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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Sep 2003
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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A Policy Alternatives on Developing Health Care Delivery System for Disable Person in the Community
Ryu Hosihn ; Lee Juyul ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 5~16
This policy alternatives for establishment of rehabilitation health care delivery system for the disabled in the community were developed based on the data of current health status and situations of health care management for disabled persons in Korea. This research was conducted with secondary data analysis for identifying health status and current situations of managing health of disabled persons, and discussed current issues for establishing rehabilitation health care delivery systems in the community. Observing the health status and current situations of managing health of disabled persons, scope and target population of disabled person extended. so prevalence rates increased. and the severity of disability intensified and specified. The summary of issues of health management for disabled persons included; 1) absence of comprehensive and systematic policy in rehabilitation health care systems. 2) absence of consumer based rehabilitation health care facilities and delivery systems that are considered as the characteristics of disabled persons 3) fixed form of projects based on the provider and lack of variety in the programs. Hereafter. to overcome these problems. policy alternatives should 1) establish a comprehensive rehabilitation health care policy for disabled persons. 2) establish comprehensive and specific community based rehabilitation health care delivery systems that can promote preventing disability. providing medical care for disabled persons, establishing rehabilitation management for disabled persons and health care when returning to society. 3) provide training and secure manpower for rehabilitation, but the training case managers who will take the roles as an expert rehabilitation nurse mediators for multidisciplinary team work are needed immediately. and 4) include efficient connection and provision of independent services for welfare rehabilitation service and health care. Conclusively. a community based rehabilitation health care delivery system should be comprehensive policy vision of the government on rehabilitation health care delivery System rehabilitation service has to be constructed systematically under suitable facilities con consumer characteristics and rehabilitation health care policy. By doing this, consumer comprehensive community rehabilitation health care delivery system could be constructed disabled person.
Turnover Intention of Home Visiting Nurses of Public Health Centers in Busan
Jeong Ihn Sook ; Kim Yi Soon ; Lee Jung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~25
This study aimed to investigate predictors of turnover intention of home visiting nurses at 16 public health centers in Busan. There are two groups of independent factors: non-work related(i. e., age, educational level, working duration as nurses in hospitals, and certificate), and work related factors(i. e., working duration as nurses in public health centers, working duration as home visiting nurse, position, number of households visited per week, workload, cooperation among staff, support by supervisors, supply of vehicles, and supply of materials). Data were collected with self-administrated questionnaires which consisted of 4 items of non-work related factors, 9 items of work related factors, and 1 item of turnover intention to other department. Data were analyzed using an univariate logistic regression and multiple logistic regression. According to the results, heavy workload (Yes vs No, OR=4.31,
CI=1.16-16.04) was the most powerful predictor on the turnover intention. In conclusion. this result was similar to those of other studies on the predictors of turnover intention of clinical nurses at hospitals. To decrease the turnover intention among home visiting nurses at public health centers in Busan, alleviating the workload is needed.
Service Analysis of Community Health Nurse Practitioner using Information System
Lee Chung Yul ; Yu Tae Eom ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 26~34
The purpose of this study was to analyze the activities of Community Health Nurse Practitionses using the Community Health Post Information System(CHPIS). The information system that have been introduced in 1994 and used by 400 Community Health Posts(CHPs) since 1997, which is about
of the total CHPs nationwide. Twenty-five CHPs from two provinces participated in the analysis. Seventy-two percent of the CHPs among the participating CHPs started using the system since 1996. The degree of utilization of the information system was classified into three groups (i. e., high. medium, and low). The results revealed that only
utilized the system with high level. The areas of analysis of the information system included characteristics of community residents, environmental attributes, and job analysis of Community Health Nurse Practitioners(CHNPs). The study results indicated that primary health care and drug demand and supply system showed the highest level of satisfaction in utilizing the information system by CHNPs.
A Study on Self-Rated Health of Elderly Women in A Rural Community
Jang In Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 35~46
The purpose of this study was to examine the self-rated health and to find various factors affecting it for elderly women in a rural community, to provide data necessary to establish health promotion programs for elderly. The subjects of the study included a total of 245 women with above 70 years of age reside in one rural community. VAS (Visual Analogue Scale) for self-rated health, Lawton's physical & instrumental activity of daily living scales, social network were evaluated. The results of the study were as follows: 1. The self-rated health of the elderly women were measured on a 100 point(VAS) scale and the score was 53.6, indicating that women rated their health as moderate. 2. Factors such as income(p=0.008), family size(p=0.031), the level of ADL(p=0.039), urinary symptom(p=0.039), nocturia(p=0.001), visual difficulty(p=0.023), the number of chronic diseases(p=0.015), presence of arthritis or neuralgia(p=0.015), social network(p=0.002), housework assistant(p=0.008), emotional support(p=0.031) were significantly related to self-rated health. 3. Through the stepwise multiple regression, social network, family size, visual difficulty, and housework assistant were identified as significant predictors of self-rated health(p<0.05), explaining
of the variance of the dependent variable. Better understanding of the determinants of healthy aging hopefully will lead to effective interventions to improve the quality of life of the elderly.
