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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Sep 2000
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Nutritional Status of Recipients of Allogeneic Hemopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation by Types of Conditioning Regimen
Kim Nam-Cho ; Kim Hee-Seung ; Choi So-Eun ; Park Hyun-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 191~202
This study was conducted for 39 patients who are recipients of allogeneic hemopoietic stem cell transplantation at BMT ward of St. Mary's hospital affiliated to Catholic University of Korea from April to September 1999. The subjects were devided into two groups; those who received both TEl and chemo therapy as conditioning regimen (TEl group). and those who used chemo agents as singular conditioning regimen (chemo group). The oral intake status of the two groups were compared through physical assessment and blood chemistry exam of the subjects, and factors influencing their nutritional change and oral intake were explored in each stage of the transplantation (six stages: admission, conditional stage, date of transplantation, one week after transplantation, two weeks after transplantation, and three weeks after transplantation). The prior aim of the study was to provide baseline data to minimize delayed treatment from nutritional deficiency of the subjects. The results were as follows: 1. TBI group was significantly decreased of oral calorie intake in two weeks after transplantation compared to admission and conditioning stage while that of chemo group was significantly decreased on the date of transplantation. 2. TBI group was significantly decreased of protein intake in two weeks after transplantation compared to admission and conditioning stage. In chemo group, protein intake was significantly decreased on the date of transplantation compared to admission. It was remarkable that TBI group showed lesser protein intake than chemo group. 3. Both group were significantly decreased of BMI in one week and three weeks after transplantation compared to admission. TBI group showed significantly higher BMI than chemo group. 4. Both group were significantly decreased of Triceps Skinfold Thickness (TST)on the date of transplantation compared to admission stage. 5. TBI group was significantly decreased of mid-arm muscle circumference (MAMC) in two weeks after transplantation compared to admission, conditioning, date of transplantation. 6. TBI group was significantly decreased of albumin level in two weeks after transplantation compared admission stage. In chemo group, it was significantly decreased on the date of transplantation compared to admission, three weeks after the transplantation. 7. TBI group was significantly decreased of transferrin level in two weeks after transplantation compared admission, conditioning, date of transplantation and one week after transplantation. In chemo group, it was decreased of transferrin level in 3 weeks after transplantation. 8. Oral intake of TEl group was impacted by vomiting before transplantation and gingivitis after transplantation. In chemo group, it was impacted by vomiting before transplantation and by two factors, gingivitis and nausea, after transplantation. The results showed oral calorie intake was not different between the two groups while protein intake was significantly lower in TBI group than chemo group. Oral intake was significantly impacted by vomiting before transplantation in both groups, but affected by oral gingivitis in TBI group and gingivitis and nausea in chemo group after transplantation. This findings present that standardized strategies to manage nutrition and gingivitis more effectively are desperately needed to enhance oral intake and protein intake of patients who receive TBI as conditioning regimen.
Effects of the Supportive Program on the Chronic Arthritis Patients
Kim Myung-Ja ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Kil Suk-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 203~215
The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of the supportive program for arthritis patients. who are attending a rheumatoid arthritis clinic. To achieve this purpose. this study adopted a quasi-experimental. pre- and post-test research design. comparing experimental group with control one. Supportive program was composed of in-depth. 3 times of direct interview and 2 times of advice using telephone for 8 weeks. The object of these interviews and phone was focused on the improvement of patients' preception for health. During this period. the level of pain, hemato-immunologic indices(ESR, CRP). self-efficacy, depression. and perception for health were measured in both grooups. Data were analysed by
, t-test. repeated measures ANOVA and Pearson's correlations. The results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in physiological data. 2. The feeling of self-efficacy was significantly increased in experimental group(P=.012), 3. There was no significant differences in depression. 4. The perception for health status was significantly increased in experimental group(P=.002). Thus, the supportive program. which is focused on the close interpersonal communication. proved to be effective. This result justifies the following suggestion that the role of the nursing professionals in out-patient clinic should be extended for more qualified care for the patients.
