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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Sep 2001
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study into Pattern of Smoking Behaviors of Female Student Smokers
Kim Kyoung Seon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~12
This study. aimed to categorize attitude of smoking behaviors among female student smokers and to provide useful data for development of anti-smoking programs was conducted from Aug. 22 to Nov. 1. using the Q-method. After reviewing the literature the researcher proceeded to interview 10 female students, then developed a statement form consisting of 40 items, and then 30 female student smokers were sampled. The collected data were coded after having been scaled from 1 to 9 points, and analyzed using the PC QUANL program. Three types were identified; The first type focused on the right of the individual to smoke. the second type of students used smoking as a way to relieve their stress, and the third type of students wanted to use smoking as a tool to relate with their peer group. They smoked in closed areas, i.e. rest rooms. coffee shops - places that are not well ventilated and deep inhalation occurs. most subjects of the study started smocking at early ages(the average age was 17). Smoking at this age is especially harmful. It is suggested that the results of the study may be useful for designing anti-smoking health programs including health promotion.
A Study on the Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Organizational Commitment in Nursing Organization : Focusing on Moderating Effect of Career Characteristics
Kim Myoung Sook ; Park Young Bae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~26
Today's health care environment is rapidly changing and nurse administrators' transformational leadership needs to practice in nursing organization to achieve organizational objectives. Transformational leadership is related to the job satisfaction, productivity, and organizational commitment. This study investigated the effect of transformational leadership and carreer characterics on nurses' organizational commitment. The sample for this study consisted of 594 nurse from 8 large Korean hospitals. The factor analysis Cronbach's alpha analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, multiple regression analysis and hierarchical multiple regression analysis were used for the statistical method. The results of this study were found that (1) charisma dimension of transformational leadership has positive influence on nurses' organizational commitment; but another two dimensions (intellectual stimulation and individualized consideration) did not showed significant effect on organizational commitment (2) nurses' career characteristic(age, marital status, education level. work duration, status) moderated the effect of transformational leadership on organizational commitment.
A Preliminary Study with the Objective of Developing a Community based Postpartum Women's Follow-up Program
Kim Myoung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 27~41
The purpose of this study was to discern the level of satisfaction of postpartum care in hospitals. the level of importance of traditional postpartum care and the need for home health care for postpartum women. The study's design was to obtain data needed to develop a community-based postpartum care program and to improve the quality of nursing for postpartum care recipients. Data for the study was collected from 1 March to 31 June 2000 from 116 postpartum care recipients treated in Chung-Buk, Korea. Data analysis consisted of frequency, percentage, t-test, and ANOVA. using SPSS win program. The results the of analysis were as follows: 1) The level of satisfaction of postpartum care in the hospital (mean 1.31) was very low. The most laudable items of nursing care by category were: moderate satisfaction with 'perineal wound care' (2.04) and 'afterpain observation'(2.09). The overall level of satisfaction of postpartum care in the hospital. however, was very low. 2) Among other items of postpartum care in the hospital, 'postpartum exercise'
. 'assessment and support for postpartum depression'
, 'operation wound care for women who underwent Caesarean sections'
. and 'contraception and family planning'
showed a need for home health care for postpartum care recipients above
. 3) The level of importance of traditional postpartum care (Sanhujori) was relatively high (mean 2.72). The importance of Sanhujori by category was as followed: 'the fourth principle: protecting the body from harmful strains' was the highest (2.88), 'the third principle: eating well', 'the first principle: invigorating the body by augmenting heat and avoiding cold', 'the second principle: resting without working', 'the fifth principle: keeping clean' and 'the sixth principle: handling with the whole heart' showed 2.85, 2.80, 2.70, 2.51 and 2.46 respectively. 4) The need for home health care with Sanhujori was very low. 5) The relationship between demographic factors and the level of satisfaction with postpartum care in the hospital was as follows: the satisfaction levels were significantly different among' delivery frequency' and 'health status' alteration after delivery'. 6) The relationship between demographic factors and the importance of the Sanhujori category was as follows: There were no significant differences in the level of importance of the first and the forth principle of Sanhujori. The level of importance of the second principle of Sanhujori was significantly different among 'income' and 'family type'. The level of importance of the third principle of Sanhujori was significantly different among 'having a boy'. The level of importance of the fifth principle of Sanhujori was significantly different among 'income' and 'feeding type'. The level of importance of the sixth principle of Sanhujori was significantly different among 'education background' and 'feeding type'. In conclusion. the findings of this study illustrate the nursing needs of postpartum care recipients. It provides a challenge to caregivers in the healthcare industry to develop a continuous postpartum care program and integrative postpartum care system that embodies the oriental and western paradigm for the promotion of women's health.
