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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Sep 1999
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
A Study on the kowledge and attitude about senile dementia of the elderly
Kim Nam-Cho ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 1~11
The purpose of this study was to provide the elderly and their family kowledge about senile dementia and to get them to have positive attitude about senile dementia. The subjects were 204 elderly who lived in the whole country. The data were collected from Sep. to Dec., 1998, using a 36 items questionnaire and analyzed by SAS program for t-test, ANOVA. Scheffe test, Pearson Correlation Coefficients. The results were as follows: 1. The mean score of knowledge about senile dementia was
(range 0-15), The elderly who was unschooled, lived in Kyung Sang province, didn't have any hobby or interest, didn't access to informations about senile dementia got lower score than the others. 2. The examples of knowledge test items about senile dementia that the subjects above fifty percents answered uncorrectly were 'the patient of senile dementia doesn't die soon', 'senile dementia is uncurable disease', 'the symptoms of senile dementia is apparent in new and strange circumstances', 'the pood and lonely elderly is apt to have senile dementia'. 3. The mean score of attitude about senile dementia was
(range 0-20) and attitude about senile dementia was relatively positve. Attitude about senile dementia by general characteristic was not significantly different. 4. The examples of attitude test items about senile dementia to which the majority of subjects agreed were 'It is a pity to see the patient suffered from senile dementia', 'It is difficult to take care of senile dementia patient' and so on. 5. The correlation between kowledge and attitude about senile dementia was very low. Therefore this study suggests that it is crucial to educate the elderly and their family to induce positive attitude about senile dementia.
Individual Determinants of Hospital Days m Community-dwelling Elders
Kim Jung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 12~25
This study examines individual determinants of hospital days in community-dwelling elders by estimating a linear structural equation model based upon Andersen's behavioral model. Data were collected through a national survey of elders in Korea in 1994. The subjects for this secondary data analysis were 1687 non-institutionalized elders aged 60 years or older. Except for the effect of age and gender on family help. the predisposing components had direct effects on the enabling components. Of the effects of the enabling components. family help had a direct effect on self-evaluated health; economic status had a direct effect on chronic disease and self-evaluated health; and access had a direct effect on chronic disease. functional health status and self-evaluated health. Of the enabling components. residence and family help directly affected hospital days. Self-evaluated health revealed the greatest direct effect on hospital days followed by functional health. Overall. the effects of the predisposing components and the enabling components on hospital days were not prominent. Since the model explained only
of the variance in hospital days. the magnitude of the effect of the need components cannot be judged in terms of equity of distribution of health services. In particular. the effect of family help in the model reveals the importance of family support in health management of elders. The implications of these analyses for improving the proposed model of hospital days were discussed.
A Study on Curriculum Development for CHPs
Kwon Myung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 26~44
The study was done to improve the job training course for Community Health Practioners (CHPs) by evaluating the level of help that the training provided to the CHPs in carrying out their work and to analyze the management activities of the CHPs in order to develop a more effective CHP training program. The methodologies used in the study were a questionnaire survey. The survey results were analyzed using SPSS Windows. The study results are as follows. 1. The total average level of help from the job training(Theory. Practice and Field Practice) for carrying out the CHP work was found to be
(of a possible 4), which indicates a high level of help. The average for clinical practices was
. for theory.
and for field practice.
. 2. For the theory content of the job training courses. the help level was low in the area of mother and child health management/family planning with an average of
and in the area of health information system development with an average of
. The reason for these deficiencies were. in order of frequency. few opportunities to apply learning. training content that was inadequate. training methodologies which were incongruent with content. improper training items and insufficient class hours. For the practice. the clinical work in rehabilitation/orthopedics departments and in ENT/Opthalmology departments had averages of
respectively. This low level resulted from the lack of direct experience. lack of sincerity during the practice time. lack of practice guidance. insufficient time and lack of practice equipment. in that order. For the field practice. the delivery management averaged
as the lowest help level. In this case
of respondents replied that there were no relevant reasons for this deficiency.
responsed that there was a lack of direct experience.
