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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Sep 1997
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
Selecting the target year
지역사회 보건사업의 사회적 접근 방법
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 1~11
An Evaluative Study of a Subsidiary Program in Small Scale Industries
Lee Myung Sook ; Choe Byung Soo ; Kim Myung Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 12~37
This study was performed to evaluate the subsidiary program on occupational health services in small scale industries. The survey of occupational health services was undertaken in 346 industries from July 1 to August 31. 1994. The major results were as follows ; 1. The subsidiary program on occupational health services The evaluation of working environments were conducted in 305 industries,
of the industries had the harzardous agents exeeding TLV. Special medical examinations were done in 310 industries. the results were detected
. Health management were done in 341 industries, the average visits for a industry were 3.8 times. The activities of health management were included to check of the workplace. health education, health counselling, etc. 2. The recognition of the employees and employers on occupational health services
of employers and
of workers felt healthy themselves. But
of employers and
of workers were under the stress from their jobs or home affairs. The workers perceived more harmful for the hazardous agents than the employers.
of employers and
of workers perceived that employer's efforts were the most important things to protect for the hazardous agents. The result of the evaluation of working environments were understood by
of employers and
of workers. The notification of medical examinations were recognized
of employers and
of workers. Many employers and workers felt the necessities of health management in small scale industries. The priorities of health manegement were different between employers and workers. Employers' priorities were as follows ; follow up care of medical examination
, health counselling
, planning of health
, health education of occupational diseases
, health education of chronic diseases
, etc. Workers' priorities were as follows ; follow up care
, health counselling
, health education of occupational diseases
. first aids
The Effects of Excercise Program on Health of the Elderly in Senior Citizen's Center
Choi Sun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 38~56
A great deal of attention has been paid to the quality of life in citizens due to the increased number of long term life expectancy. reported as effective in the health promotion of the senior citizens. In this study, the principal investigator developed an exercise program for the senior citizens, which could be educated and managed by nursing staff. This kind approach may support the need of exercise program on regular base via the social organization, which may mean the intentional change of life style. The exercise program consisted of exercise, health education, and a direct the population of the senior A regularexercise has been nursing care. A quasi -experimental study was conducted to investigate the effects of excercise program on health of the elderly in senior citizen's center. Independent variable was a 9 weeks exercise program. Dependent variables were: 1) physical health [e.g. physical fitness(cardiopulmonary endurance, back muscle strength, grip strength, muscular tolerance, flexibility and body fat proportion), physiologic parameters(blood pressure, pulse, respiration. and blood glucose), and perceived physical health status; 2) mental health measured by depression score; and 3) cognitive perception of exercise measured by usefulness and self-efficacy. A total of 37 subjects was randomly assigned into either the control group (without the exercise program: n=18) or the intervention group(with the exercise program: n=19). The results of the study analyzed using a SAS, were as follows: 1) In physical fitness of physical health, there was a significant improvement in cardiopulmonary tolerance. back muscle strength. muscular tolerance and flexibility in the intervention group, compared to the control group, while no difference in grip strength and body fat proportion. The exercise program resulted in decreases in blood pressure, pulse, respiration and blood glucose within normal range and improvement of perceived physical health status in the intervention group. 2) There was a slight increase of mental health(depression score) in the intervention group compared to the control group. but without statistical significance. 3) There was a significant improvement in cognitive perception of exercise(e.g. usefulness and self -efficacy) in the intervention group, compared to the control group. It was concluded that the exercise program employed in this study was appropriate for women senior citizens and had a positive effect on health in general.
A Study on Development of Health Care Service for the Elderly - Focus on Rural Community -
Hyun In-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 57~72
The objectives of this study are : 1) To understand self-care ability, living habits, utilization patterns of medical facililties for the elderly in Puk-Cheju county which has the highest percent age of senior citizens among Cheju rural community: 2) To identify factors which influence living quality and long life for the eldely 3) To develop health care service with a view to guaranteering living quality The eldely population of Puk-Cheju county was
in 1995. It will be increasing and is projeted
by 2030. The result indicated that utilizations rate by out-patient were 5.89 claims and utilizations rate by in-patient were 0.17 claims per person. The highest disease among respondents were disease of musculoskeletal system and connective tissue. A total of 310 elderlys were responded to analyze self-care ability and health behavior. The most important factors of long life were to have peaceful mind
. The common disease of acute and chronic disease was musculoskeletal system disease.
