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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 1, Issue 1 - Feb 1987
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Self-care In the Aged with Diabetus Mellitus
Kang Hee Kyung ; Jung Mhoon Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 5~16
This study was carried out to assess the self-care ability of the adged diabetic patients. To achieve such a purpose, thirty cases of the adged patients were sampled the regular and' the irregular hospital visiting group respectively from 20th, Oct. to 29th, Oct. in 1985. The data were collected by means of personal & telephone interview, chart review, and home visiting, and analysed by use of percentage, t-test,
and Pearson-correlation coefficient. The obtained results were as follows: the regular group scored more than the irregular one (1) on the knowledge of the D. M .. , (2) in expecting internal control on the Health Locus of Control, (3) on the self-care behaviors. The results show us that the self-care of the aged diabetic patient could and must be developed by the adequate nursing intervention.
A Survey Study on Occurance Rate, Knowledge and Self-care Behavior of diabetes for the Elderly who are Attending a Villa House for the Aged.
Ro Kook Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 17~31
This study was carried out for the age 60years over who are attending a villa house for the aged during day time. The purpose of this study was to measure occurance rate of Diabetes by self cognitiveness about their disease of Diabetes; by result of urine test tape test and a questionaire study and self-care behavior about Diabetes. The results of the study are summarized as follow: 1. General Characteristics of the suryeyed. The population studied consisted of 143 males and 256 females comprising
of the total population registered at the elderly villa house at the time of the study. The mean age group of the study was 70-79 years; educational level
was below than primary education. 2. The results of Diabetes study. The number of cases who were self-recognized about their Diabetes were 19; 8 males and 11 females. The number of urine sugar positive cases was 35; 19 males and 16 females. The consistency rate of positive urine sugar test was
An average degree of the results of knowledge test about Diabetes was 1. 4 point. When the correct 1 item was given 1 point for the 6 item of questions. Among 19 cases of self-recognized disease group an average degree of the knowledge test results was 2. 3 point and among the 35 cases of the urine test positive group an average degree of the knowledge test results was 1. 7 point. The average degree of self -care behavior about Diabetes was 1. 6 point when measued 3 point scale on the self-care behavior for the 7 item of questions.
A Study on Knowledge and Disease Management of Tuberculosis by Themselves of Tuberculosis Patients Among the Middle and High School Students in Seoul.
Do Sung-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 32~44
The purpose of this survey was to find out the knowledge and the disease management of the Tuberculosis patients by themselves among the first grade middle and high school students in Seoul city during the period of June 15-July 19, 1986. Questionaires were used to collect the data and were analysed from answers of 188 students at the 113 schools. The results were as follows: 1. The ages of the students were distributed as follows: in middle school, 13 years old was
. 14 years old,
, and 15 years old,
. In high school, 16 years old was
, 17 years old,
, and 15 years old,
. 2. In X-ray mass examination by school, the rate of execution was
in middle school and
in high school, and in X-ray mass examination by student, it was
in middle school and
in high school. 3. The prevalence of Tuberculosis among the middle school students was
and high school students,
. 4. Of the total,
of the respondents did not realized Tuberculosis bdore X-ray mass examination 5. The perfect cure rate of the respondents was
. 6. General characteristics of the respondents: a. The educational background was varied as follows: of the total
of the fathers had the level of high school education and
of the mothers had the level of middle school education. The educational background of the parents had no statistical significant to the medical cure rate of Tuberculosis. (P>0.05). b. The average monthly income of the family was as follows : above five hundred thousand won was
, three or four hundred thousand won was
, and below two hundred thousand won was
. The most frequent family size was 5-6 persons.