A Study on the Health Status and the Needs of Health-related Services of Female Elderly in an Urban-rural Combined City
Kang Young Sil ; Kim Eun Sim ; Gu Mee Ock ; Eun Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 47~57
The purpose of this study was to investigate health status and health promoting behaviors of female elderly, and their needs for health-related services in an urban-rural combined city. The data were collected from the subjects registered in senior welfare center and senior citizens' clubs. A total of 119 women were participated in the survey. The results of the study are as follows; 1. The subjects perceived their health status relatively unhealthy. Their health promotion behavior score was 10.82 (range 0-17), and more than
of them performed well in smoking and drinking control, regular meal. taking breakfast, and maintaining good relationship with others. 2. The most needed service was health screening followed by health risk assessment, disease diagnosis and treatment. 3. The most demanded education was on dementia prevention, followed by exercise, balanced diet, and maintenance of memorial and mental capability. 4. As the health interest and the health responsibility increased, the need for health service increased as well. Likewise, the health education needs increased as the health interest, health responsibility, and health promotion behavior increased. The results show that the health promotion programs for female elderly need to be focused, primarily, on health screening, health risk assessment, medical services for disease diagnosis and treatment, and health consulting and education. And health consulting and education programs should be designed to promote health interest and health responsibility of female elderly, change positively their attitude to aging, and include education on dementia prevention, exercise and nutrition management. Recommendations are discussed.
Depression, Anxiety, and Spouse Support in Married Women Who had Received Gynecologic Cancer Treatment
Lee Inn Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 58~68
This study was conducted to explore the depression, anxiety, spouse support, and the difference of these variables according to the general characteristics and disease related characteristics in married women who had received gynecologic cancer treatment. The subjects consisted of 62 patients with cervical cancer, 18 patients with ovarian cancer, and 7 patients with endometrial cancer who were admitted to the department of obstetrics and gynecology, 3 education hospital in Seoul from January, 1996 to August, 1999. The data were collected from March 25 to July 25, 2000 by using a mailed questionnaire. The results were as follows : 1. The mean score of depression was 35.1 with the range from 20 to 76. The mean score of the anxiety was 38.6 with the range from 24 to 58. The mean score of the spouse support was 33.8 with the range from 12 to 48. 2. The score of depression was significantly different by the general characteristics: woman's education level(p=.040), economic level(p=.002), and the satisfactory level on married life(p=.009). The score of spouse support was significantly different by the general characteristics: woman's education level(p=.009), spouse's education level(p=.001), spouse's religion (p=.004), economic level(p=.008), and the satisfactory level on married life(p=.000). The scores of depression, anxiety, and spouse support were not significantly different by the disease related characteristics. 3. The score of depression had a positive correlation with anxiety(r=.731), and a negative correlation with spouse support(r=-.425). 4. The main influencing factors on the depression were economic level
and satisfactory level on married life
. The main influencing factors on the spouse support were satisfactory level on married life
and spouse's education level
. Based upon the above findings, the depression, anxiety, and spouse support of women who had received gynecologic cancer treatment were higher than healthy married women. The score of depression and anxiety had a negative correlation with spouse support. The factors influencing spouse support were satisfactory level on married life and spouse's education level. Therefore it is recommended that nursing intervention for women who had received gynecologic cancer treatment would be focused to improve spouse support for alleviating depression and anxiety level.
The Effect of Horticultural Therapy on Cognitive Function, Self-esteem, Depression and ADL of Elderly with Dementia
Park Jeong Sook ; Lee Hyun Gi ; Kim Mi Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 69~82
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effect of horticultural therapy on cognitive function, self-esteem, depression and activities of daily living of elderly with dementia. Method: The research design was an one group pre and post-test study design. The subjects of this study were 7 elderly with dementia in K elderly institution in Daegu. Instruments used in this research were MMSE-K(Mini-mental state Examination Korean Version) developed by Kwon & Park, SES(Self-Esteem Scale) developed by Rosenberg. SDS(Self-Rating Depression Scale) developed by Zung and BADL(Bathel Activity Daily Living) developed by Bethel. One-hour horticultural therapy was offered to the study participants weekly for 12 weeks. Results: The results showed that self-esteem was significantly increased after the horticultural therapy. However, in terms of cognitive function. depression and ADL, there was no significant change after the horticultural therapy among these elderly. Conclusion: In this research. there were no obvious change in cognitive function. depression, and ADL after the horticultural therapy among participants. Although the difference was not statistically significant. descriptive statistics showed some difference in scores on these variables after the intervention. So, it is suggested to conduct a further research with larger samples and pre and post-test design with control group.
