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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Sep 2003
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Structure Evaluation of Korean Health Promotion Programs
Lee Chung Yul ; Kim Hee Soonl ; Lee Tae Wha ; Ham Ok Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 181~191
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate demonstration health promotion programs offered by 18 health centers in a structural aspect of the health centers. Methods: The Evaluation Committee was organized with professors from collaboration universities and researchers of this study. Using structure evaluation frame. reports from 18 health centers were reviewed by the committee. Evaluation categories included organizational change, manpower construction, budget, and manpower training and education. Results: Only 5 health centers out of 18 have independent health promotion department. Nurses played a major role for health promotion programs. Other health personnel participated in the health promotion programs included dental hygienists, nutritionists, and exercise specialists. Related to program budgets. local government support rates were varied by the region. Various kind of manpower training was offered to health personnel for the health promotion programs including smoking control. exercise, alcohol, nutrition, and so forth. Conclusion: The study results indicated that establishment of independent health promotion department, maintenance of same manpower construction, provision of diversity manpower training were the factors that foster effective health promotion programs.
Analysis on the Effects of Community Based Health Education Program for Pregnant Women
Kim Yong Soon ; Park Jee Won ; Bang Kyung Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 192~202
This descriptive study aimed to determine the effects of community based health education program for pregnant women on their confidence in labor and breastfeeding. Data were obtained using several questionnaires and administered to 174 pregnant women who have participated (n=49) and have not participated(n=125) in health education program, and 244 mothers of infants who lived in one city in Kyunggi province. Summaries of finding were as follows; First, pregnant women who have participated in health education program showed significantly higher score in confidence in labor than those who have not. Also, confidence in labor was different according to the level of education. Second, pregnant women participated in health education program showed higher score in knowledge and attitude on breastfeeding, but the differences were not significant. Knowledge on breastfeeding was higher in multipara. More positive attitude on breastfeeding was found in working mothers and highly educated mothers. Third,
of mothers continued breastfeeding over six months. Main reasons for discontinuing breastfeeding were lack of breast milk amount, and health problems in infants and mothers. In this study, we could identify the positive effects of health education program for pregnant women provided by public health center, and find the related factors of confidence in labor and breastfeeding. Community based health education program for pregnant women, especially for vulnerable group should be expanded.
Study on the Satisfaction Use of Rehabilitation Exercise Room
Kwon Seon Suk ; Kwon Dong Youn ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 203~211
The purpose of this study was to investigate the degree of satisfaction in using rehabilitation exercise rooms in public health centers. A total of 100 subjects were participated in the study who were clients of rehabilitation exercise rooms in two public health centers in one city of Kyunggi Do, Korea. Data were collected from March 1 to 30, 2003 using questionnaire. The data were analyzed using SPSS/PC computer program. The result are as follows : 1. The mean age of subjects was 62.6 years old, and men constituted
of the participants. Most participants
were in the middle socioeconomic status, and
of subjects was diagnosed as stroke. 2. Regarding the source of information about rehabilitation exercise room in public health center,
obtain information from colleagues or neighbors, and for most participants the time required to travel to rehabilitation exercise room was less than 30min on foot. Among rehabilitation services, Taping therapy
was most frequently used among participants, 3. Sum of all satisfaction score was
showed higher level of satisfaction. Cost, reliability, and kindness were main factors that affect the degree of satisfaction among participants. 4. Twenty-four percent of the respondents utilized clinic services in the health centers, and
stoped rehabilitation services from hospitals and/or clinics due to high cost. 5. In the use of rehabilitation exercise room was positively correlated to age (r=.214, p<0.05) and disease duration(r=.241. p<0.05).
Work Stress and Related Factors among Married Working Women in the Manufacturing Sector
Kim Gwang Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 212~223
The purpose of this study was to investigate work stress and identify the various factors affecting stress in married women in working manufacturing industries. Data were collected between March 31 and June 28, 2003 from 266 married women working in 10 manufacturing industries in Korea. The self-administered questionnaire included general characteristics. social support, and work stress. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Cronbach's alpha. SPSS/win 11.0 was used to assist analysis. The results of the study are as follows: 1. Scores for work stress in the field of sub-categories 2. Perceived work stress was significantly different according to salary, behavior type, discomfort related to menstruation, consumption, duty type, job stability, weekly work time and family, 3. Social support had a significant negative relationship with work stress. Accordingly, stress management for married working women will be more successful if interventions not only address each person's unique needs, for example, control of perimenstrual discomforts and health behavior change, but also are accompanied by organizational management strategies and policies, for example, improvement of work environment and nursery facilities.
