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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Sep 2004
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Effects of Vocational High School Students' Smoking Cessation Program Operation - Focused on the Transtheoretical Model -
Lee Hye Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 205~217
This study conducted a survey with the 67 students who are in their 2nd year at 3 vocational high schools. The researcher of this study developed and operated the smoking cessation program based on the Transtheoretical model. To evaluate the effects, experiments were repeatedly done. The data were collected from June 21, 2004 till July 9, 2004. The survey was done based on the questionnaire-interview before and after education. The collected date was computerized by using SPSS-WIN 10.0 program. The results are as follows: Firstly. before education, the smoking cessation stage of change shows precontemplation stage
, preparation stage
, and contemplation stage
respectively. However, after education it shows preparation stage
, action stage
, contemplation stage
, precontemplation stage
. The positive result was
and smoking cessation stage of change made a 0.9 step increase. Secondly, process of change rose in all the areas except helping relationship. It also shows statistical improvement in all the fields except the dramatic relief of the experiential process, the helping relationship of behavioral process and stimulus control Thirdly, negative affective situation temptation, positive social situation temptation, and habitual strength temptation's average points decreased but showed statistical differences. Weight control temptation's average points decreased after education but didn't show statistical differences. Self efficiency increased measurably after education. Fourthly, concerning the social pros and coping pros caused by smoking, the average points were low after education and showed statistic decrease. As for the cons due to smoking, the average points increased but didn't show any statistical differences. In conclusion, thanks to the smoking cessation program applied by the Transtheoretical model, the smoking rate of vocational high school students became low and their smoking temptation also dropped considerably. In conclusion, while the pros for smoking were lessened, its corns were heightened through the educational awareness offered by this program.
Predicting Adolescents' Smoking Behavior Using Health Belief Model
Hong Yoon Mi ; Lee Chung Yul ; Lee Kyung Hee ; Bae Sun Hyoung ; Ham Ok Kyung ; Han Joo Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 218~224
This study was conducted to explain adolescents' smoking behavior using Health Belief Model. A cross-sectional study design was used to analyze characteristics and factors that influence smoking behavior among Korean adolescents. A total of 1.535 adolescents attending 21 high schools in one district of Seoul participated in the study. The results indicated that perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, and barriers were significant in predicting smoking behavior of adolescents. Likewise, the degree of juvenile delinquency, gender, the amount of pocket money, and having smoking parent(s) and friend(s) significantly affect smoking behavior of adolescents. Based on the study results, it is recommended to incorporate HBM components in smoking cessation programs, and to include parents and friends in smoking prevention and cessation programs for high school students in Korea.
Sexual Life and Life Satisfaction of Elderly in the Rural Community
Lee Inn-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 225~233
The purpose of this study was to measure the sexual life and life satisfaction of elderly in the rural community. For this study, questionnaires were given to 421 elderly enrolled to 16 community health post in Chungcheongbuk-do during a period from November 10, 2003 to January 20, 2004. The results of these analysis are as follows 1. In related to elderly's sexual life,
of the respondents answered 'very important' or 'important'.
of the respondents answered they had sexual intercourse. In related to frequency of sexual intercourse,
of respondents answered they had sexual intercourse over once a month. In related to satisfaction of sexual life,
of respondents answered they were satisfied with their sexual life. In related to the sexual life of early age,
of respondents answered they had harmonious sexual lives. 2. The mean score of life satisfaction was 2.09 points out of a possible 3 points. Of the field of questionnaire on life satisfaction, the self actualization field showed the highest score. 3. Of the scores related to life satisfaction according to general characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in presence of spouse(p=.001), family pattern(p=.031). personal expenses a month(p=.001), family supporter(p=.013), and health status(p=.000). 4. Of the scores related to life satisfaction according to sexual life, there were statistically significant differences in importance on sexual life(p=.000), performance of sexual life(p=.0011), frequency of sexual life(p=.000), satisfaction of sexual life(p=.000), sexual life of early age(p=.000).