. a lack of practice guidance and
. insufficient time. 3. There were significant differences for several demographic variables when comparing the help level of the clinical courses (practice and Field Practice). A higher help level was reported by older nurses as compared to younger ones, experienced nurses as compared to scholarship nurses, and married over single. Also for nurses who had finished more other programs and were qualified or licensed in several areas the level was high. Although it was not statistically significant the level was higher if the work area was in a rural county. not a city. and if one had more recently completed the job training(P<,05). 4. Of the respondents
replies stated the period of job training for the CHP was adequate. but
reported that the period for theory courses was too short while an other 48.3% responded that it was sufficient. For practice locations.
responsed that it was good to practice in medical institutions(primary, secondary and tertiary) at the same time. While
agreed that doing theory and practice simultaneously was good. and
agreed that field practice should be done after completing theory and practice training. Hence, the development of new field practice guidelines suitable for changing environments of health management are required in place of the existing ones which were considered low in help level to the practical work of the CHPs
Comparison on Practice of Health promoting Behavior between Hospital Workers and Government Officers
Moon Jung-Soon ; Kim Yun-Su ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 45~58
This study was conducted to compare the practice of health promoting behaviors between hospital workers and government officers. The subjects for this study were consisted of 344 hospital workers in four university hospitals and 340 government officers in four district offices in the Kyong-in area. Data were collected by using constructed questionnaires from January to February in 1997 and analyzed by Chi-square test, t-test. ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows : 1. There was no significant difference between hospital workers and government officers in practice of health promoting behaviors as a whole. but among five domains of the health promoting behaviors, hospital workers was significantly higher than that of government officer in the domain of health responsibility, while they were significantly lower than those of government officer in the domain of exercise & nutrition and stress management. The mean score of health promoting behavior for hospital workers and government officer were 2.40, and 2.47, respectively. The health promoting behavior in relation to the characteristics of the hospital workers varied significantly according to sex and age. The domain of self-actualization ranked highest in health promoting behaviors of hospital workers, interpersonal support came next. stress management, health responsibility and exercise & nutrition followed them. While those of government officers. the domain of self-actualization ranked highest. interpersonal support came next, stress management, exercise & nutrition and health responsibility followed them. 2. There were no significant difference between hospital workers and government officers in the health perception with mean score of 3.32 and 3.34 respectively, in the self esteem with mean score of 2.82 and 2.84 respectively, in the self-efficacy with mean score of 70.50 and 72.35 respectively. in the internal health locus of control with mean score of 2.95 and 3.03, respectively, m the chance health locus of control with mean score of 2.10 and 2.13, respectively, m the powerful others health locus of control with mean score of 2.39 and 2.46, respectively. 3. The practice of health promoting behavior of hospital workers were strongly associated with self-esteem and self-efficacy, and self-esteem was strongly correlated with self-efficacy. And the practice of health promoting behavior of government officers were strongly associated with self-esteem, powerful others health locus of control and internal health locus of control. and self-esteem was strongly correlated with self-efficacy. 4. The combination of self-esteem, powerful others health locus of control. health perception. self-efficacy. internal health locus of control. age and marital status explained
of variance of likelihood to engage in health promoting behavior of hospital workers. And the combination of self-esteem. powerful others health locus of control. health perception. self-efficacy. internal health locus of control. sex and marital status explained
of variance of likelihood to engage in health promoting behavior of government officers.
Dental Caries according to Obesity In the Elementary School Students
Moon Jung-Soon ; Song Byung-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 59~69
This study was conducted to investigate dental caries according to obesity in order to provide basic data for efficient dental health program for elementary school students. Data were obtained from a health record book of 668 elementary school students in Chun Cheon city in 1998. Obesity was categorized into overweight. normal and under weight groups by Rohrer index. Dental caries was classified into decayed. filled and missed teeth. The result were as follow: 1. Prevalence rate of dental caries(dft) was
and mean dft was 2.96; decayed and filled teeth was 1.01 and 1.95. respectively. As for mean dft. a siginificant difference were shown according to obesity and age. while no siginificant difference was shown between boys and girls. 2. Prevalence rate of dental caries including missed teeth (dmft) rate was
and mean dmft was 3.64. As for mean dmft. a siginificant difference were shown according to obesity and age. while no siginificant difference was shown between boys and girls.
