it was established that process calculating parameters in this study is proper.
This paper describes a new methods of detecting rotor position in SRM(switched reluctance motor). The Conventional method of position sensorless control for SRM is measuring phase current and pulse voltage applied in unexcited phase. The estimation of rotor position based on the detection of inductance by pulse current. Implementation is via low-cost electronic circuits with DSP320F241. Test results show that this technique is a possible approach to detect the rotor position of an SRM.
In this paper, we designed a high precision Linear Motor Driver with 120 commutation method. It was composed of three parts which were divided into Power and Inverter Circuit, Analog Circuit with PWM Generation and Fault Protections, and Logic Circuit We selected LC-DSP by MEI for testifying a high accuracy of a designed driver. We proved the propriety as measured the accuracy with each velocity.
This paper did so that may can establish optimum temperature according to kind of vaccine and digitalized various action situations using PIC 16C74A-04A/SP. Also, PID Algorithm Controller designed to maintain optimum temperature using PIC. Begin to operating system after temperature setting, reached in optimum storage temperature within 30 minutes.
This paper describes an implementation of the DSP(Digital Signal Processor) based triangular carrier frequency modulated RPWM inverter drive system. The power spectrum of the noise emitted from the induction motor was measured in the anechoic chamber. The analysis of the sources for the acoustic noise and the effects of the noise reduction are confirmed by the measured spectra of the noise. Real-time RPWM along with the speed control was achieved by high speed DSP. By changing the center frequency and the bandwidth of the carrier, the proposed real-time RPWM scheme can be used as an efficient switching frequency band acoustic noise reduction method for the inverter drive system with variant load conditions.
Recently, with the advancement of internet network the system has been needed to be controllable and observable through internet at industrial workplace. In this study, we developed the digital timer which has a communication function to control and observe many kinds of devices by combining relay and timer used for each type of control panel to realize control solution based on internet to be easily applicable at workplace with low cost and adding 485 serial communication module to have parallel expansibility and safety. And, this system was experimented and designed for easy system management and status check from remote station through internet, appling the developed digital timer to parallel sequence control of motor. As the result of experiment, the circuit configuration would be more simplified than the existing, and it is expected that multi-connection control and monitoring can be simply implemented with low cost equipment at industrial workplace.
This paper presents a digital speed sensorless control system for Reluctance Synchronous Motor (RSM) drives with direct torque control (DTC). The system consist of stator flux observer, rotor speed estimator, torque estimator two hysteresis band controllers, an optimal switching look-up table. IGBT voltage source inverter, and TMS320C31DSP controller by using fully integrated control software. The stator flux observer is based on the combined voltage and current model with stator flux feedback adaptive control that inputs are current and voltage sensing of motor terminal with estimated rotor angle for wide speed range. The rotor speed is estimated by the observed stator flux-linkage space vector. The estimated rotor speed can be determinated by differentiation of the rotor position used only in the current model part of the flux observer for a low speed operating area. In order to prove the suggested speed sensorless control algorithm. There are some simulation and testing at actual experimental system. The developed digitally high- performance speed sensorless control system are shown a good speed control response characteristic results and high Performance features using 1.0Kw RSM.
This paper presents a study on successive approximation measurement of mechanical parameters for motor control system. At the first step of servo system installation, control system gain tuning is troublesome work. Recently, auto-tuning method of motion controller for motor drive system is based on parameter measurement and identification. On the case of first order mechanical system (mechanical parameters are modified by simple inertia and friction), it is necessary for good response to get the accurate measurement or identification of the mechanical parameters. In this paper, novel method applies the binary successive approximation measurement to the inertia and friction coefficient. Computer simulation and experiment for the proposed method will show verification of accuracy and usefulness.
In this paper, a new space vector RPPWM (Random Position PWM) is proposed. In the proposed RPPWM, each of three phase pulses is located randomly in each switching interval. Based on the space vector modulation technique, the duty ratio of the pulses is calculated. Along with the randomization of the PWM pulses, we can obtain the effects of spread spectra of voltage, current as in the case of randomly changed switching frequency. To verify the validity of the proposed RPPWM, simulation study was tried using Matlab/simulink. The main model described in Simulink block diagrams includes the space vector modulation block, pulse position randomization block, inverter block, 3 phase induction motor block, and so on. By the simulation study, the harmonics of the output voltage, and the current of inverter are predicted in different PWM methods- SVPWM, LLPWM, proposed RPPWM.