Prevalence and Related Factors of Hwabyung for the Aged Woman in Rural Community
Kim Hye-kyoung ; Park Jae-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 234~242
The purpose of this study was study to prevalence and related factors of Hwabyung for the aged woman in rural community. A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out for 616 Aged Woman Living in Uiseong County from March 1 to April 20, 2004. Collected data was analyzed by the
. The result of this study was as follows: Prevalence rate of Hwabyung was
in Aged Woman Living in Rural Community. The factors of agricultural village feminine Hwabyung were personality, husbands. Prevalence rate this Hwabyung was high if a husband had angry work wife's personality was blunt and a wife had angry her husband. The reason to have got angry at a husband was liquor, a whoring. personality problem. It is necessary that community supports the aged woman and she develops own personality for development of own personality and solution of husband's problem in oder to low prevalence rate of Hwabyung for the aged woman in rural community.
Health behaviors, Health Care Status and Healthy Life Practice of the Hypertensives
Kwag Hwa Soon ; Kim Chung Nam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 243~257
Surveys were carried out from April to December of 2003 to collect the information on hypertension patients for the detailed analysis. Totally, 1,423 patients, who have been registered to the public health center or its branch located in a small city with both urban and countryside characteristics in Kyungsangbuk-Do area, were the subjects of this investigation. The purpose of this research was to examine the health situation of the hypertension patients and to understand the official state of their management program and their own efforts to control the blood pressure, so that we could develop the better program to protect the patients more efficiently and systematically. Eventual purpose was to provide the patients at high risk with the essential informations to prevent the onset of the disease and to promote their health conditions by early diagnosis. Most patients, registered to the public health center, were relatively obedient to the prescription, however, the incidence of being checked up regularly was low. It was turned out that the patients showed a low tendency to practice to maintain the healthy life style such as the proper eating habit or the effort to control the stress. So. it is necessary to develop the strategy and the management program to enhance the self-nursing activities to control the patients' blood pressure at the proper level. In addition, multidisciplinary approaches should to be done for efficient and effective care for hypertension patients. Finally, systematic management of hypertension patients is required to classify the duty and role for caring patients among those health care system.
Safety-awareness, Safety-practice and Accident Occurrence among Elementary Students
Sim Eun Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 258~275
The purpose of this study was to measure safety-awareness among elementary students, identify their safety-practices and actual status of accidents. The study was also done to acquire basic information on safety education to help students be more aware of safety, and more active in accident-prevention activities. A random sample was taken of 763 5th and 6th grade students in 4 different elementary schools in Seoul. Of the 735 questionnaires collected, 684 were complete and were used in the analysis. SPSS was used to analyze the questionnaires. The results are summarized as follows. First, the overall safety-awareness score was relatively high at 139.06 of a maximum of 164. and respondents were most conscious of the section on Home Safety. Second, the safety-practices of the respondents was at the middle level with a mean score of 56.01 of a maximum of 80. The factors affecting the safety-practice of the respondents were education of their parents, recognized learning proficiency, awareness of need for safety education, and level of safety-education conducted by parents. Third,
of the respondents had experienced one or more accidents during the past year. Most of the accidents occurred during play and recreation and home accidents were the most frequently reported accidents. The risk factors related to the occurrence of accidents were gender, relationship with friends, recognized learning proficiency, and awareness of traffic safety. Forth, higher safety-awareness was found to be directly related to higher safety-practices. Respondents with lower safety-awareness reported higher rate of accidents. In view of the results so far achieved, habituation and formation of safety-oriented actions among students are highly required to prevent accidents. In order to do that, development of safety-awareness and in-life enforcement of safety-practice need to come first.
