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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Sep 2004
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
Caregiver Burden and Health-related Quality of Life Among Stroke Caregivers
Kim Eun Young ; Shin Eun Young ; Kim Yoon Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 5~13
Purpose: This study was performed to examine the relationship between caregiver burden and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in family caregivers of stroke patients in the community. Methods: Subjects were 33 stroke patients who had a experience of hospitalization during last 1 year and their family. Data were obtained from personal interview by nursing students in October, 2003. We assessed the functional status of stroke patients, caregiver burden and the HRQOL of caregivers using SF-8. Results: A higher subjective burden was related to dependent functional status of patients than independent(P<.01). The independent cognitive function of stroke patients and good health of caregivers were related to high HRQOL of caregivers. PCS and MCS of HRQOL were negatively correlated to subjective burden, -.34(p<.01) and -.37(p<.05). Conclusion: We founded functional status of stroke patients. caregiver burden and HRQOL of caregivers were related to each other. To improve the HRQOL of caregiver, decreasing burden of caregivers and the functional status improvement of stroke patients must be considered.
A Study on the Relations Between Physical Exercise and Quality of Life in Middle-aged Adults
Han Su Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 14~26
Purpose: This study was done to identify the relationship between physical exercise and quality of life in middle-aged adults. Method: The subjects of this study consisted of 251 mid-aged adults who lived in D city and N city. The instrument for this study was exercise performance scale by Kim and QOL scale by Ro. Data were collected form February 20 to March 20. 2003. Result: 1. Among participants. 'good' exercise performance consisted
and exercise involvement was
. 2. The quality of life showed positive significant correlation with the exercise performance(r=.21. p=.00). 3. Exercise performance was a predictor of quality of life and
of the variance explained with exercise performance. Conclusion: The results of this study suggest that further development and applying of exercise performance programs are recommended for quality of life of mid-aged adults. In addition. further research needs to be done to identify relationship with these factors for various age group.
The Study on Job Satisfaction of the Employee in the Long-term Mental Health Care Facilities
Chae Eun Hee ; Lee Hyo Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 27~38
The purpose of this study was to improve job satisfaction and welfare of the employees in the long-term mental health care facilities. This study was conducted to examine the job satisfaction of 102 employees in the long-term mental health care facilities. Data were collected through education programmes held in Seoul National Hospital at June, 1. The job satisfaction of employees is
in total average score. The job satisfaction in the physical environment item is the highest score,
. The peer relation item value is the lowest,
. 2. In the case of consideration of job satisfaction by general characteristics, there was no differences in job satisfaction. According to the job satisfaction by types of licences, by the director's efforts, there was significant differences. Comparing to other employees, the employees who doesn't have any licence were more satisfied. Also the director's efforts was significant variable to improve job satisfaction. 3. The total satisfaction level was influenced by the variables of working condition (0.738), welfare (0.728), allowance(0.714), pride(0.701). The total satisfaction level showed positive correlation of this variables. 2002. The questionnaires included items about general character. facility character. and job satisfaction items of employees. The results of this study were summarized as follows.
Effect of Moxibustion Heat Therapy on Menstrual Cramps, Dysmenorrhea, and Activities of Daily Living
Lee Inn Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 39~49
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of moxibustion heat therapy(Koryo hand acupuncture) on menstrual cramps. dysmenorrhea and ADL. The experiment was carried out during the period from March 24 to April 30, 2003. The subjects in the study were drawn from female students attending two colleges in Chungcheongbuk-do and Kyunggi-do. Of all those subjects. 19 and 14 subjects were assigned to the experimental and the control groups respectively. The moxibustion heat therapy were performed three times a week, subjects were treated twice a time. Data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN10.0 by
test. Wilcoxon sign rank. and Wilcoxon rank sum test. The result of this study were as follows : 1) After moxibustion heat therapy. the graphic rating score of menstrual cramps was decreased significantly from 7.79(SD=1.22) to 4.47(SD=2.25) in experimental group(z=-3.731. p=.000). And there was significant difference in the change of graphic rating score of menstrual cramps between both groups(z=-3.637. p=.000). 2) After moxibustion heat therapy. the score of face rating scale of menstrual cramps was decreased significantly from 3.95(SD=0.71) to 2.32(SD=1.00) in experimental group(z=-3.457. p=.000). And there was significant difference in the change of face rating score between both groups(z=-2.713. p=.007). 3) After moxibustion heat therapy. the score of adjective labor pain rating scale rank (ALPRS) of menstrual cramps was decreased significantly from 23.63(SD=4.19) to 17.27(SD=6.34) in experimental group(z=-2.941. p=.001). But there was no significant difference in the change of adjective labor pain rating score(ALPRS) of menstrual cramps between both groups(z=-1.918. p=.059). 4) After moxibustion heat therapy. the score of dysmenorrhea was decreased significantly from 7.0(SD=2.89) to 5.26(SD=3.54) in experimental group(z=-2.183. p=.029). But there was no significant difference in the change of the score of dysmenorrhea between both groups(z =-1.555. p=.125). 5) After moxibustion heat therapy, the score of ADL difficulty was decreased significantly from 33.26(SD=4.58) to 28.83(SD=9.44) in experimental group(z=-3.552. p=.000). And there was significant difference in the change of score of difficulty of ADL between both groups(z=-4.110. p=.000). The above finding indicated that the moxibustion heat therapy showed a practical effect on reducing menstrual cramps, dysmenorrhea and ADL difficulty in female. Accordingly. we can adopt the moxibustion heat therapy as a useful intervention in the community nursing.