Change of Knowledge and Attitude toward AIDS Education for High School Students
Kim Seong Ah ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 216~228
The purpose of this study was to clarify the level of knowledge and the attitude about AIDS. according to high school students demographics. and the AIDS education effects in a week or 6 months. The data were surveyed from 74 bounding for university high school students and 98 vocational high school students from two counties in Chonnam. The data were collected from November 5. 1999 to May 24. 2000. using a 50-item Questionnaire. and analyzed by SPSS PC+ program for t-test. ANOVA, Repeated measure ANOVA, Duncan test.
and pearson correlation coefficients. The result of study summarized as follows : 1. The knowledge score for AIDS was significantly higher in the group bounding for university. in the second grade group and the group who have drunken experience. The positive attitude score for AIDS was significantly higher in the group who have smoked experience. 2. After 1 week of AIDS education. the knowledge score for AIDS(15.02 points) was significantly higher than the one before the education(10.85 points) but after 6 months of AIDS education. the knowledge score for AIDS(12.30 points) was significantly lower than in a week(F=55.49. p=.000). 3. After 1 week of AIDS education. the positive attitude score for AIDS(3.54 points) was significantly higher than the one before the education(3.35 points) and after 6 months of AIDS education. the positive attitude score for AIDS was same the one in a week(F=7.85. p=.000). 4. We could find the significant correlation between the knowledge and the attitude for AIDS just only in a week(r=.249. p=.001). In conclusion. the knowledge score for AIDS had increased in a week of education on AIDS but it had decreased as time goes by since education. The increased positive attitude for AIDS in a week has maintained the same as time goes by since education. Therefore. It should be needed re-education on AIDS to students at proper time in order to get the aim of AIDS education. We have to develop variety education methods for educational effects. It should be included comprehensive social aspect such as a question of personal rights to increase the positive attitude for AIDS.
A Study of Programs to Health Promoting Lifestyles among Korean Adults - Q Method -
Kim Eun-Sook ; Kwon Young-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 229~245
Previous studies have shown that five representative behaviors affect the health of adults in everyday life : smoking, drinking, exercise, nutrition, and stress. This study focuses on these five behaviors in an attempt not only to develop a program that promotes health, but also to suggest ways that such a program may be implemented to reflect diverse lifestyles. Our aim is to show how individual subjectivity influences behavior when making lifestyle choices that affect health. By analyzing individual characteristics, we tried to group people according to their common attitude and behaviors to promote health. We hope that this study may provide the fundamental data which may be used to assist professionals in promoting healthy behaviors among adults. In order to examine how subjectivity(e.g, personal opinions or attitudes) influences behavior, we prepared Q-statements which were composed of Q-samples for the study of human subjectivity. We polled forty-two adults and then analyzed the results using a PC qunal program. As a result, the respondents were classed according to six different types. Type One includes people who think managing stress is the most effective way to live a healthy life. They regard smoking and drinking as harmful behaviors. Type Two subjects, on the other hand, regard smoking and drinking as a matter of taste with few harmful effects. Although they recognize the importance of managing stress, they have a positive attitude towards smoking and regard nutrition as a minor factor in promoting their healthy lifestyle. Those classed as Type Three emphasize the necessity of exercise. They perceive drinking, smoking, and stress as harmful. People in this category seek to increase physical strength and to regulate all five health behaviors by keeping them in a normal range. Type Four consists of people who are indifferent to their health. While they seem to recognize the importance of regular exercise, they pay little attention to nutrition or to the harmful effects of smoking, drinking, and stress. They believe that exercise alone is sufficient to maintain their health. Type Five subjects believe drinking is not a harmful behavior at all. Rather. it has a positive effect on their mental health. They are characterized by this positive attitude towards drinking as well as by indifference toward nutrition (although they readily admit that good nutrition is important). Finally. those classed as Type Six have a positive attitude toward moderate drinking as a means to relieve stress. However. they also recognize the harmful effects of excessive drinking. They regard good nutrition as an important lifestyle choice but are indifferent toward exercise. This type is engaged in passive health management. This study devised six types or categories that reflect different attitudes toward promoting health in everyday life. It further went on to analyze the characteristics of each type. This study shows that programs designed to promote health must be modified to reflect the diversity of individual attitudes and patterns of behaviors.