신배전정보시스템은 국가적 차원에서 수행 중인 지리정보시스템(Geographic Information System, GIS)을 기반으로 계획, 설계, 공사관리, 설비운영의 단계로 순환하는 배전업무의 특성에 따라 순시, 점검, 측정 등 현장업무에 정보체계 표준화를 이룩하고 이를 근거로 수집된 정보의 종합분석을 통해 경제적이고 합리적인 투자와 보수계획 수립이 가능하게끔 지원하는 종합시스템이다. 또한, 배전기동보수업무는 배전선로의 순시점검과 설비의 개 보수, 각종 측정과 점검, 사고와 고장 처리, 설비와 부하관리 등을 포함하는 중요한 업무중의 하나이다. 그러므로, 이런 업무를 종합배전시스템에 연계함으로써 종합배전시스템의 장점을 기동보수시스템에서 충분히 활용하고, 또한 기동보수시스템의 핵심자료를 종합배전시스템과 연계함으로써 배전정보를 체계적이고 종합적으로 활용하는 것이 가능하다. 이를 통해 업무생산성이 향상되고 사용자 운영의 편의성이 증대되기를 기대한다.
Input Current Correction of Single-Phase Buck Rectifier is studied in the paper. To sinusoidal waveform the input current with a near-unity power factor over a wide variety of operating conditions, the output capacitor is operated with voltage reversibility for the supply by arranging the auxiliary diode and power switching device. Then the output voltage is superposed on the input voltage during on time duration of power switching devices in order to minimize the input current distortion caused by the small input voltage when changing the polarity. The tested setup, using two insulated-gate bipolar transistors(IGBT) and a microcomputer, is implemented and IGBT are switched with 20[kHz], which is out of the audible band. Moreover, a rigorous state-space analysis is introduced to predict the operation of the rectifier. The simulated results confirm that the input current can be sinusoidal waveform with a near-unity power factor and a satisfactory output voltage regulation can be achieved.
평판 디스플레이의 기술이 급격히 발전함에 따라 그 응용 분야가 다양해지고 평판 모니터용 LCD도 대형화추세를 보이고 있다. LCD는 광변조기능을 가지는 수광소자로서 발광원인 백라이트(backlight)를 필요로 하는데 백라이팅 기술은 냉음극방전램프(CCFL: Cold Cathode Fluorescence Lamp)를 광원으로 사용하며 사용되는 냉음극 방전램프 또한 모니터의 추세에 따라 길어지고 얇아지고 있다. 본 논문에서는 20인치의 대형 LCD 모니터의 백라이팅 즉 램프구동을 위한 안정적이면서 대출력을 가지는 인버터를 설계하였다. 일반적으로 CCFL은 같은 제조공정을 거치더라도 점등, 주파수, 전압, 전류 등 여러 가지 특성이 동일하지 않은 단점을 가지고 있는데 이는 초기 점등조건이나 점등후에 동일한 휘도를 가지는데 어려움을 준다. 본 연구에 사용된 20인치 LCD 모니터는 내부에 상하 각각 3개씩 6개의 램프를 내장하고 있으며, 제작된 인버터는 입출력 휘도대비 90%의 효율을 얻었으며, 램프간의 출력전류차가 2%로 미소하고, 최대 8개의 램프구동도 가능하다.
A predictive control scheme, as a new control scheme, of series active power filter is presented and analyzed in this paper. It is composed of cascaded control scheme. Its validity is proved through simulations using PSIM.
In this report, we firstly have investigated the electrical characteristics of silicon carbide (SiC) schottky barrier diode and compared the characteristics to those of conventional Si diode through simulation and experiment. Secondly we have investigated the influence of two kinds of diodes to the power conversion circuit of the systems. From the investigation results it is verified that SiC schottky barrier diode is more superior to Si diode in thermal and reverse recovery, characteristics, which are the important factors in the size reduction and higher reliability of the systems. Finally though the experiment applied to PFC(Power Factor Correction) circuits, we precisely verified excellency to thermal characteristic of SiC schottky barrier diode any other diode.
This paper deals with current harmonics and unbalanced source voltages compensation using combined filter system. Filter system consists of a series active filter and parallel passive filters. Passive filters were a traditional method to compensate current harmonics, so those were installed in power system widely. The active filter can be a substitution to improve filtering characteristics and complement drawbacks of the passive filter. The combined system of the active power filter and passive filter can has a better compensation performances and economical goods. The series type active power filter injects compensation voltage into power system by transformers. It's compensation principle is able to applicate for voltage compensation. A new control algorithm for series active filter to compensate current harmonics and unbalanced source voltages is proposed. In the proposed algorithm, a compensation voltage for harmonic reduction is calculated directly by instantaneous reactive power theory, and a compensation voltage for unbalanced source voltage is calculated in based on a synchronous reference frame. By experiments, we show validity of proposed compensation method.
A ZVZCS(Zero Voltage and Zero Current Switching) Three Level DC/DC Converter is presented to secondary auxiliary circuit. The new converter presented in this paper used a phase shift control with a flying capacitor in the primary side to achieve ZVS for the outer switch. A secondary auxiliary circuit, which consists of one small capacitor two small diode and one coupled inductor is added in the secondary to provides ZVZCS conditions to primary switches, ZVS for outer switches and ZCS for inner switches. Many advantages including simple circuit topology high efficiency, and low cost make the new converter attractive for high power applications. The principle of operation, feature and design considerations are illustrated and verified through the experiment with a 1kW 50kHz IGBT based experimental circuit.
