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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Sep 2002
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
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Sexual Orientation, Knowledge and Attitudes toward AIDS among Military Personnel in Korea
Kim Nam Cho ; Oh Jeong Ah ; Han Hye Ja ; Kim Mee Hye ; Kim Joon Kweon ; Lee Hye Ja ; Kim Mee Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 225~238
The purpose of this descriptive study was to assess sexual orientation and Knowledge and attitudes with regards to AIDS in military personnel, and to provide basic data for developing a further sex education program for them. The data were collected in June 2002 on 242 service members of A Branch of the Ground Army located in Chung-Chung Do Region. They responded to a survey questionnaire that consisted of 68 items: 14 items on sexual orientation. 39 items on knowledge about AIDS, and 15 items on attitudes toward AIDS. The data were analyzed using SAS program. The study results are as follows: 1. Sexual orientation of the military personnel 1) In terms of sexual orientaion, harassment and assault, only
of the subjects responded as, 'know well'. Appropriate awareness of the legal liability was reported by
of the subjects regarding sexual harassment and
of the subjects regarding sexual assault. 2) Pre-marital cohabitant was supported by
of the subjects. 3) The Korean military personnel showed liberal attitudes toward sexuality as
of them reported having sexual-relationship with the dating partner is acceptable. 4) The attitudes of the most subjects toward homosexuality was found to be unfavorable. 5) Subjects were m the need of appropriate sex education. of which substantial knowledge on sexual intercourse was the most needy area. 2. Knowledge and attitudes toward AIDS of the military personnel 1) The subjects' level of knowledge on AIDS was relatively low, showing the average score of
points (range: 0-39 points). The higher level of knowledge was reported by those who had high level of education, father alive. and less number of brothers in their family. 2) The subjects' attitudes toward AIDS was relatively positive. The attitude toward AIDS was also found to be more positive in those who had high level of education and less number of brothers. 3) There was a positive but weak correlation between knowledge and attitude toward AIDS. The study finding showed that the sexual orientaion of the Korean military personnel was moderately positive and liberal. However, their awareness of sexual harassment and assault and AIDS was still found to be low. As Korean enlisted military service men are likely to be in the ages with strong sexual desire, it may be important for them to have appropriate sexual orientation and attitudes toward AIDS. Therefore, it is recommended to develop further practical and sound sex education programs within the military unit in order to meet their education needs as well as to utilize sex education specialists as the instructors of those programs.
An Exploration of Adult Women Health-Behaviors
Kim Myoung Hee ; Chon Mi Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 239~253
Health care for women regularly focuses on the reproductive system to the exclusion of other health needs. The lack of research focusing on women's common health issues is a major problem to the enhanced optimal level of women's health. Health care providers have to recognize biological and social differences between men and women. This study was conducted to identify the baseline data and their correlation of health perception, health behavior, and health status of adult women for developing nursing intervention. The study was a descriptive correlational design. A convenient sampling method was used for collecting data from 103 adult women, over 18 years of age, during the period from Sep 1 to Nov 30, 2001. The study's subjects were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. The instruments for this study were the health perception scale modified by Lee(1985) based on the tool developed by Ware(1977) and Jenkins (1966), and the health behavior scale by Ko, Kumja(1987). Health status was measured by the short form Cornell Medical Index(CMI) modified by Nam, Hochang(1965). The data were analyzed SPSS PC+, by frequency, mean, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients. Also, the Duncan test was utilized for a post hoc test of ANOVA. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The mean score for health perception was 3.02(S.D=0.39) on a 5 point scale. 2. The mean score for health behavior was 3.08(S.D=0.43) on a 5 point scale. 3. The mean score for health status was 18.54 on 58 items. The mean score for physical symptoms of a subscale of health status was 11.30 on 36 items and the mean score for psychological symptoms was 7.37 on 22 items. 4. The relationship of sociodemographic variables to health perception. health behavior, and health status of women.: 1) There were significant differences in the scores of health perception by disease experience(t=-3.37, p=0.00). 2) There were significant differences in the scores of health behavior by age(F=10.52, p=0.00), height(F=4.73, p=0.01), marital status(t=-5.56, p=0.00), educational background(t=2.90, p=0.00), and drinking or non-drinking(t=2.17, p=0.03). 3) There were significant differences in the scores of health status by educational background(t=2.28, p=0.02) and disease experience(t=2.61, p=0.01). 5. Health perception showed significant positive correlation with health behavior(r=0.39, p=0.00). Health perception showed significant negative correlation with health status(r=-0.44, p=0.00), that is, the more women perceived health, the less she complained about unhealthy symptoms. Health behavior had no significant correlation with health status but showed a positive correlation with psychological symptoms of a subscale of health status(r=-0.19, p=0.05). Many of the leading causes of disease are preventable through changes in health perception and behavior. The need to increase individual awareness of relationships among health perception, health behavior, and health status and to enhance knowledge regarding the long-term effects of positive health behaviors, is an important nursing strategy for women's health promotion.