A study on Hospital based Home Health Care Service and the Level of Client Satisfaction
Kim Chung Nam ; Kwan Young Sook ; Koh Hyo Jung ; Kim Myung Ae ; Park Chung Ja ; Shin Yeong Hee ; Lee Byung Sook ; Lee Kyung Hee ; Seo Hanng Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 246~259
The purpose of this study was to assess the provided home health care services and to evaluate the patient's satisfaction level of received home health care services. Well trained two home health care nurses interviewed with 138 respondents who received home health care by Keimyung University Hospital from January 1st to August 31st 1999. The results were summarized as follows : 1) Among 138 respondents,
were mail and
were female and
of them were over sixty years old. Respondents main family care givers were spouse
, daughters and sons
of cancer patients received home health care services,
of cerebralcardiovascular patients,
of endocrine disorder patients,
of those who have indwelling foley catheter patients,
of those who have respiratory problems and others
of respondents were satisfied with the number of home visits they received.
of respondents' were received 1 to 3 times of home visits by home health care nurse per month.
of respondents answered they were introduced by attending doctors or nurses to home health care services.
of respondents answered registration to home health care services was simple and easy.
of respondents answered home health care payment system was adequate.
of respondents answered the cost of home health care per visit was adequate and comfortable. 4) Health education, counselling, physical assessment was provided to most of the patients. Those who suffered with cerebral-cardiovascular disease was needed hands on direct care most of all. The least home health care service provided was medication. 5) The satisfaction measurement tool was composed with 13 items and 3 score scale. The mean score of satisfaction on provided home health care services was 2.67 out of 3. Among 13 items. 'home health care service was kind enough' was highest(2.84). 'nurse use precise word to understand and communicate'. 'nurse gave home visiting notice ahead of time and kept the home visiting promise on time' was 2.83. 'whenever I need home health care nurse I can give a call and meet the nurse' was lowest 2.41. Special Home Health care programs such as comprehensive hospice care programs for elders over sixty years old should be organized. Adequate and standardized home health care payment system should be developed as soon as possible. In korean family situation. when family members are getting sick and stay at home. family members were taking care of the patients. special program such as counselling family members are needed.
Study of Findings from Health Examinations among University Students
Kim Jung Hee ; Kim Hyun Me ; Song Me Roung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 260~270
This study aimed at examining participation rate in taking health examinations. abnormal findings. and recognition and responses for re-examination recommendation among junior students at a university. Data were collected by interviews and self-reports between March and April. 2000. five months after receiving findings of health examinations. Question items in the questionnaire were made by the researchers. Participation rate for the health examination was
of all registered junior students:
for men and
for women. College of medicine ranked the first in the participation rate. Of the examinees.
showed abnormal findings. Of those students with abnormal findings. 149 students who were registered at the time of data collection became the subjects of the present study. The average age of the subjects was 23.7 years. The proportion of those with very good or. good self-evaluated physical health was
. while the proportion for mental health was
. The most prevalent problem for men was liver problem and for women anemia. More than
of the subjects were aware of their abnormal findings. Those who sought advice were
and their parents were most frequently asked for advice. As for the contents.
were advised to visit a hospital. Of the 65 students recommended for re-examination.
with liver problems took re-examination. while
with urine problems. The multiple responses of the reasons for not following the recommendation for re-examination were 'not a serious problem
,' 'having no time
,' Students' recognition of the importance of health examination should be raised to increase their participation rate. When abnormal findings were detected. parents need to be informed for achieving adequate follow-up. All the students with abnormal findings need to be consulted by university health personnel to facilitate proper actions.
Physiological Parameters Related to Health of The Elderly
Kim Jong Im ; So Hee Young ; Kim Hyun Li ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 271~280
The purpose of this study was to identify the health status of elderly. Subjects were 132 older people who live in home and institution located Taejon metropolitan city. Data were collected from May 1997 to April 1998. To obtain data about health status of elderly. pulse, respiration, systolic and diastolic blood pressure. grip strength. pinch pressure. flexibility, arm circumference. triceps skin fold thickness were measured. Data were analyzed for frequency. percentage. t-test using SPSS pc+ program. The results were as follows: 1.