A Correlational Study among Internal Marketing Factor, Nurse's Job Satisfaction, and Organizational Commitment in Hospital Nursing Organization
Kim So In ; Cha Sun Kyung ; Lim Ji Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 42~55
The purpose of this study was to provide basic information for developing effective marketing strategies of nursing organization by identifying the correlation among internal marketing factor, nurses' job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. The subjects of this study were 256 nurses who were working in the hospital over 1 year at three university hospitals which had more than 400 beds in seoul and kyung-gido. The data were collected by self-reporting questionnaires. The instruments used in this study were the communication form scale developed by Jo(1995), the welfare scale developed by researcher, the education training scale developed by researcher, the organizational commitment scale developed by Mowday, Porter and Steers(1979). The data were analysed by the SAS package using frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows; 1. Mean scores of internal marketing factors in nursing organization were as follows; horizontal communication 3.42, downward communication 3.32, involvement communication 3.08, upward communication 3.00, education training 2.54, welfare 2.51. The mean score of job satisfaction was 2.79 and organizational commitment was 3.00. 2. Job satisfaction was positively correlated with education training (r=0.54, p=0.0001), upward communication(r=0.49, p=0.0001). welfare (r=0.40, p=0.0001), horizontal communication(r=0.33, p=0.0001), involvement communication(r=0.25, p=0.0001) of internal marketing factors in nursing organization, but negatively correlated with downward communication(r=-0.16. p=0.0082). Organizational commitment was positively correlated with upward communication(r=0.48, p=0.0001), education training (r=0.42, p=0.0001), horizontal communication(r=0.36, p=0.0001), welfare (r=0.34, p=0.0001), involvement communication(r=0.25, p=0.0001) of internal marketing factors in nursing organization. but negatively correlated with downward communication(r=-0.20, p=0.0014). In conclusion. the results of this study showed that the internal marketing factors were highly correlated with nurses' job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Therefore, for nurses' job satisfaction and organizational commitment's improvement, it is important to develop the education training program. to improve welfare system and to actualize upward communication. among internal marketing factors.
Comparative Research of the Medical Cost, The Quality of Life, The Family burden of the Mentally III before and after the Community Mental Health Service
Noh In Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 56~72
Community mental health management system emphasizing on the rehabilitation and the return to the community has been established and carried out for many years. The study has been demanded to prove that the decreasing rate of the recurrence of the mentally ill resulted to lower their medical costs, to enrich the quality of life, and to reduce the psychological burden of their family. This study tried to prove that the mental health services to the mentally ill which were registered in community mental health center of A city have an influence on the medical cost, the quality of their lives. the family burden. The subject group of this study were 39 home-based mentally ill patients and their 37 family members, totally 76 people registered in mental health center of A city and participated in its program. This research had been measured twice, the first before the intervention and the second after at least a year. The measuring tools in the research were the medical cost measurment tools developed by the researcher, the quality of life index by Yoo ja, Noh(1988) and the family burden by Montgonery(1985). The methods were modified and supplemented in this study. This research made use of SPSS Win 10.0. The results of this study are the same as followings. 1) There were the significant difference in the medical cost before and after the mental health service delivery. 2) The quality of lives of the mentally ill, after the mental health services delivered were significantly higher than before. 3) The family burden were significantly reduced after the delivery of community mental health services. Community mental health services brought out efficient results to the social return and rehabilitation. And these results means that the mentally ill changed highly the quality of life and their burden of family and medical cost were reduced. So the public organization and the private society should help positively the mentally ill and their family through mental health policy and social service agency to live healthy lives and to be valuable member of society.