of respondents went to hospital and local clinic when they got sick. The most needed health care service was home visiting service among public health center, representing
. The repondent's self-care ability and self-efficacy were relatively superiority. A total of 92 elderlys were conducted the intelligence test for the rate of dementia and their average age was 74.3. The result of Minimental State Scale indicated that 25% of respondents were suspected to be dementia. The followings are recommendations based on the survey result. 1) Concidering every conditions of self-care ability and health status for elderly. It is important to embody appopriate health care service. 2) Considering concrete method, it is necessary to establish health service, which match health status and self-care ability, and various planning for sepecial facilities for the elderly. 3) It is desiable to make actual programs for the elderly in each community level. 4) It must be develop the better use of volunteers and programs for prevention of dementia. Finally, Concerning the orgarnization of public health center, community health center need to be reorganized for health service for the elderly. It is important to develop and operate health promotion for the elderly, and it is necessary to form the foundation for the support of facilities equipments. This contribute to promote health status for the rural elderly.
Analysis on Health Behavior of Elementary Students from an Urban Area
Lee Chung Yul ; Yoo Il Young ; Im Mee Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 73~82
This study was done to analyze the health behavior of 5.166 elementary students from a urban city. They were students in grades 4. 5 and 6 attending five elementary schools which were selected from a city close to the capital city of Seoul. Health behaviors were measured using a questionnaire which was developed by WHO and was used by European countries. The data was managed and analysed using DBASE and SAS computer programs. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Eating behavior
Having Breakfast : Male students who were older had a higher number reporting having no breakfast(p< .05)
Taking Supplements : Older students had a higher number reporting taking nutrition supplements(p<.05)
Drinking milk: Female students had a lower number reporting drinking milk (p<.05).
Taking snacks : Female students who were older had a higher number reporting taking snacks(p< .05).
Drinking boiled water Male students had a lower number reporting drinking boiled water(p<.05). 2. Using seat belt Female students who were older had a lower number reporting using seat belt(p<.05). 3. Smoking : Male students who were younger had a higher number reporting experience with smoking(p <.05). 4. Personal hygiene
Washing hands before meals : Male students who were younger had a lower number reporting washing hands before meals(p<.05).
Brushing teeth: Male students had a lower number reporting brushing teeth(p<.05). 5. Reading distance : Younger students had a higher number reporting near reading distance(p<.05). 6. Exercise: Female students who were younger reported less exercise(p<.05). 7. Sewage Managing : Male students had a lower number reporting separating of garbage according to recyclability(p<.05).
A study on Body Weight and Health Behavior of the College Students
You Soo Ok ; Im Eun Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 83~93
This study was done for the purpose of investigating college students' body weight and health behavior. The subjects for this study were 1421 students obtained by a convenient sampling from one junior college located in Mok-Po. The data were analyzed by self-reporting questionnaire from June 18 to 28, 1996. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics with SAS program. The results were as followed; Factors of comparatively high contribution to overweight were male students, perception they were healthy. smoking, alcohol drinking, irregular sleep and eating pattern, sleep for 9 hours over, regular exercise, no snack, diet control for weight loss. Factors of comparatively high contribution to underweight were female students. perception they were unhealthy. no smoking and alcohol drinking. irregular sleep and eating pattern. high rate of snack, sleep for 9 hours over. In conclusion overweight and underweight were correlated with seven health habits' and we suggest health education related to seven health habits.
A Study on the Functional Health Status of Living-alone Elderly
Kim Mee Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 94~105
The degree of nursing service requirement can be determined by functional health status and a predictive explanation for the status on the living-alone elderly is essential to plan home-care nursing intervention. The purpose of this study is to explore the functional health status of living-alone elderly. Especially the main purpose is to contrast the differences of the status between the residential living-alone elderly and institutional living-alone elderly. This study was conducted through the interview by the students of nurse college who were previously trained during the months of Oct. and Nov. 1996. Sample participants located in Tong-Gu and Seo-Gu of Kwangju City. To contrast the functional health status. this study tried to utilize the Activity Inventory(AI). Among the AI's this study adopted the Physical Activity of Daily Living(PADL) and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living(IADL). Results of the study show that the home-care nursing intervention for the living-alone elderly is urgent more for the residential than for the institutional. It seems that the residential living-alone elderly suffer from inability in Physical Activity of Daily Living. As the residential elderly who have some physical lacks prefer the institution. it is recommended to support physical lacks for the institutional. And more mental-emotional support is recommended for the residential living-alone elderly. The degree of the residential's IADL is higher than that of the institutional. It seems that it was caused by the reason that the residential's needs for the minimum level of life is greater than that of the institutional. So the polypharmacy in elderly nursing-home residents must be considered as sigificant.