In response to this inverter microwave oven has been developed to improve high speed cooking time & energy saving performance. The voltage resonating inverter has a defect in switching element that works at 5 or 6times higher than input voltage. Especially, it is very difficult to choose the switching device is very high for the 220 (V) commercial voltage. In this paper, it is proposed the optimum method to realize the turbo 1200(W) output power for microwave oven that is employed the 900(V) IGBT with decreasing operating voltage of the switching component by making the 220(V), 1000(W) inverter through the active clamp voltage resonating inverter.
This paper presents the considerations of the high frequency modulation method for the metal halide lamp electronic ballast. The acousitc resonance phenomenon is occurred, if the metal halide lamp is driven at constant high frequency. The frequency modulation method therefore, is used to avoid the acoustic resonance phenomenon, but the crest factor of lamp current is increased. In this paper, the driving characteristic of the metal halide lamp according to the waveshape and frequency variations of modulating signal is considered with a viewpoint of crest factor.
This paper proposes a hi-directional current switch with snubber regeneration using Power MOSFETs and to use a loss-less snubber with switching device to perform soft-switching. It results in not only decreasing switching loss in the device drastically, but also improving input ac current waveform distortion. The computer simulation results show that the input current waveform and show the requirements necessary for the elimination of the 3rd harmonic component. We also show the Procedure to design the parameters of the converter.
In conventional three-phase rectifiers, it was necessary to use a transformer to obtain low output voltage. In this paper, we propose a new three-phase rectifiers circuit that achieves low voltage by using a very simple circuit configuration that does not have a transformer and does not need any complex control. We also describe the operation principle of the proposed circuit, and derive a theoretical formula for its current waveform. On the basis of this formula it also explores the theoretical input/output current characteristics, theoretical current amplification factor, and theoretical output voltage characteristics of these theoretical values with experimentally obtained input/output current characteristics, current amplification factor, and output voltage characteristics, allowed us to confirm the soundness of our theoretical analyses.
This paper proposed the Automatic defect testing technology which used in the defect test of printed things and external shapes in the precision industry. According to adapting the very high speed image processor called ASIC for high resolution. This system also realized that the System being able to perform the very high speed resolution testing. As the image processing algorithm, Run-length coding, Multi-level threshold and fast-adaptive line matching were applied.
원자력발전소에서는 수많은 Tube로 구성된 증기발생기와 열교환기를 정기적으로 와전류를 이용하여 비파괴검사를 수행한다. 와전류는 재료의 재질, 결함, 이종금속, 형상변화 등에 의해 그 발생상태가 다르기 때문에 검출용 코일에서 얻어진 신호성분을 해석함으로써 재료의 비파괴검사가 가능하다. 본 논문에서는 비파괴검사정보를 추출하고 변환 처리하는 과정과 비파괴검사정보를 Tubesheet에 Mapping 처리하는 기능, 검사주기 및 기기별로 비파괴검사정보를 비교 분석할 수 있는 기능, 하나의 Tube에 대한 결함깊이별, 결함진폭별 결함성장률 현황 등 Tube의 건전성을 평가할 수 있는 추이분석 자료를 제공하는 시스템의 설계와 구현에 대한 개발 결과를 소개한다.
In recent years, studies on virtual reality and web 3D have been progressed and got a eye-opening progress in the field. In this paper, to improve a process of In-Service Inspection work for a nuclear power plant, we developed a virtual ISI DB management system by using virtual reality technology. This management system provides a high degree of efficiency for In-Service Inspection process and makes inspectors comfortable in web environment. This paper will be hope to activate a introduction of VR technology to the domestic industry.
The camera system we researched has two stepping motors for the pan and tilt operation, and the human face tracking algorithm. Recently, this kind of the camera is used in PC communication, telecommunication vision meeting and tele-lecture. This paper discusses the smooth speed control method of this camera when the face is moved to up, down, left and right direction. We used a mean shift algorithm for the face-tracking, proposed the speed control algorithm using a fuzzy logic and certified this characteristics with the experiment.
On the active filter converter for power factor correction is used inverter for a air-conditioner's power supply to meet IEC standard In the active filter topology for power factor correction, extra switch only control the input current indirectly to satisfied with the IEC standard for reducing the cost and size. In this paper, by dividing the input current into two different modes, the current conduction period can be widened and harmonics can largely be canceled between the two modes. Hence, the harmonics characteristics can be significantly improved, whereby the lower order harmonics, such as the fifth and seventh orders, are much reduced. The results are confirmed by theoretical and experimental implementations.
Voltage sags are known as a serious problem causing mal-operation of equipment, process controllers and adjustable-speed drives. In this paper various analysis techniques for voltage sags will be presented, voltage sag characterization, equipment behaviour during voltage sag, stochastic assessment of voltage sags. And possible solution to voltage sag sensitivity problems are also described.