A Comparative Study on Climacteric Symptom and Health Behavior in Climacteric Women according to Hormone Replacement Therapy(HRT)
Lim Hyun Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 224~237
Purpose : This study was designed to describe the relationship on climacteric symptom and health behavior according to hormone replacement therapy (HRT) in climacteric women. Method : Data were collected through self-reported questionaries which were constructed to include a climacteric symptom and health behaviors of climacteric women. The subjects for this study were 135 climacteric women between 45-65 years of age living in Kuri city. Among them. 65 were in the experimental group and the other 70 were in the control group. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test,
, ANOVA, and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. Results : The results were as follows 1) There was no significant difference on the climacteric symptom between the group of women receiving HRT and those who did not (t=1.973, p=0.162). 2) The mean health behavior score for the group of women receiving HRT was significantly higher than those who did not(t=2.557, p=0.042). 3) The climacteric symptom and health behavior were positively correlated (r=.289, p=0.015) in women receiving HRT, while these were negatively correlated (r=-.242, p=0.043) in women without HRT. 4) Women in the HRT group showed higher climacteric symptom than the those In the control group in most items. 5) The mean score for health behavior was 2.76 in the hormone replacement therapy group and 2.35 for the control group. 6) For women in the experimental group, climacteric symptom was significantly different by the level of education (F=7.371, p=.001). 7) For women in the control group, climacteric symptom was significantly different by the number of children (F=2.873, p=.044), the level of education (F=5.616, p=.006), the number of abortion (F=3.231, p=.015), and the status of menstruation (F=4.129, p=.020). 8) For women in the experimental group, health behavior was significantly different by the level of education (F=7.351, p=.001), frequency of exercise (F=8.106, p=.000), and the status of menstruation (F=3.446, p=.032), 9) For women in the control group, health behavior was significantly different by frequency of the exercise (F=7.381, p=.001). Conclusion : This study results indicated that there was no association between the HRT and climacteric symptoms, while there was positive correlations between the HRT and health behavior. Therefore. it is assumed that HRT increases the positive health behavior of women.
Recognition and Experience of Sexual Harassment of Female Teachers in Middle and High School
Oh Hee Jin ; Koh Hyo Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 238~254
The objective of this study was to provide baseline information useful for developing education programs to prevent sexual harassment in schools. Survey of recognition and experiences of sexual harassment and analysis of factors associated with sexual harassment were conducted. The data were collected using questionnaires from December 9 through 28, 2002. A total of 737 female teachers in Daegu participated in the survey. The data were analyzed with descriptive analysis, ANOVA, and T-test using SPSS /WIN 11.0. The study results were as follows: 1. As to the characteristics related to sexual harassment,
of the female teachers had no experience of preventive education about sexual harassment,
of the female teachers perceived that enactment of related laws had little influence on the prevalence of sexual harassment, and
thought strict punishments are required. For teachers who have experienced sexual harassment in schools,
thought that they must report to the counseling office or female teachers' meeting. On the other hand,
answered that they would take passive actions such as talking to their friends or colleagues. 2. As to the mode of sexual harassment, participants regarded physical harassment
as the prominent forms of sexual harassment, followed by visual harassment
, and verbal harassment
. Among physical harassment. 'touching a body part (shoulder, hip, hand, etc)(4.58) was recognized as prominent forms of physical harassment, while 'blocking one's path or impeding one's movement (3.48)' was recognized as least prominent forms of physical harassment. 3. As to the experiences of sexual harassment,
of the female teachers had experienced sexual harassment. According to the characteristics of schools. public junior high school
, private high school
and bisexual school
had higher rates of sexual harassment. 4. As to the characteristics of experiences in sexual harassment.
thought that sexual harassment was not serious, but
thought it was serious and
thought as very serious. 5. As to the characteristics of sexual harassers,
were 'colleague teachers' and
were 'principals and/or vice-principals'. Ninety-three percent of sexual harassers were , male' and
of them were 'in their 40s'. In most cases. the offender of the sexual harassment was male teachers in the same schools. And more than half of the female teachers replied they had never had any education related to sexual harassment. which means that systematic education is quite urgent.