A Study on Nursing Students' Attitudes toward Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)
Kim Yeong-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 276~285
The purpose of this study was to help in explaining the necessity of education on complementary and alternative medicine(CAM) and opening relevant curriculums in nursing education by grasping the kinds of CAM in which nursing students want to be opened. Data were collected from September 27, 2003 through October 20, 2003. A group of 865 nursing students were surveyed using questionnaires in seven universities whose curriculums on CAM have not been available. Collected data were statistically analyzed by using SAS 8.02 system, and the study results are as follows: 1. The average of subjects' behavior toward CAM was 3.52 of the total 5 with practical affairs 3.79. medical treatment 3.79, social concerns 3.84, and communication 3.78. 2. Most nursing students
did not precisely understand the meaning of CAM although they had heard of it. Most of them
had no experience of applying CAM. The study also revealed that more qualified CAM lecturers in the future are needed: specialist in the relevant field
, doctor and herb doctor
, clinical nurse
and professor of the department of nursing science
. 3. Concerning students' behavior toward CAM, there were statistically significant difference between students from agrarian and fishing villages (F=4.91. p=.007) and the others. 4. CAM courses that students want were therapeutic touch (massage)
. aroma therapy
, manual healing methods
, treatment of blood vessel
, foot reflexology
, and heart remedy
. In conclusion, the study indicated that nursing students had positive attitudes toward CAM and for this. healers should have a frank talk with patients in order to maximize symptom-relieving effects. However, the study showed that most nursing students did not understand the exact meaning of CAM. Considered the fact that improvement of both health status and quality of life will be an important issue in the future, active introduction and education of CAM in nursing curriculum are a matter of necessity.
Effect of Drinking status on Lifestyle and Health Status in Korean and Japanese Nursing Students
Cho Yoo Hyang ; Kim Myung Soon ; Nagahiro Chie ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 286~298
The purpose of this study was to survey the general characteristics, lifestyle include health habits, subjective health problems include physical, psychological and overall health complaints that occurring among Korean and Japanese nursing students. Data collected with the self-administered Okayama Medical Index Health Questionnaire(devised Cornell Medical Index) from 466 Korean and 688 Japanese Nursing Students were analyzed. The subjects were 18 to 24 years old in their 1st, 2nd, 3rd and 4th year-class of nursing department. The total O.M.I. score(section A-R) ranged from 1 to 110 with an average of 22.3(SD=11.5) in Korean nursing students and 18.3(SD=10.1) in Japanese nursing students. A statistically significant inverse correlation was observed between Korean nursing student and Japanese nursing students for the overall health complaints. Korean nursing students have more health problems than Japanese nursing students in terms of physical and overall health complaints excluding psychological problems. About
of Korean nursing students were current smokers and
of Korean nursing students were drinker. Korean nursing students in the drinker's group were more likely to eat fatty foods(p<.001), and take worst lifestyle and have more subjective health problems than non drinker's group of Korean nursing students. Korean nursing students were more likely to perform bad health behaviors than Japanese nursing students. The drink habit is one of the biggest problems among the nursing student, and then we have to have the mobilizing for 'Change on Alcohol' in our universities. This conclusion should provide grounds for future studies of strategies for health promotion and of prevention measures for psychological ill-health of nursing students.
A Study on the Validation of Somatotype Drawing as a Instrument of Measuring Obesity Level by Body Component Analysis
Lee Seoung Eun ; Jung Young Mi ; Chung Kil Soo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 299~311
Purpose: Somatotype drawing developed by Sorensen et al.(1983) has been evaluated as a simple instrument of obesity level without real somatic measuring as height and weight. This study was designed to validate somatotype drawings for obesity assessment by bioelectrical impedance body component analysis. Method: At first questionnaire of somatotype drawing was done. Subjects were measured body component by bioelectrical impedance analysis as weight, BMI(body mass index), WHR(waist-hip ratio), body water, protein mass, mineral mass, body fat mass, skeletal muscle mass, soft lean mass, fat free mass and percent body fat. We evaluated correlations between these data and somatotype drawings and tried to grouping of somatotype drawings with the means of major body component value. Result: The data were collected from 205 college women whose height and weight were
. Spearman's correlation coefficients of somatotype drawing were 0.74 with BMI, 0.68 with weight 0.69 with body fat mass, 0.65 with WHR. 0.64 with percent body fat after adiusted age. The grade of somatotype drawings were grouped as 1-2, 3-4, 5-6. 7-9 by BMI, body fat mass, weight, 1, 2-4, 5-6, 7-9 by WHR and 1-2, 3-4, 5-9 by percent body fat(ANOVA and Duncan's method). Conclusion: So quick instrument using somatotype drawings were useful tools for evaluation of obesity level and is applicable to screen degree of body fat in self-administered questionnaire survey.