of subjects was perceived as 'good' in their health status. 2. Mean pulse, mean respiration, systolic and diastolic blood pressure were with in normal limits. There were no statistical differences between men and women in pulse, respiration, systolic and diastolic pressure. 3. Left and right grip strength were 24.89 psi and 25.23psi. The grip strength in men was higher than that of women. It showed statistically difference between men and women in grip strength. 4. Left and right pinch pressure were 7 pound and 7.32 pound. There was statistically difference of pinch pressure between men and women. 5. left flexibility was better than right flexibility of subjects. There was no statistically significant difference between men and women in flexibility. 6. Arm circumference was 24.96cm and there was no statistically significant difference between men and women. 7. Mean skin fold thickness was 12.83 em. Skin fold thickness in men was lower than that of women. It showed statistically difference between men and women. From these results, further study should be considered gender differences in health status of elders and carried in larger sample than this study.
A Survey on Status of Smoking among Elementary School Students in Seoul
Moon Jung-Soon ; Kim Nam-Cho ; Yang Soo ; Park Ho-Ran ; Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Chaung Seung-Kyo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 281~292
This study was conducted from Nov. 15 to Dec. 20. 1999, covering 3.214 fourth. fifth, and sixth graders in 25 schools. one from each Ku in Seoul. in order to provide basic data for developing smoking prevention program. The results of the study were as follows : 1. Among the students under inquiry.
answered they had the experience of smoking, while
said they are current smokers. 2. With regard to smokers' smoking behavior. about 90% of them smoke one or two cigarettes a day. A lot of them was their own or friends' homes to smoke. but not at specific time. Many students who smoke say they was cigarettes stored and/or picked up at home.
of them have friends who know that they smoke and
of them have siblings are aware they are smokers.
of them said no one around them is aware of the fact they. smoke. 3. Forth grade is the most frequent year students start smoking
. Most of them had their first smoking experience at their homes out of curiosity. 4. Profile of a typical smoker would; be male; from miscellaneous religions; have very few friends: have hard time to fit in at school and he/she has a poor academic record. 5. Environmental profile of a smoker consists of: commercial area resident: single-parented; lacks attention from parents; has hard time at home; has someone who smokes within the family. 6. Regarding the experience of smoking prevention education. the rate of current smokers who have learned about smoking prevention was lower than that of who have not learned. 7. Among the non-smoking students.
of them said they would keep away from smoking and
of them said they would like to smoke in the future. while
were undecided. Among the students who smoke.
wish to quit smoking.
Satisfaction regarding the usage of emergency treatment service
Park Ho-Ran ; Moon Jung-Soon ; Youn Sung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 293~303
This study was designed to acknowledge the satisfaction levels of patients who have been treated in the emergency center. Specifically, to acknowledge the factors influencing patient's satisfaction levels related in the usage of emergency centers. Data was collected through patients who have used anyone of four emergency centers of university hospitals holding over 550 hospital beds, and located in Seoul. Questionnaires consisted of 31 questions. Cronbach's alpha was 0.94. Data analysis was executed with the SAS program by t-test, ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression. The results were summarized as follows. (1) The total average score for the level of satisfaction was 3.3. Regarding the service of doctors and nurses, the score was high. While the score regarding reception process, payment and second hand environment were relatively low. (2) There was a differentiation in the level of satisfaction according to the type of injured. Patents of industrial calamities had the highest level of satisfaction while patient injured by traffic accidents had the lowest level of satisfaction. (3) The factors that affect the level of satisfaction were presence of medical insurance, lapse time until treatment and the education level of the patient. Based on this, we will provide the basic data of satisfaction levels according to the characteristics of patients and the types of injuries for improvement of emergency treatment centers.
A Study on the Changing in Self-esteem and Depression of Nursing College Students after Voluntary Program
Park Hoo Nam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 304~317
The purpose of this study is to identify the effect of the voluntary program experience with curriculum on self-esteem and depression in nursing college students. The research design utilized in this study was one group pre test-post test design. The data were gathered two times with questionnaire. First data were gathered before voluntary activity. And second data were gathered after instruction and five times voluntary activity. The data were analized by frequency, paired t-test. t-test. and ANOVA using the SAS program. The results were as follows 1. After the activity the scores of self-esteem were significantly higher than before the activity. 2. After the activity the scores of depression were significantly lower than before the activity. 3. The relationship between self-esteem and depression were negatives in both before and after the activity. 4. Before voluntary activity the scores of self-esteem in the class choosing the Culture Exploration were significantly high. but after the activity the scores of self-esteem were not significantly different. 5. As opinion on attendance of lecture class of voluntary activity program. before voluntary activity the scores of depression were not significantly different. but after the activity the scores of depression were significantly different.
