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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Sep 1998
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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A Phenomenological Study on the Subsidiary Program of Health Management in Small Scale Industries
Cho Yoo-Hyang ; Lee Myung-Sook ; Kim Myung-Soon ; Kim Hyun-Li ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~12
This study was conducted to grasp the progress of the health management program in small scale industries with phenomenological approach. The industrial health care system compose of manpower, devices, and facilities such as medical resources, organization, service delivery system, financial resources, payments, and management system is important for the industrial health. Especially health management program should be provided feasible conditions to workers. The data collection period was 2 months from September 1 to October 30, 1997. The indepth interview results for health monitor, labors, and occupational health nurses were analyzed by Giorgis' phenomenological method. The major results were as follows: 1. The workers, health monitors and nurses felt that the subsidiary program of health management in small scale industries were necessary. This project for small-size industry can be set-up through complementary education for health monitors and resolvement of nurses' six suggestions. It is necessary to provide followings ; 1) Properly devision of industry 2) More clear guidance for health management at visiting time 3) Legitimate incentive system 4) Health education materials and devices 5) Change of fee and material payments at visiting 6) Budgets and system for medication and vaccination at visiting 2. Above all, it is suggested that the strategics of the health management program should be developed.
A Study on Occupational Nursing Services in Small Sacle Industry with Reference to Phenomenological Study
Jung Moon-Hee ; Cho Chung-Min ; Lee Soo-Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 13~22
This study was conducted to find qualitative approaches to occupational reference to group health practices. In-depth interviewing was done on 8 subjects health monitor members, owners and occupational nurses, respectively). The major findings were as follows; 1. Visiting health management Useful services were 'health counseling', 'medical examination', 'providing informations about managing diseases', 'agency business in relation to Labour Ministry' and 'giving a recognition about occupational health service to owners'. Insufficiencies were 'lack of treatment service after medical examination' and 'lack of follow up services constantly'. 2. Occupational nursing service Useful services were 'providing health information' and 'counselling about health'. Major contents of occupational nursing services were 'management of occupational and adult diseases' and 'explanation of the results after medical examination'. Insufficiencies were 'deficiency of the place where group health education could be performed', 'lack of additional or closer examinations needed in counselling' and 'discontinuous selection of additional or more exact examinations'. 3. Health monitor members Health monitor members in industries were classified into two. Some were selected by owners and the others were selected simply by considering their administrative abilities such as proficient management of documents. Their major tasks were to connect workers with occupational health management agencies. This study suggests that programs should be developed which enable health monitor members to cooperate with occupational nurses.
A Study on Factors Related to the Preventive Health Behavior of Male Office Workers
Yoo In-Young ; Lee Suk-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 23~36
This study was conducted to detect the factors related to preventive health behavior of male office workers. 135 questionnaires were collected from April 20 to May 8, 1997. The collected data were analysed by using the statistic package of
. The significant results are as follows; 1. The most influencial factors of preventive health behavior were age, duration of marriage, job satisfaction and health perception. 2. The better preventive health behavior they practiced, the better health status and the lower health risk they showed. 3. We can classifiy preventive health behavior as two groups one is directive and the other is indirective with respect to the exposure of risks.
A Study on the Satisfaction of Occupational Health Nursing Work Related Infuluencial in Rural Area
Kim Sung Sil ; Kone Dong youn ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 37~54
For the purpose of investigating the job implementation of industrial health nurses catch hold of satisfaction, relational character of influence. A questionnaire survey was carried out on 131 nurses who employed at the manufacture of electronic products
, distribution industry
, service station
, et cetra The tool of this study was modified as completed from kang's(l991) checklist of questions were composed of the performance of nurses' duty(13 items), the factor of main influential character of nurses' job(11 items), job satisfaction(26 items). The results were as follows. 1. Industrial health nurses worked to labor follow up study after physical examination
, workers regular physical examination(95.5%), dressing
. 2. The factor of influence of job performance were personal relation
, satisfaction of nurses job performance
, environment of workplace
. 3. A period of long work experienced nurses felt the highest satisfaction as 3.44 point.