A study on the Accidental Patients in Emergency Room
Park Ho-Ran ; Moon Jung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 70~83
This study was designed to evaluate the prevalence and significant features of accidental patients and to evaluate the degree of satisfaction on emergency care who visited emergency room. The subject of this study was a total of 243 accidental patients and 249 patients with disease visiting emergency room of 4 university hospitals in Seoul. The data was collected from guestionnaire during the period of January to february 1999. The results were summarized as follows. 1. Distribution of the general characteristics (age, sex, educational status, marrital status and job) in the accidental patients were significantly different from that of the control group. The most common group of age was 20-30 years of age and males predominated over female. 2. CD Fourty two
of accidental patients arrived within 30 mins. (2) Fifty seven
of patients was first-aided one. (3) An ambulance was the most frequently used transportation. (4) The time interval from arrival to initial emergency care was 10 mins. (5) Admission rates of the patients after treatment was
. (6) Time interval from arrival to completion was 3-4 hours. 3. The Mean score of the accidental patents' degree of satisfaction on emergency services was
which was not significantly different from that of control group.
Technical Influences and Caring Attributes of Nurses' Perceptions
Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Noh Choon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 84~100
Caring is the essential and universal concept of underlying nursing. Exactly how caring attributes relate to nurses' perception in the context of a contemporary technological environment have yet to be operationlized. In total. 560 Registered Nurses from 5 different university hospitals were involved in this study which aimed to : investigate technological influence and caring attributes as perceived by nurse. Data were obtained using Technological Influence Questionnaire (TIQ) and Caring Attributes Questionnaires(CAQ) which developed by Arthur et al(1999). Data were analyzed using SAS program for frequency. t-test. ANOVA and Tukey's Studentized Range test. and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results were as follows : 1) The mean score of TIQ was 48.84 and special unit nurses' TIQ was higher than that of general ward nurses. 2) The mean score of CAQ was 237.02 and it showed significant differences in the following variables : age. religion. educational background. marital status. career, and position. 3) With regard to the mean item score of CAQ by 3 perspectives : theoretical perspectives score was 3.76. practical perspectives score was 4.03, and pedagogical perspectives score was 3.84. 4) The correlation between TIQ score and CAQ score was slightly moderate (r=.35), The CAQ mean scsre was significantly different accordig to the level of TIQ meen score. The CAQ mean score was
in high TIQ(>mean+1SD) group,
in low TIQ( (mean-1SD) group. In conclusion, nurses perceived the CAQ differently by several demographic characteristics which relating to age. religion, eduacational background. marital status. career. and position. This study provides an important message for administrators and nurse educators by highlighting factors which can be addressed by education programs. staff development and appraisal. Further research is necessary to improve and refine the Korean version of TIQ and CAQ instead of Arthur et al's scales directly to Korean nurses.
Effects of Aquatic Exercise Program on the Shoulder Joint Function, Physical Symptom and Quality of Life in Postmastectomy Patients
Yoo Yang-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 101~114
This study was designed to investigate the effects of an aquatic exercise program on the shoulder joint function. physical symptom. quality of life and stress among the patients who received modified radical mastectomy between 6 to 12 months prior to their visits. The subjects were 31 women aged between 40 and 60 who visited the out-patient department at Kang Nam St. Mary's Hospital for follow-up care. and were not under the treatment of intravenous cancer chemotherapy or radiation therapy. and had no complications. Twelve of them were assigned to the control group. while nineteen subjects to the experimental group. The aquatic exercise program was developed by the author with the assistance of exercise specialists. The program includes warming uP. aerobic and cooling down exercises in water. The aquatic exercise program for the experimental group was carried out 3 times a week with 60 minutes in each time for 8 weeks from September 20th to November 15th. 1995 in a regular swimming pool in Seoul. Changes in the range of motion of the shoulder joint. muscle strength. physical symptom. quality of life. and stress were examined after the completion of treatment. The data were collected through isokinetic muscle strength evaluation and questionnaire survey before and after the treatment. Paired and unpaired t-test were adopted to analyze the data. The results were as follows ; 1. The increment in the range of motion of the shoulder joint in the experimental group after the exercise was significantly greater than those in the control group. 2. The peak torque of shoulder girdle muscles increased significantly after the exercise in the experimental group only. 3. The physical symptom score decreased significantly after the exercise in the experimental group only. 4. The experimental group revealed significantly higher level of quality of life and lower level of stress after the exercise compared with those before the exercise. whereas the control group showed no significant changes in those levels. These findings may indicate that the aquatic exercise program is effective in increasing the range of motion of the shoulder joint and muscle strength and quality of life. and also effective in decreasing physical symptoms. and the level of stress in postmastectomy patients. Accordingly. the acquatic exercise program' can be adopted as an effective nursing intervention for postmastectomy rehabilitation.
