The purpose of this study is to develope energy eco-audit evaluation scheme for the sustainable energy management at schools in accordance with education for sustainable development. Energy eco-audit evaluation scheme was developed through critical review of preexisting evaluation methods, consensus searching for the process from field. The results of this study are as follows. The school energy eco-audit evaluation scheme has three criteria: data collection, energy program, and environmental review. First, criteria of data collection includes general affairs, school building construction, and energy use. Second, criteria of energy program stresses school administration system such as the democratic decision-making process and structures. Third, criteria of environmental review includes reporting process and preparing teaching/learning materials for sustainable energy management. In conclusion, school energy eco-audit evaluation scheme could find a new way to achieve extended effect for sustainable energy management in school. It also could continue to seek opportunities to raise their awareness of energy issue and environment. School committee and whole school are involved to continue to implement present action plan and prepare updated plan in order to reduce environmental impact in school. By doing so, it would be possible to play important role in both school administration and education for sustainable development.
The purpose of this research is to develop a water environmental education (EE) program using streams, based on the core ideas of ENVISION and materializing elements that were extracted in this research. This research realized the elements and presented a model of the water EE program using a local stream. First, this research developed a basic model of a water EE program using streams by extracting 10 materializing elements and realizing the elements in 4 stage-procedural model. The 10 materializing elements were 1. experiencing the process of inquiry, 2. inquiring local environments, 3. self-directing learning and mutual interaction with colleagues, 4. collecting real data and interpreting, 5. utilizing the ICT(information and communication technology), 6. inquiring with the view point of the 'Environmental Studies for EE', 7. inquiring with the watershed concept, 8. inquiring with the integrating and the holistic view point, 9. pursuing the macroscopic understanding about environment, and 10. connecting the real world phenomena with the environmental concepts and theories. This research materialized these 10 elements in 4 stage model, following the previous ENVISION research, which are 1. preparing stage and visual assessment, 2. writing the report of the inquiry plan, 3. collecting the real data in the environment and performing the investigation, and 4. presenting the inquiry results. Second, with using this basic model, this research developed and presented a model of the specific water EE program using a case stream called 'Baig Cheon' stream, which is a local stream. This research is considered to have a considerable meaning in developing a EE program with ENVISION ideas for the watershed concept and inquiry with environmental science using local streams. The developed model can help the professional development of teachers and teacher education of water EE.
The purpose of this study was to investigate how the future users of a children's garden felt about the designing and operation of the children's garden, which is to be constructed within Korea National Arboretum. For this study, a total of 1,855 elementary school children were selected and then classified by sex and grade. The survey had been carried out to examine the following five items: necessity and advantages of the garden, plants suitable for it, artificial facilities required for it, its space structure, programs necessary for educational activities, and operation programs. The results are as follows: 1. Necessity and advantages of the children's garden: Some 87.7% of respondents said the garden is needed, it would serve for environmental preservation, it would function as a resting place, and it would have educational effect; 2. Plants suitable for it: Uncommon plants which have flowers of several colors; 3. Artificial facilities required for it: Places for experience and rest; 4. Programs necessary for educational activities: maze experiencing and gardening; and 5. Operation programs: Some 86.3% of the respondents said they are needed. They thought educational programs providing the activities of experiencing would be preferable. This study provides basic materials for the planning and designing of the children's garden. When constructing the garden, we should have enough prior discussion for the matters listed above. Furthermore, it is needed to develop several educational programs for efficient operation and management.
The purpose of this paper is to development of the environment writing workbook to enhance environmental literacy of elementary school student. To achieve the purpose, the concrete paper processes are as follows. First, in order to development of the environment writing workbook to enhance environmental literacy, Writing of Environment Club students did various writing activities as an experiment. The environment writing workbook is developed using the students product feedback. Second, the environment writing workbook was used for the 5th graders in the elementary school for 10 weeks to see how the environment writing workbook would enhance the students' environmental literacy. The results of this paper are as follows. It's application was meaningful in the level of p<.05 in point of view of environmental literacy as a result of the pre-post test in the experiment group, who is one of the 5th grade classes in the elementary school. In conclusion, the environment writing workbook is very effective to enhance the seven parts of environmental literacy out of eleven. It is necessary because the environment writing helps to think of environmental issue deeply, learn about regional environmental problems, establish sound environment sense of value, give the opportunities to participate in activities.