The Determinants of Health Promoting Lifestyle in Students of Women's High School
Kim Young Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 254~270
This descriptive correlational study was conducted to identify the variables related to a health promoting lifestyle in women student of high school. 286 students were selected by a convenience sampling method. The data were collected by self - reported questionnaires from 10 to July 13, 2002. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise multiple regression with SPSS program. The result of this study were as follows: 1. The average score of health promoting behavior was 2.46 of a 4 point scale. Sanitary life(3.05), interpersonal support(2.80), alcohol & smoking(2.79) Self actualization(2.76), habit of meal(2.52), rest & sleeping(2.33) regulation of meal(2.30) stress management(2.05), health responsibility(1.91) were also analyzed. 2. Health promoting lifestyle showed significant positive correlations with self-esteem (r=0.446, p<0.00l), life orientation test(r=.493, P<0.0l) and score(F=6.157, P=0.002) 3. Perceived health state showed significant correlation with alcohol & smoking subscale(r=-.134, P<0.05) of health promoting lifestyle. Self-esteem showed significant correlation with total health promoting lifestyle(r=.538, P<0.01), and showed significant correlation self-actualization subscale(r=.657, P<0.01) health responsibility subscale (r=.272, P<0.01), food regulation subscale(r=.126, P<0.05), interpersonal relationship subscale (r=.468, P<0.0l), stress management subscale(r=.349, P<0.01) sanitary life subscale (r=.282, P<0.01) sleep & rest subscale(r=.123, P<0.05). Life orientation test showed significant correlation with total health promoting lifestyle(r=.493, p<0.01), selfactualization subscale(r=.643, p<0.01) health responsibility subscale(r=.192, P<0.0l), habit of meal subscale(r=.215, p<0.01), interpersonal relationship subscale(r=.423, p<0.01), stress management subscale(r=.345, p<0.01) sanitary life subscale(r=.191, p<0.01) sleep & rest subscale(r=.137, P<0.05). Stress response showed significant correlation with sleep & rest subscale(r=-.137, P<0.05) of health promoting lifestyle. 4. The combination of self-esteem. life orientation test explained
of the variance in health promoting lifestyle. On the basis of the above findings. self-esteem and Life Orientation Test were identified as the variables which explained most of Pender's health promoting model. Nursing strategies enhancing self-esteem and Life Orientation Test which have a more significant effect on health promoting lifestyles should be developed.