Nursing Students' Lived Experience of Blind Person
Song Nam Ho ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 50~60
This is a Phenomenological study to describe the experience of nursing students on blind persons. Report and individual interviews were conducted on subjective experience of 5 nursing students. Data were analyzed through Giorgi's method in which meaningful statements. The results were from significant statements on reports and interview. These were clustered into 17 theme and 4 central meaning. Nursing Students started practice with prejudice, fear, and expectation at the same time. They also experienced complicated feelings (expansion of consciousness, growth of self, expansion of emotion, true presence)for the blind person. Make a situational structural description from theme and central meaning. Make a general structural description from situational structural description.
A Study on the Effect of MBTI (Myers and Briggs Type Indicator) Basic Program on the Interpersonal Relationship Between Nursing Science Major Students and Their Cohesion
Hwang Seung Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 61~73
This study is intended to suggest fundamental data necessary for developing MBTI program that can help improve interpersonal relation skills of nursing science major students and their cohesion. This study is pre-experimental research by one group pretest-post test design to examine the effect of MBTI(Myers and Briggs Type Indicator) basic program on the interpersonal relationship between nursing science major students and their group cohesion and the relationship between interpersonal relationship and their group cohesion. I selected 39 of sophomore students in the department nursing science of K university in I metropolitan city as test group. 35 of them joined post-test. Pretest and MBTI basic program were done before conducting MBTI program. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS window 7.5. The difference in test group before and after conducting program was examined by paired t-test. The correlation between interpersonal relationship and group cohesion was measured by using Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The findings are as follows.
The difference before and after conducting MBTI program by sub-factors of interpersonal relation: There was no significant difference, as the average figure of interpersonal relation in test group was 87.22 before conducting MBTI and 85.08 after conducting MBTI respectively. The average figure of sensitivity among the sub-factors of interpersonal relation was 7.71 before conducting MBTI and reduced to 7.08 after conducting MBTI and there was significant difference between before and after conducting MBTI(t=-2.484, p=.018)
The difference in group cohesion before and after conducting MBTI program: The average figure of group cohesion in test group was 56.68 before conducting MBTI and increased a bit to 56.80 after conducting MBTI\, but there was no significant difference between them.
The relationship between interpersonal relationship and group cohesion before and after conducting MBTI: As the relationship between interpersonal relationship and group cohesion before and after conducting MBTI is examined, there was positive correlation of the significance level. p<.05 before conducting MBTI(r=.320, p=.047), and of the significance level, p<.01 after conducting MBTI(r=.780, p=.000). The investigation on the relation between sub-factors of group cohesion and of interpersonal relation before conducting MBTI basic program revealed that there was positive correlation between openness, reliability, friendliness and satisfaction, and group intervention, between receptivity among group members and reliability, and between group atmosphere and satisfaction. The investigation on the relation between sub-factors of group cohesion and of interpersonal relation after conducting MBTI basic program revealed that there was positive correlation between openness, communication, understanding, friendliness and satisfaction. and group intervention. There was positive correlation between receptivity among group members and openness, communication, understanding, friendliness and satisfaction. There was positive correlation between openness, communication, friendliness and satisfaction, and group atmosphere. Based on the above findings, I realize that MBTI basic program is essential to the improvement of group cohesion. In addition, it is shown that the sub-factors of interpersonal relation such as openness, communication, friendliness, satisfaction, and understanding, and the sub-factors such as group intervention and receptivity among group members are major factors to improve interpersonal relationship and group cohesion. So, the future MBTI program should include sub-programs that deal with the above factors to improve interpersonal relationship and group cohesion.