Factors Influencing the motivation for Rehabilitaion in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury
Park Yeong Sook ; Kim Jung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 83~95
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data for nursing interventions to promote rehabilitation motivation by identifying the influencing factors of motivating rehabilitation intention in patients with spinal cord injury. The data were collected using self-reported questionnaires and questionnaires by postal mail services, from September 1 through the October 6, 2002. A total of 148 questionnaires were completed and returned. The instrument developed by Han, Hye Sook(2001) was used to measure the rehabilitation motivation, and depression, family support, participation of self-help group, self-esteem, and self-efficacy were measured to test the variables influencing the rehabilitation motivation. Using SPSS WIN 10.0, descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA. Turkey inspection, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis was conducted. The results of the study are as follows: The rehabilitation motivation score ranged from 30 to 100, and the average was
. In terms of the types of motivation, mean task-oriented motivation score was
, change-oriented motivation
, obligatory motivation
, external motivation
, and mean amotivation score was
. The scores for the rehabilitation motivation was significantly associated with the time elapsed since injury, economic status, and the degrees of disability. Significant correlations were found between the rehabilitation motivation and the time elapsed since injury(r=-0.222, p=0.007), self-efficacy(r=0.204, p=0.013), depression(r=-0.210, p=0.010). and the economic status(r=-0.189, p=0.022). The variables that can predict the rehabilitation motivation included the time elapsed since injury, and self-efficacy. These variables accounted for
of the variance of the rehabilitation motivation. In conclusion, the factors influencing the rehabilitation motivation in patients with spinal cord injury were found to be the time elapsed since injury, self-efficacy, depression, and the economic status of the patient, Accordingly, nursing interventions which could alleviate patients' depression and enhance self-efficacy should be designed to motivate rehabilitation. Before planning nursing interventions for patients with spinal cord injury, needs assessment should be conducted including the assessment of patients' economic status and time elapsed since injury.
A Study on the Occurrences of Accidents among Children in Nursery School and Kindergartens
Lee Eun Suk ; Kim Chungnam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 96~112
The purpose of this study was to determine how often toddlers and preschoolers in kindergartens have accidents and what factors affect the accident rate. The study population consisted of 150 children who were attending at nursery schools and 150 children who were attending at kindergartens. The data was collected from ten nursery schools and five kindergartens from five districts in Daegu. The questionnaires were distributed to teachers of participating nursery schools and kindergartens to be completed using nursing care records in the institutions and by interviewing children's parents about all of the accidents happened in a previous year. Data were collected during the period of August 1 through 31, 2002. The results of the study are as follow: 1. Among 300 children, 282 had 506 accidental injuries during the study period. 2. The month, the day and the time with the highest accident rate were April. Monday, and between 2 and 4 o'clock in the afternoon, respectively. 3. Locations where the injury took place most included nursery schools or kindergartens, around the homes of the children, and inside the home. 4. Most accidents were occurred due to lack of carefulness of the children, and the most prevalent forms of injury was abrasions. 5. Most frequently injured part of the body was legs of the children. 6. Most injuries were healed within three days and required first aid measures to disinfect the wound. Mostly, these were performed by family members at home. Some children go to the hospital to suture the open wound. Most frequent type of complication was scar formation and the cost of the treatment ranged from 9,000 to 30,000 won. 7. Children's age. sex, birth order. personality. type of family composition. type of residency. father's occupation, father's age, and mother's age were significantly related to the frequency of injury among children. Children who were in nursery schools and kindergartens need their assessment for accident involving condition according to seasons, time. place. This study provided a very useful and important data to prepare accident prevention education program and accident prevention strategies, and to develop Injury Surveillance System.
Elementary School Students Development of a Scale to Measure the Outdoor School Safety Behavior in Elementary Students
Park Kyung Min ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 113~121
Purpose : This study was performed to develop a scale of outdoor school safety behavior in Korean elementary students. Methods : A list of 40 items were selected by priori experiences of school health teachers and a literature review. For evaluation of the appropriateness of the 32 items, questionnaires were reviewed by an expert group which was consisted of 10 professionals. Validity of the 31 items was screened in this process with 4 point Likert scale. Using the preliminary tool. data were collected from 684 subjects for item analysis and factor analysis. A total of 26 items were remained, and items with the lower than 0.2 item-total correlation coefficient were removed. Factor analysis was done with these 26 items, and 26 items with factor loadings higher or equal to 0.4 were remained. Relsult : 1. Cronbach's alpha for the 26 items was 0.70 2. Five factors were identified with eigen value 1.0 These contributed
of the variance in the total score. 3. Each factor was labled 'vonobserbance of safety rule', 'good habit for safety', 'careless action', 'lack of safety knowledge', 'injurious action to friend' It is suggested that this scale could be used to measure outdoor school safety behaviors among elementary students in Korea.