The purpose of this research is to study motivation of freshmen in Environmental Education Department for choosing their major, and their environmental awareness in overall. The subject for this research is twenty freshmen, majoring Environmental Education at Korea National University of Education in 2007, and methods of the research include survey through questionnaires, reviewing literature of the field, and conference with experts in Environmental Education. After the research, six freshmen's motivation for choosing Environmental Education as their major changed positively. Awareness of the environment in residential area changed somewhat negatively, while awareness of the nation's overall environment changed positively. Subjects' recognition for the need of Environmental Education was generally negative in both the first and second surveys whereas that of sustainable society changed more remarkably throughout the surveys. Most subject thought that the most important issue Environmental teachers should teach is proper attitudes towards and reasonable actions for the environment.
The purpose of this study was to survey science teachers, perception and attitudes on disposal of school laboratory waste water and materials. To fulfill this aim, a questionnaire was administered to 244 secondary school science teachers. The result of this study revealed that there was no large disparity in the degree of understanding of laboratory waste disposal and the laboratory waste water treatment, and in secondary science teachers' perception and practicing attitude on the environment. While science teachers had deep understanding of laboratory waste disposal and its influence on environmental pollution, they expressed less positive attitude toward the actual disposal of waste materials and waste water, and participation in teacher training. Therefore, it is necessary to provide standards of systematized disposal methods and proper disposal facilities in middle and high school laboratories, as well as to investigate teachers' needs before providing teacher training program.
The purpose of this study is to develop instruction model of environmental problem process focused with environmental justice. This study has analyzed environmental problem solution process in social studies of elementary school from 4th grade to 6th grade with it. The results of this study are as follows. First, social studies of elementary school didn't show distributive justice in environmental problem solving process. Second, procedural justice existed, but offered information is lacking to each main group. Third, substantive justice was emphasized personal viewpoint. We developed instruction model of environmental problem solving process based upon the results. Component of instruction model is problem analysis, distributive justice, procedural justice, substantive justice and evaluating a solution. Timely, teachers can use and can apply it in social studies class. In conclusion, it is strongly recommend to teach environmental education linked with environmental justice. It enables us enhance a new awareness and attitudes towards sustainable development.
The purpose of this study is to find out educational effect of school environmental education utilized school eco-audit. The result of the study is as followings. First, environmental education program based on school eco-audit was developed. Environmental education program was applied school environmental education. According to developed program, students surveyed environmental problem of school and drove to solution of environmental problem. Second, after environmental education, students became to recognize the fact we are responsible for the environmental problem and also affect the solution of it too much. Also, result showed that will to save energy and resource get higher. In conclusion, school eco-audit is effective cultivation of positive attitude for solution and responsibility of environmental problem. Therefore school eco-audit have to introduce school environmental education because school eco-audit derive participation for solution of environmental problem and learning of decision-making.
The objectives of this study were to investigate youth's nature experiences and environmental perception and to analyze the effects of nature experiences on environmental perception. The study was conducted by review of literature and survey. The data were collected from 146 youths in youth activities by random sampling. Major findings of the study were as follows: Firstly, youths who live in small city and have experiences in rural area showed higher average of rearing animal and plants experience than others and youths who are in high school and get upper academic achievement have higher travelling experience than others. Secondly, female youths were higher average of environmental conservation intention than males. Thirdly, learning experience about nature and sex variables influence on environmental conservation intension and age and residence influence on environmental practice. In conclusion, the study suggests youths should have opportunity on nature experience programs for developing environmental perception.