Evaluation of Smoking Prevention Programme Targeted at Adolescents in Seoul Area
Lee Chung Yul ; Lee Kyung Hee ; Bae Sun Hyoung ; Seo Ku Min ; Ham Ok Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 74~79
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of smoking prevention programs offered to primary and secondary school students in Seoul, and to analyze factors related to smoking for these students. A quasi-experimental study design was employed and a total of 8,717 students for pre-test and 7,925 students for post-test were participated in the study. The smoking prevention programs included poster and slogan contests. smoking cessation workshop. distribution of smoking prevention pamphlets, reinforcement of smoking regulations, and operation of mobile smoking cessation booth. The results indicated that smoking prevalence decreased after the intervention. However. despite the reinforcement of the regulation related to sales of tobacco to adolescents. more than
of the participants still purchased tobacco from stores, while
obtained tobacco through their friends. Stress, juvenile delinquency, and pocket money were identified as significant factors associated with tobacco use for these students. In conclusion, smoking prevention programs with multiple intervention strategies were effective in decreasing the smoking prevalence among adolescents. Further study is recommended to conduct an experimental study using comparison group to control the effect of other social influences such as national smoking cessation campaigns.
Effect of Individual Health Education the Medical Clinic of Public Health Centers on Knowledge, Self-efficacy, and Self-care behavior in Clients with Hypertension
Lee Hyun Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 80~89
This study focused on individual health education for people with hypertension who were being seen in public health centers. The program was an adjusted intervention program that considered the characteristics of each individual and reflected the individual's will to change. Each individual had a different lifestyle with different characteristics and habits so the study considered these individual's characteristics. A comparison was done of knowledge related to hypertension, self-efficacy, and self-care in these individuals. In order to determine the effectiveness of education given by the nurses the variables were measured before and after the individual health education program. The participants in this study were 85 people with hypertension who were seen at a public health center in G city. They were assigned to an experimental group (43) and a control group (42). A tool developed by Park Young-Im (1994) was used to measure knowledge related to hypertension and self-efficacy. A tool developed by Lee Young-Whee (1994) was used for self-care. Data collection was done for 10 weeks from March 24 to May 31, 2003 using interviews with questionnaires. The following is a summary of the results of the study. Hypothesis 1, 'the experimental group which had the individual health education will have higher knowledge scores on hypertension than the control group that did not have the individual health education' was supported (t=4.17, P=0.00). Hypothesis 2, 'the experimental group which had the individual health education will have higher self-efficacy scores than the control group that did not have the individual health education' was supported (t=4.06, P=0.00). Hypothesis 3, 'the experimental group which had the individual health education will have better self-care ability than the control group that did not have the individual health education' was supported (t=4.94, P=0.00). Based on the results of this study, the public health centers should develop an educational program that uses a variety of visual aids and assess the effects of the education on patients with different chronic diseases. After the development of an inclusive education program which will standardize health education effectively and provide a variety of teaching methods, study is needed to measure changes in lifestyle after education and to determine how much knowledge related to hypertension, self-efficacy, and self-care increase
An Analysis on the Contents Related to Hypertension In the Television Broadcast
Ko Il Sun ; Kim Tae Wha ; Kim Eui Sook ; Lee Sun Mi ; Lee Jung Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 90~102
The purpose of the study was to analyze the current status of hypertension related information on the mass-media. Data were collected on the hypertension related reports in three major broadcasting centers, KBS1
2, MBC, SBS, for 2 years, 1999-2001. Sample of the study was 134 reports. The results were as follows: 1. There were differences in frequencies by broadcasting center and programs. KBS and 9PM News were highest in proportions,
respectively. 2. In regard to reporting time,
were reported in the afternoon. and
of those reports were in 9 PM, followed by 8PM. & 7PM. and 6AM. 3. In regard to area of the report,
belonged to social section, followed by
life and health. 4. In terms of monthly distribution, December, November, and August had higher proportion of reports than other months as well as fall and winter. 5. There were higher proportion of reports containing 'treatment and management' with 'complication management' targeted to 'patients' than 'prevention' targeted to 'general population' in terms of content of the report. In summary, MBC and SBS were more focused on 'treatment and management' with KBS more focused on 'prevention'. There were more 'prevention' related reports in summer, and 'complication management' reports in the morning with 'treatment and management' reports in the afternoon.