Health Promoting Lifestyle, Stress, and Depression of the College Female Students
Park Hoo-Nam ; Kim Myung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 318~331
The purposes of this study were to examine the relationships among health promoting lifestyle, stress. depression, and general characteristics and to reveal these variables affecting depression in college female students. The data were collected between November 29th and December 4th. 1999 by using self-administered questionnaire. Data analysis were conducted by using Peason's correlation. t-test, ANOVA. stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows : 1. Health promoting lifestyle was significantly different by religion, smoking. school record, perceived health status. satisfaction of school life, and department. 2. The mean score of stress was 2.28. the level of stress showed significant differences according to economic status, perceived health status, and satisfaction of school life. 3. The mean score of depression was 12.05. the level of depression showed significant differences according to religion, smoking, school record, economic status. perceived health status, satisfaction. of school life, and department. 4. The mean score of health promoting lifestyle was 2.43. both interpersonal relationship(M=2.96) and self-actualization(M=2.79) of the subscales of health promoting lifestyle revealed high scores, whereas the scores of health responsibility(M=2.07), and exercise (M=1.64) were below. 5. Negative correlations were observed between health promoting lifestyle and stress(r=-.21), between heath promoting lifestyle and depression(r=-38). Positive correlations were observed between stress and depression(r= .60). 6. Negative correlations were observed between self-actualization(r=-.29). nutrition Cr=-.17), and stress management(r=-.17) domains of health promoting lifestyle and stress. 7. Negative correlations were observed between self-actualization(r=-.47), nutrition (r=-.31), stress management(r=-.25), interpersonal relationship(r=-.23), health responsibility(r=-.13), and exercise(r=-.l1) domains of health promoting lifestyle and depression. 8. Depression was significantly predicted by stress
, health promoting lifestyle
. these variables explained
of variance of depression.
A study on the pedicatric accident
Son In-A ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 332~341
Children's accident is a largely preventable public health problem. Little is known. however, about population-based incident and outcome of pediatric accident. From 1997.9 through 1998,8. admission data from emergency center in I city were collected. 1418 patient from 0 through 13 years of age were selected. All children with unintensional accidental problems were identified through coded sheet which categorizes epidemiologic characteristics. The specific purposes of this study are analysis about the characteristics of pediatric accidents. And it aims to produce the basic data necessary for accident prevention policy development. The results of this study were as follows; 1. The number of male children
were higher than female children
2. The age group from 1 to 3 years represents the highest proportion
of every accidents except on traffic accident. 3. The highest proportion of accident were as follows occured during the June-August
, and 17-21 p.m.
4. The main causes of accident include general trauma
, environmental accident
. and traffic accident
, 5. Preschool age group represents more than half
of traffic accident. 6. environmental injury includes burns
, foreign body
, exposure to poisonous materials
. and bite(3.3) This results could be used to develope prevention programs and assist in accident prevention system development. And also these data substantiate that accident prevention program decrease safety-related injury rate in preschool age group must be concentrated on enhancing access to a system to have a significant effect. Furthermore, it is necessary for accident prevention. So several suggestions are described here: 1. Development of parent's educational program for accident prevention and safety education should be done actively. 2. Home safety surveillance system should be initiated. 3. The initiation of children's accident report system could be contribute the analysis and the reduction of accident.