Recently the power supply equipments have tendency to take multiple feedback loop paths. In this paper, the state space averaging technique is applied for the analysis of flyback type current mode control circuit. We made real converter for the gurantee of stable output characteristic and proper design of feedback circuit. The validity of proposed method is verified from test results. The improvement of stability is confirmed by sinusoidal signal injection method with isolated transformer. It is known that phase margin is sufficient and gain crossover frequency $f_c$, is nearly 1/5 of switching frequency $f_s$, from the experimental result with frequency response analyzer.
본 논문에서는 널리 사용되고 있는 BLDC 모터의 센서리스 구동에 관한 연구를 수행한다. 이 시스템은 크게 모터 구동회로와 역기전력 측정 회로, 마이크로 컴퓨터회로로 구성된다. 모터 구동회로는 상용전원을 별도의 변압기 없이 그대로 이용하여 모터에 전원을 인가하며, 역기전력 측정 회로는 센서리스 구동에 반드시 필요한 회전자의 위치 검출을 하게 되며 이를 위하여 센서 대신 회전자 위치 검출 역할을 하는 능동필터를 설계하도록 한다. 마이크로 컴퓨터는 필터로부터 얻어진 회전자 위치 신호를 이용하여 모터 구동을 위한 PWM을 발생시키며 전체적인 시스템 구동을 하게 된다.
Recently, with the advancement of internet network the system has been needed to be controllable and observable through internet at industrial workplace. In this study, we developed the digital timer which has a communication function to control and observe many kinds of devices by combining relay and timer used for each type of control panel to realize control solution based on internet to be easily applicable at workplace with low cost and adding 485 serial communication module to have parallel expansibility and safety. And, this system was experimented and designed for easy system management and status check from remote station through internet. appling the developed digital timer to parallel sequence control of motor. As the result of experiment, the circuit configuration would be more simplified than the existing, and it is expected that multi-connection control and monitoring can be simply implemented with low cost equipment at industrial workplace.
Currently there are very limited amounts of resources and serious amounts pollution. Wind power generation system have an advantage of unlimited and unpolluted amount of energy resource. In this paper, for the application of these characteristic and for the generation to be achieved regard of districts and geographical features the energy continuously. The operation characteristics of system were analyzed through experiments for a trial product.
This paper is managing about problem and EMI by electromagnetic waves occurrence of electrical appliances and harmfulness of EMS and standard. Specially, because this paper certifies a mouse and electromagnetic waves interception effect of electricity market place which possess electromagnetic waves interception facility, there is effect that contribute in health life that do to secure safe going to sleep condition from electromagnetic waves of electricity market place that is security of computer working environment of safe state through electromagnetic waves interception and essential electric appliance of home life.
High Power factor Active Filter converter is used for Inverter Air conditioner power supply to meet IEC standard. In the active filter topology for power factor, extra switch just control the input current indirectly to meet the IEC standard for reducing the cost and size. In this paper, low cost converter was suggested by simulation using extra switch which auxiliary pulse is inserted and quasi resonant soft switching topology control is adapted for panel's inverter air conditioner converter Inserting auxiliary Pulse method to the extra switch has the benefit of reducing THD by low cost input control circuit. And also quasi resonant soft switching topology can reduce switching loss. So both technical is suitable for Panel's Air conditioner.
Remarkable progress has been performed in power electronics, using high frequency switching based on the improvement of power semi-conductor devices. In the other hands, it gives us serious problems, such as, insulation, increasing of the high frequency leakage current, and electric corrosion of bearing in the loaded motors driven by inverters using high frequency switching. To improve these problems, many researches have made especially on the application of soft switching technologies. From this point of view IEE-Japan had started the research groups on soft-switching technology 1997 and 1999. This paper is a survey based on the discussion in this research group with results of ARCP inverter applied for 210kVA power supply.
The purpose of interlocking system was to prevent the route for a train being set up and its protecting signal cleared if there was already another, conflicting route set up and the protecting signal for that route cleared. Recently, the computer based control systems instead of conventional relays circuitry are widely used to industrial systems, therefore, interlocking system are rapidly changing from relay interlocking system to Electronic Interlocking System(EIS) that control requirements of interlocking at junctions using electronic circuits. In this paper, by examine checking technique of EIS, we will to acquire interlocking inspection algorithm and method for EIS and to develope inspection system for EIS. By using inspection system we obtain every advantage. It has the functions for test data generation and automatic test execution, and it can operate on personal computer. Time and cost for test work can be reduced to more of those now required by using this developed inspection system.
열차제어시스템의 소프트웨어는 높은 신뢰성과 안전성이 요구된다. 이를 위해 철도에서는 고장회피(Fault Avoidance) 기법과 고장허용(Fault Tolerance)기법을 사용하고 있다. 그러나 최근 신호설비의 소프트웨어 신뢰성을 좀더 향상시키기 위해 일본, 프랑스, 스웨덴 등에서는 안전에 치명적인 시스템에 사용되고 있는 정형기법(Forma) Method)을 포함하여 많은 연구를 수행중이다. 본고에서는 국외 관련분야를 분석하고, 열차제어시스템 소프트웨어의 신뢰성 향상에 관하여 기술하고자 한다.