The Fatigue Experience of Shift Work Nurses
Kho Hyo Jung ; Kim Myung Ye ; Kwon Young Sook ; Kim Chung Nam ; Park Kyung Min ; Park Jung Sook ; Park Young Suk ; Park Cheong Ja ; Shin Young Hee ; Lee Kyung Hee ; Lee Byung Sook ; Lee Eun Joo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 103~118
The purpose of this study was to understand the process and investigate basic theory of fatigue experience of shift work nurses. The present study adopted grounded theory methodology on fatigue of shift work nurses. The participants for this study were 15 shift work nurses who were in the age of 25 to 35, the clinical experience of 2 to 14 years and the work department of ICU. ER. ward and delivery room. The data were collected from 2000 to 2003 by using interviews and observations. The contents of the interviews were tape-recorded and were drawn through repeated method. And then were analyzed into the concept, subcategories, and categories with the open coding process and axial coding was done to identify the relationships of the concepts and categories according to the paradigm models. The core category generated, which was a central phenomena of the exhaustion process. The causal condition is change events. The central condition of exhaustion were sorted as physical discomfort, decreasing vigor, psychological instability, feeling of sleeping desire, changing face impression and being heavy body. The intervening condition were discovered as social
physical resist and positive
negative interaction strategies. The consequences of the fatigue process is the short term exhaustion relief and long term residual exhaustion. The fatigue process of this study was 'break through exhaustion' of change event-exhaustion-resist-resolve intervention-adaptation. This study offers better understanding on fatigue process of shift work nurses and may facilitate more appropriate interventive strategies to support, information and knowledges according to fatigue process.
The Study of Performance of Health Promoting Behavior in Elementary School Students
Lee Hwa Yean ; Kim Chung Nam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 119~131
This study was the research of health promoting behavior of the 6th grade students of elementary school and general characteristics, health related characteristics and health promoting behavior following the health education were analysed. The performance of health promoting behavior related to the prevention of infectious diseases showed the highest score above all. The school, which received health education by the scheduled education course, home correspondence, and health broadcasting education, showed higher health promoting behavior performance after the health education. On the basis of the results of this study, health promotion program development is required to accomplish health promoting behavior among the elementary school students.
A Study on the Effect of the Nutrition Education Program on the Dietary Self-efficacy and Dietary Practice for Elementary School Children.
Lee Joo Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 132~142
Purpose: The study was to test the effects of nutrition education program changing the dietary self-efficacy and dietary practice of elementary school children. Method: The study was designed as a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects of the study were 70 boys and girls in the fourth grade of elementary school in Seoul. They were devided in two groups evenly : control group and treatment group. The control group participated in the nutrition education with 4 sessions for 4 weeks. data were collected by self-reported questionnaires(dietary self-efficacy and dietary practice) from the 28th of August to the 10th of October. 200l. Result: 1. A hypothesis that 'the elementary school children who participated in the nutrition education may get higher points on dietary self-efficacy than the elementary school children who did not participated' has been adopted(t=-6.36. p<001). 2. A hypothesis that 'the elementary school children who participated in the nutrition education may get higher points on dietary practice than the elementary school children who did not participated' has been adopted(t=-5.03. p<001). Conclusion: The nutrition education is an effective nursing intervention strategy for elementary school children by supporting them form positive dietary self-efficacy and improve dietary practice.
Effects of a Parent-Involvement Sex Education Program for High Primary-School Graders
Eum Jin Sug ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 143~153
The study tried to develop a parent-involvement sex education program and find out its effects for more effective sex education methods for high graders of a primary school. The subjects were recruited from 5 classes of 6th graders in Y Primary School in N city, Kyeonggido province, South Korea. Data collection was done from October 4, 2003 to November 7. The experimental group consisted of 43 students from 3 classes with the help from class teachers and parents' involvement in the program. The control group consisted of 43 students randomly sampled by computer from the other two classes. For the experimental methods, the experimental group was given a parent-involvement sex education program as well as a student sex education program: the control group only received the student sex education program. The results were analyzed according to frequency, percentage,
-test, fisher's exact test and t-test using SAS program. As a result of the homogeneity test, both the groups proved to be the same (t=-0.29 p=0.77, t=0.49 p=0.62) in preliminary sex-attitude and sex-related communication frequency score. But the two group showed meaningful differences (t=2.52 p=0.01, t=2.04, p=0.04) in preliminary sex-knowledge and sex-related communication quality score. After the sex education programs, the two groups didn't show meaningful statistic differences(t=-0.42 p=0.68, t=1.57 p=0.12) in preliminary sex-knowledge and sex-related communication quality score. But the experimental group was statistically more meaningful (t=2.16 p=0.03, t=4.86 p<0.0001) in the difference of sex attitude and sex-related communication frequency than the control. The parent-involvement sex education program developed in this study was more effective for improving their sex attitude and for increasing the frequency of their sex-related communication with parents than the existing student program. Therefore, for sex education, it's necessary to develop and spread various programs where parents can be involved.