A Study on Law Intelligence in regard to Nursing Duty of Nurse
You Kwang Soo ; Seo Geo Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 106~120
The Purpose of this study was to get grasp the law intelligence related to nursing duty of nurse in order to estimate a degree of mangement duty, patient mangement duty, injection duty, medication duty that nurse have. This paper made a survey of 270 nurses who were employed in general hospital of Chon-ju city. Questionnaire were composed 32 items through four dimension. The result of this survey showed that as follow : 1. Law intelligence related to nursing duty was expressed mean score 17.24 score in maxim score 32 score, mangement duty mean score 5.01 score in maxim score 11 score, patient mangement duty mean score 2.72 score in maxim score 11 score, injection duty mean score 3.84 score in maxim score 7 score, medication duty mean score 3.55 in maxim score 7 score of each domain 2. Relationships of mangement duty. patient mangement duty, injection duty. medication duty were expressed to progressive relationship of all. 3. Correlation between general features and law intelligence related to my duty.
Application of Community Health Nursing Process to an Urban Community
Lee Chung Yul ; Kim Eusook ; Cho Won Jung ; Kwoen Myoung Sook ; Lim Eun Sun ; Yoo Mi Ae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 121~130
The community health nursing process is essential in providing community health nursing service to the community. It helps to identify community health problems. to prioritize problems, to provide service. and to evaluate service results. However. it is very rare to find a study which applies the community health nursing process. This study intended to apply the community health nursing process to a urban community. The focus of the study was a community consisting of 533 families in a region of Seoul. The study process was as follows: 1) The data was collected by conducting interviews with community leaders and by collecting surveys from the people of the community. 2) The data was summarized and analyzed. 3) The community nursing diagnosis was identified. 4) The nursing diagnosis was prioritized. 5) The general and specific objectives for service were identified. 6) A specific nursing plan was set up. 7) A detailed evaluation plan was established. Four community nursing diagnoses were identified from the community. 1) The utilization rate of health center was found to be low due to lack of knowledge about the health center and low accessibility. 2) High trafic accident rate due to narrow roads. 3) High prevalence of chronic disease due to inappropriate health behavior. 4) High noise level and foul smell due to inappropriate waste management. Among the four community nursing diagnoses. 'High prevalence of chronic diseases was identified as a priority community nursing problem. The criteria for prioritizing community nursing problems were as follows: number of people involved, fragility of clients. severity of the problem. availability. of resources. concern of the people. readiness of nurses. relevance to the national policy. This study describes the general and specific objectives to solve the high prevalence of chronic health problems. nursing plans. and an evaluation plan.
The Study for a Model Development of School Health Diagnosis
Im Mee Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 131~140
School health aims to guide and manage growing students in order to grow healthily through the formation of healthy life habits, the self-control health management guide and the making of pleasant school health environments. The purpose of this study is to clarify the concepts, to draw common features, and develop a new approach for school health diagnosis through literature review. School health diagnosis is defined as the identification of actual and potential health problems in school health problems in population. It is a label that both describes a situation and implies an ethiology. Although it is widely acknowledeged that school health diagnosis is an essential precursor to school health nursing intervention, it still has ambiguous definition, unmeasurable goal. and a tenuous structure. In addition, the eclipse of school health diagnosis theory in the literature is so complete that some texts even exclude diagnosis as a stage of the nursing theory has not developed sufficiently to guide school nurses in the application of the nursing diagnosis with in the school. The Neuman's systems model provided the conceptual framework for this study and offered school health nursing the sort of clear structure that will assist them to clarify their work to nursing colleges and also to the client group with whom they will work. The Neuman model is fully congruent with today's health care philosophy by taking a wellness-orientaed approach, involving clients III their health care with prevention as intervention.