A study on dysmenorrhea of women labor workers
Lee Inn-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 115~130
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of dysmenorrhea in women labor workers The subjects were 327 women labor workers in the area of Kyunggi. Kyungsang and Chunla Provinclils. The data were collected from 20. January to 20. February. 1999 by using self-administered structured questionnaires. The contents of, questionnaire were composed of demographic(3 items). work related(2 items). life style (6 items), obstetric-menstrual(8 items) characteristics. and experiences of dysmenorrhea(6 items). The results were as follows 1. Prevalence rate of dysmenorrhea was
. Among women who had dysmenorrhea.
of them had family history on dysmenorrhea.
of them experienced limitation of daily activities.
of them have started the dysmenorrhea since their employment present company. and
of them visited hospital due to dysmenorrhea of the subjects who took analgesics for relieving menstrnal pain.
had no effect. 2. The frequency of dysmenorrhea was significantly different by educational level. working period. and the amount of mentrual flow.
A Study on the Relationship between the Amount of Physical Activities at Work Perceived by Workers and Their Health Promotion Behaviors
Jung Moon-Hee ; You In-Young ; Lee Shook Hee ; Kim Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 131~142
The purpose of this study is to grasp the relationship between the amount of physical activities at work perceived by workers and their health promotion behaviors. To achieve such a purpose. this survey was conducted on 476 Workers who work for 3 food product work-sites located in Keong-in area by means of questionnaire from June 15 to July 14 . 1998. Collected data were statistically analyzed by SPSS/WlN. The significant results were obtained as follows. 1. The average scores of the amount of physical activities at work and health promotion behavior were 3.18 and 2.84 respectively; the former was slightly higher than moderate score 2.5 and the latter was almost the same as it. It can be interpreted that workers perceive their physical activities at work are heavier than their daily activities, which seems to make their health promotion behaviors still inactivated. 2. The amount of physical activities at work, it was were greater revealed that the more activities workers do after work. the more they walk and the more exercises they do. It implies that the voluntary practice of good health habit at leisure can be greatly contributed to the activation of more productive activity at work. 3. The amount of health promotion behaviors was larger as workers do more physical activities at work and have lower PIBW(Percent Ideal Body Weight). It means that the voluntary practice of good health habit is closely related to the degree of obesity and their positive attitude toward their work. Average PIBW was 106.71; most of the workers are distributed within the standard range in their weight. So we can presume that most of them are not seriously conscious of weight maintenance in their daily lives. Therefore it is desirable that health promotion program for workers should be developed toward connecting their physical activities at work with those in their daily lives much more. Physical activities, health promotion behaviors
A Study on Determinants of Life Satisfaction of the Urban Elderly People
Jung Young Ju ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 143~160
The purpose of this descriptive survey study was to examine the following items. 1) Score distribution of life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 2) Demographic characteristics and the affection of socioeconomic characterictics to life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 3) Correlationship between life satisfaction. powerlessness. perceived health status and self-esteem 4) Determining the factors affecting life satisfaction The subjects were 167 urban elderly people. Data were collected from May to July in 1998 using the questionaires. The data were analyzed by mean. ANOVA. Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS win 7.5 program. The results were as follows : 1) The degree of life satisfaction and powerlessness were relatively low with the mean score of 42.4 and 39.79 respectively. and perceived health status and self-esteem were relatively high with the mean score of 3.15 out of 5 and 27.3 respectively. 2) There were no significant differences between demographic characteristics and life satisfaction. Education(F=2.91. p=0.02), previous employment(F=2.23. p=0.03) and marital status(F=3.85. p=0.04) showed significant differences in the relationship between demographic characteristics and powerlessness. Sex(F=6.40. p=0.0l). education(F=3.30. p=0.0l). marital status(F=7.13. p=0.008) and kinds of living togather(F=3.69. p=0.003) showed significant differences in the relationship between demographic characteristics and perceived health status. There were no significant differences between demographic characeristics and self-esteem. 