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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Sep 2002
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Patterns of Impatient's Families In the Intensive Care Units
Kim Kyoung Seon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~12
This study, aimed to categorize pattern of impatient's families in the ICU and to provide useful data for development of family-supportive program was conducted from June, 12 to Aug., 28, using Q-method. After reviewing the literature the researcher proceeded to interview 4 impatient's families in the ICU, developed the statement from consisting of 38 items, and then 30 impatient's families in the ICU were sampled. The collected data were coded after having been scaled from 1 to 9 points, and analyzed using the PC QUANL program. Three types were identified; The first type focused on self-regret about the impatient, the second type of families had some concerns for their health, and the third type was thinking of preparing for their future-lives, such as insurance and savings. It was common to feel powerlessness, regret, compassion, grief and anxiety in all types. They wanted to be given some information, the prognosis of patient and the way to overcome. The study will offer better understanding for family-centered approach and be useful for the system of orientation about impatients and their families.
A Study on Community-dwelling Elders with Dementia, their Primary Caregiver, and Living Environments
Kim Nam Cho ; Kim Jung Hee ; Lim Young Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 13~29
The purpose of this study was to describe about elders with dementia, their families, and their living environment by visiting the households where demented elders resided. The findings will be used as a basis to develop future individualized adjustment programs for demented elders and their families living in communities. The study participants were 64 demented elders and their families who were registered to a dementia counseling center at Nam-Gu community health center located in Inchon, Korea. Data were collected for two months, from May to June 2001. The length of data collection for each home visit ranged from 1.5 to 2.5 hours. Conclusion are as follows based on these study findings: Those demented elders had more than one chronic health problem in addition to their pre-existing dementia condition. Two thirds of the demented elders were not receiving any specific treatment for dementia. They showed a moderate level of independence in basic ADL, but were mostly residing at home because of lack of ability to perform more delicate and complicate routine daily activities by themselves. In addition, the primary caregivers were not well adjusted to the care-giving activities for their demented family members due to the lack of knowledge and information about dementia. The caregivers were mostly women including daughters-in-law, woman spouses and daughters, over a half of whom perceived their physical and mental health status as poor. Their image toward the demented elders was considerably negative. while their level of knowledge on dementia was moderate. The burden for the care-giving was high, whereas their coping method was passive. As the difference in image toward elderly before and after the onset of dementia in their family member increases, the caregiver burden also increased. The main resource of social support for the caregivers was their children. The caregivers showed high level of needs for knowledge and information on dementia, and day care service was the most preferred type of service by the caregivers. There was lack of safety in the living environments for the demented elders and their families, and in the surrounding environments to prevent dementia-related symptoms. Considering that home-based family care-giving is the most culturally appropriate model of providing care for the demented elders in Korea, we need to develop and apply an individualized adjustment program for the demented elders and their families.
Seasons Variation of House Dust Mites Allergen and Perceived Allergic Symptoms
Kim Yong Soon ; Park Jee Won ; Song Young Shin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 30~44
The purpose of this study were to identify seasons variation of house dust mites allergen and perceived allergic symptom. The subjects were consisted of 29 family with allergy patients and 34 family without allergy patients. Perceived allergic symptoms were accessed and house dust was sampled from beds, floor of bedroom, kitchen and livingroom in spring(August), summer (July), fall(October) and winter(January) and tested using two-site ELISA. The results were as follows; 1) In all family, amount of house dust mites allergen(Der fI) of livingroom floor was the highest in summer
, and then fall
. 2) In family with allergy patients, amount of house dust mites allergen(Der fI) of bedroom floor was highest in fall
. 3) In family with allergy patients, amount of house dust mites allergen(Der fI) of mattress was highest in fall
. 4) Perceived allergic symptom scores of family with allergy patients were higher than family without allergy patients in all seasons. In family without allergy patients, perceived allergic symptom scores was the highest in spring(4.29) and perceived allergic symptom scores of family with patients was the highest in winter(2.49). 5) The relationship of house dust mites allergen and perceived allergic symptom scores were positively related (r=.941, p=.000). Perceived allergic symptoms were correlated with amount of house dust mites allergen, That is, perceived allergic symptoms were became worse by house dust mites allergen. So House dust mites allergen reducing strategies and intervention should be recommended in further study.