A Study on the Fatigue of Hospital Nurses in Gwangju and Jeonnam Region
Kim Yeong Hie ; Cho Soo Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 271~284
This study was to provide basic materials to help reduce the fatigue by analyzing what effective factor the fatigue of hospital nurses in Gwangju and Jeonnam region. and what causes their fatigue. This descriptive research by Questionaires includes two hospitals in Gwangju. and seven hospitals in Jeonnam region, total 9 hospitals sampled at convenience sampling. The periods of collecting data was from Jul.22, 2002 to Jul. 30, 2002. Multidimensional Fatigue Scale; MFS, developed by Jang Se-Jin(2000) was taken to measure the fatigue. All collected materials were got the statistics by SAS for Windows Release 8.01. The result of this study was as follows. 1. This study included total 740 nurses, whose age ranged from 22 to 50; 30 years old by average. Nurses fatigue mean score was 90.24 (the scope by the measuring instrument is 19-133). Nurses at University Hospitals marked 92.36 and those at General Hospitals marked 87.91 in the mean score of fatigue. 2. They kept tired at work, and felt more tired while working at computer in the hospital. 3. The part of body in which they felt fatigue was the calf and
, the shoulders and back of the
, and the whole
and the reason that they felt tired at work was mental
, and irregular working
in order. 4. The solution to their fatigue at work appeared nothing by
, and the way of releasing fatigue after work indicated getting some
, and taking a bath or a
in order. 5. The degree of fatigue depending on whether they were satisfied with their pay and labor condition appeared low: and when they were satisfied with doctors. and when they were getting on well with caregivers. 6. The effective factor of the degree of fatigue appeared: the influence that fatigue in the hospital makes on daily life was
, the cause of fatigue at work,
, time of fatigue at work,
, the relationship with caregivers,
. and these explanatory
. To conclude. the degree of nurses' fatigue appeared high. and it was higher in nurses at University Hospitals than in ones at General Hospitals. In addition, the influence that fatigue from the hospitals made on daily life was the most explanatory.
Study on Health Promoting Behavior Determinant of Nursing Students
Kim Young Hee ; Joung Mi Sook ; Lee Joung Ae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 285~303
This descriptive correlational study was conducted to identify the variables related to a health promoting behavior in nursing students. 238 nursing students were selected by a convenience sampling method. The data were collected by self - reported questionnaires from 12 to November 19, 2001. The data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, pearson correlation coefficient, stepwise multiple regression with an SPSS program. The result of this study were as follows: 1. The average score of health promoting behavior was 2.47(SD=0.36)of a 4 point scale. Self actualization (mean=2.94, SD=0.50), interpersonal support (mean=2.91, SD=0.53), stress management(mean=2.58, SD=0.48), health responsibility(mean=2.07, SD=0.48)) nutrition & exercise(mean=2.07, SD=0.48)) were also analyzed. 2. Health promoting behavior showed significant positive correlations with selfesteem(r=0.446, p<0.001) perceived health status(r=0.180, p<0.01), perceived benefits (r=0.183. p<0.01). self-efficacy(r=0.311, p<0.001), social support(r=0.447, p<0.001), control(r=0.169, p<0.01). 3. The combination of self-esteem, social support, affect related to action explained
of the variance in health promoting behavior. On the basis of the above findings. self-esteem and social support were identified as the variables which explained most of Pender's health promoting model. Nursing strategies enhancing self-esteem and social support which have a more significant effect on health promoting lifestyles should be developed.
Status of Smoking Prevention Education in Elementary Schools
Moon Jung Soon ; Shong Kyung Ai ; Park Sun Nam ; Lee So Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 304~314
A survey was conducted from September 15 to December 15 2001. Structured questionnaires were mailed to school nurses in 607 elementary schools around the country in order to determine the current status of anti-smoking education in elementary schools. The result were as followers 1. Of the 607 schools, 535
offered smoking-prevention education. By region, Jeju-do
topped the list, followed by Seoul
, and Gyeonggi-do
. 'Recognition of the need for anti-smoking program
' was a major motivation for initiating the program, while 'too much workload
' was cited as a main reason for the failure to do so. 2. The classes were offered mostly for 6th-grade students
were implemented at 5th- and 4th- grades, respectively. 3.