3) Monthly allowance(F=3.68. p=0.007). participation in social activity(F=5.90. p=0.000) and number of social activities(F=5.27. p=0.000) showed significant differences in the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and life satisfaction. Monthly allowance(F=3.13. p=0.01) and number of social activities(F=2.7. p=0.02) showed significant differences in the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and powerlessness. There were no significant differences between socioeconomic characteristics and perceived health status. Montly allowance(F=4.82. p=0.001). particpation in social activity(F=2.90. p=0.02) and number of social activities(F=3.79. p=0.003) showed significant differences m the relationship between socioeconomic characteristics and self-esteem. 4) Powerlessness showed negative correltionship with perceived health staus(r=-0.295. p<0.001). self-esteem(r=-0.463. p<0.001) and life satisfaction(r=-0.514. p<0.001). Perceived health status showed positive correltionship with self-esteem(r=0.312. p<0.001) and life satisfaction (r=0.377. p<0.001). Self-esteem showed positive correlationship with life satisfaction(r=0.652. p(<0.001). 5) The predicting variances for life satisfaction m elderly people were self-esteem. powerlessness. participation in social activity and perceived health status. The most influencing factor among the variances was the self-esteem
and powerlessness was the second. Both of self-esteem and powerlessness accounted for
in life satisfaction. The addition of participation of social activity and perceived health status accounted for
in life satisfaction.
Status and Need of Health Education of Residents in Rural Area
Cho Yoo-Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 161~173
The objectives of this study were to find the status of health education of residents. and to analyze the status of knowledge. attitude. and practice about adult disease. especially about hypertension. diabetes mullitus, cancer and health care system etc. and to find the relation between the factors and knowledge status. attitude and practice. The survey was carried out for half month from July 1 to 15. 1997. The subjects were 283 persons in the rural areas that were chosen from one country. Muan Gun near Mokpo City. To interview the rural residents, 5 volunteer interviewers were recruited from university students whose major is nursing, and they were trained about the questionnaire. The percentage of the acceptance of health education are
of the subjects that the degree of the percentage of the health education was highest in diabetes mellitus. and the next were hypertension. cancer. joint disease. CVA. Therefore the need of the health education was very high. Of the subjects.
wanted to receive the health education about each disease. Highest proportion of the subjects indicated hypertension and joint disease. Of the subjects
knew each disease. The degree of knowledge was highest in cancer. followed by T.B., D.M., and hypertension. Of the subjects.
practiced after receiving health education. and
were getting periodic health examination during the last one year. Of the subjects.
did not practice preventive methods such as low-salt diet. periodic health examination and exercise etc.. The knowledge and attitude. and practice of the health were more active in male persons and in highly educated persons significantly than their counterparts. As the adult diseases now are more prevalent than before. more attention should be put on health education to prevent adult diseases in the dimension of developed practice method.
An Attitudinal Study of Smoking Behavior among Korean Adolescents
Choi Sun-Ha ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 174~182
This study. aimed to categorize attitude of smoking behaviors among adolescents and to provide useful data for development of anti-smoking programs for students was conducted from February 1 to August 15. 1999. using the Q method. After reviewing the literature and preceding studies. the researcher proceeded to interview 15 middle and high school students and thereupon. developed a statement form consisting of 34 items. Then. 33 students were sampled. The collected data were coded after having been scaled from '1' to '9'. and then. was analyzed using the PC QUANL program. After all. three types of adolescents were identified. The first type or 'negation' type students perceive smoking as bad habit. and therefore. do not admit of smoking. The second type or 'self-choice' type students conceive that anyone can smoke depending on their judgement. and therefore. admit of other students' smoking. The third type or 'self-perceived refusal' type admit of other students' smoking. but refuse smoking for themselves. Lastly. it is believed that the results of this study would be useful for designing anti-smoking health programs for our adolescents. It is also hoped that this study would be followed up by such studies suggested by the data for the development of anti-smoking programs for each category of students.