The Patterns of Accidental Injury in Young Children and Effect of Safety Education on Their Mothers Performance of Preventive Measures
Song In-Ja ; Han Jung-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 55~74
In the past most major accidents resulted in death, but today there is a dramatic increase in the number of people who survive such accidents but who are left with permanent injury. Particularly, children who are inquisitive about their surroundings but immature in their ability to assess danger, are more vulnerable to accidents and their causes as well as to determine attitudes towards prevention. The main objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of using an accident prevention manual for accident for accident prevention education. The study was a quasi-experimental study using a questionnaire format. The subjects of the study were 393 mothers of children attending six day care centers in Seoul. Data collection was done between May 1 and June 15, 1997. The tools used for the study were a questionnaire developed the researchers and a manual for accident prevention. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Types of accidents included stabbing, bums, falls from heights, choking, falls on slippery surfaces, traffic accidents, drowning, poisoning, and electrical shock in that order of frequency. 2. The main causes of accidents in children were from cosmetics and household medications. 3. The most frequent locations of accidents in the home were the bathroom, kitchen, and stairways in that order. 4. For
of children safety seats were not used when the ridding in a car. 5. In examining the parents' accident prevention practices, it was found that many parents used only . one electrical outlet for many appliances, tending to overload the electricity lines and that they were not practically concerned bout the flammability of children's pajamas, indicating a less than positive attitude towards fire prevention. 6. The parents had not provided their children with any instruction on accident prevention or on what to do after an accident had occurred. 7. After the use of pamphlet in an accident prevention education program, it was found that there was a statistically significant difference in the degree to which children carried out safety measures (t=14.96, p=.000) and in their safety habits (t=-1.67, p<.1) indicating an effectiveness in this method of education. The results of this study showed that there are many things in a child's environment that can cause accidents and that the possibility of an accident occurring is high. So nurses looking after children should be aware of the need for safety education to prevent accidents in the home and plan to provide appropriate educational material to help parents with this education.
A Study on Abandoned Children through the Analysis of Medical Records in a Public Hospital
Chang Jung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 75~89
It is the purpose of this study to provide the basic data to stimulate the social understanding of an abandoned child from the medical viewpoint and the viewpoint of administrative management. The data are based on the medical dossier of 305 patients which were hospitalized in 'A' hospital (of Seoul municipal hospital) between 1992 and 1996. The method of analysis is SPSS statistical package and the following results can be obtained 1. The abandoned children were frequently found in the Spring by season, in April by month, on Friday by day, and especially in the night and before an individual home and an medical institution in many cases. 2. The children found in an individual home were younger, handicapped smaller, and hospitalized for shorter period. As they were healthy relatively, parents might hope that they were accepted as foundling foster children. Contrary to above case, the children found in an medical institution were worse, handicapped more, and hospitalized for longer period. Accordingly, parents might hope that they were protected in an public institution. 3. The
of abandoned children had caught a disease at that time and the
of them had been handicapped. The most serious disease and handicap were the heart-lung trouble and the cerebral palsy, respectively. 4. The only
of them were adopted and the most of them were healthy relatively. The
which have been dead had caught four diseases on the average. As the results of above, the followings can be proposed : 1) It is required that the system connected to administrative management, which can provide the abandoned children turned for the better with the family relations to voluntary servants, be developed. 2) It is required that the system of registration management and plan for support economy, which can support the handicapped birth as the congenital malformation in national aspect, be developed. 3) It is required that to protect abandoned children, the health educational program for childbirth-people be prepared in the unit of a public health center.
A Study of nursing process by Neuman's systems model in Primary Health Care
Han Myung Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 90~102
The primary health care(PHC) movement officially began in 1977 when the 30th World Health Oranization(WHO) Assembly adopted a resolution accepting the goal of attaining a level of health that permitted all citizens of the world to live socially and economically productive lives. As a WHO member nation, Korea has endorsed primary health care as a strategy for achieving the goal of Health For All by the Year 2000. However, PHC, with its empasis on broad strategies, community participation, self reliance, and a multidisciplinary health care delivary team, is not the primary strategy for improving the of Korean. The Neuman's systems model has been described as a grand nursing theory. A grand nursing theory consists of a comprehensive conceptual framework that defines broad perspectives for practice. This model is an example of a conceptual framework that provides structure for development and analysis of an individual or group of patients in the community or in an oranization. One of the model's strength is that it can be useed ina variey of setting. So The Neuman's model is used a nursing process format for community health nursing. The Neuman's model is fully congruent with concept and philosophy of today's PHC.