A Study on the Current Status of High School Students' Exposure to Pornographic Materials
Kim Han Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 45~63
The purpose of this study is to understand the current status of high school students' exposure to pornographic materials as well as to provide basic data to develop sex education programs. This study was conducted through a self-administered questionnaire survey of 774 students of six high schools in Seoul, three boys' and three girls' respectively, from August 22 to August 25, 2000. This study shows that high school students' exposure to pornographic materials such as CD-ROMs, internet, video tapes and adult movies has become very serious. The results of this study are as follows. 1. Among the students surveyed,
of them currently has opposite-sex friends, while
used to have and
has never had opposite-sex friends. 2.
of the students pick up their sexual knowledge from their friends, followed by mass media
, pornography visual
and pornography printed
3. Regarding the frequency of sexual education taken in school,
of the students answered 'often', while
answered 'almost none', 'several times'
, respectively. Regarding sexual education at home,
answered 'almost none', followed by 'never'
, 'several times'
, respectively. 4.
of the students have been exposed to adult movies, followed by pornography videos
, internet chatting
and pornography computer diskettes
. 5. The degree of exposure to pornographic materials of boy students is much higher than that of girl students. 6. It appears that there is an interrelation between the kind of schools and the degree of the students' exposure to pornographic materials. 7. The higher the students' grade is. the more they have been exposed to pornographic materials. 8. It shows that there is an interrelation between the students' academic performance and the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials. 9. There is also an interrelation between the amount of students' pocket money and the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials. 10. There is an interrelation between the degree of their adaptation to school life and the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials. 11. It appears that there is an interrelation between their parents' relations with them and the degree of the students' exposure to pornographic materials. 12. There is a significant difference in the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials in accordance with their residential area. 13. There is also a significant difference in the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials in accordance with the average income of their families. 14. There is also a significant difference in the degree of their exposure to pornographic materials in accordance with the mean sexual education at home.
A Study on Relationship between Stress of Clinical Practice and Clinical Competency in Nursing Students
Kim Hye Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 64~76
This study was performed to identify the level of stress of clinical practice and clinical competency and the relationships between stress of clinical practice and clinical competency in nursing students. The subjects of this study were 379 senior nursing students in 2 nursing colleges in M city. The data were collected from November 5th to 24th, 2000, using questionnaire. The instruments used were the Stress of Clinical Practice Scale and the Clinical Competency Measurement Tool. The data were analyzed using frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient, using the SPSS program. The results of the study were as follows : 1. The mean score for the level of stress of clinical practice was 3.83 points. The stress of clinical practice were classified into six dimensions and their order of getting score was nurse(3.99), relationship between nursing theory and practice(3.94), human relationship (3.92), clinical education and evaluation by professors(3.87), environment(3.70), and patient(3.59). 2. The mean score for the level of clinical competency was 3.91 points. The clinical competency were classified into five dimensions and their order of getting score was professional development (4.08), skills (4.06) , interpersonal relationship/communication(3.95), teaching/coordinating(3.81), and nursing process(3.70), 3. The stress of clinical practice showed significant difference in the score of grade(t=-2.82, p=.005), interpersonal relationship(t=1.97, p=.049) and satisfaction of major(F=3.38, p=.035) of nursing students. 4. The clinical competency showed significant difference in the score of grade(t=-5.97, p=.000). interpersonal relationship(t=3.64, p=.000) and satisfaction of major(F=8.73, p=.000) of nursing students. 5. The data showed the positive correlations between stress of clinical practice and clinical competency(r=.209, p=.000). In conclusion. this study found that the stress of clinical practice was significantly related to clinical competency in nursing students. Therefore further study is needed to examine the efficient coping strategies about stress of clinical practice in nursing students.