The Self-efficacy and Critical Factors of Apheresis Blood-Donors
Hong Kyong Hee ; Park Ho Ran ; Sohng Kyeong Yae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 122~131
This study was designed to provide the base of nursing intervention that could help apheresis blood-donors to promote self-efficacy effectively by analyzing critical factors that influence on this. The subjects recruited for the research were 468 persons who participated in platelet donation at a university hospital apheresis unit in Seoul. The data for this study were collected between May and June, 2002 using questionnaires. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows. 1. The mean self-efficacy score on the questions related to blood donation was
, indicating that blood donors have above the mean level of self-efficacy related to blood donation. 2. The self-efficacy score was significantly higher for the group of persons who have more than 5 times of experiences in blood donation than others who have only one experience. 3. The critical factors that influence self-efficacy related to donation were the marital status, educational level. and previous experiences of whole blood donation, while the critical factor that influence on general self-efficacy was previous experiences of whole blood donation. Therefore, it is necessary to establish more effective and organized nursing intervention strategies that can promote the self-efficacy of apheresis blood-donors.
Effects of Psychodrama Group Counselling on Physical and Mental Health of Nursing Students
Ko Young Aie ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 132~143
The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of psychodrama group counselling, and to determine its applicability as a nursing intervention for the promotion of mental health of clients in their developmental stages. Methodological triangulation was used for research design. For quantitative study, quasi experimental study design with nonequivalent control group was used to test the effects of psychodrama group counselling. For each experimental and control group convenient samples of 15 nursing students were selected, and observed from May to Nov. 2000. For experimental group, the treatment was given for 2 hours each week, totaling 20 hours. The questionnaire consisted of 24 items of physical symptoms from CMI. 40 items of Spielberger Anxiety Scale, and 21 items of Beck Depression Scale. Reflective journal was written by the experimental group. The data were analyzed using chi-square and Mann-Whitney U test. For the qualitative study, the contents of the reflective journal were analyzed into categories and classifications. The results of the study were as follows; 1. There was a significant difference on physical health status between the experimental and the control group 2. There was a significant difference between two groups on the mean scores of mental health before and after psychodrama group counselling. 3. The qualitative analysis of reflective journal resulted in 4 categories and 13 classifications, which was reflected by the experience of the psychodrama group counselling. The four categories were self introspection, psychological support, improvement of interpersonal relationship and self development. The thirteen classifications are self-discovery, discovering others, emotional catharsis, positive thinking, formation of consensus, comforting, being free, being comfortable, understanding, maturing personal relationship, acquiring self-confidence, new challenges, and planning for the future. Based on the study findings, the psychodrama group counselling had promoted not only physical but also mental health of nursing students. The characteristics identified by the study suggested the applicability of psychodrama group counselling as an effective measure of nursing intervention for clients.
A Study on the Prevalence Rate of Hypertension and Diabetes among Adults in the Urban Communities
Park Young Lim ; Kim Hyun Sook ; Jeon Mi Yang ; Jin Choon Jo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 1, 2003, Pages 144~152
The purpose of this study is to identify the prevalence rate of hypertension and diabetes a in the urban communities and to provide the basic data for development of health promot The subjects of this study were 526 people over the age of 20, living in Seoul. Data for this collected from June 19, 2001 to September 25, 2001. The results of this study are as follows: 1. The subject group is comprised of males,
. Their ages range from 20 to 89, and the weights from 40 to 94 kilograms. 2. In the systolic blood pressure,
low. In the diastolic blood pressure,
. low. In the blood glucose,
. low. 3. There was a significant difference in the mean(SD) of the systolic blood pressure by age(p=.017) and weight(p=.005). Another significant difference was found in the mean (SD) of the diastolic blood pressure by age(p=.006) and weight(p=.007). There was a significant difference in the mean(SD) of the blood glucose by sex and age(p=.001). 4. There were significant correlations between the blood pressure and the blood glucose and the sex, age and weight. 5. The multiple regression analysis showed that the age and weight explained
of the systolic blood pressure, that the weight and age explained
of the diastolic blood pressure, and that the age and systolic blood pressure explained
of blood glucose. The results were useful in developing health promotion programs. This study suggests that a further study be needed.