of the classes offered lasted one hour, while
involved a two-hour program. 4. Programs were mainly about smoking-related diseases, habitual nature of smoking, impediment to growth and development, etc. 5. Audio-visual lecture
was most frequently used as a method of education, followed by lecture. 6.
of the programs used classroom as a unit of education, while collective education by sex or by grade accounted for
. 7. Video
was the most popular medium for education, while computer ranked second with
of the education was offered by school nurses. 9.
of school nurses responded in favor of anti-smoking programs. with
of them answering that such education is a must. 5th grade was the most commonly cited grade for the initiation of the programs, followed by 4th grade and 6th grade.
picked two hours as the most appropriate length of the program at the elementary school level. while
chose 3 hours out of the range of 1-11 hour(s). 10. With regard to the evaluation by school nurses on smoking-prevention program, more than
felt that hours of education, education materials, medium of education, interests of other teachers, interests of school authorities, etc. were inadequate or insufficient.
A Study on the Relating Factors with the Delivery of Low-birth-weight Infants
Park Jee Won ; Kim Yong Soon ; Bang Kyung Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 315~324
Objectives : This study was conducted to explore the relating factors with the delivery of low-birth-weight infants in Pyungtaek city. Methods : A questionnaire survey was obtained from 51 mothers with low-birth-weight babies and 90 mothers with full-term normal babies from April to October in 2001. Questionnaire consisted of demographic characteristics, dietary habits including alcohol. drugging, and smoking, past and present disease, prenatal risk factors and prenatal check-up, and complications related to labor and delivery. Results : 1. In the low-birth-weight infants group, father's education level and mother's height were significantly lower, and proportion of old age mothers was significantly higher than those of the normal infant group. 2. Mothers with low-birth-weight infants experienced more premature rupture of membrane, placenta previa, ecclampsia, and twin pregnancy than mothers with normal infants. Gestational period of mothers with low-birth-weight infants was significantly shorter than that of mothers with normal infants. 3. No differences were found in eating habit, alcohol and drug ingestion, smoking, exposing to dangerous materials in two groups, but both groups were highly exposed to indirect smoking, although mothers rarely smoke. Conclusion : The findings of this study indicate that high risk group such as less educated, or older mothers need more prenatal health assessment and support from public health services. Addition to determine the risk factors related to the delivery of low-birth-weight infants, public health nurses pay more attention and develop efficient management system for vulnerable women and infants.
The Effects of Educational Program for Anti-cancer Chemotherapy on the Patients' Needs and Satisfactions about Nursing Activities
Park Ho Ran ; Park Bo Sung ; Bae Young Ran ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 325~336
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of educational programs on the needs and satisfaction level of nursing activities related with patients receiving anti-cancer chemotherapy. The subjects, 85 cancer patients who were admitted at St. Mary's hospital, who had taken chemotherapy between January and March, 2001 were selected for the study. Of the subjects educational program was applied to 43 patients and the other 42 patients remained and the control group. Educational booklets developed by investigators were validated by a group of judges consisted of nursing professors, physicians and head nurses. Cronbach's
for measurement tools used in this study were 0.96 - 0.98. The results of the study were as follows: 1. Satisfaction scores for received nursing activities m the experiment group were higher than that in the control group. 2. Needs scores for nursing in the experimental group showed no significant differences compared to the control group. The two groups showed different satisfaction levels in different categories of nursing: physical. educational. therapeutic and socio-psychological, in which the therapeutic category scored the highest. 3. Due to the general characteristics. there were no variables to affect the degree of nursing need regarding the two groups. However, in satisfaction level of nursing services, there was a contrary phenomenon between the two group relating to education level (p=0.03). Patients with higher educational levels tend to be more satisfactory. The results strongly indicated that educational program is effective in increasing the satisfaction of patients receiving anti-cancer chemotherapy.