Long-term Effect of the 5-Day Stop-Smoking School
Kim Seon Ae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 103~115
As the studies that smoking can be a major cause to various diseases have been made, many following researches on the outcome of stop-smoking education were in progress. Even though researches based on the knowledge about smoking and status about the teenagers were prevalent, the research based on the outcomes in long time basis were not in progress. Therefore, I tracked the people who went through 5-Day Stop-Smoking School that has taught through complexed structure of behavioral, intellectual, and psychological education. I made researches on the average of success and the hardest point during their efforts to stop just to show the necessity of going through re-education. The objectives of this study were the ones who have completed the education on the years 1990, 1991. 47 were selected from 364 people that completed the training, and who were able to be contacted on the phone line. This study was conducted from 27 Oct. to 7 Nov. 1997 through verbal interviews based on the questionnaire. The questionnaire used here was made by myself, assisted by my professor. Analysis was made through unstructured open questions. The data was analyzed using SPSS program. The major results were as follows ; 1) General characteristics of the objectives are
ages below 40s,
in the age group of 40s, and
over 50s. Religiously christian 340/0, buddhist
, no religion or any other reason
. Status married
. There is someone smoking in the family
, no one smokes
. Reputation salary men
, personal business
. 2) The average of success is
, the failure is
. 3) The results from the study 'When was the hardest point in the process of stop smoking' : For the successors the first week
, after the first week
. For the failures the first week
, after first week
(Statistics not precisely done), the most effective element that helped through the hardest point was the family
, personal determination
. 4) The necessity of re-education : Successors needed
, not needed
. Failures needed
, not needed
(Statistics not precisely done). The perfect time for reeducation : Successors in 6 months
, irregular time basis
. Failures in six months
, after six months
, irregular time basis
(Statistics not precisely done). Synthesizing the result of the study can't generalize the long-term effect of the stop-smoking due to the number of the objectives,. but recognize the fact that 47.6 have experienced success, and also the self-determination and the support from the family are desirable. Seeing the fact that both are great motivation to stop smoking. Since the first week is necessary. The necessity of re-education is rather high, so this education should be planned to be done repeatedly in a long term along with close observation, instead of short education.
A study on the menstrual patterns and menstrual discomforts in women university students
Lee In Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 116~131
This study was undertaken to obtain the menstrual patterns and menstrual discomforts in women university students. For the data collection, self-administered questionnaire survey was made from December 10, 1996 to January 20, 1997 among the 180 women university students in Seoul. The resultant data were processed by SAS program for frequency, proportion, and chi-square test. The results of this study are as follows ; 1) The mean age of the subjects was 20.6 years old. The mean height was 162cm and weight was 52.3Kg.
of the subjects responded that they had experienced the unbalanced diet,
the irregular meal,
intermittent dizziness, and
the premenstrual syndrome.
had feeling that skin temperature of their four extremities was 'a little lower than others'. The mean BMI(Body Mass Index) was 19.8, 'normal level' was
responded that their characters were 'introspective ones'. The mean age of menache was 13.8 years old. The subjects responded that the mean number of pads they used per day during menstrual periods was 4.6 sheets. The mean duration of menstruation was 5.4 days,
responded that their menstrual cycles were 'extremely regular',
was 'a little irregular', and
was 'extremely irregular'. Out of them who had experienced the dysmenorrhea,
had family history of dysmenorrhea in connection with their mother and
in their sisters. The mean of the first time that they experienced dysmenorrhea was 15 years old.
of the subjects responded that they had experienced the dysmeorrhea.
of the subjects responded that they experienced the dysmenorrhea 'monthly' and
of them who had experienced dysmenorrhea responded that dysmenorrhea was the severest 'on the first menstrual day' and
'on the second day'.