The objectives of this study were to investigate using environment-friendly agricultural products and to analyze consciousness of agricultural safety of consumers. The data were collected from 1,000 consumers by two-staged stratified random sampling. SPSSWIN/ver. 13 program was used for analyzing data with frequency, cross-tab, t-test and ANOVA. The major findings of this study were as follows: 1) Consumers with higher academic career, more income, and white collars showed higher experiences on environment-friendly agricultural products. 2) Consumers who are under thirties, university graduation and upper income revealed high intention to use environment-friendly agricultural products. 3) The study revealed information needs and information acquisition are significantly different among consumers 4) Consumers with higher academic and upper income showed higher agricultural safety concern, 5) The study discovered that consumers who are over sixties and under middle school graduation were higher on agricultural safety effects.
This study had the following aims: (1) To examine the significance of an eco-friendly environment based on the experiences of adventure sports participants, and to identify eco-friendly behaviors; (2) To review the characteristics of adventure sports that are held in a natural environment, as well as the existing problems in different adventure sports fields (3) To conduct an analysis of various eco-friendly behaviors and of the efforts that are being exerted to address a wide range of problems related to environmental pollution, by employing qualitative research methods, in a bid to ultimately present the symbiotic, coexistent, and harmonious relations between nature, sports, and humans. Ten individuals who were engaging in the adventure sports of scuba diving and paragliding were selected for the study, and the gathered data were analyzed based on the "surjection", "unit", "sign", and "subject" factors. The results of the analysis show that most of the adventure sports participants who were the subjects of the study believe that an eco-friendly environment helps protect and preserve nature, which is the basis of human life that adventure sports flourish in a natural environment that nature sustains adventure sports and that dealing carelessly with nature, or concentrating on the exploitation of nature for development purposes a real danger to its preservation. It was established in the study that keen adventure sports participants, or those who have a passion for and a thriving career in adventure sports, can do much to address environmental problems. The results of the study demonstrate that the link between sports and nature will promote a keen interest in and love for nature among sports enthusiasts as well as an awareness of the need to protect and preserve it, which will in turn lead them to develop a desire to do such. When these are realized, concrete images of eco-friendly behaviors will be seen on the part of a greater number of people.
The purpose of this study is to investigate items for improving environmental education in elementary school for the more efficiency policies of environmental education. In this study, we investigated the relative importance of each items through Analytic Hierarchy Process for the various groups of the expert who is related with environmental education. We made hierarchical structure for efficiency education through brainstorming process. The hierarchical structure consisted of 3 high-level items and 8 low-level items. The questionnaires were distributed to 4 groups with 187 experts. After the consistency test of returned questionnaires, we gained 60 available questionnaires of experts. According to the generalization results of all groups, "The pro-environmental attitude of the teacher" is the most important. The second important thing is "The pro-environmental attitude of the schoolmaster" and the third is "Experiential learning and on-the-spot study concerning environment". And the following are "Budget for environmental education" and "Environmental education in discretionary activity", "Teaching materials for environmental education", "The cultivation of the experts on environmental education", "Environment event in school" in order. As the result, we have to intensify the pro-environmental attitude of the teachers and schoolmasters and develop experiential learning and on-the-spot study programs concerned environment to improve environmental education. At the same time, we need the more politic support related with budget for environmental education.
The purpose of this study is to find a concrete plan by examining effect of environmental education program on Environment-friendly Attitudes in sixth grade elementary school and to testify the educational values of environmental education program. The study was carried out by 32 students, which was experimental group and by 32 students, control group, in the sixth grade of Y elementary school located in yangjung, Busan city. Both group was found out the same quality group through the pre-test. Environmental class using environmental education program was applied to experimental group and traditional lecture class was applied to control group. After executing post-test to each group, comparative analysis was conducted by t-test using a SPSS 12.0 program. The result of post-test showed that experimental group taken environmental class using environmental education program was more statistically meaningful than control group taken traditional lecture class in the cognitive, emotional, behavioral area. As a result, in sixth grade elementary school environmental class using a environmental education program was more effective in knowledge-acquirement about the overall environ mental programs, and in fostering Environment-friendly Attitudes and behaviors than traditional lecture class. The teacher must develop efficient environment education program in such side.
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