A Survey on Status of Drinking among Elementary School Students in Seoul
Moon Jung Soon ; Yang Soo ; You Yang Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 73~82
This study was conducted from Nov. 15 to Dec. 20, 1999, covering 630 fourth, fifth. and sixth graders in 5 elementary schools, in Seoul, in order to provide basic data for developing problematic drinking prevention program. The results of the study were as follows : 1. Among the students under inquiry,
answered they had the experience of drinking. 2. Forth grade was the most frequent year students start drinking
. Most of them had their first drinking experience at the family party, a gala day or religious service and accompanied with parents. Beer was the most frequently drank and curiosity was the most common reason to start drinking. 3. As for the drinking experience in terms of general characteristics, the male students were significantly higher in the rate of drinking experience than that of female. 4. As for the drinking experience in terms of environmental characteristics. the students whose parents were drinkers significantly higher in the rate of drinking experience than that of non-drinkers. 5. The intention of the students in future drinking was significantly lower in the non-drinkers with
than that of drinking experience students with
A Study on Pain and Anxiety of Burn Patients
Park Young Sook ; Kim Eun Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 83~95
The purpose of this study is to examine intensity of pain and anxiety of burn patients. This study selected 99 adult patients of 18 years old or older who have been hospitalized and treated for a second-degree burn at the surgery ward or burn ward of 3 university hospitals which are located in 2 metropolitan cities, and a university hospital in Seoul Special City from July 1 to October 20, 2000. This study used STAI(State-Trait Anxiety Inventory) developed by Spielberger, and translated by Kim, Jung Taek and Shin, Dong Kyun to examine the degree of anxiety and VAS to examine the pain. This study was carried out by interview and using SPSS 9.0 statistical program. Results were as follows : 1) As for general characteristics of the subjects, they were mostly male. 30s-40s, married, and high school graduates. 2) Forty-seven patients were burned by fire and
of the patients had burn 10 to
of BSA. seventy-nine percents of patients received one dressing change a day and
received medication once or twice a day. 3) As for intensity of anxiety and pain. the mean intensity of pain was 6.41. The intensity of trait anxiety and the state anxiety were 39.76. and 51.81. 4) Subject's age was significantly different in their pain intensity and other variables were insignificant. Correlations between trait-anxiety and state-anxiety(r=.286, p=.004), and state-anxiety and VAS(r=.294, p=.003) showed weak correlation. There wasn't statistically any significance in trait- anxiety and VAS(r=.183, p=.070).
The Effect of Emotional and Informational Support Intervention on Role Stress and Depression of Primary Family Caregivers Caring Stroke Patients
Park Young Sook ; Park Hye Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 96~110
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of emotional and informational support intervention on role stress and depression of primary family caregivers caring stroke patients and to develop an effective nursing intervention method for them. This study selected the quasi-experiment, based on pre-test and post-test design of non-equivalent control group as a method of study. This study was conducted with 69 primary family caregivers caring stroke patients hospitalized in K and D hospitals in Daegu from August 20 to October 25, 2000. Out of them, 34 were placed in the experimental group, and 35 in the control group. The emotional and informational intervention program was divided into two aspects-emotional support and informational support- and executed three times, using prepared instruments and a guidebook. The intervention program consisted of the 1st intervention for one or one-half hour, the 2nd intervention for 30 minutes in two or three days after the 1st intervention. and the 3rd intervention for 30minutes in another two or three days after the 2nd intervention. Pre-test was carried out just before the 1st intervention, and the post-test was carried out right after the 3rd intervention, in order to collect data. The measuring instrument of role stress used was one that was modified to the role stress instrument of Yang Young-hee(1992) and the stress instrument of Choi Eun-sook (1992). The reliability was Cronbach's
. The measuring instrument of depression used was one that was developed by Beck(1967) and standardized by Han Heung-moo et al(1986). The reliability was Cronbach's
. Data were analyzed with percentage, mean, standard deviation,
, t-test and Paired t-test by using SPSS 9.0 program. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. Role stress score of the experimental group was revealed to be significantly lower than that of the control group 2. Depression score of the experimental group was revealed to be significantly lower than that of the control group Accordingly, the emotional and informational support intervention can be a way to reduce role stress and depression of primary family caregivers caring stroke patients.
A Study of Pain, Self-esteem, perceived Health Status, and Self-efficacy in Patients with Chronic Arthritis
Sohng Kyeong Yae ; Kang Sung Sil ; Yoo Yang Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 111~124
This study was conducted to identify the characteristics of pain, self-esteem, perceived health status, and self-efficacy and its influencing factors in patients with chronic arthritis. The data were obtained from 104 patients with chronic arthritis registered in one university hospital in Seoul, from May to August, 2000. For analysing the data, SAS program was used for t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation, and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows: 1. The variables which showed significant difference with pain were sex, number of painful joints. 2. The variables which showed significant difference with perceived health status were age, diagnosis. number of painful joints. 3. The variables which showed significant difference with self-efficacy were duration of disease, number of painful joints. quality of sleeping. 4. Moderate negative correlation were observed between pain and perceived health status, self-efficacy, and low positive correlation was observed between self-esteem and perceived health status. Also self-esteem revealed moderate positive correlation with self-efficacy, and moderate positive correlation was observed perceived health status and self-efficacy. 5. The predictors to explain self-efficacy were number of painful joints, self-esteem, duration of disease, duration of exercise and pain. These predictors explained
of variance of self-efficacy. In conclusion, the nursing intervention to improve self-efficacy for chronic arthritis patients focused not only physiological symptoms such as pain. but also psychosocial factors such as self-esteem.