A Survey on Health Promoting Lifestyle Patterns and Self-Care Activities of Patients with Rheumatic Disease
Sohng Kyeong Yae ; Moon Jung Soon ; Park Ho Ran ; Lee So Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 337~345
This study was designed to explore health promoting lifestyle patterns (HPLP) and self-care activities and identify related variables of patients with rheumatic disease. One hundred fifty rheumatic patients were recruited from two university based rheumatic centers according to selection criteria. Collected data were analyzed using SAS program through which with a structured questionnaire. T-test. ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients were tested. The results were as follows: 1. The mean HPLP score of the subjects was 2.71, showed significant differences with economic condition and educational level. The better economic condition and more educated, showed the higher HPLP score. 2. They showed the highest practices in nutrition(mean score=3.11), and the lowest practices in exercise(mean score = 1.99). 3. The mean self-care activity score of the subjects was 3.36, showed significant differences with economic condition and educational level. The better economic condition and more educated, showed the higher self-care activity score. 4. The HPLP score of the subjects showed positive correlations with self-care activity score(r= .66). Developing health promotion programs focused on exercise and stress management is recommended not only for better health practices of patients with rheumatic disease but also for enhancing their level of well-being and life satisfaction.
Increase in Systolic Blood Pressure and Creatinine among Type 2 Diabetic Patients with Microalbuminuria
Song Min Sun ; Kim Hee Seung ; Yoo Yang Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 346~353
The purpose of this study was to identify clinical characteristics of type 2 diabetic patients with microalbuminuria. The subjects were 390 out type 2 diabetic patients from beginning of March through the end of April in 2001, who visited at the endocrine center at Kangnam St. Mary's Hospital of Catholic University in Seoul. The patients' clinical laboratory data were assessed at medical record review. The data were analyzed using for t-test and
test. The results were as follows : 1. There were no significant differences in age, body mass index, family history of diabetes and hypoglycemic agents between normoalbuminuria group and microalbuminuria group. 2. The level of systolic blood pressure and creatinine of microalbuminuria group were higher than those of normoalbuminuria group. There were no significant differences in HbAlc, fasting blood glucose, 2-hour postprandial blood glucose, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, lipoprotein(a) and blood urea nitrogen between normoalbuminuria group and microalbuminuria group.
A Study on The Nursing Needs of Users and their Service Status at Short-Stay Centers for The Elderly
Shin Kyoung Hi ; Rhee Seon Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 354~377
Aging population is a global trend and Korea is no exception. Due to the progress of the medical and scientific sectors, increase in the average lifetime incurred increase in the number of elderly people. Meanwhile, the family function of supporting the elderly has become a major issue in a society due to the changes in the society's structure and increased entry of the women into the workforce. As a means to substitute the protection of the elderly who are not protected at their respective homes and to replace the tending needs, weekly protection centers and short-stay centers for the elderly were established and operated in Seoul since 1992. However, structured and satisfactory services are not yet to be provided, thus this research intends to understand the current situation at the short-stay centers for the elderly, to identify users' characteristics and to conduct study on nursing need for the health reasons so that the results of the research can be utilized as basic data for the development of nursing care program. Towards this end, this research targeted 142 elderly people who were undergoing treatment at the 11 short-stay centers for the elderly out of total of 13 located in Seoul that were willing to cooperate. The research was conducted from April to May 2002, with the measurement tool developed by Rhee, Seon-ja (2001) to measure the level of nursing need. Then data was collected and analyzed using SPSS program. The results are as follows. The general characteristics of users of the short-stay centers for the elderly were: 123 females
, 19 males
and 72 elderly were over the age of 80
. Among these, 24
were living by themselves. Among the illnesses that the subjects were inflicted with were: dementia
and high blood pressure
, in the respective order. Despite the fact that they were diagnosed with illnesses,
responded that they do not undergo special treatment due to financial reasons. When the level of needs for nursing care among the elderly who use the short-stay centers is divided into informational. physical. and emotional need levels and scored between zero to two, the level of emotional need is the highest with 1.80, followed by physical (1.45) and informational (1.44) need levels. As for the realities of services at the centers and improvement areas, restriction on term was cited as the greatest inconvenience with
, followed by lack of budget (24 respondents,
). Wishful services were financial assistance
, medical and nursing services
, meal provision service
and counseling service
, in the respective order. Based on the above mentioned results, the research identified the need to develop nursing program for the patients of dementia that can be applied onto the short-stay centers and the need to develop volunteer service, backed by societal support. Also, placement of specialized cadre of professionals is needed so that medical and nursing service functions can be provided in a complementary manner.