A Study of Activities of Daily Living and Its Influencing Factors in Patients with Chronic Arthritis
Sohng Kyeong Yae ; Kang Sung Sil ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 342~354
This study was conducted to identify the characteristics of activities of daily living(ADU) and its influencing factors in patients with chronic arthritis. The data were obtained from 104 patients with chronic arthritis in one university hospital from May to August. 2000. For analysing data. SAS program was used for t-test. ANOVA, Schefte test. Pearson correlation. and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows: 1. The variables which influenced self-efficacy were duration of disease. number of painful joint, quality of sleep and alcohol drinking. 2. The variables which influenced fatigue were diagnosis and number of painful joint. 3. The variables which influenced ADL were age. duration of disease. diagnosis. number of painful joint. number of exercise and alcohol drinking. 4. ADL was positive correlation with self-efficacy and negative correlation with fatigue. And self-efficacy was negative correlation with fatigue. 5. The predictors to explain ADL were self-efficacy. number of painful joint. lupus. duration of disease and religion. These predictors explained
of the activites of daily living. According to these findings. the most significant influencing factor of ADL was self-efficacy. therefore the development of nursing intervention for enhancing self-efficacy would be needed. Also. it is suggested that an exercise program should be recommended as one of useful and appropriate nursing intervention for reducing fatigue and increasing ADL.
A Comparative study on Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns, Self-esteem and Self-efficacy between Korean Elderly and Korean-American Elderly
Sohng Kyeong-Yae ; Cho Ok-Hee ; Moon Jung-Sun ; Chaung Seung-Kyo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 355~371
The purpose of this study was to explore and compare health-promoting behaviors and its relationships with associated variables between Korean elderly and Korean-American elderly. Study instruments were questionnaire that consisted of socioeconomic characteristics, health-promoting lifestyle patterns. self-esteem and self-efficacy. Data were collected from convenient sample of 150 Korean elderly and 110 Korean-American elderly recruited from senior centers. Collected data were analyzed by t-test. ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. The results are followings : 1. In religion,
of Korean elderly were protestant. while
of Korean-American. elderly were protestant.
of Korean elderly were living with their children, and only
of Korean-American elderly were living with their children. 2. There was no significant difference in the mean HPLP score in two groups. but Korean elderly showed higher practices in health responsibility. exercise. and stress management than that of Korean-American elderly. The subjects showed the highest practices in nutrition(3.14. 3.01), and the lowest practices in exercise (2.14, 1.92). 3. The mean HPLP score of Korean elderly was 2.63, showing significant relationships with age. education and economic status. the score of Korean-American elderly was 2.54, showing significant relationships with education. 4. Self-esteem score of Korean elderly was 2.72 and Korean-American elderly was 2.73. there was no significant difference in two groups. The score of self-esteem of Korean-American elderly was showing significant relationships with presence of spouse. 5. Self-efficacy score of Korean elderly was 3.27 and Korean-American elderly was 3.21. there was no significant difference in two groups. The score of self-efficacy of both groups were showed significant relationships with education. 6. The HPLP of Korean and Korean-American elderly showed(r=.24. r= .49) positive correlations with self-esteem had positive correlations with self-efficacy(r=.42. r=.28). To draw concrete resolution for health promotion of Korean and Korean-American elderly. this study suggests followings for future research : 1. Nursing interventions enhancing exercise and stress management of the elderly must be provided. Especially developing and adopting feasible exercise programs for Korean-American elderly is highly needed. 2. Identifying the influences of culture on their practices of health-promoting lifestyle patterns among Korean. Korean-American and other racial elderly groups.
A Comparative Study of Life-style Factors in the Health Promotion of Women between Korea and Japan
Yoo In-Young ; Jung Moon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 372~381
This study was carried out to compare influential life-style factors between Korean and Japanese women. with a view to providing basic data needed in the community nursing activities for the health promotion of women, The questionnaire survey was conducted between Jan 1 and April 15. 2000 on 64 Korean and 63 Japanese women who committed the care of their child to a day-care center because they had to go to work. The obtained results are as follows. 1. On the whole. there was little difference in the score of life-style factors between Korea and Japan. The areas in which Japanese women got a higher score were personal relationship and nutrition, and Korean women got a higher score in the area of self-realization. 2. Both in Korea and Japan. the degree of satisfaction with family life proved to be the most influential factor on the life-styles for the health promotion of women. This implies that the level of their practicing life styles for the health promotion becomes higher in proportion to the degree of satisfaction with their family life. In conclusion. considering the fact that the proportion of women workers has been on the increase in Korea. heath promotion services for women need to be treated more importantly, with the focus on the interpersonal relationship not only in family but also in work sites.
