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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Sep 1999
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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A Study on Stressful Life Events, Self-esteem and Perceived Health Status of the Elderly in a Rural Community
Kang Young Sil ; Park Ok Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~11
This study was performed to estimate stressful life events, self-esteem and perceived health status in the elderly persons and to compare degree of self-esteem and perceived health status according to experience of stressful life events and general characteristics. The data was collected from 179 elders in a rural community. Data collection was done from October 20 to December 6, 1997. A comparison of self-esteem and perceived health status by experience of stressful life events and general characteristics was summarized as follows : 1) Eighty three persons,
of the surveyed, have experienced stressful life events, including disease(54 persons) and death of family member(l2 persons). 2) Thirty eight percents of the surveyed persons evaluated they are not healthy. The average score of perceived health status of the elderly was 2.88± .92 for the scale of 5, which represents the healthiest status. 3) There were significant differences on the self-esteem score in the elderly according to having a spouse or not(t=3.51. p=.00l), having family members living together or not(t=2.98. p=.003) and socioeconomic status(F=7.08. p=.00l). 4) There were significant differences on the perceived health status in the elderly according to experience of stressful life events(t=3.51. p=.00l), having family members living together or not(t=2.09, p= .038) and socioeconomic status(F=6.56, p=.002). 5) Positive correlation was observed between self-esteem and perceived health(r= .5037, p=.000). The above results imply that support of family and society should be reinforced to improve self-respect and health of aged persons, and that it is desirable to build up social and economic environment promoting health status through daily life.
Analysis of Health Promotion Lifestyle and Causal Factor in Korea
Kim Eun-sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 12~24
In Korea. the investigation were related of health promotion is actively expanded Since 1990. We analysed the characteristics of the theses for an academic degree. relate to lifestyle of health promotion. have published since 1980. According to age group. analysing causal factors affection the health-promotion and will sugesting for health promotion program strateges. The results were summarized as follows: 1. Health promoting caocept is related to health locus of control. self respect. perceived health status. self ifficacy and gender role. 2. Among health promoting lifestyle. emotional support, self-realizationhygienic lifestyle were significantly positive. and the older. the lesser health-promoting complicnce. 3. Causal factors affecting the health-promoting lifestyle were identified health promoting behaviors wire affected by demographic factors which were gender. age. marrige status. education level. relision. vocation. job satisfaction. economic status and by social support factors which were familiarity. family function personal relationship. gender role. 4. In school age. daily lifestyle behaviors were significantly positive. middle and high schllo age froup were affected by stress. nutrition. social support. self-realization were causal factors explaining health promoting behavior of middle age and old age but. there was problems of exercise behaviors. therefore. the need to develop a health education program for the all age group to improve the health-promoting lifestyle.
Comparisons of personal characteristics in noninstitutionalized elders with activity limitations
Kim Jung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 25~40
This study was to identify various personal characteristics between those having a helper and those not having a helper for ADL and IADL performance in noninstitutionalized elders. Secondary analysis was done with the data collected in 1994 national survey of aged householders. Of the elders with ADL limitations
had no helper. while
of those with IADL limitations had no helper. Those elders with a helper experienced more limitations in ADL and in IADL than those with no helper. Most of the helpers were family members. whereas very few had a formal helper. Age period and subjective economic status were significantly different between the groups with a helper and with no helper for both ADL and IADL. Compared to the elders with a helper. those elders with no helper had fewer children living together. whereas they had more grandchildren. They also had more contacts with friends or neighbors. Health status. in general. was worse in those elders with a helper than those with no helper. Logistic regression analysis revealed that ADL and IADL limitations had largest influence on having an ADL helper. The odds ratios for low levels of subjective economic status were very high. As for having an IADL helper. IADL score was the most important predictor. In particular. ADL limitations had a negative effect on having an IADL helper. This finding may indicate the urgency of ADL needs. which leads to the lack of an IADL helper when both ADL and IADL limitations are present. Considering the nature of ADL. those disabled elders with low economic status need public support for their daily activities and for home visiting nursing services. There should be studies of examining the adequacy of help in satisfying basic needs for performing ADL and IADL in elders.