A Study on the Assessment of Dementia Patients in Community
Oh Jin Joo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 141~151
As concerns about dementia patients increase gradually in society, the nursing of them becomes more and more important. For intervening in dementia patients effectively, the most fundamental thing is to understand their characteristics and to increase the ability of assessing them. The assessment data supply us with the foundations of Nursing diagnosis and nursing plan. The reaseons why the assessment data are especially important to dementia patients are as follows; First, dementia patients have great differences among them in intellectual, physical ability. And their condition varies from time to time. Second, the intervention without planning results in the deficiency of consistence, and it rather embarrasses and makes dementia patients uneasy. Third, nursing of dementia patients requires participation of multi-disciplinary team because of characteristics of that disease. The development of an unitary assessment tool is essential for all members of the team to have close relations between them and care for dementia patients. Fully understanding the importance of assessment data, this study investigate the content to be included in the assessment before developing assessment tools to be used in community. It points out that the assessment should include the informations about patients, their family, and main care-giver. And it sets up items that can supply with detailed information on each person. In the future it is necessary to transform the contents of this study to more concrete items and develope the assessment tools for dementia patients. And recording paper for follow up should be supplemented to check any changes in family caring for dementia patients and describe the changes in detail. To make assessment tools is one of the fundamental works in controlling dementia patients. Therefore the official assessment tools should be provided as soon as possible. This study aimed at presenting the guiding principles for developing that assessment tools.
A Study about the Experienced Problems and the Demands of Counseling of the Adolescents according to the Physical, Psychological, Sexual and the Socio-cultural Problem Categories
Kim Jin Kyung ; Kim Eun Sook ; Lee Jung Ae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 152~170
The purpose of this study was to identify physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problems that the adolescents have experienced and to assess the demands of counseling about the experienced problems. The design of this study was descriptive-survery study. The sample size was 601 middle and high school students. Data analysis was done by frequencies. Percent. t -test. ANOVA. Pearson correlation coefficiency, stepwise regression and Cronbach's
Score was produced for the reliability of the tool by using the item analysis method. The results was as follows : 1. The distribution of the each item that the adolescents experienced according to the physical, psychalogical. Sexual and Socio-cultural problem Categories was examined. In the physical problem category, the number of items that half and more than half of the adolescents experienced of often or frequently were 10 among all 19 items. In the psychological problem category. 13 item were among all 19 items. In the sexual problem category, 1 item among all 17 items and in the socio-cultural problem category, 10 items were among all 30 items. 2. The distribution of the each items that the adolescents wanted to the counseling according to the physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problem categories was examined. In the physical problem category, the numbers of the items that half and more than half of the adolescents wanted counseling were 1 among all 19 items. In the psychological problem category, the numbers of the items that half and more than half of the adolescents wanted counseling were 2 items among all 19 items. In the sexual problem category, 0 item among all 17 items and in the socio-cultural problem category, 2 items were among all 30 items. 3. In the comparison of the female student and male student about the experienced problems and the demands of counseling according to the physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problem categories. There was a significant difference statistically in all categories between groups(P<.001) 4. In the comparison of high school students and middle school students about the demands of counseling according to the physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problem categories(P<.001). Particulary, grade II of high school students have experienced problems according to the physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problem categories. There was a significant difference statistically in all categories(P<.001). 5. In the correlation between the experienced problem and the demands of counseling according to 4 categories. there was the positive correlation at P<.001 level. 6. The less the satisfaction for family and school life. the more experienced problems according to the physical. psychological. sexual and socio-cultural problem categories. There was a significant difference statistically in all categories(P<.001).