Self-evaluative Awareness of Problem Solving Ability In Psychiatric Nurse Practitioners
Yang Soo ; Lee Gyung Joo ; Yu Sook Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 378~387
This study was conducted to investigate the degree of PSI (self-evaluative awareness of problem solving ability) in PMHNP (psychiatric mental health nurse practitioners) and to identified the factors predicting problem solving ability of them, in order to provide basic data for the development of the specific education programs to improve problem solving ability. Data was collected from 355 subjects who have the certificates of PMHNP working in hospitals and public centers. Chun Seok Kyun's instruments (1993) based on the Heppner and Petersen's Problem Solving Inventory (1982) was used to determine PMHNPs' PSI. The results were as follows; 1. The average score of PSI of PMHNP was
. Of the three factors. there marked the lowest score in the factor 3. personal control
, and the highest score was in the factor 1. problem-solving confidence
. 2. The differences in PSI were significant for degree of education and career in psychiatric settings (p=0.000l, p=0.0187). 3. Job satisfaction was the highest factor predicting PSI of PMHNP
. When degree of education, career in psychiatric setting and marital status were added, the total predictors explained
. As a result, it is necessary to conduct further research in relation to the problem-solving process, the development of education program. skill acquisition and measurement of problem solving in nursing practice.
The Effects on Knowledge and Attitudes of Smoking by Preventive Education for the Fifth Grade Student in Elementary School
Lee Mi Kyung ; Moon Hee Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 388~399
This study would tend to clarify effects on knowledge and attitudes of smoking by preventive education for the fifth grade student in elementary school. It would also hope to contribute to activate smoking preventive education, improvement of health quality for the young and reduce school children's misdeeds. One hundred and sixty-eight school children, the fifth grade student in K city's elementary school have been gathered as testees and divided into two groups : 84 in an experimental group and other 84 in a group for comparison.. Data has been collected between 27th November, 2001 and 8th February, 2002 and methods, which were based on literature study, have been developed by myself and used after reliability test. The process has been formed in this order - pre-survey, experiment (smoking preventive education), the first post-survey and the second post-survey. The pre-survey was to fill the questionnaire and the post survey has done with the same way in 2 and 9 weeks later. The smoking preventive education has been carried out 4 times and the time for each experiment was 40 minutes. The collected data has been analysed by the purpose into
, t-test,. F-test, Duncan multiple range test with SPSS. The results of study would be as follows 1. The rate of smoking experience is
and the biggest motive
is curiosity. Also
of respondents reply to have friends smoking a little. 2. The first hypothesis - the group with smoking preventive education would have much knowledge about smoking than comparison group - would be supported with statistical data (t=-3.329, p=.000). 3. The second hypothesis - the group with smoking preventive education would show higher attitude than the other group - would also be backed by statistically meaningful difference (t=-3.856, p=.000). 4. The variables of extent for smoking knowledge would be school record and the variables of extent for smoking attitude is friends' smoking, parents' reaction, experience until now and plan from now on.