A Study on the Spiritual Wellbeing of the Hospice Patients
Kim Chung nam ; Song Mi ok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 255~265
This study was conducted to provide a baseline data for hospice nurses to improve their practices for the spiritual wellbeing of their clients. Analysis of the spiritual wellbeing status of hospice patients was conducted from April 20 to June 20, 2002. A total of 59 cancer patients who admitted to hospice care units of one university medical center, and who have alert mental status were recruited for the study. Paloutzian and Ellison (982) spiritual wellbeing scale and Jungho Kang (996) scale, which was modified for the cancer patients, were used as the study instruments, ANOVA and T-test were applied using SPSS win 10.0 for statistical analysis. The results are as follows : 1. The mean spiritual wellbeing score of the hospice patients was
. When it was converted into 4 point scale, the mean score for the spiritual wellbeing was 2.49. The mean religious wellbeing score was
and that of the existential wellbeing was
. 2 The mean score for the total spiritual wellbeing was
for female, and
for male and the difference was statistically significant (t=-2.305, p=.025), 3. In testing the spiritual wellbeing, there was significant difference according to the religion (F=28.931, p=.000). 4. In testing the religious wellbeing, the mean score was
for male, and
for female and the difference was statistically significant (t=-2.430, p=.019). 5. In testing the religious wellbeing, there was significant difference according to the religion (F=37.522, p=.000). However, the religious wellbeing was not different according to the age, occupation, marital status and education level. 6. In testing the existential wellbeing. there was significant difference according to the religion (F=8.147, p=.000). However, mean score for the existential wellbeing was not significantly different according to sex, age, occupation, marital status and education level. 7. In testing the existential wellbeing, there was significant difference according to the level of vigor (F=3.662, p=.032), while no difference was observed in the existential wellbeing according to the general health status, degree of pain, and diagnosis. From the results described above it can be concluded that : To improve the spiritual wellbeing status of hospice patients, hospice nurses should identify spiritual needs of the patients according to the religion. gender and the level of vigor.
Working Conditions Related to Cumulative Trauma Disorder and Symptoms of Cumulative Trauma Disorder in Furniture Company Employees
Moon Jung Soon ; Kwon Eun Ha ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 266~277
In order to investigate the working conditions related to cumulative trauma disorder(CTD) and symptoms of CTD, a survey was conducted covering 305 employees who were working in three furniture manufacturing companies in Kyungin area. Data were collected by using questionnaire of the Personal Ergonomics Profiles. The results were as follows : 1. The mean score of working conditions related to CTD was 0.95. The mean score of working conditions for labor workers were significantly higher than that of clerical workers. Among 4 factors of working conditions, the higher score were shown in the working and environment factors with 1.22 and 1.18, respectively. 2. Symptom prevalence rate of CTD for workers was
for labor workers and
for clerical workers. As for symptom of CTD in body part, higher rate were shown in lower back with
, shoulder and neck with
respectively. 3. The score of symptom severity of CTD were 3.45. Significant difference was shown in symptom severity of forearm and wrist/hand part between labor and clerical workers. As for symptom severity of CTD in body part the higher score were shown in shoulder, ankle/foot, forearm. lower leg and elbow. and the highest score for labor workers were shoulder and ankle/foot and for clerical workers was lower back. 4. As a whole, symptom of CTD for workers positively correlated to working conditions. 5. Symptom of CTD for workers seemed to be significantly influenced by working factor, sex, working duration and working area factor.
The Evaluation Study of Service Quality of Tobacco Cessation Information on the Internet Web Sites in Korea
Yoo Hye Ra ; Jang Yeon Soo ; Ban Geum Ok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 278~286
In this study quality of tobacco cessation information provided through Internet web sites was evaluated in terms of retrievability, easy of use, user-supportiveness, feedback, and continuity. This study limited to those internet web sites developed and delivered by Korean public health service organizations or their related institutions or associations. This study analyzed 8 internet web sites and evaluation criteria developed by Chung, Yong Chul (2002) and Yoo, Sarah (2001) were used. Study results indicated that retrievability was evaluated low except search-speed of data: the easy of use was evaluated moderately: user-supportiveness was evaluated moderately: feedback, and continuity of those sites were evaluated low. The quality of tobacco cession information of those sites are needed to be improved. The development of guidelines for standardized health information on Internet web sites is necessary, too.
Health Care Utilization and Costs for the Disabled Not Included in the Medical Aid Allowance
Rhee Seon Ja ; Lee Hyo Young ; Kim Mi Ju ; Jang Soong Nang ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 287~298
This study was conducted to identify the health care utilization, health care costs, and potential health care demands of the disabled in the Medicaid Aid beneficiaries. This study focused on the heath care costs not included in the medical aid allowance such as transportation, informal nursing costs, and ambulatory aids etc. Participants were the 864 subjects who were beneficiaries of the National Medical Aid program living in 10 district of Korea. A questionnaires were distributed to the disabled in the Medical Aid beneficiaries during August to September, 2001 through public offices. Data were collected through a home visiting by social workers working in public offices. Direct and indirect medical costs expended for one month by the participating disabled were examined. They expended 110.748 won
for heath care costs, which was not included in the medical aid allowance during the month. The disabled with cerebral diseases or who have level 4 disability expended more health care costs compare to those with other diseases. Gradual expansion of medical aid allowance for the disabled is recommended to alleviate economic burden of the disabled and their family.