The rail car with the regenerative brake are very efficient on energy savings. But if these cars under regeneration exist in the rail system, various problems is raised. In this paper, the characteristics of the feeding system is analyzed and the effective passage is presented when the regenerative rail cars pass through the sections.
The Railway Signalling Equipment's transformation to Micro-electronic has been caused to the decrease of its introspection against a surge voltage. So, there has been many tries to protect the railway signalling equipment from a surge voltage by using of a various surge protector. In this study, we are trying to draw up the protective plan to prevent this weakness on introspection by analyzing the electric characteristic on such a surge protector and reviewing the way on distributing wires in signalling room.
A Dual rotor turbines HAWT/VAWT combined wind turbine system that can drastically enhance the power production capability compared to conventional Single Rotor Turbine HAWT system. The combined system that takes advantage of strong point of both horizontal and vertical Axis wind turbine system developed by a venture firm : KOWINTEC of Chonbuk National University. The HAWT/VAWT hybrid system has been successfully field tested and commercial operation since Feb. 12, 2001 in Hae-chang rest park, Bu-an county near the Sae Man-Kum Sea Dike. This paper will briefly describe the field test results performance and a special aerodynamic structure with bevel-planetary gear box of Dual Rotor Wind Turbine system.
In this paper, a control algorithm of a stand-alone type photovoltaic/wind/diesel hybrid power system for operation in a remote island, is proposed in detail. Power controllers are used to combine two different power outputs of photovoltaic and wind-power generations into DC output, which is converted into AC power to meet load while charging the storage battery for later use. In the event that the whole power load cannot be met by photovoltaic and wind power only, power stored in the battery cell is supplied and if even this power run out, diesel generator will be applied. Certain portion of diesel power is used to cover the load and the other to charge the battery.
Novel concept of shunt active filter (AF) function added in Photovoltaic (PV) generation system is described in this paper. So far, for the PV generation system has been treated as one of harmonic sources to the power distribution systems, not only a PV system combined with AF but also AF systems using PV module as their power source have never been discussed. The basic structure and control strategy of the PV-AF system are, for the first time, introduced in this work. In order to stabilize the output current of voltage source inverter (VSI), the reference voltage MPPT control is applied. Simulation analysis shows that it is possible to combine AF function to the three-phase grid-connected PV generation system without any physical difficulties, and the performance of the proposed PV-AF system is acceptable and stable as well.
Wind power generation system is one of the most useful energy resource using natural environment. One of the biggest problem we encountered is toot the wind speed is fluctuating sharply according to the weather conditions rather than it is stable. In this paper we do the equivalent modeling the mechanical energy of wind power turbine according to wind speed into the synchronous generator. We analyse the equivalent modeling output part of rectifier into DC/DC converter input part theoretically. We analyse a battery charging characteristics for power storage enabling the supply of stable power to the load. We design a system and do the modeling of it analytically so that it supplies a stable power to the load by constructing a DC-AC inverter point. Also we make a small size model usable in actual wind power generation system of 30kw and make an experiment and confirm its validity.
The wind power equipment of Ullung island is composed of a hybride type of wind powers and diesel generators. The wind power generation in Ullung island is, howerever, not smooth due to the small capacity and weekness of existing power systems and line. Therefore, it is the purpose of this study to describe the technical problems and its solution through the investigation of actual conditions.
This study presents a new method to estimate voltage unbalance practically. Adding the power simulation procedure to the conventional researches for the voltage unbalance, the proposed method can be practically used and easily applied to evaluation of voltage unbalance indices.
Whenever the accidents occur in the rail way areas, their prompt recovery is very important. The individual way has been used to resolve these accident by direct visiting the site and reporting to others of the person who cares for these cases. As a result, we are planing to operate the MTS (Multimedia Transmission System) for a timely information's transmission to the related peoples in the central control center by transforming the picture information on the accident-site to the digital information.
In this paper, the relationship between system engineering lifecycle and safety lifecycle is investigated. V diagram and IEC 61508 model are represented in the lifecycle model. V diagram easily shows the flow of information between phases. But it does not show the amount of work involved in each stage. IEC 61508 model describes the activities to be performed during each phase of the lifecycle. And also the causal-consequence analysis for the level crossing is presented Representing this analysis procedure, we are try to establish safety of level crossing.
This paper deal with analysis linear Halbach array. For the theoretical analysis of linear Halbach array, each magnetic vector of permanent magnet is displied by the Furiere series. A result of analytical method to calculate the magnetic flux density compared with a result of numerical method. when linear Halbach array moves above a conductivity material, a developed force between linear Halbach array and a closed loop is analyzed by the theoretical analysis.