Development and Management of Database for School Health Improvement
Choung Hye Myoung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 154~166
The purpose of this study was to design and implementation of database for school health activity. This database system was designed stand-alone application for college school health center without a hospital affiliation and the database system was made of relational database management system, Microsoft access 2000 to be made GUI (Graphic user interface) type design and made up 7 tables: patients. symptoms. departments, income and outgo. medical cures. and medicine. The construction of this database system was patient management. code management. medicine management. and statistics management. The results of the database system were as follows; 1) This database system could be used for college school health center. 2) This database system could be made correct statistic data. 3) This database system could be managed income and outgo. 4) This database system could be changed for the better activity of community health service. 5) This database system could be simply attired administrative system. This database system will be used for students and employees to protect and promote health to measure for health level and quality of health service. In conclusion. this database system can be applied for unit health center to manage the college school health activity and advanced data management can be applied for health profession to do quality improvement. cost containment. management information system. and decision support system.
The Effect of Aqua-exercise Program on Back Pain, Flexibility, Time of Exercise and Self-efficacy in the Women with Chronic Back Pain
Lee Young Ran ; Lee Seoung Hee ; Kim Jun Hong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 167~177
This study was performed to explore the effects of aqua-exercise program on back pain, flexibility. time of exercise and self-efficacy in the women with chronic back pain. The design of this study was a equivalent pre-post test experiment. The subjects consisted of 31 women living in seoul. They underwent tests of back pain. flexibility. time of exercise and self-efficacy as baseline data before aqua-exercise program. The aquatic exercise was based on the Back hab and was consists of 60minutes session, 2 times a week for 5 weeks. Data were analyzed with percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test and pearson correlation coefficient using SAS program. The results were as follows. 1. The back pain has significantly decreased after aqua-exercise program. 2. The dorsal flexibility has significantly increased after aqua-exercise program. 3. The time of exercise has significantly increased after aqua-exercise program. 3. The Self-efficacy has significantly increased after aqua-exercise program. The findings showed the aqua-exercise program could be effective in decreasing the back pain and effective in increasing the flexibility, time of exercise and self-efficacy. It can be suggested the aqua-exercise is effective in the health promotion of the women with chronic back pain.
An Analysis of the Work of Visiting Health Care Providers In Public Health Centers
Kim Cho Ja ; Lee Won Hee ; Lee Chung Yul ; Kweon Bo Eun ; Kim Chung Soon ; Moon Seong Mi ; Kang Kyeong Hwa ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 178~186
The purpose of this study was to analyze the work of visiting health care providers in public health centers. A descriptive analysis of self-records for work data from 875 visiting health care providers working in 242 public health centers in South Korea was done. The results of the study are as follows: 1. The number of households for each visiting health care provider ranged from under 100 households to over 500 households. 2. Low performance was found for several items on the work list for visiting health care providers. 3. There were significant differences in the work performance of visiting health care providers between nurses and nursing assistants. 4. There were significant differences in the work performance of visiting health care providers according to region. In conclusion. work performance of visiting health care providers was low and differed according to type of occupation and region. This study suggest the need for further studies which analyse the quality of visiting health care providers and services, and the visiting health care system.
Analysis of Factors Related to Mammography Screening Behavior Women: Use of Health Belief Model
Ham Ok Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 1, 2004, Pages 187~194
The purpose of this study was to explain mammography screening behavior of Korean women using components of Health Belief Model. A total of 310 women aged 30 and older participated in the study. Of the participants. 155 women who obtained a mammogram during the data collection period were classified as the mammography group and the other 155 who had never had a mammogram were classified as the non-mammography group. The researcher developed instrument used in the study. which included demographic variables and questions measuring the concepts of the HBM components. Trained data collectors administered the questionnaire employing a face-to-face survey method in the waiting areas of hospitals and health promotion centers. The study results indicated that age. knowledge. perceived susceptibility. and self-efficacy were identified as the significant variables in explaining Korean women's mammography screening behavior, whereas, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers were not significantly related to mammography screening behavior of the participants. The findings from this study can be used to guide the design and implementation of health education and health promotion programs in order to promote mammography utilization among Korean women.