A Study on the Relationship between Health Behavior Factors and Blood Pressure of Workers
Choi Hyun-Ju ; Jung Moon-Hee ; Kim Yoon-Shin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 312~329
This study was examined 718 workers who had consistent blood pressure results in 2001 and 2002 general health examinations that were held at a work places managed by a health care agency in Seoul. Significant results are found as follows by analysing SPSS 11.0 on the result of self-recorded questionnaires investigated from Mar 1, 2003 to April 30, 2003. 1. A sampled healthy group and a sampled unhealthy group had significant differences in four variables out of possible nineteens that are sex, age, marriage and occupation. The unhealthy group had more males than females, more aged (over 50 years old) than youngers (under 50 years old), more married than singles, more manufacturing workers than non-manufacturing workers. In the case of systolic blood pressure, as the healthy group had 16.52mmHg while that of the other group had 149. 58mmHg, 33.06mmHg of difference between those groups were detected. In the case of diastolic blood pressure, 74.93mmHg of the healthy group and 96.53mmHg of the unhealthy group yielded 21.60mmHg of difference between them. This result implies that a guidance of health care is required to be aware of 20-30mmHg volatility in blood pressure rate or to understand and treat properly own blood pressure. as it is difficult to detect hypertension in early stage due to no initial symptom. According to the result. an establishment of management system of workers, companies and health care agencies is required for consist health care. 2. In terms of risky habits to health, the unhealthy group had more proportion of past smokers, over-twice-a-week drinkers, people with higher obesity rate. However, in terms of excercise, the proportion of regularly exercising people is higher in the unhealthy group while that of non-exercising people is higher in the healthy group. On the other hand. the average grade of health practicing behaviour in two groups are not significantly different as the health group had 3.00 out of possible 6.00 while the other had 3.10. This result means that as workers are not interested in health practicing behaviour. health promoting programmes must be developed in such a way of various method of motivations and incentives. Particularly this implies that distortional objectives of exercises should be readjusted through health guidance. 3. Systolic blood pressure in the healthy group can be explained by sex and the obesity rate while that in the unhealthy group can be explained by subjective health awareness and the obesity. Diastolic blood pressure in the healthy group can be explained by sex and the obesity rate like the former. The obesity rate was significant variable affecting the blood pressure of both groups, and particularly the effect to the unhealthy group was remarkably higher than that to the healthy group. Therefore, this research identified that the health care on the blood pressure of workers is not only limited to hypertension patients, but also extended to all workers. In order for consistent care, an establishment of management system of workers, companies and health care agencies is required.
Factors Affecting Smoking Attitude and Intention among Preschool Children
Lee Hung Sa ; Paik Sun-bok ; Kim Hyun Chull ; Choi Gyoung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 330~341
Parental smoking status and smoking environment do not only affect children's health through exposure to nicotine, but are also related to children's smoking attitude, intention and knowledge of smoking. Since this study was conducted to examine a relationship between family members smoking and smoking attitude, intention and knowledge of their children, little is known about psychosocial factors influencing smoking among Korean preschool children. This study aimed to determine the psychosocial factors (sociodemographic factors, education for smoking cigarette, knowledge about smoke cigarette) influencing smoking attitude and smoking intention, with a purpose of providing directions for future education programs for Korean preschool children. A cross sectional sample of 840 children, ages 4-7 years, living in a rural district were interviewed during August 6 - November 14, 2003. Among them, 834 children whose missing data were less than
were included the analysis. The independent variables included sociodemographic characteristics and education for smoking cigarette, while the dependent variables were knowledge about smoking, the children's smoking attitude and their intention of smoking. The data on sociodemographic characteristics were analyzed using descriptive statistics including frequency, percentage, mean, and standard deviation. The correlations between the independent variables and attitude and intention of smoking were analyzed using chi-square test, t-test, and logistic regression. The results of this study were s follows. The factors that were found to be significantly correlated to smoking attitude include mother's smoking
, grandmother's smoking
, and knowledge of smoking cigarette $(x^2=-5.13 p<.01)$. The factors that were significantly correlated to the intention of smoking include gender
, education for smoking$(x^2=17.65,\;p<.01)$, mother's smoking $(x^2=19.05,\; p<.01)$, grandmother's smoking $(x^2=17.67,\; p<.01)$, and knowledge
. The children who had non smoking mother were more likely to have negative attitude (OR=2.29). The children who had a higher knowledge about smoking were more likely to have negative attitude (OR=1.58). The findings suggest that a smoking prevention program specific for preschool children is necessary to prevent early onset of smoking. The findings also suggest that the program should involve children's family members who influence their smoking attitude and intention.