A Study of Nurses' Knowledge, Attitude on the Nurses' Law and Nurses' Perception on the Causes, Coping Patterns with the Nursing Accidents
Mun Heui Ja ; Lee Mi Aie ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 41~62
Recently the request of the patients to participate in the medical courses has been expanding due to elevated sense of right on the people's health. merchandised medical treatment by mass supply, human right declaration of the patients, generalized medical informations by the mass media and the change of human relation between the medical personnels and the patients. Under these phenomena the accident by the nurses have been increasing by the area of the nurses having been expanded and their independent roles having been increased. Such nursing accidents are the important subject which the professional occupation of the nurses has been facing but legal protective capability of the nurses has been very weak. Therefore this study has examined the degree of the experience of the nursing accident that happens in the clinical nursing scenes in the general hospital to provide the basic materials for the protection and the counter measures of the nursing accidents. The following is the conclusion based by the above examination. 1) The general characters of the subjects of this study is that they are mostly single in their twenties and graduate from nursing college. Their total clinical career is above 5 years
and their current clinical parts' career is between 1-3 years
. So these facts suggest that most hospitals has taken the working rotation policy on nurses. 2) The level of nurses' knowledge on the nursing law is accurate partially but isn't it patially. So it is suggested that nurses need the accurate information and education about the nursing law. But the nurses' attitude is very approved of the establishment of a unilateral nursing law. 3) The relation between the demographic characters of the subjects and their attitudes on the nursing law shows that there is no significant differences except the relation between the attitude 6(the sufficient level of education on nursing law in formal education course) and age. total clinical career. 4) The perception of the nurses shows that the cause of the nursing accident has been due to the heavy work
. short of professional knowledge and skill
, discordance with Doctors. patients and patients' families. They report the accident to the head nurse first
and within 30 minute
. The hour of nursing accident frequently happened is regardless of service hour with
in response rate. the highest rate. and the nursing accident happens in the night more than the daytime. Even though most nurses think that they are themselves responsible for nursing accident. it is found that the chief cause of the nursing accident is due to the nurses' heavy work
. So the causes of nursing accidents is analysed. it may be suggested that the endeavor of hospital and nursing organizations to decrease nursing accidents is very important. 5) The coping patterns of patients with nursing accidents are mostly active attitude such as a violent words
. sue or accusation
, monetary compensation
except a understanding cases
. But the coping patterns of hospitals with nursing accidents are mostly to investigate the accurate cause.
The knowledge and attitudes about AIDS in middle and high school students
Oh Jeong Ah ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 63~76
The purpose of this study was to provide the basic data for developing a program for effective health education about AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) by investigating the knowledge and attitudes of middle and high school students about AIDS. The subjects were 476 middle school students and 658 high school students from Seoul and Kang Won province. The data were collected from November 19 to December 18. 1996. using a 56-item questionnaire. and analyzed by SAS program for t-test. x2-test. and pearson correlation coefficients. The results were as follows : 1. High school students had more knowledge than middle school students about AIDS. 2. Male. students from Seoul. and students who had drinking experience and smoking experience among middle school students. and male. students from Seoul. and students of non-coeducation among high school students were more knowledgeable about AIDS. 3. Misconceptions about the transmission of AIDS through non-intimate contact were especially common among middle school students. And a high proportion of middle and high school students knew very little about the symptoms of AIDS. 4. High school students had more positive attitudes toward AIDS than middle school students. 5. Students from Seoul and students who had smoking experience among middle school students. and students from Seoul and non-coeducation and students who had substance use experience among high school students were more positive attitudes about AIDS. 6. Most of the middle and high school students agreed that there is a need for AIDS education. 7. Middle and high school students reported that had learned about AIDS mostly from TV. Since students in the middle-school age group are especially at risk for developing AIDSrelated behaviors. this study findings suggest that it is crucial to develop school-based AIDS education programs that help students acquire the knowledge and attitudes to adopt and maintain behaviors that reduce the risk of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection and other related health problems.