A Study on the Care burden of Family Caregivers for Senile Dementia
You Kwang Soo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 125~147
The objective of study is to investigate the degree of burden of family who care for the elderly with dementia and to find out the factors related to the family burden as a pilot study. The number of subjects was total 137 and they were the families who were caring for elderly with dementia. The data was analyzed by SPSS/PC, t-test ANOVA. The results were as follows: 1. The score of family burden who were caring for elderly with dementia was 2.90 and the score of burden was high in case of the limitation of indivisual social activities. which was 3.09 and the lowest score was in case of the health of physical and limited which was 2.58 2. There was the correlation the level of dementia and the degree of burden of family who care for the elderly with dementia in character of dementia (p<0.05). 3. There was the correlation between the abnormal activities of the elderly with dementia and the degree of burdens of family (r=0.330). 4. There was the correlation between ADL of the elderly with dementia and the degree of burdens of family (r=-0.330). 5. The service duration had statistically significant correlation with burden In the character of family (P<0.05). 6. The using facility had statistically significant correlations with burden in the character of socity (P<0.05).
Spouse Support, Sexual Satisfaction and Marital Intimacy of Post-mastectomy Patients
Yoo Yang Sook ; Cho Ok Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 148~156
Data were collected using questionnare to 102 post-mastectomy patients visiting the out-patient department at Catholic University St. Mary Hospital and Kang Nam St. Mary Hospital from October, 1998 to January, 1999 in order to provide the basic data for development of nursing intervention which can help patients' emotional and sexual adaptation to treatment outcome as well as increase quality of life by studying spouse support, sexual satisfaction and marital intimacy of patients. Spouse support and sexual satisfaction were measured with the tool developed by Soon-bok Jang (1989). Marital intimacy was measured with the tool developed by Waring (1984) and improved by Sook-nam Kim (1998). Data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, multiple comparison by Duncan. Pearson correlation coefficients, and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows ; 1. Spouse support in the group of 6 month or less post-operative period was higher than that of 13 to 36 month period. 2. Sexual satisfaction in the group college graduation or above was higher than that of high school and middle school graduation. 3. Marital intimacy in the group of 61 month or above post-operative period was higher than that of 6 month or less and 13 to 36 month period. 4. The higher spouse support results in the higher sexual satisfaction and the higher marital intimacy according to a positive correlation. 5. The main effective variable on marital intimacy was spouse support. and the effectiveness showed
, while it was
including sexual satisfaction and post-operative period.
Discomfort of Donors associated with Bone Marrow Donation
Yu Ha Jeung ; Park Sun Nam ; Moon Jung Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 157~171
The study was designed to provide the fundamental information for understanding discomfort of bone marrow donors and for promoting an individual comfort by comparing the difference on discomfort between unrelated donors and related donors. The subject of the study was fifty related donors and thirty unrelated donors who was in the C University Hospital. This survey had been carried out and collected from October, 1998 to March, 1999. The scale of discomfort of donors associated with bone marrow donation were assessed by the questionnaire deviced by Kim Sang Dol and amended by the researcher. Data was analyzed by
, t-test, two-way ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation Coefficients. The results were as follows. 1. Considering the general characteristics of bone marrow donors according to gender, male was consisted of
and female was consisted of
. Of those related donors are consisted for
and accounted for
of those unrelated donors. Considering the classification to the job, employee of company were major donors which was
, and next order was student, individual businessman, and housewife. Considering the education level. college students were
and students who have less than high school level were
. 2. According to the above the results regarding discomfort of bone marrow donation, it is especially shown that the major cause for discomfort of bone marrow donors is on physical factor. The concrete examples for physical factor are pain in the region of bone marrow harvest and pain in the injection part by fluid therapy and blood-sampling, an immovability of the body after bone marrow harvest, and difficulties on walking. Considering physiological factor, there are an uneasiness about leading to injure their health, vague fear about the hospital. and a tedium at hospital. Environmental factors for discomfort of bone marrow donors are insufficient explanation for needle gauge and procedure of bone marrow donation and difficulty on following medical schedule. Therefore. it is necessary to establish more effective and systematically organized program for nursing intervention based on the research results. An effective program is only useful in getting rid of discomfort of bone marrow donors.