Knowledge in Sex and Needs of Sex Education among Community College Students
Lee in Sook ; Jeon Mi Yang ; Kim Young Hee ; Jung Mi Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 382~395
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sexual knowledge and the needs of sex education for college students in order to develop sex education program. The data were collected from 271 students attedning K community college in Chungcheongbuk-do from November, 29 to December 3, 1999, using a self-administered questionnaire. Sexual knowledge in this study include 4 areas such as sexual physiology, contraceptive methods, venereal disease. and reproductive physiology. The results were as follows : 1. The mean score of the knowledge in sex was 15.42 out of 29, which is very low. Of the four areas of the knowledge, the students showed the lowest score in contraceptive methods. Woman students had significantly higher score in reproductive physiology than man students. 2. Seventy nine percent of the students felt the need for sex education being given by their college. Most students wanted to obtain sex education through special lectures
or regular curriculum
, Those specialists in sex education were most prefered. with regard to the contents of sex education, sexual psychology was most frequently indicated followed by contraceptive methods, pregnancy, satisfy ways of sexual drive. About forty two percent of the students thought preschool age as the adequate stage for beginning sex education. 3. Sexual knowledge was statistically significant in terms of grade. major. and dwelling state.
Knowledge of Sex, Attitude toward Sex, and Sexual Satisfaction in married Women
Lee In Sook ; Moon Jung-Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 396~414
This study was conducted to explore the knowledge of sex, attitude toward sex, sexual satisfaction, the differences of these variables according to the general characteristics, and the correlation of these variables in married women. The data were collected from March 25 to May 20, 2000 by using a mailed questionnaire. The number of subjects were 228 married women in the area of Seoul. Kyunggi-Do and Chungchung-Do. The questionnaire consisted of 67 items including item concerning general characteristics, knowledge of sex, attitude toward sex, and sexual satisfaction. The results were as follows : 1. The mean score and standard deviation of the knowledge of sex was
with the range from 5 to 20. The mean score and standard deviation of the attitude toward sex was
with the range from 31 to 85 score. The mean score and standard deviation of the sexual satisfaction was
with the range from 17 to 48 score 2. The variables influencing on knowledge of sex were children number, women's education level. husband's education level. women's job, economic level. and menstruation status. 3. The variables influencing attitude toward the sex were women's age, husband's age, marriage term, children number, women's religion, economic level. menstruation status, and information acquirement about sex. 4. The variables influencing sexual satisfaction were women's age, husband's age, economic level. menstruation status, and information acquirement about sex. 5. Regarding relationship among the knowledge of sex, the attitude toward sex and the sexual satisfaction, those respondents who had more knowledge of sex had more open attitude toward sex and those respondents who had more open attitude toward sex had higher sexual satisfaction.
Eating Habits and Workout patterns of some College Students
Chang Ock-Ja ; Chaung Seung-Kyo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 415~430
From March 10 to April 3. 1999. questionnaires were sent to 157 students at an university located in Hongsong. South Choongchung Province in order to find out their eating habits and exercise patterns. The analysis of the questionnaires collected reveals the followings. 1. Eating Habits 1) 76 out of total 157 respondents
said that they skipped breakfast. The significant difference was shown in the frequency of breakfast eating based on respondents' sex. Male students had higher rate of going without breakfast
than their female counterparts
. 2) Most respondents finished eating their meals within 20 minutes. with
spending 10 to 20 minutes. followed by
taking less than 10 minutes. 3) With respect to the frequency of eating snacks. 1 to 2 times per day came on top with
. Significant difference was shown based on sex. with male students having more frequent snacks than female students.
of those surveyed said they ate snacks because they were either bored or hungry. respectively.