Strategies to Activate Primary Health Care for Low-income Population in Urban Area
Han Myung Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 77~87
Poverty directly affects health and well-being, The poor population has a higher rate of chronics illness. higher infant morbidity and motality rates. shorter life expectancy. more complex health problems. and greater physical limitations resulting from chronic disease. In order to activate primary health care for the poverty in urban area the following measures should be taken : 1. Health center must be expended or establish subhealth center. 2. Health center must monitor neighbour's workplace's health management for their working population. 3. Health centers must do active home visiting nursing care for the urban-poor. 4. Health center must carry out flexible problem-centered practice according to the area. 5. For the urban-poor's health care must have organization of the health center & practice according to community's characteristics. 6. Public health care must be closely connected with welfare. 7. For the health care of the urban-poor must demand active community participation. 8. Health center is closely connected with Community hospital. 9. Active management of public health resource system is demanded.
The prevalence of rubella antibodies in the women of childbearing age
Uhm Jin Woen ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 88~96
This study was conducted in May of 1996 to December of 1996 in order to investigate the status of rubella antibodies in the women of childbearing age. The subjects were 543 fertile women (Ages 21-42 years). ELISA method was used for the detection of rubella antibodies and then questionaire survey was performed to know about the variables of past history of rubella. past rubella immunization. parity and cognition. The results were as follows: 1. The Positive rate of rubella Ig G antibody in total subjects was
. The positive rate of rubella Ig G antibody was
in 21-25 age group.
in 26-30 age group.
in 31-35 age group,
in 36-42 age group. As age increased, the positive rate of rubella Ig G antibody was decreased. There was statistically significant difference by age group(P=0.00l). In the subjects with a history of rubella immunization, the positive rate of rubella IgG antibody was
, and in those with past history of rubella was
of positive rate. 2, Cognition rate about rubella immunization showed
in total subjects. and there was no significant difference between parity and cognition rate of rubella immunization(P=0.85l). observed a low positive rate of rubella IgG antibody as compaired with other studies. Therefore, to prevent congenital rubella infection, rubella immunization was needed for unmarried women.
A Study on the Actual Condition of the Adult-smoking in a Region
Chong Young-sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 97~113
To investigate the actual condition of the adult-smoking in Chinan County. I used self-reporting questionnaires among 923 residents living in nine districts selected at random among the sites of eleven eup-myons from December 28. 1998 to January 6. 1999. collected data and analyized using SPSS. The smoking rate of adults in Chinan County was
. There was a significant difference in smoking rate according to the age. gender, education and job among general characteristics. The smoking rate in group of above 40s was about
and that of the male took
which was higher than that of female and the smoking rate of the people having high-school education was the highest
. With regard to the career. the smoking rate of the farmers ranked first
. Therefore anti-smoking business for smokers should be focused on above 40 years old, males. people having high school education and farmers. As the result of the survey of smoking habits of 340 people who smoke currently, the average smoking begining age was 21.8 and
among them was between 16-25 years old.