Drug use and Reuse Relating Characteristics in Illegal Drug Users
Lee So Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 400~411
This study was performed to identify the drug use and reuse relating characteristics and reuse relating factors in illegal drug users. Subjects consisted of 88 illegal drug users. Some of them were confined in a mental hospital or National Forensic Psychiatric Hospital located in Chung-nam province, others on attending a drug abuse prevention program in Seoul Probational Institute. Data were collected during the period from February 1, 2002 to February 25, 2002, and analyzed by SAS program. version 6.12. for Wilcoxon rank sum test, Pearson Correlation, Multiple regression. Results were as follows; 1. Drug use characteristics were as follows.
was has drug family history and
was has alcohol family history. Main drug was Phillopon
, LSD et al
. Drug use rate of months was everyday
, every other day
has experienced abstinence and reuse. Abstinence period was less than 12 months in
and reuse period was less than 6 months in
. 3. Drug use and reuse characteristics related to general characteristics was identified as below. Abstinence period of male was longer than that of female. Person who have drug family history experienced more drugs and person who have family alcohol history started earlier. 4. Reuse periods was correlated with abstinence periods, age. And abstinence period was correlated with age and outcome that following reuse. 5. The multiple regression was used to identify the relating factors that influence reuse period and abstinence period. At the state of controlling abstinence period. inhalants users have 10.07 days shorter reuse period than others. And abstinence period had lengthened age, bad health status, early initiate age, and long reuse period.
A Study on Knowledge and Attitude about Oral Contraceptives in University Students
Lim Hyun Ja ; Cho Yoo Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 412~422
The purpose of this study was to investigate knowledge and attitude about oral contraceptives in university students in order to provide better sex education programs and direction. The subjects of this study were 337 university students in M city, during the period from April 1 to April 20, 2001. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson correlation coefficients with SPSS package. The results from this study were summarized as follows : 1. Oral contraceptives related knowledge marked
of male students and
of females with a range of 14 to 70. The level of female students' knowledge was higher than that of male's but there is not statistically a significant difference(p= .080). Oral contraceptives related attitude marked
of male students and
of females with a range of 18 to 90. The level of male students' attitude was higher than that of female's and there is statistically a significant difference(p= .011). 2. General characteristics related to oral contraceptives review grade and religion but not related variables statistically significant. 3. Wanted age of oral contraceptives taking medicine and age was correlated positively (r=.178, p=.004). Total knowledge score of oral contraceptives and total attitude score were correlated positively(r=.467 p=.000).
The Relationship between School Health Practice Competency and Satisfaction of School Health Practice in Nursing College Students
Jang In Sun ; Han Sun Hee ; Lee Mee Ja ; Han Myung Soo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 423~435
This descriptive correlation study attempted to analyze the relationship between school health practice competency and satisfaction of school health practice in nursing college students. The participants in this study included 191 nursing college students from three junior colleges. The data were collected using a self-reported questionnaires developed or revised by the authors from 22 June to 7 July, 2002. The data were analyzed with the SPSS program using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficient. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The mean score of school health practice competency was 3.59. The mean score of health education, health management, nursing process, environmental management were 3.81, 3.73, 3.47 and 3.36 respectively. 2. The mean score of school health practice satisfaction was 3.34. The mean score of instruction, practice environment, contents, practice hours and evaluation were 3.66, 3.37, 3.26, 3.21 and 3.21 respectively. 3. Type of school was only significant factor in general characteristics related to satisfaction of school health practice. 4. Correlation between school health practice competency and satisfaction of school health practice showed that the positive correlation between satisfaction and competency (r=0.247, p=0.00l). nursing process(r=0.356, p=0.000), environmental management (r=0.153, p=0.035). In conclusion, this study found that satisfaction of school health practice was significantly related to school health practice competency in nursing college students. Therefore further study is needed to make a strategies to enhance the quality of school health practice competency in nursing college students.