A Study on the Industrial Workers' Health Promoting Behavior
Kim Hyun-Li ; Jeong Hyun-Sook ; Cho Young-Chae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 171~179
The purpose of this study was to identify the major factors affecting performance of health promoting behavior and Pender's health promotion model was examined. The subjects were 508 workers employed in 4 manufacturing industries, data was collected from May 19th to 24th, 1997 using questionaires and it was used convenient sampling method. Data were analyzed by SPSS Win 6.1 program. The results of this study were as follows 1. The average score of health promoting behavior was 2.47. 2. The Health promoting behavior in the relationships between health promoting behavior and demographic factors, there is statistically significant difference in age(F=2.56, P=.0378), religion(F=6.34, P=.0001), working type(F=4.56, P=.0036)variables. 3. The performance score of health promoting behavior was statistically positively correlated with Definition of health(r=.2471. P=.000), Self-efficacy(r=.1385, P=.002), Internal health locus of control(r=.126, P=.000), External health locus of control(r=.2550, P=.000), Chance health locus of control(r=.3023, P=.000), but negatively with Perceived health status(r=-.2076, P=.000). 4. The major factors were Chance health locus of control. Definition of health, working hours, self-efficacy, External health locus of control. and explained for
of Health promoting behavior performance score.
A Study on the Curriculums of the Nursing Department of Junior Colleges in Seoul and Kyungin Area
Lee Ae Kyung ; Kim Jung Ae ; Phang Suk Mung ; Joo Mi Kung ; Kim Young Hee ; Chung Ann Soon ; Choi Na Young ; Chang Eun Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 180~193
This study was designed to set up more developed curriculum in Nursing department of a junior college. The sample for the study were fifteen curriculums of fifteen selected junior colleges in Seoul and Kyunggi area. The credits and hours of each curriculum were analyzed into means and compared with the one of the example college. The data were categorized into seven sections; cultural subject, basic medical science, major subjects such as Nursing, Fundamental Nursing, electives, teaching and non-teaching subjects, and clinical practice. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics. The results of the study were as follows; 1. Credit hours of Cultural subjects of each college ranges from
of the total graduate credit hours; most commonaly lectured subjects are English 05 colleges), Korean (11 colleges), psychology (10 colleges), and computer (10 colleges). 2. In the case of the example college, Anatomy and Psychology were jointed as one subject, Basic Nursing Science, and some more study in depth should be made to develop more of this type of conjunction among related subjects on basic medical science. 3. As for the mendatory subjects of the example college, subjects on Adult Nursing was fourteen credits (14 hours), which was higher than the average 12.9 hours of other colleges compared. 4. Credit hours of Basic Nursing Laboratory were eight to ten credits (12-18 hours), which was higher than actual class hours. As more and more hospitals test clinical aptitude when recruiting nurses, more emphasis should be paid to the clinical practice. 5. Among fifteen sample curriculums six to twelve electives were offered with twelve to twenty-three credits. Most commonly opened subjects were Physical Examination (5), Nursing English (14). and Geriatrics Nursing (13). Nursing English are considered to be more important in the view of clinical practice. and Oriental Nursing, Nursing Information and Health Insurance Management should be considered as specialized subjects. 6. Teaching and Non-teaching subjects In case of the example school. Clinical Emergency Medicine, Introduction to Emergency Medicine were offered for these non-teaching class students so they could prepare for the qualification examination. 7. Clinical Practice The average credit hours for clinical practice of the sample college were 20.9 credit hours
and the example school offered twenty credit hours which was slightly lower than the other forteen.
The Study on the Pregnancy Experiences of Unmarried Mothers
Han Young-Ran ; Yang Soon-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 11, issue 2, 1997, Pages 194~208
The pregnancy experiences of unmarried mother threatens womens' health by social prejudices. This study was motivated by the fact that nurses do not have much understanding of the pregnancy experiences of unmarried mother and cannot provided fully supportive care of them. This study was done to understand the subjective expriences of pregnancy by unmarried mother. To do this, the grounded theory methodology was used. The research participants were selected from unmarried mothers admitted to the social welfare center in Korea. All interviewee were six and between 17 to 24 years old women. Their confidential information was insured. The data were analyzed in the framework of Grounded Theory methodology as mapped out by Strauss(l991). 21 concepts, 11 sub-category and 6 category were confirmed in the analysis. In the process of data analysis, 'sufferd pregnancy process' was founded to be the core phenomenon. In Conclusion, through their suffered pregnancy experiences, unmarried mothers had been a process to grow up, planned for the future and became a mature woman. This study supports the need to develop a role model for nurses in providing appropriate support to the unmarried mother, which will lead to an improvement in the physical and mental health of the unmarried mothers.