was under 15. during around the elementary school. Most motives to smoke were as followed; curiosity or taste
, relief of stress
, peer presure
And considering the amount of the cigarette which is smoked per day, the case which is less than a pack of cigarettes was highest as
and the people who smoke over one pack of cigarettes took
. As for the kind of tobacco which is smoked, how to smoke and the desire for the smoking, most case was toxin was moderate
and under stress
. after meals
, during drink
and so on. The highest point marked among the factors of smoking motives was 'the reduce of negative emotion'
. followed by 'uncomfortable habits'
, 'sensation-exercise satisfaction'
. Smokers smoke to reduce the negative emotions when angry in most common case. depressed. anxious. uncomfortable. lone. ashamed or embarrased. and intend to solve the certain problem. etc. Other motives are uncomfortable habit. addiction. habit. pleasure and the pursuit of stimulus. The level of nicotine dependence of adults m Chinan County was 10.57 which amount to 'high' wholly. As the resulf of the level of nicotine dependence score. the people who are low in the level of nicotine was
. the people who are high was
. very high was
. The approach for anti-smoking for smokers should be conducted differently according to the level of the nicotine. For the people who are in low level of nicotin dependence the prohibition of the smoking should be guided through the approach to foster strong will. for those who are in 'high' by acquiring proper method for the prohibition of smoking. and for those who are 'very high' the anti-smoking should be induced by providing proper program because of the possibility of the suffer from abstinence syndrome. The difference of the level of nicotine with the general characteristics of the objects had not statistically significant difference. The difference of the level of nicotine dependence accompanied by smoking habit had statistically significant difference according to the amount of smoke, the kind of tobacos. smoke inhale habit. In other words, the group of heavy smokers had higher level of the nicotine dependence than that of the light smokers relatively and the group which smoke strong taboaco has higher level of nicotine than that of which smoke mild or moderate. And the group of smokers who smoke deeply has higher level of nicotine than that who smoke shallowly or nonswallow. Aa a result of the analysis of the correlation between smoking motive factors and the level of nicotine, there was the indication that people who smoke for the decrease of the negative emotion. habit, pleasure. stimulus. sensation-exercise satisfaction had high level of the nicotine dependence. As the result of the anti-smoking will of smokers.
of them had prohibition of smoking will.
had no will to quit smoke. The most important reason for anti-smoking was health.
had experience to try to quit smoke and the biggest reason to fail to quit smoking was the lack of the will power to keep anti-smoking.
of them were advised to stop smoking from their spouses or children. only
were by medical. The people who have the opinion to need anti-smoking education were
. Therefore when the business for the hygine of the mouth for adult is set. it should be centered on the people who have intention of prohibition of the smoking and help to quit smoking by way of other affirmative counter-program not smoking under stress.
The Influences of Spiritual Care Nursing Education Towards Death and Dying
Kim Chung nam ; Park Kyung min ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 1, 1999, Pages 114~127
In order to care the persons who are dying a nurse should first solve her / his own conflicts about death. and be aware of their own concepts of death and dying. In order to find out patient's spiritual needs and to give better spiritual nursing care. a nurse should know her / his own spiritual needs and be aware of their own concepts of spiritual nursing problems. To improve nurse's understanding towards death and dying and nurse's knowledge towards spiritual needs and spiritual nursing care. 14 weeks(two hours a week) spiritual nursing care education was given to 3th grade baccalaureate nursing college student. Before and after spiritual nursing care education. 30 items of prepared questionare focused on the attitudes toward death and dying was asked. Pre and post results are as follow ; 1. The dying patient's emotional and physical needs. There was no significant difference between pre and post educated groups. Both of the situations. they agreed upon
that the dying patients have high emotional and physical needs to solve. 2. Telling the truth of dying process. There was no significant difference between pre educated group
and post educated group
. 3. Attitudes of medical personnels. There was no significant difference between pre
and post educated groups
. These responses indicate that nursing college student didn't have enough experiences on dying patients care. 4. General attitudes on death and dying. Number of nursing students who were thinking positively toward death and dying were Increased (pre
) and who were thinking negatively toward death and dying were also decreased (pre
). 5. Attitudes toward mechanical assistance for life-expanding of helpless patient. There was a significant difference between pre and post educated groups. About
of them approved upon mechanical assistance for life and about
of them disapproved. 6. Attitudes of family members of dying patient. There was no significant difference between pre and post educated groups. About
of both groups, agreed upon that the family members feel annoyed with dying patients and about
of both groups disagreed. Whether they received the spiritual nursing education or not, they were aware of that the family members feel annoyed with dying patients. 7. Special facility and educational preparation for dying patient. There was a significant difference between pre
educated groups. These responses indicated that after they received the education, they felt more about the necessity of special facility and educational preparation for the death and dying patients. 8. Special facility and welfare system for the old. There was a significant difference between pre
educated groups. There responses indicated that after they received the education, they felt more about the necessity of special facility and welfare systems for the old.