The accidents in a railway level crossing where passengers or vehicles pass on the track went through by the train with a inherent high rate on incidents lead to a vast economic damage on people and material resources. So, many protection equipments are placed on the railway crossing to prevent those kind of accidents. But there is a limit to control driver's rough activity, passenger's careless or an intentional accident. This study is trying to ensure the safety in railway crossing by providing the information on train's speed and expected passing time on the railroad to a road traffic control system or car driver. Additionally, this system has been studying the railway level crossing system concerning ITS to support harmonious traffic flow.
So far, because the photovoltaics power generation system can be treated to a harmonics source for the power distribution systems, the PV system combined the function of AF systems as well as the AF systems using the PV module as the power source have never been reported. However, authors have recently proposed a novel concept of the photovoltaics power generation system adding the function of the active filter (PV-AF system). In this paper, in order to confirm the operational characteristics of the PV-AF system, various MPPT controls are applied and analyzed.
The construct of photovoltaic module array, main power source of photovoltaic system, is very important to the efficiency improvement of whole photovoltaic system. Photovoltaic modules are usually connected in series or parallel to meet power capacity required. Since output characteristics of a photovoltaic module are greatly fluctuated on the variation of insolation, temperature and its type, the maximum open circuit voltage and output operating voltage of photovoltaic module array must exist in the admissible input voltage range of inverter system under any operating conditions. In this paper, we present the selection and array method of photovoltaic modules through simulation for the coupling loss reduction between photovoltaic modules and a inverter.
The flooded type battery is used for solar lighting system. Because the characteristic of flooded type battery is the short life time, the maintenance cost is high. So the using floe fed type battery in this system is inappropriate. The valve regulated lead acid batter(VRLA) is the maintenance free and cycle service purpose. This paper presents the development of control system and monitoring system to applied VRLA battery for maintenance free and long life time in system.
The photovoltaic power generation system has a great future as clean energy instead of fossil fuel which has many environmental problems such as exhausted gas or air pollution. In a utility interactive photovoltaic generation system, a three-phase inverter is used for the connection between the photovoltaic array and the utility. This paper presents a three phase inverter for photovoltaic power system with current controller, voltage controller PLL control system and the phase detector of interactive voltage by using do transformation. The proposed inverter system provides a sinusoidal are current for domestic loads and the utility line with unity power factor. The results of the operated from January to October show the system characteristics.
High speed brushless permanent magnet (PM) machines are a key technology for electric drives and motion control systems for many application, since they are conductive to high efficiency, high power density small size and low weight. Proposed slotless PM machine is constructed without stator winding slots. Its stator magnetic material is in the form of a ring and winding have a toroidal configuration and its rotor consists of a 4-pole Halbach array or radially magnetized PM rotor.
This paper presents a utility interactive photovoltaic generation system with the angle of inclination and direction. This paper summarizes the results of these efforts by offering a snapshot of the configuration of photovoltaic in residential applications. The status of PV system components and inter-connection and safety equipment will be summarized. also, This System is able to alteration the angle of inclination and direction. Hence this paper discusses only points that might be useful for application.
새로운 대체 에너지원으로 주목받고 있는 풍력 에너지의 효율적인 이용을 위하여 기개발되어 운용중인 30kW급 수직-수평축 통합형 풍력발전시스템을 대상으로 낙도 지역 등에서 사용할 수 있는 독립형 전원장치를 설계하였다. 설계된 시스템은 무보수 밀패형 배터리와 자체 개발한 배터리 충전 제어 장치 및 교류 전원 출력용 인버터로 구성되며 장시간 바람이 불지 않는 경우에도 양질의 전원을 연속적으로 부하에 공급할 수 있도록 설계되었다.
In this paper a wind power simulator is designed and implemented. This simulator realize the torque of wind blade by DC motor. And squirrel-cage induction machine is used as generator and controlled to achieve the maximum power point tracking(MPPT) algorithm.
Korea has a variety of favorable conditions for utilizing wind as energy. First of all, as a geographical characteristic, it is a peninsular country with its three frontiers surrounded by sea. Such a location makes the country influenced, all the year round, both by sea winds and by seasonal winds, so that it has a good possibility of putting its rich wind resources to use as an energy source. Particularly, in view of the results of observations and analysis of actual data about wind sources, it is quite possible to build wind paver plants in many regions across the country, such as inhabited islands dotted on its southern and western coasts around the Korean peninsular, a number of uninhabited islets attached the main islands, large-scaled reclaimed lands, and major inland areas. In Korea, the attempt to develop the technology of wind paver generation started in the 1970's. It was since 1988, when the Law on the promotion of Alternative Energy Development was enacted, that research and development activities for employing the wind force as a part of energy source have got into full swing. At that moment, however, due to the low level of domestic technological development, such efforts were mainly focused on the attainment of basic technologies with regard to wind power generation. Recently, there have been many noticeable changes in the international as well as domestic environments, such as the conclusion of the International Climate Treaty and the increase in public concerns of natural environment. It is quite possible to predict that the demand for wind paver generation will increase in the near future. Therefore, recognizing that wind, as a clean energy source, can be a promising method for coping with the International Climate Treaty and for replacing the fossil fuel, oil, this essay investigates the development history of wind paver generation systems and the status of technological development in Korea and presents an appropriate model for the development of the paver generation system that can compete with other energy sources.