took snacks after school followed by
who had snacks after dinner. 4) Concerning the frequency of taking food. 1 to 2 times per week recorded the highest mark for beta-carotine. fruits. fish. beans. milk. seaweeds and fries. As for vegetables. 6 to 7 times a week received the highest points. Males showed significantly higher frequency of taking fruits than females. while the opposite was true for beans. 5) More than
of the respondents chose rice and fruits as the food they could eat really well. All those surveyed ate fruits and vegetables. More than
of students said they did not eat donut. chocolate. candies. fries. coke and clear carbonated beverage. milk. ham and sausage. The food that revealed significant difference based on sex included ramyon, coke and clear carbonated beverages, ham and sausage, yogurt and milk, with males showing greater preference than their female counterparts. 6) The most preferred by respondents was spicy taste
, followed by sour
. Those surveyed shunned sweet taste the most
, followed by sour
tastes. 2. Workout Patterns 1)
of the respondents said they took exercise. Based on sex, males showed significantly higher rate of
of females. Those who took exercise did so mostly three times a week. With regard to the time spent on workout. 'within 2 hours' received the highest points. Soccer was found to be the most popular sport among the respondents. The above analysis demonstrated that the students surveyed selected relatively sound answers in the categories of the food preference and taste. However. some skipped breakfast and liked eating snacks. and most did not take exercise, which may raise health problems including the weight increase. Therefore, ways should be devised to tackle such problems to ensure healthy lives
A Study on the Status of Health and Medication in the Elderly
Cho Won Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 431~445
In general the prevalence of old people is high and frequently have multiple diseases and symtoms requiring treatment. The nature of illness in the elderly has to be faced, and drugs do have an important part in the treatment of that illness. The purpose of this study were to describe health status and medication, and to provide some basic data for elderly's health education, especially for the right medication. Body mass index, self perceived health status, activities of daily living, disease and experience of past operation were surveyed to recognize the 249 elderly's actual health status. The degree of the elderly's understanding the way of medication, experience of side effects, experience of drug combination and incidence of drug adverse reaction along with drug combination were examined for medication. The aged
overweighed the aged
of them recognized their health good. Their activities of daily living were diminished following by the age group(p=0.0068) and relationship with self perceived health status were very significant(p=0.0005). They(192 elderly) suffered from multiple disease such as
, spinal cord
of them replied that they had an operation for appendictis senile cataract, peptic ulcer, spinal cord problem, pleurisy, hemorrhoid and the rest. Most of
knew the way very well how to use drugs, and
of the replied 171 elderly experienced adverse drug reaction. Drug compliance rate were
. In our study 56.9% of the 167 elderly took several medicine together. And
of the 95 elderly who did drug combination had an experience of drug interaction. One person kept average 5.5 kinds of drugs at home among 243 elderly. They kept
, anti peptic ulcer
, anti anginal
. With this result, we ascertain that polypharmacy in the elderly caused by multiple disease is common, which lead to drug interaction. So our task is to educate elderly how to use drugs in order to maximize their efficiency and to minimize their adverse effects.
A Study on Attitude of Nurses toward Euthanasia
Hong Myung Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 14, issue 2, 2000, Pages 446~463
The purpose of this study is to identify the recent attitude of nurses toward euthanasia. and to provide necessary basic information for on-the-job-training and student education. The subject of this study are 521 nurses working in the hospital attached to university in Seoul. to whom I distributed questionnaires which were made on the basis of the instrument of Tordella & Neutens. from 21. July. 2000 to 27. July. 2000. The collected data were statistically examined through SPSS program and were analysed through Frequency. Means. Factor Analysis. T-test. and ANOVA. The study results are as follows: 1. General characteristics of nurses are in age of average 26.9. in education of junior college graduate
. in both parent alive
. in marital status of single
. in religion of christianity
against non-religion 38.3%. The term of employment is average 52.7 months and are in various post. The experience of family dying
and of terminal care
are information oriented to euthanasia. 2. The attitude toward euthanasia reveals 3.40 score in average. and is significant in relation to religion among general characteristics (p<.000). 3. Passive euthanasia reveals 2.48 score in average with significance in religion(p<.000), and duty post (p<.046). Natural euthanasia is 4.09 score which is in most characteristics positive direction with significance in information oriented group. Indirect euthanasia reveals 2.98 score and are significant in various group of age (p<.004). both parents alive (p<.005), marital status (p<.000). term of employment (p<.022), duty post (p<.005), and family dying(p<.028). Family commitment is 3.51 score with significance in both parents alive (p<.023) and term of employment (p<.020). Clear definition of euthanasia and analysis of its effects need to be studied in order to improve proper courses of nursing patients with terminal illness.