The Effect of Home Rehabilitation Exercise Program of Home Stayed Chronic Hemiplegic Stroke Patients
Roh Kook Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 77~94
This study was a quasi-experimental study of nonequivalent control group pretest- posttest design to investigate the effect of home rehabilitation exercise program on the physical and psychological functions of home stayed chronic hemiplegic stroke patients. The data were collected during the period of May 20th to August 15th, 200l. The subjects for this study were 40 hemiplegic stroke patients with the experimental group consisting of 19 patients and the control group being composed of 21 patients. The patients selected for this study were: (a)living in J city who had been diagnosed with stroke and at home after being discharged from the hospital, (b) suffering from stroke for 6 months to 5 years, (c) without recognition disorder with the MMSE-K(Mini-Mental State Examination-K)score above 25, (d) below 2 on the modified Ashworth scale, (e)free from heart and pulmonary disease, (f)able to walk beyond 15 minutes for themselves, (g) not taking regular exercises. The program for the experimental group provided 8 weeks' home rehabilitation exercise, two times of group education during the first week and individual education and supportive care after the second week through home visiting and telephoning more than once a week. The amount of time spent on rehabilitation exercise by the experimental group was 35 to 50 minutes a day, three times a week. In order to understand the effects of experiment the two groups were compared and verified by measuring the physical and psychological functions of both groups. The data were analysed by
, paired t-test and unpaired t-test and ANCOVA through SAS/PC program. The results of the study were as follows: 1. In terms of physical variables: grip strength. lower extremity muscle strength, walking time, ADL and serum lipid levels 1) There was no significant difference in the unaffected and affected grip strength between the two groups, even though the unaffected and affected grip strength was more improved in the experimental group than in the control group. 2) There was no significant difference in the unaffected lower extremity muscle strength between the two groups, even though the unaffected lower extremity muscle strength was more improved in the experimental group than in the control group. There was no significant difference either in the affected lower extremity muscle strength between the two groups, even though the affected lower extremity muscle strength was more improved in the experimental group than in the control group. 3) There was significant difference in walking time between the two groups. Walking time was significantly reduced in the experimental group whereas it increased in the control group. 4) There was significant difference in ADL score between the two groups. ADL score was significantly increased in the experimental group, but it significantly decreased in the control group. 5) There was significant difference in serum total cholesterol level between the two groups. After experiment the serum T-C level became lower in the experimental group whereas it became sigficantly higher in the control group. 2. In terms of psychological variables: depression and self-esteem 1) There was no significant difference in the depression between the two groups, even though the depression showed constant in the experimental group, but it showed a significant increase in the control group. 2) There was no significant difference in the self-esteem between the two groups, even though the self-esteem showed some increase in the experimental group, but it significant decrease in the control group. As shown above, the results of 8 weeks' home rehabilitation exercise program for chronic hemiplegic stroke patients produced positive effects on walking time, ADL score and serum T-C level, shortening walking time, improving activities of daily living(ADL) and lowering serum total cholesterol level.
Professional Self Concept of Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner and General Nurse in Psychiatric Ward
Park Mi Sun ; Yang Soo ; Yu Sook Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~104
Purpose : This study was conducted to investigate the extent to which the professional self concept between the psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner (PMHNP) and general nurse in psychiatric ward was comparable. The results were expected to provide basic data for developing the construct of professional self concept and making awareness of the importance of the program increasing professional self concept. Method : The subjects of this study were 227 PMHNP and 436 general nurse in psychiatric ward. The instruments used for this study were PSCNI by Arthur (1990), PSI by Heppner and Peterson(1982) and the index of work satisfaction by Slavitt et al.(1978). With the aid of the SAS, t-test. two-way ANOVA and stepwise multiple regression were conducted. Result : 1. The average item score of PSCNI of PMHNP was
. and that of general nurse was
. Statistically significant difference between two groups was found(p=0.0000) 2. There was statistically significant difference between two groups in the score of professional practice(p=0.0000), satisfaction(p=0.0024), leadersbip(p=0.0000) , flexibility(p=0.0000) and skill (p=0.0000). 3. Statistically significant differences between the two groups were observed in terms of age(p=0.0003), marital status(p=0.0001). education(p=0.0005), religion(p=-.0144), motive (P=-.0001), length of service as a nurse(p=0.0121), the length of service in psychiatric unit(p=0.0143). However there were no significant interaction effect with group and age, marital state. education, religion, motive, length of service as a nurse, length of service in psychiatric unit. 4. Job satisfaction (JS) and problem solving inventory score(PS) were found to be the highest factor predicting the professional self concept between the PMHNP and general nurse. JS and PS accounted for
in the professional self concept of PMHNP, whereas PS, JS, age and religion accounted for
in the professional self concept of general nurse in psychiatric ward. In conclusion, this study suggested that we need to develop programs and polices to increase the professional self concept of nurse, particularly of psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners.