본 웹사이트에 게시된 이메일 주소가 전자우편 수집 프로그램이나
그 밖의 기술적 장치를 이용하여 무단으로 수집되는 것을 거부하며,
이를 위반시 정보통신망법에 의해 형사 처벌됨을 유념하시기 바랍니다.
[게시일 2004년 10월 1일]
제 1 장 총칙
제 1 조 (목적)
이 이용약관은 KoreaScience 홈페이지(이하 “당 사이트”)에서 제공하는 인터넷 서비스(이하 '서비스')의 가입조건 및 이용에 관한 제반 사항과 기타 필요한 사항을 구체적으로 규정함을 목적으로 합니다.
제 2 조 (용어의 정의)
① "이용자"라 함은 당 사이트에 접속하여 이 약관에 따라 당 사이트가 제공하는 서비스를 받는 회원 및 비회원을
② "회원"이라 함은 서비스를 이용하기 위하여 당 사이트에 개인정보를 제공하여 아이디(ID)와 비밀번호를 부여
받은 자를 말합니다.
③ "회원 아이디(ID)"라 함은 회원의 식별 및 서비스 이용을 위하여 자신이 선정한 문자 및 숫자의 조합을
④ "비밀번호(패스워드)"라 함은 회원이 자신의 비밀보호를 위하여 선정한 문자 및 숫자의 조합을 말합니다.
제 3 조 (이용약관의 효력 및 변경)
① 이 약관은 당 사이트에 게시하거나 기타의 방법으로 회원에게 공지함으로써 효력이 발생합니다.
② 당 사이트는 이 약관을 개정할 경우에 적용일자 및 개정사유를 명시하여 현행 약관과 함께 당 사이트의
초기화면에 그 적용일자 7일 이전부터 적용일자 전일까지 공지합니다. 다만, 회원에게 불리하게 약관내용을
변경하는 경우에는 최소한 30일 이상의 사전 유예기간을 두고 공지합니다. 이 경우 당 사이트는 개정 전
내용과 개정 후 내용을 명확하게 비교하여 이용자가 알기 쉽도록 표시합니다.
제 4 조(약관 외 준칙)
① 이 약관은 당 사이트가 제공하는 서비스에 관한 이용안내와 함께 적용됩니다.
② 이 약관에 명시되지 아니한 사항은 관계법령의 규정이 적용됩니다.
제 2 장 이용계약의 체결
제 5 조 (이용계약의 성립 등)
① 이용계약은 이용고객이 당 사이트가 정한 약관에 「동의합니다」를 선택하고, 당 사이트가 정한
온라인신청양식을 작성하여 서비스 이용을 신청한 후, 당 사이트가 이를 승낙함으로써 성립합니다.
② 제1항의 승낙은 당 사이트가 제공하는 과학기술정보검색, 맞춤정보, 서지정보 등 다른 서비스의 이용승낙을
제 6 조 (회원가입)
서비스를 이용하고자 하는 고객은 당 사이트에서 정한 회원가입양식에 개인정보를 기재하여 가입을 하여야 합니다.
제 7 조 (개인정보의 보호 및 사용)
당 사이트는 관계법령이 정하는 바에 따라 회원 등록정보를 포함한 회원의 개인정보를 보호하기 위해 노력합니다. 회원 개인정보의 보호 및 사용에 대해서는 관련법령 및 당 사이트의 개인정보 보호정책이 적용됩니다.
제 8 조 (이용 신청의 승낙과 제한)
① 당 사이트는 제6조의 규정에 의한 이용신청고객에 대하여 서비스 이용을 승낙합니다.
② 당 사이트는 아래사항에 해당하는 경우에 대해서 승낙하지 아니 합니다.
- 이용계약 신청서의 내용을 허위로 기재한 경우
- 기타 규정한 제반사항을 위반하며 신청하는 경우
제 9 조 (회원 ID 부여 및 변경 등)
① 당 사이트는 이용고객에 대하여 약관에 정하는 바에 따라 자신이 선정한 회원 ID를 부여합니다.
② 회원 ID는 원칙적으로 변경이 불가하며 부득이한 사유로 인하여 변경 하고자 하는 경우에는 해당 ID를
해지하고 재가입해야 합니다.
③ 기타 회원 개인정보 관리 및 변경 등에 관한 사항은 서비스별 안내에 정하는 바에 의합니다.
