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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Sep 2005
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
The Relation between Obesity among Middle School Students and Total Cholesterol, Blood Glucose and Blood Pressure
Kim Eun Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 5~17
This research was conducted to determine the actual condition of obesity and obese students' total cholesterol. blood glucose and blood pressure, and to analyze the relationship between the obesity rate and total cholesterol. blood glucose and blood pressure among the students at 7 middle schools in A city in Kyoung ki-do. The results were as follows: 1. Among 12,148 student participants in this investigation. students of normal weight range were
and obese students were
, breaking down to mildly obese of
. moderately obese of
and severely obese of
, The gender difference was statistically significant
. 2. To analyze the 1.027 obese students. the average of total cholesterol was 166.9mg/dl, 171.0mg/dl and 182.1mg/dl in the mild, moderate and severe obesity groups, respectively. The results became more significant with increasing obesity rate (F=10.06, p=.0001). The average of systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 121.9mmHg, 123.2mm, and 127.5mm, respectively. The results became more significant with increasing obesity rate (F=6.29, p=.0019). The average of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 74.4mmHg. 76.0mmHg. and 78.4mmHg, respectively. The results became more significant with increasing obesity rate (F=8.15. p=.0003). The average of blood glucose was 83.3mg/dl, 84.5mg/dl, and 82.3mg/dl, respectively. There was no significant difference with obesity rate. 3. There were significant correlations between obesity rate and cholesterol(r=.11288, p=.0003), between obesity rate and DBP(r=.14209, p=.000l). and between obesity rate and SBP(r=.14081. p=.0001). However, there was no significant correlation between obesity rate and blood glucose (r=.00655, p=.8339).
Smoking Behavior among Industrial Workers In Jecheon
Kim Myoung Sook ; Kim Myoung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 18~29
The purpose of this study was to analyze the smoking behavior and to provide the basic data required to develop a smoking cessation program. The study subjects were 407 industrial workers in Jecheon. The data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by the SPSS 10.0 system using descriptive statistics, t-test, and Chi-square test. The study results were as follows 1. Current smokers were
, ex-smokers were
. and non-smokers were
. 2. The most common motives of smoking were anger. anxiety, depression. and stress in the workplace. 3. In smoking habits, about
of the current smokers smoked 11-20 cigarettes/day, and
had smoked for more than 5 years. The smoking areas of the workplace were outdoor
. 4. Regarding smoking cessation,
of current smokers had attempted. The frequency of smoking cessation attempts was 1-3 or less in
of smokers. The duration of smoking cessation was 1-3 month or less in
of the smokers. 5. The mean score for smoking knowledge was 17.62, smoking attitude 75.74. and perceived health state 12.27. 6. There were significant differences between smokers and non-smokers 10 smoking attitude (t=5.29, p=0.00), and perceived health state(t=6.47, p=0.00). 7. As a result of the homogeneity test, both types of smoking and perceived health state proved to have significant differences in the change of health state compared with 4 weeks ago'
and the level of satisfaction of health state in activities of daily living'
. The important findings of this study showed that a smoking cessation program needs to be developed to enhance the negative smoking attitude. to promote the perceived health state through smoking cessation, to encourage the intention of smoking cessation, and to develop strategies of stress management.
Child Injury and Attitude, Knowledge, and Practice on Safety of Mothers With Infants and Toddlers
Bang Kyung Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 30~40
Objectives: To describe the rate of injuries among infants and toddlers. and to investigate the attitude. knowledge. and practice on safety of their mothers. Methods: The total sample consisted of 308 mothers with infants or toddlers from two public health centers in two cities in Kyunggi Province. A questionnaire was used to collect data. which was analyzed with SPSS 11.5 Win program. Results: Thirty-eight percent of the subjects had experienced home accidents. Fall. burn. and laceration were the most frequently occurred home injuries. Most of the mothers were anxious for child accidents, and
of mothers thought of safety as a primary concern. The mean score of knowledge on safety was 7.63. and the mean score of practice on safety was 34.76. Safety knowledge was significantly higher in mothers with higher education. higher income. and experience of having information on safety. but safety practice was not different depending on these factors. There was a negative correlation between safety practice and child rearing burden. Conclusions: The rate of injuries among infants and toddlers was still high compared to other developed countries. This study provided basic data about the accidents of infants and toddlers. and the level of safety knowledge and safety practice of their mothers. The related factors found in this study should be considered when providing anticipatory guidance or developing injury prevention programs for mothers.