The Determinants of Health Promoting Lifestyle in High School Students
Hong Woi Hyun ; Kim Chung-nam ; Park Young-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 183~201
This descriptive correlational study was conducted to identify the variables related to health promoting lifestyle of girls in High school students. 156 high school students and 88 vocational high school students who lives in Taegu city were selected by a convenience sampling method. The data were collected by self-reported questionnaires from August 24 to September 4. 1998. Pender and others' Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile. Shere et al's. Self-Efficacy scale. Wallston et al.' s Internal Health Locus of Control scale. Wares' Health self rating scale and Cohen & Hoberman's Social support scale were used. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient. t-test. MANOVA. ANOVA. Tukey verification and Stepwise multiple regression with SAS progrom. The results of this study were as follows : 1. The average score of health promoting lifestyle performance was 2.34(SD=.36)points by the 4 point scale. 2. The combination of self-efficacy. internal health locus of control. mather's educational level and type of school explained
of the variance of health promoting lifestyle. 3. Health promoting lifestyle showed significant positive correlations with self efficacy(r=.5173. p=.001), perceived health status(r=.254, p=.001) and internal health locus of control(r=.321. p=.001). On the basis of the above findings, self-efficacy in cognitive factors. and social support in modifying factors were identified as the variables which explained the most part of the Pender's health-promotion model. Nursing strategies enhancing self-efficacy which has the most significant effect on health promoting lifestyle should be developed. Further research is required to find out the factors influencing health pormoting lifestyle of high school students.
Burden and Satisfaction of Family Caregivers under Home Health Nursing Care
Woo Kyong-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 202~214
This study was conducted to provide the data for the improvement of home health nursing services through the investigation of burden and satisfaction felt by family caregivers under home health nursing care. The study subjects consisted of 200 family caregivers who were enrolled m six university hospital home care services. Data were collected by using constructed questionnaires through mail from March to April of 1999. and analyzed by using t-test. ANOVA, Duncan-test. and Pearson Correlation Coefficients. The results were as follows: 1. The mean score of burden was 2.24. Among the SIX burden dimensions. the highest score was marked in time-dependence dimension. Caregivers were found to have greater burden in the low income families living in flats. In relation to the characteristics of patients. higher scores were shown in the male patients with cerebrospinal diseases. who also revealed higher score of dependency in the Activities of Daily Living. As a whole. there was no significant difference between home nursing care and clinical nursing care in terms of family caregivers' burden. The burden of time-dependence dimension in home nursing care was significantly higher than that of clinical nursing care while the burdens of physical. social. and financial dimensions were significantly lower than those of the clinical nursing care. 2. The mean score of satisfaction was 3.14. Among the six items. the highest score was marked in the nursing care and treatment skill. while the lowest score was marked in the cost containment. Family caregivers with higher academic background and higher income showed higher satisfaction score. The mean score of home care nursmg was significantly higher than that of clinical nursing care.
Factors Predicting Self-care in Ostomates
Park Young-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 13, issue 2, 1999, Pages 215~226
The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors influencing self care in ostomates, to provide the basic data for self care promoting intervention, The subject of this study were 110 ostomates living in Deagu and Deajon, during the period from March to April. 1998. The instruments for this study were the self care scale developed by Lee Ji Sook(1990), the family support scale by Lee Ji Sook(1990), the self esteem scale by Rosenberg(1965) and the hope scale by Nowotny(1989). The instruments for this study were pretested on the ostomates for reliability and validity. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The results are as follows : 1. The average score on the self care was 2.90. 2. There were significant positive correlations between self care and other factors self esteem(r=.652 P<.05), family support (r=.632 P<.05) and hope(r= .604 P<.05). 3. The variables that affected the self care of the subjects were self esteem, hope, family support, economical status, fecal control type and monthly participation in ostomate meetings in that order. These variance of self care was R2=62 percent by calculating the sum of those variables. The results of this study might help nurses and other health providers to develop interventions for the self care reinforcement of ostomates.