An Analytical Study on Fatigue and its Associated Variables In Patients with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus in Korea
Sohng Kyeong Yae ; Kang Sung Sil ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 105~114
This study was to investigate the level of fatigue and its associated variables in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus(SLE) in Korea. From March to June, 2001, 100 patients, registered at one university hospital rheumatology clinic in Seoul, were accepted as subjects for this study. The sampling method was adopted a non-probability, purposive technique. The instruments used for this study were The Multidimensional Assessment Fatigue scale developed by Tack and Beck Depression Instrument develped by Beck. The collected data were analyzed by SAS program using t-test, ANOVA with Scheffe-test, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows: 1. Total scores of fatigue of the subjects averaged
, degree of fatigue was
, and influence of fatigue was
. 2. Regarding characteristics, more depressive(p=.0001) and more painfuI(p=.0122) patients revealed more fatigue. Also, the subjects with spouse(p=.0337) and having poor quality of sleep(p=.0445) revealed more fatigue. 3. The subjects' total fatigue score, depression, pain and age was correlated positively(r=.53; r=.48; r=.24), and total fatigue score, and exercise time, quality of sleep was correlated negatively(r=-.45; r=-.21). 4. The main influencing factors on the fatigue were depression
and quality of sleep
. These two main variables made it possible to explain
of the varience in fatigue. In conclusion, this study revealed depression and quality of sleep is an important factor that can improve quality of life in patients with SLE. It is recommended that nursing intervention for SLE patients would be focused to decrease depression and to enhance quality of sleep.
Plasma Concentrations of Lipid Profiles and Lipoprotein(a) In Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Macrovascular Complications
Song Min Sun ; Yoo Yang Sook ; Kim Hee Seung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 115~122
The purpose of this study to examine lipid profiles and lipoprotein (a) concentrations and identify the risk factors of type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with macrovascular complications. The subjects were consisted of 618 out patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from beginning of March through the end of April in 2001, who visited at the endocrinology department at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University in Seoul. The patient's clinical laboratory data and the occurrence of chronic complications of diabetes were assessed at medical record review. The data were analyzed using for t-test. chi-square test and logistic regression. The results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in age. duration of diabetes. body mass index, sex, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose and
level between macrovascular complication group and non macrovascular complication group. 2. There were significant differences in the level of total cholesterol. triglyceride. HDL(High density lipoprotein) cholesterol, LDL(Low density lipoprotein) cholesterol and lipoprotein(a) between macrovascular complication group and non macrovascular complication group. 3. Significant factor associated with macrovascular complication in the logistic regression best gut model was HDL cholesterol.
Dental Caries and Oral Health Behavior of Kindergarten Children in a County Area of Kangwondo
Song Byung Sun ; Moon Jung Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 123~134
In order to investigate dental caries and oral health status of Kindergarten children, a study was conducted from 1st December, 2000 to 21st January 2001. The subjects were consisted of 117 toddler and pre-school children who were enrolled in 4 kindergartens in a county of Kangwondo. A structured questionnaire was used for dental health behavior and dental examination was given by dentist for detecting dental caries The result were as follows: 1. As for the oral health behavior,
of subjects brushed their tooth twice a day,
of them once a day,
of them 3 times a day and
of them do not brushed.
of children brushed their teeth in the morning and evening,
of them before go to bed,
of them after meal and before brak first.
of children used combined with scrubbing and vertical method,
of them used scrubbing method.