The Paradoxical Coping In Life of Children of Alcoholics
Kim Myung Ah ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 299~316
A phenomenological methodology was used to identify the life of children living with alcoholic parents. Nine adolescents participated in the in-depth interviews, done between October and December 2001. The Colaizzi's method was used for data analysis. The results of this study are as follows. One theme and thirteen meanings were identified, The one theme is Paradoxical Coping in Life. The meanings are obsessive behavior as a way to control father's behavior, always on the defensive due to anxiety and tension, being afraid of life alone due to paranoid thoughts, contradictory expectations about father's drinking behavior due to life with chronic tension, stress becoming familiar and life being boring and tendious without stimulation, life that is fake and filled with misinterpretations about reality, affection sought from others due to loneliness, compensatory life within peer group, negative expectation about the future due to negative experiences, controling others to protect ego, denial of real emotion to protect self from hurt, life of regretting self, and strong need for approval from others. The results of this study can provide a foundation for the development of programs for children of alcohol dependent parents.
Relations Between the Types of Communication and, Job Satisfaction and Nursing Performance in Staff Nurses
Seo Eee ah ; Park Kyung Min ; Lee Byung Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 317~332
This study attempts to investigate the relations between the types of communication, the job satisfaction. and the nursing performance of the staff nurses. The subjects of this study were the 114 nurses working in general wards, intensive care units, and the emergency rooms of the general hospital in Kyongbuk province. They were asked to answer the questionnaires as regards the types of communication and job satisfaction, and their performance of nursing, and these were evaluated by the head nurses, and their direct seniors. The data were collected for 10 days from the September 17 to 26, 2002. According to the purpose of the study, descriptive analysis, ANOVA. Pearson correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression were applied for the data analysis using SPSS 10.0. The results are as follows : 1. The types of communication of staff nurses showed that the upward communication was
. the downward communication was
. the horizontal communication was
. and the informal communication was
. It showed that the most frequent communication was the downward communication. 2. In terms of the job satisfaction, there was significant difference according to the length of the period working for one ward (F=5.95, p=0.003), 3. The performance of nursing was significantly different according to the age (F=23.52, p=0.000), the working duration as a nurses (F=21.9, p=0.000), the types of nursing unit (F=5.33, p=0.002), and the working duration in present nursing unit (F=15.87, p=0.000). 4. In terms of communication type, the job satisfaction was associated with quality of the upward communication (F=6.23, p=0.003), the downward communication (F=5.78, p=0.004), and the horizontal communication (F=11.73, p=0.000) There were no association between the types of communication and the performance of nursing. 5. There was a positive correlation between the communication and the job satisfaction. And the downward communication (r=0.398) showed the greatest correlation with the job satisfaction. There was no statistically significant correlation between the communication and the performance of nursing. And the upward communication (r=-0.058) showed a negative, though not significant correlation with performance of nursing. 5. There was a positive correlation between the communication and the job satisfaction. And the downward communication (r=0.398) showed the greatest correlation with the job satisfaction. There was no statistically significant correlation between the communication and the performance of nursing. And the upward communication (r=-0.058) showed a negative. though not significant correlation with performance of nursing. 6. The stepwise multiple regression result showed that the downward communication accounts for
(p=0,000) of the job satisfaction.
A Study on the Repeated Blood-Donation and Health Promotion Behavior, Self-efficacy, and Self-esteem of Blood-donors.
Hong Kyong Hee ; Park Ho Ran ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 17, issue 2, 2003, Pages 333~341
This study was designed to provide basic strategies of nursing intervention in order to keep and obtain healthy, responsible and regular donors by investigating and analyzing relationships of health promotion behavior. self-efficacy and self-esteem of blood-donors. The subjects collected for the research were four hundred and sixty-eight individuals who participated in platelet donation at a university hospital apheresis unit in Seoul. The data for this study were collected between May and June, 2002 using questionnaires. The results were as follows. 1. The proportion of subjects who have not had previous experience of whole blood-donation was
, while the proportion of subjects who have had two times previous experiences was
and over five times was
. 2. Mean score of health promotion behavior was 2.7 (range 1-4), self-efficacy was 3.8 (range 1-5) and self-esteem was 3.3 (range 1-4), which showed higher than middle. 3. There was positive significant relationship between the number of blood-donation and health promotion behavior as well as the number of blood donation and self-efficacy. 4. Positive significant relationship existed between the number of whole blood-donation and the number of apheresis blood-donation. Therefore, to increase recurrence of blood-donation. it is necessary to establish more effective and organized nursing intervention strategies that can promote the health promotion behavior, self-efficacy and self-esteem of blood-donors.