제 3 장 계약 당사자의 의무
제 10 조 (KISTI의 의무)
① 당 사이트는 이용고객이 희망한 서비스 제공 개시일에 특별한 사정이 없는 한 서비스를 이용할 수 있도록
② 당 사이트는 개인정보 보호를 위해 보안시스템을 구축하며 개인정보 보호정책을 공시하고 준수합니다.
③ 당 사이트는 회원으로부터 제기되는 의견이나 불만이 정당하다고 객관적으로 인정될 경우에는 적절한 절차를
거쳐 즉시 처리하여야 합니다. 다만, 즉시 처리가 곤란한 경우는 회원에게 그 사유와 처리일정을 통보하여야
제 11 조 (회원의 의무)
① 이용자는 회원가입 신청 또는 회원정보 변경 시 실명으로 모든 사항을 사실에 근거하여 작성하여야 하며,
허위 또는 타인의 정보를 등록할 경우 일체의 권리를 주장할 수 없습니다.
② 당 사이트가 관계법령 및 개인정보 보호정책에 의거하여 그 책임을 지는 경우를 제외하고 회원에게 부여된
ID의 비밀번호 관리소홀, 부정사용에 의하여 발생하는 모든 결과에 대한 책임은 회원에게 있습니다.
③ 회원은 당 사이트 및 제 3자의 지적 재산권을 침해해서는 안 됩니다.
제 4 장 서비스의 이용
제 12 조 (서비스 이용 시간)
① 서비스 이용은 당 사이트의 업무상 또는 기술상 특별한 지장이 없는 한 연중무휴, 1일 24시간 운영을
원칙으로 합니다. 단, 당 사이트는 시스템 정기점검, 증설 및 교체를 위해 당 사이트가 정한 날이나 시간에
서비스를 일시 중단할 수 있으며, 예정되어 있는 작업으로 인한 서비스 일시중단은 당 사이트 홈페이지를
통해 사전에 공지합니다.
② 당 사이트는 서비스를 특정범위로 분할하여 각 범위별로 이용가능시간을 별도로 지정할 수 있습니다. 다만
이 경우 그 내용을 공지합니다.
제 13 조 (홈페이지 저작권)
① NDSL에서 제공하는 모든 저작물의 저작권은 원저작자에게 있으며, KISTI는 복제/배포/전송권을 확보하고
② NDSL에서 제공하는 콘텐츠를 상업적 및 기타 영리목적으로 복제/배포/전송할 경우 사전에 KISTI의 허락을
③ NDSL에서 제공하는 콘텐츠를 보도, 비평, 교육, 연구 등을 위하여 정당한 범위 안에서 공정한 관행에
합치되게 인용할 수 있습니다.
④ NDSL에서 제공하는 콘텐츠를 무단 복제, 전송, 배포 기타 저작권법에 위반되는 방법으로 이용할 경우
저작권법 제136조에 따라 5년 이하의 징역 또는 5천만 원 이하의 벌금에 처해질 수 있습니다.
제 14 조 (유료서비스)
① 당 사이트 및 협력기관이 정한 유료서비스(원문복사 등)는 별도로 정해진 바에 따르며, 변경사항은 시행 전에
당 사이트 홈페이지를 통하여 회원에게 공지합니다.
② 유료서비스를 이용하려는 회원은 정해진 요금체계에 따라 요금을 납부해야 합니다.
제 5 장 계약 해지 및 이용 제한
제 15 조 (계약 해지)
회원이 이용계약을 해지하고자 하는 때에는 [가입해지] 메뉴를 이용해 직접 해지해야 합니다.
제 16 조 (서비스 이용제한)
① 당 사이트는 회원이 서비스 이용내용에 있어서 본 약관 제 11조 내용을 위반하거나, 다음 각 호에 해당하는
경우 서비스 이용을 제한할 수 있습니다.
- 2년 이상 서비스를 이용한 적이 없는 경우
- 기타 정상적인 서비스 운영에 방해가 될 경우
② 상기 이용제한 규정에 따라 서비스를 이용하는 회원에게 서비스 이용에 대하여 별도 공지 없이 서비스 이용의
일시정지, 이용계약 해지 할 수 있습니다.
제 17 조 (전자우편주소 수집 금지)
회원은 전자우편주소 추출기 등을 이용하여 전자우편주소를 수집 또는 제3자에게 제공할 수 없습니다.
제 6 장 손해배상 및 기타사항
제 18 조 (손해배상)
당 사이트는 무료로 제공되는 서비스와 관련하여 회원에게 어떠한 손해가 발생하더라도 당 사이트가 고의 또는 과실로 인한 손해발생을 제외하고는 이에 대하여 책임을 부담하지 아니합니다.
제 19 조 (관할 법원)
서비스 이용으로 발생한 분쟁에 대해 소송이 제기되는 경우 민사 소송법상의 관할 법원에 제기합니다.
1. (시행일) 이 약관은 2016년 9월 5일부터 적용되며, 종전 약관은 본 약관으로 대체되며, 개정된 약관의 적용일 이전 가입자도 개정된 약관의 적용을 받습니다.