of their mother answered they observed oral status of children regularly. 2. Prevalence rate of dental caries (dft) was
. The prevalence rate of dft were significantly higher in the old age children, mother's lower educational level. nourishing with breast feeding, using bottle, irregular eating of snacks 3. Mean dft was 2.95 ; decayed and filled teeth was 1.97 and 0.98, respectively. The mean dft were significantly higher in the old age children, mother's lower educational level
The Effects of Recreation Dance on Depression and Life Satisfaction in Elderly Women in a Low Class Community
Yoon Sook Rye ; Choi Hye Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 135~147
It is essential to improve the quality of life of the elderly in aging society. Regular exercise as nursing intervention is needed to prevent diseases, maintain and promote their health, and thus promote the quality of life for the elderly, especially who generally had poor cognition for their health maintenance and promotion in a low class community. Subjects consisted of 30 women. over 65 years old in a community welfare center, who lived in the low class apartments financially supported by the local government in G city, Gangwon Province, Korea. The program consisted of dancing on music for approximately 50 minutes, 3 times a week for 10 weeks. Experimental data were analyzed with
, t-test, mean values, standard deviation, percentage of change and paired t-test using SAS program. After the recreation dance, the mean value of the experimental group was decreased from 7.62 to 7.44 (t=-0.258, P=0.799), and that of the control group was also decreased from 7.00 to 6.58 (t=-0.971, P=0.349) in depression. However, there were no statistically significant differences in scores of depression between two groups. In life satisfaction, the mean value of the experimental group was increased from 19.07 to 26.50 (t=2.392, P=0.030), but that of the control group was decreased from 15.92 to 13.71 (t=-1.060, P=0.305). Thus it shows that there was a statistically significant improvement on life satisfaction after the recreation dance.
A Survey of Physical Activities and Exercise Programs of the Public Health Centers
Yun Soon Nyoung ; Jeon Tea Woun ; Lee Hong Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 148~164
This study was performed to investigate the conditions of physical activity and exercise programs in Public Health Center. For this study 244 Public Health Centers in Seoul and all of the countries were surveyed from October 15 1999 to June 30 2000. The study was done by telephone, e-mail, fax and questionnaire. First, the 25 Public Health Centers in Seoul were investigated, and then 107 Public Health Centers in other cities were investigated. Public Health Centers in Seoul and Public Health Centers in other cities are very different in exercise program and equipment, budgets, personnel. There were many kinds of exercise program for people who have health problems, but a few exercise programs for healthy people. Exercise programs for people who have health problems were to prevent hypertension, arthritis. obesity, diabetes and back pain. Physical activity and exercise programs for healthy people were stretching for pregnancy and elderly. There were
Public Health Centers in Seoul which had physical activity and exercise program,
Public Health Centers in other cities which had physical activity and exercise program.
Effects of the Intensive Teaching Program on Compliance of Health Behavior for Patients with Myocardial Infarction
Jeong Hye Sun ; Yoo Yang Sook ; Moon Jung Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 165~175
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the intensive teaching program on compliance of health behavior for patients with myocardial infarction. The subjects were 47 patients and twenty-three patients were assigned to the experimental group and twenty-four to the control. Data were collected through questionnaire surveys. As for data analyses.
test, unpaired t-test. Repeated measures ANOVA were adopted using the SAS program. The results were as follows : 1. After 4 weeks 1) The compliance scores of health behavior were significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. 2) The experimental group was at a higher compliance score for smoking cessation. dietary health behavior, doing regular exercise, avoiding physical stress and managing mental stress than the control group. 2. After 12 weeks 1) The compliance score of health behavior was significantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. 2) The experimental group was at a higher compliance score in smoking cessation. dietary health behavior (except abstaining from alcoholic beverages), doing regular exercise. avoiding physical stress and managing mental stress than the control group. The above findings show that the intensive teaching care program was effective In increasing compliance of health behavior in the patients with myocardial infarction.