. 7. The actual situation of Tuberculosis control and the variables related to the treatment: a.
of the respondents wanted mental support from their surroundings.
of the respondents answered that their parents or the other family helped treatment as mental supporter, b. As a medical service,
of the respondents were treated at Health Center,
were treated at a hospital. A medical service was statistically significant to the medical cure (P<0.01). c. Family members of
of the respondents had checked chest X-ray. A X-ray examination of family was statistically significant to the medical cure (P<0.005). d.
of the respondents had taken the Anti-Tuberculosis-drugs regularly. Regular taking of Anti-Tuberculosis drugs was statistically significant to the medical cure (P<0.005). e.
of the respondents had received a regular examination during the treatment. A regular examination was statistically significant to the medical cure (P<0.05). f. The period of perfect cure was that
of the respondents took from half a year to one year,
took below half a year and
took from one year to one year and a half. g. The rate of the respondents who abhored to let anyone know their disease was
. 8. Knowledge related with Tuberculosis: a .
of the respondents answered that Tuberculosis is a communiable disease. b.
of the respondents answered that there is a preventive method of Tuberculosis. Among them,
answered that it is B.C.G. vacination. c.
of the respondents belived they can be cured perfectly. d.
of the perfect curer answered that they had have permanent immunity of Tuberculosis. According to the results of above study, it is desired to be practiced X-ray mass examination to the total middle school students. Nurse teachers and the responsible persons who participated to the helping of disease management to the Tuberculosis patients must make an offer knowledge of Tuberculosis to the Tuberculosis patients. And also, it will be very helpful to the cure of Tuberculosis patients if they do their best and to have a mental supporter.
A Study of Nursing Manpower Requirements based on the Nursing Times spent in Operating Room of an University Hospital
YooN Ke Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 45~61
This Study was an attempt to estimate the optimum numbers of Operating Room Nursing Manpower by measuring the amount of service hours required by the patients in Operating Room in relation to the service amount actually provided by the nurses. The major concern of this study was placed on the measurement of Nursing Service Requirements by using the Operating Room (O. R) Patient Acuity System recently developed by M. M. Hart to classify the O. R. patients into four groups according to the degree of the complexity of operative procedure and some other elements which increase nursing activities in respect of patient care; Acuity IV group is the one requires nursing services most, on the other hand Acuity I requires least. nu sing The objectives of this study were as follows; 1. To analyze functions of the nursing personnel in O. R. by time unit and to estimate the average time a nurse can activate for productive functions. 2. To measure the actual amount of nursing times provided by nurses to the surgical patients. 3. To develop a patient classification system in order to measure the amount of Nursing services required by the patients. 4. To calculate an appropriate number of nursing manpower to meet the needs of the patients. In order to conduct the research both selected nurses and patients in 'S' University Hospital were Studied by utilizing the O. R. Patient Acuity System as well as the Classification Chart developed by Association of Operating Room Nurses (A. O. R. N) as a means of classifying functions of O. R. nurses. That is; Functions of the 10 selected O. R. nurses observed during the period of June 30 to July 4, 1986, whereas the amount of nursing services required by or provided to the 974 patients who had received surgeries during the period of June 9 to July 4, 1986. The results of this study were as follows; 1) The actual working hours per a nurse averaged 6.7 hours a day. 2) Each nurse's daily routine schedule consists of
for Technical Functions,
for Nonprodective Functions,
for Assessment and Evaluation,
for Overseeing and Supervision and the rest
for Patient Preparation respectively. 3) Preoperative waiting time per a patient was 24.1 minutes on the average; for the first case was 10.7 minutes, whereas for the following cases was 32.0 minutes. 4) Total Operation time for the 974 patients during the period of observation for this study amounted to 2759.6 hours, weekly hour was equivalent to 689.9 hours, Whereas daily operation time averaged 130 hours. Meanwhile the average operation time per patient was 2.8 hours ; for the case of Acuity IV was 5.6 hours, 5. 1 hours for the case of Acuity III, 2.3 hours for Acuity II and 1.1 hours for Acuity I. 5) According to the O. R. Patient Acuity System,
of the whole patients belonged to Acuity II,
to Acuity III, 11.