of them who had experienced dysmenorrhea responded that the most painful region was 'low abdomen'.
of them who had experienced dysmenorrhea responded that they used 'analgesics' to soothe dysmenorrhea,
lay in their beds or slept, and
made their 'low abdomen' warm.
who had used analgesics because of dysmenorrhea took analgesics 'one or two times per month',
more than 3 times per month. The analgesics which they used were 'geworin
', and 'aspirin
of them who took analgesics because of dysmenorrhea responded that the duration of analgesics effect was '4 to 8 hours'.
of them who experienced dysmenorrhea responded that they had visited the hospital. 2) The incidence of premenstrual syndrome was no significant difference according to the BMI, unbalanced diet, pattern of meal, skin temperature of four extremites, and characters. 3) The incidence of dysmenorrhea was significant difference according to the BMI, unbalanced diet, pattern of meal, skin temperature of four extremites, and characters. 4) The incidence of analgesics usage was significant difference according to the BMI, subjects with low BMI took more analgesics than those with normal BMI (p<.05). The incidence of analgesics usage was significant difference in accordance with pattern of meal. The women who had a meal regularly took more analgesics than those who had a meal irregularly(p<.05). But the incidence of analgesics usage was no significant difference in accordance with the unbalanced diet, characters, the incidence of dizziness, skin temperature of four extremities, the incidence of premenstrual syndrome.
A Study on the recognition and Attitude of Home Health Nursing System
Lee Sung Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 12, issue 1, 1998, Pages 132~146
This Study was attempted to provide the basic data necessary in the development and introduction of Home Health Nursing System by investigating the recognition and attitude level of Home Health Nursing System. The data were collected by means of questionaires presented to 74 patients who had been admitted in C general hospital in Chon Ju, from June 30, 1997. As the tool for this study, the questionares developed by Kim Yong. Soon, et al (1990) and Han Bok Hee(1993) were modified and supplemented for the aim of this study. The computer was used for data analysis. The items about the charateristics of the subjects and the attitude to the management plan of Home Health Nursing System were represented as the frequency and percentage. The standard deviation and calculation average were produced on the items related to definition, recognition, necessity, expected effect of the attitude of Home Health Nursing System and the items related to admission. The ANOVA test was .used according to the characteristics of variables to analyze the necessity and difference of Home Health Nursing System. The results of this study were as follows 1) The general characteristics of the subjects were as follows ; for sex, man,
; for age, 50-59 years,
; for the level of education, high school,
of them were married; for the family forms, small family,
of them take the monthly income over 100 million won. 2) The characteristics related to admissions of the subjects were as follows ; for clinic, surgical department,
; addmission not more then 7days,
; for the operation-performance
of them were experienced; for the admission route, via outpatients clinic,
; for waiting period to the admission day, 1-2 days,
. 3) The difficulties comming from the hospitalization were related mostly to the factor that they felt hospital life more inconvenient than home.(3.66) The reasons for the difficulties in the admission which was due to insufficient beds in the hospital was related to the concentration to the general hospital because of 'The Whole National Medical Insurance System'(4.05). 4) On the previous informations about the Home Health Nursing System, those who have heard of only the name were 42
, and on the recognition of it, they thought that it is periodic treatment by the licenced nurses for the recovering pateints after early discharge(3.73). On the attitude about the necessity of Home Health Nursing System, they thought that it is necessary because of the increasing trend of a psychological disease by the change of environment and complexity of the social structure(4.24). On the expected effect of Home Health Nursing System, they answered that it is convinient for the family of the patient to take care of them(4.l8). 5) On the attitude to the management plan of the Home Health Nursing System, those who had intention to participate in the system in the case of systemic support were 42(56.8). In the visiting time, 'visit periodically' and 'visit when the patient needs' were
respectively. For the application of medical insurance, if possoble, they will use
; for the method of payment for the treatment, 'pay by the time required' was
, for the subject of management, 'National public institute must operate' was
. 6) The relationship between the general characteristics of the subjects and the necessity of Home Health Nursing System showed the notable difference in the age (F=3.508, P<0.05) and marrage state (F=5.402, P<.023).