The Study of the Blood Pressure, Blood Sugar, and Blood Cholesterol in Obese Children
Chaung Seung Kyo ; Kim Jeong Ah ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 436~444
This study surveyed 146 obese elementary school children(94 male and 52 female) in Seoul, and measured height, body weight, degree of obesity, blood pressure, fasting blood sugar, serum lipid profiles and liver function. The hypertension was above 95 percentile depending on age and sex. and the hyperglycemia was defined as above 110mg/dl. The hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were defined as above 200mg/dl, 160mg/dl, repectively. The abnormal liver function was considered as elevated alanine aminotransferase(ALT>35IU/L)or aspartate aminotransferase(AST>35IU/L). The results were as follows: 1. The mean degree of obesity was
, and the percentage of overweight was
, mild obesity
, moderate obesity
, severe obesity
respectively in surveyed children. 2. The systolic blood pressure was
, diastolic blood pressure was
. 3. FBS was
. 4. Total cholesterol, triglyceride, ALT and AST were
respectively. 5. The prevalence of complications was
, and liver dysfunction
. In conclusion. childhood obesity is associated with various risk factors. Therefore, the aggressive approaches to successful prevention, early detection, and effective treatment of obesity in children are urgently required.
Evaluation of Occupational Health Services on Workers with Hypertension in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises -Subject to Enterprises taken the Occupational Health Management Agency-
Cho Chung Min ; Chon Mi Young ; Kim Myoung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 445~453
Purpose: This study has been designed to evaluate occupational health services on workers with hypertension Method: Study participants were 108 workers having a diagnosed hypertension. The instrument used for this study was the questionnaire developed by Cho(1998). Analysis of the data was done with SPSS Win 10.0 for descriptive statistics, Correlation coefficient. Results: 1. The mean score of process domain was
The score of process domains were usefulness of health management
, education or counselling
, follow up in medical examination
, usefulness of providing materials
, perception of medical examination
2. The mean score of outcome domain was
The score of outcome domains were obstructiveness of social life
, habits of living
, blood pressure change
, perception of seriousness
. 3. Blood pressure change was significant correlated with education or counselling(r=.31) and usefulness of providing materials(r=.28).
A Study on Depression, Self-esteem and Health Practice of Female Workers in Small Workplace
Han Su Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 16, issue 2, 2002, Pages 454~468
Historically, women's health needs have been viewed primarily as reproductive, and all other health needs have been dealth with without considering their responses to disease and treatment(Strickland & Giger, 1994). It has mostly been through the efforts of women's group, especially health care team, that more recognition has been given to the overall health of women worker in recent years. The purpose of this study was to examine the depression, self-esteem and health practice in order to identify health care strategies to improve health promotion among women workers in small workplace. The consisted of 94 women workers who work at small manufacturing industry. The data were collected from January to February, 2002. The instruments for this study was Rogenburgs self-esteem scale, Zung s depression self-reporting scale and Breslow & Enstrom s health habits scale. The analysis of data were performed with frequency, percentage, t-test, ANOVA.
test, pearson correlation and multiple regression using SPSS Win 10.1 program. 1. The average depression score was 1.87 which is relatively low and the average self-esteem score was 2.75 which is relatively moderate. The total mean score for health practice was 4. 10(range 0-7) which is relatively high moderately. 2. Health practice had not a statistically significant correlation with depression and self-esteem, but the depression had a statistically significant correlation with self-esteem(r=-.401, p=.000). 3. There was not a significant difference In depression, self-esteem and health practice according to the general characteristics 4. There was a significant difference in sub category of health practice according to the status of living with family and status of marriage. As far as the health practice of women workers living with family practiced better health than women workers no living with family concerning breakfast(p=.03) and as far as the health practice of women workers no living with family practiced better health than women workers living with family concerning sleeping time(p=.04). There was a significant difference in breakfast(p=.04), smoking(p=.00), and BMI(p=.05) according to the status of marriage. 5. The major factor was age and explained for
of health practice. The repeated study should be carried out to figure out the health practice and its related factors of female workers at small manufacturing industry.