to Acuity IV and
to Acuity I respectively. 6) Required amount of nursing times based on the preoperative waiting time and operation time was 7167.8 person hours, which showed that
of them needed for preoperative nursing care, whereas the rest
for intraoperative nursing care. In terms of the O. R. Patient Acuity System,
of total nursing service requirements was needed for Acuity II patients,
for Acuity III patients,
for Acuity IV patients and
for Acuity I patients. 7) The rate of the nursing services provided against the required nursing times was about
on the average; some departments, like those of Plastic Surgery, Otolaryngology and Ophthalmology whose patients mostly belonged to Acuity II recorded hegher provision rate than average, whereas other departments of Thoracic Surgery. Neurosurgery and Orthopedic Surgery whose patients belonged to Acuity III and Acuity IV as well as Acuity II recorded lower provision rate than average. 8) Subsequently, required numbers of nursing manpower was 10.7 nurses additionally. Based on the above findings the following recommendations will be made; 1) this study recommends, develops. and adopts an accurate and realistic O. R. Patient Acuity System which can help measure the nursing service requirements objectively to elicit the rationales of allocation of nursing personnels. 2) this study proposes storongly place nurses who take the role of preoperative nursing care exclusively for the waiting patients in O. R. and shortening their waiting time by close communication between the designated O. R. and the ward.
Comparative Study on the Empathic Ability Between Nursing and Non-Nursing Students
Choi Sun Ha ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 62~74
The term 'nursing' is often defined as a therapeutic and interpersonal process that ultimately functions to help clients. In the process of helping, empathic ability(ability to entering into the another's feeling or motives) is an essential factor that has been proved in the fields of psychology and social psychology. In the sense, nursing personnel with high level of empathy is required to accomplish the comprehensive nursing. The purpose of this study was (1) to investigate empathy between nursing and non-nursing students, (2) to examine changes of empathic ability in accordance with their academic years, and (3) to show relationships, if any, between the two concepts, empathy and need-affiliation. For the survey, 325 respondents for nursing department and 378 from non-nursing departments were randomly selected from the two universities in Seoul. The instruments used in this questionaire survey method were Hogan's Empathy Scale and Mehrabian's Need-Affiliation Scale, each of them has established its validity and reliability in many different people and settings. For the analysis, descriptive stative statistics were mostly used by calculating frequencies, percentages and mean scores. T-test, analysis of variance and correlation coefficient were employed to test the differences and the statistical significance. The results of this study are summarized as follows: (1) There was no significant difference in empathic ability detween the nursing and non-nursing student (2) The levels of empathy among the nursing students, 'surprisingly enough, were negatively correlated with their academic years, even though statistical significations was not found. The scores of the empathy are somewhat dropped as academic year going up. (3) No significant relationship was revealed between empathy and need-affiliation. In conclusion, the results of the study repeatedly support the claim that the nursing education must empathize and, also, include the programs that enable nursing students to develop the ability of empathy for their clients.
A Survey on Health Service Activities of Public Health Nurses in Chung Buk Area.
Park Young Im ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 1, issue 1, 1987, Pages 75~88
The purpose of this survey was to measure the health Service activity of the public Health Nurses and analyze the related factors influencing to their activities. The subjects of this study were 75PHN in Health Centers, Chung Buk area and survey was conducted from 15th, October to 30th, November, 1986. The results of this study were as follows; 1. General characteristics of PHN :
of total respondents was in 30-39 age group and their average age was 34.9.
of them were married women.
Their educational level was almost Nursing High School and Nursing College
. 2. Total performance average of health service activities was 2.031. Among the 11 health service categories, health service planning (2.859) and administrative service (2.489) were the most active service area. And among the specific activity items about the health service categories, the highest performed activities were. 'record & report' in health service planning (3.333 : mean), 'case finding & enrolling' in prenatal care (2.627), 'examination of health condition; in postnatal care (2.497), 'personal counselling & education' in family planning (2.560) and 'vaccination & personal education' in well-baby care (2.480). 3. There were significant difference between the performed degree of activities in department of Health Center(P<0.01). The highest health service planning activity was performed by the nurses in TB clinic and maternal care activities were carried out by MCH Center nurses. 4. PHNs in MCH Center were more active than the nurses in Health Center, which services were especially maternal and well-baby care. Their total activity score was 2.302 while 1.860 was of the nurses in Health Center. There were significant difference between their activities (P<0.01).