A Study on the Types and Causes of Medication Errors and Related Drugs - by Analyzing AJNs Medication Error 73 Cases -
Cho Won Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 176~189
The purpose of this study were to illustrate the various medication error types and causes and identified to related drugs to provide basic data for preventing nurses' medication error by analysing 73 cases of AJN 'medication Error' column(1993, Oct -2000, Nov). Nurses' types of medication error were classified into 7 types. The most frequent error types are wrong medication
and the wrong dose
together. The others are wrong
, incorrect IV
. wrong route
in order. Nurses' causes of medication error were 9 kinds. The most frequent type is confusing between similar drug shape, color, size, name, injection devices and patient's
and the others are lack of knowledge about
, incorrect adjusts
, difficulty to read or illegible decimal
, fatigue with
and no communication with
in order. Related drugs with medication error are as follows. - dose unit(IU. minims. mcg/min. mEq) : Heparin. insulin. synthetic calcitonin, some enzymes and hormones, vitamins, some antibiotics, tuberculin injection. MgSO4 injection. nitroglycerin - similar size, color and shape drug :
N/S and acetic acid
for irrigation. premixed 2mg lidocaine sol. and
N/S, gentamycin 20mg/2mL for children and 80mg/2mL for adult, dextroamphetamine 5mg and 10mg capsule. sedatives chloral hydrate 250mg/5mL and 500mg/5mL - similar name :Aredia(pamidronate disodium) and Adriamycin(doxorubicin), Lamictal (lamotrigine) and Lamisil 250mg. Elderpryl and enalapril, cefotaxime and cefoxitin, carboplatin and cisplatin, sumatriptan and zolmitriptan, Celebrex and Celexa, Humulin and Humalog, Percodan and Percocet, Diabeta and Diabinese, Epivir and Retrovir, Xanax(alprazolam) and Zantac(ranitidine) - decimal point : low molecular weight warfarin, methotrexate - unfamiliar drug uses of familiar drug ; methotrexate. droperidol, imipramine, propranolol - number of drug name(misleading chemical name) : 6-thioguanine, 6-mercaptopurine, 5-fluorouracil - type of administration route : Oxycodone(OxyContin). - administration time : acarbose(Precose). - injection way (Z-track method): hydroxyzine - epidural cathether : LMWHs(enoxaparin, dalteparin), - ADD Vantage self contained delivery system : ceftriaxone(Rocephin)
The Concentration of TSP and Heavy Metals in the Indoor Air of Local PC Rooms
Cha Hyun Su ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 190~200
This study was carried out to investigate and analyze TSP of the PC rooms. The concentration of the total suspended particulate and heavy metals contained in the total suspended particulate of the 15 PC rooms located in one local city were measured. The statistical correlation coefficients between the total suspended particulate and factors of the indoor condition (number of fan or size of pc room, illumination), between the heavy metals and factors of the indoor condition were studied. The results are as follows: 1. The factors of the indoor condition of the 15 PC rooms are as follows. Average illumination was 24 luxes. Average number of computers installed were 37. Average number of the fans was 7. and the size of investigated PC rooms was
. 2. The mean age of the subjects was 21.8 years old. they
used the 15 pc rooms for fewer than 2 hours per one day. 3. The mean concentration of total suspended particulate (TSP) is lower in the evening
than the night
. 4. The mean concentration of total suspended particulate was industrial work area) residential area) commercial area. 5. The distribution of heavy metals were indicated as Zn>Cr>Pb>Cd in the indoor air at PC rooms. and the concentration rate of Zn was the highest among heavy metals. but this increase didn't show any relationship with many factors of indoor condition (number of fan or size of pc room, lighting) 6. The concentration of TSP & heavy metals didn't have any relationship between the factors of indoor environment (number of fans, size of pc room, lighting).
A Study on the Identification of Risk Factors for unplanned Readmissions in a University Hospital
Hwang Jeong Hae ; Rhee Seon Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 1, 2002, Pages 201~212
This study was designed to identify the risk factors of unplanned readmission in a university hospital. The six-month discharge information from January to June, 2000 in a tertiary university hospital was used as a source of data through the medical record and hospital information system. To increase the effect of comparison. the data were collected by sampling 192 couples (384 patients) of unplanned readmission group through the matching by its disease groups, sex, and age. The accuracy of prediction for unplanned readmission was analyzed by constructing the predicted model of unplanned readmission through the logistic regression. The study results are as follows. The conditional logistic regression analysis was performed with nine variables at the significance level 0.05 through univariate analysis including residence, days after discharge, initial admission route, previous admission, transfer to special care unite, hospital stay days, medical care expenses, special cares, and laboratory and imaging services. As a result, the closer the patients live in Seoul and Gyeong-in area (Odds ratio=2.529, p=0.003), the shorter the days after discharge was (Odds ratio=0.600, p=0.000), and the more frequent admission rate was (Odds ratio=2.317, p=0.004), the more unplanned readmission was resulted. Also, the accuracy of prediction for data classification of this regression model showed