A Correlation study on Spiritual Wellbeing, Hope and Perceived Health Status of the Rural Elderly
Kim Chungnam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 18, issue 2, 2004, Pages 342~357
A descriptive correlation study was done to provide a basic data for comprehensive nursing care by analyzing the relationship between spiritual wellbeing, hope and perceived health status of the rural elderly. 130 respondents who lived at their homes and nursing homes for elders in D county. Kyungbuk province were selected and their age was over 60 years old. Paloutzian and Ellison(1982)'s spiritual wellbeing scale. Nowotny(l989)'s hope scale and Northern Illinois University's health self rating scale was used. From September 2nd to September 30th, 2002, ready made questionnaires were handed out by researcher and two well trained nurse research assistants. to those who can fill it out and for those who cannot fill out the questionnaires alone, the researcher and assistants read it and finished by interview. This study used Pearson's correlation coefficient for the hypothetic test and the average point and standard deviation of spiritual wellbeing, hope, and perceived health status were checked. To find out the difference between spiritual wellbeing, hope, and perceived health status by general characteristics ANOVA and Tukey test were used. The results are as follows : 1. The mean score for spiritual wellbeing of the rural elders was
in a possible range of 20-80. The mean score of religious wellbeing was
and that of existential wellbeing was
in a possible range of 10-40. The average point of religious wellbeing was
points and existential wellbeing was
points to 4 point full marks. 2. The mean score for hope was
in a possible range of 29-116. The average point of hope was
points to 4 point full marks. 3. The mean score for perceived health status was
in a possible range of 4-14. The average point of perceived health status was
point to 4 point full marks. 4. In testing the hypothesis concerning the relationship between spiritual wellbeing and hope, there was a statistically positive correlation(r=0.621. p=0.000). 5. In testing the hypothesis concerning the relationship between hope and perceived health status, there was a statistically positive correlation(r=0.305, p=0.000). 6. There were significant differences in spiritual wellbeing according to age(F=5.60, p=0.000), religion(F=11.61. p=0.000), family status(F=2.86, p=0.040) and average monthly pocket money(F=4.32, p=0.015). 7. There were significant differences in hope according to age(F=16.49, p=0.000), religion (F=3.56, p=0.009), educational level(F=8.94, p=0.000), present occupation(t=-3.13, p=0.002), family status(F=5.90, p=0.001) and average monthly pocket money(F=3.41. p=0.036). 8. There were significant differences in perceived health status according to present occupation(t=-2.16, p=0.033) average monthly pocket money(F=4.11, p=0.019). From the above results it can be concluded that: There was a positive correlation between spiritual wellbeing and hope, hope and perceived health status. There was no positive correlation between spiritual wellbeing and perceived health status. For futher study, adequate spiritual wellbeing scale and hope scale for rural elders should be developed and, age and religion factors has to be reconsidered. When the nurse implicate the nursing intervention which can be promote the spiritual wellbeing and hope, rural elder's spiritual wellbeing and hope can be improved and at the same time, their perceived health status also can be improved.