The Effects of Walking Exercise on Blood Glucose Level and Motivation of Exercise in the Diabetes Mellitus Patients
Lee Young Ran ; Kang Mee Aei ; Moon Jeung Sook ; Kim Mi Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 172~181
This study was performed to explore the effects of walking exercise on blood glucose level in the diabetes mellitus patients. The design of this study was a equivalent pre-post test experiment. The subjects consisted of eighteen diabetes mellitus patients. The walking exercise consists of 22.5minutes, speed of 120walking per minute. Data were analyzed with mean, standard deviation, Wilcoxon signed rank test, Spearman correlation and percentage using SAS program. The results were as follows. 1. The blood glucose level has significantly decreased after walking exercise. 2. Strength of exercise and change of blood glucose level was revealed correlation. 3. Age and strength of exercise was revealed high correlation. 4. Satisfaction after walking exercise was revealed all patients. In conclusion, the walking exercise can decrease blood glucose level. This exercise was show a positive effect on the exercise compliance.
A Comparative Study on the Health Care System of South and North Korea
Lim Gyung Soon ; Kim Chung Nam ; Park Kyung Min ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 182~201
This Study has attemped to compare the health care systems of South and North Korea. There has been a wide difference in the health care System between the South and North of Korea. In this paper, I have also shown that each health care system has its own unique response to the social, political, and economic conditions of the country. Therefore the author analyzed and summarized the important difference of health care system between the South and the North of Korea as follows. 1. Compared with the Laissez-faire health care system of South Korea, North Korea has the state socialistic health care system which provide health care services to the people free of charge. And the North Korea is marking positive efforts toward the scientification and systemization of Oriental Medicine which is called Dongui-Hak in the North-on the basis of Ju-Che idea. 2. North Korea's health care system appears to be strongly geared toward extensive and preventive treatment and launched the massive sanitary propagation campaign. which have resulted in a great success. North Korea has a system of universal comprehensive care for its population. The government has a central role in planning and regulating health care. 3. The government also employs physicians, nurses, and other professionals to provide health care to patients at public expense. In North Korea, health professionals are government employees. They work for a salary and the system is funded through general taxation. 4. In the North Korea, health services area system of the cities and countre's unit is strictly conducted along with the doctor's area responsibility system. And so without referal card, patients can not use the upper-grade medical facilities. The health care delivery system of North Korea is made up of the fourth level procedue unlike South Korea. 5. General office of Oriental Medicine, Academy of Oriental Medical Science and Guidance Bureau of Oriental Medicine are established in the organization of the Department of Health in the North Korea. And nowadays much emphasis are equally placed on the Oriental Medicine as well as Western Medicine. Both South and North Korea have faced with a critical moment of developing a mutually agreeable and acceptable system of health care for the unified nation.
Drinking Patterns and Alcohol-related Problems in Women
Heo Eun Jeong ; Kim Myung Soon ; Kim Kwang Gi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 15, issue 1, 2001, Pages 202~215
This is an exploratory study to describe drinking patterns and alcohol-related problems (ARP) in women. A probability sample was drawn from Kyungnam Providence area 20 to 59 age by a multi- stage cluster sampling method and secondary data analysis was used. Drinking patterns in this study involve lifetime prevalence of alcohol use, year prevalence, month prevalence , frequency and usual quantity of drinking alcohol in a situation, ARPs were measured by employing a modified version of ARP developed by Alcohol Research Group in U.S.A. Three measurements were constructed to represent alcohol-related problems by summing up 41 alcoholic statements, which were consequence, social consequence and dependence. The results were as follows; 1) The lifetime prevalence of alcohol use in women was
and year prevalence
. High prevalence rates of drinking were observed in the twenties who have at least community college diploma. and frequencies of alcohol use were increased as age increased. 2) More than
of the respondents who were reported to experience at least a ARP in a year. 3) ARPs were associated with age, religion, frequency and usual quantity of drinking alcohol in situation. Issues were proposed with respect to research methodology and policy implications for public health.