Factors Affecting Health Promotion Behavior of Apheresis Blood-Donors
Hong Kyong Hee ; Park Ho Ran ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~52
This study was designed to provide a base for nursing intervention to help apheresis blood-donors to perform health promotion behavior effectively by surveying their health promotion behavior and by analyzing the critical factors. The study subjects were 468 participants in platelet donation at a university hospital apheresis unit in Seoul. The data for this study were collected between May and June. 2002. by questionnaire. Data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA. Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficient. and stepwise multiple regression. The results were as follows. 1. The degree of performance of health promotion behavior of the subjects was a total average score of
points and a mean score of 2.7 points. The highest score was 'I have a good relationship with others' in the factor of self-actualization and interpersonal support. The lowest score was 'I have my blood pressure checked regularly' in the factor of health responsibility. 2. Considering the classification according to the subjects' general characteristics. the health promotion behavior score was significantly higher for soldiers than high school students, for religious believers than atheists. and for high class economic status than mid and low class economic status. Also the health promotion behavior score was higher for those who had made more than five blood donations than those who had made zero or one donation. and for those who had made more than four blood donations than for those who had made less than four blood donations in the previous times of apheresis blood donation. The score was also higher for those not having a relationship with recipient than those having a relationship. 3. The self-efficacy related to donation. general self-efficacy and self-esteem had a significant correlation with the performance in health promotion behavior. 4. The critical factors that influenced the health promotion behavior were explained by
of the general self-efficacy and by
of the total of self-efficacy related to donation, and previous times of apheresis blood donation. The health promotion behavior score of apheresis blood-donors differed according to job, religion, economic status, previous times of whole blood donation, previous times of apheresis blood donation, and relationship with recipient. The health promotion behavior and self-efficacy related to donation, general self-efficacy, and self-esteem showed significant positive correlation with one another. The general self-efficacy, self-efficacy related to donation, and previous times of apheresis blood donation appeared to be the significant predictive factors of health promotion behavior. Therefore, from these study results, it is necessary to establish more effective and organized nursing intervention strategies for the health promotion behavior of apheresis blood-donors.
Menstrual Discomforts and Coping In Adult Women
Sung Mi Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 53~63
The purpose of this study was to identify menstrual discomforts and coping m adult women. The subjects were 577 adult women. aged 20 years old and over. selected by convenient sampling. Data were collected through a questionnaire survey from December 2. 2004 to December 31. 2004. Two instruments were modified and used in this study. the Menstrual Discomfort Questionnaire by Park(1988) and the Menstrual Coping Questionnaire by Billings & Moos(198l). The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics. t-test. and ANOVA with SPSS 10.0 program. The results of this study were as follows. 1. The prevalence rate of dysmenorrhea was
. 2. The total mean score for menstrual discomforts was 2.82 of a possible total of 5. The mean score for each category was 3.10 for water retention. 2.93 for negative affect. 2.89 for pain. 2.74 for autonomic reactions. 2.73 for behavioral change. and 2.59 for concentration. 3. Statistical differences were found for menarche age(F=9.351. p<.00l), feeling to menstruation(F=12.376. p<.001). dysmenorrhea(t=7.3l7. p<.001). onset of dysmenorrhea (F= 12.766. p<.001). taking medication(t=6.289. p<.001). and degree of taking medication (F=12.924. p<.00l). 4. The coping modes with the highest scores were 'rest and go to the bed '
. 'regard menstruation as a physiological and temporary phenomenon'
, and 'take a warm shower'
. We conclude that there were many women with dysmenorrhea. that the first day was the onset of menstrual discomfort. and that it differed by menarche age. feeling to menstruation. dysmenorrhea. onset of dysmenorrhea. taking medication. and degree of taking medication. Nursing intervention has to be considered in programs to reduce menstrual discomfort.
Relationship between Characteristics and Difference by the Grade of Stress in the Nursing Students - Effect of National Examination on Stress -
Cho Yoo Hyang ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 64~73
The purpose of this study was to discuss the difference of stress by the grade, examine the relationship between characteristics and main stress, and to investigate the effect of the National Examination of Registered Nurses on stress by using the stress self-rating scale targeting university nursing students (n=314), The stress self-rating scale consists of three subscales: stress responses, stressors and coping parts, such as perceived social support and a sense of humor. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient and regression analysis. The results showed that passing the National Examination of Registered Nurses was the first problem among the stressors. Stressors of the living factors and nursing factors, and subjective stressors of the surveyed nursing students were the highest among the senior students, but stressors of nursing factors increased according to the grade of the nursing students. Perceived stress responses were high in psychological responses of other aspects, and perceived stress responses increased according to the grade (p<.001). Senior students had a high weight of perceived stress responses (problem-focused, emotion-focused). and active and negative coping modes. Significant factors that explained the stressors were coping mode(r=.62-82. p<.01) and cognition(r=.19. p<.01). including the social support. These findings suggest that social support was very important for seniors. and that we have to develop approaches to decrease stress according to the student grade for nursing education process.
A Comparative Study on the Effect of Smoking Cessation Education between CAI(Computer Assisted Instruction) and Lecture - Focused on Vocational High School Male Students -
Lee Eun Suk ; Kim Chung Nam ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 74~94
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of education between CAI(Computer Assisted Instruction) and lectures for smoking cessation among male students who attended vocational high schools. Conducted from February 24th to April 26th, 2003, the study design was quasi-experimental with nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The study subjects were 60 male students in K vocational high school in Daegu city, who were present smokers and had more than 7.0 ppm concentration level of carbon monoxide. Thirty students were randomly chosen as the experimental group which applied CAI education method for smoking cessation. The other 30 students served as the control group which received lecture education method of 40 minutes on four consecutive days. CAI education for smoking cessation was composed of ready-made individual learning contents, counseling by using cyber-communication, writing a letter to stop smoking, and writing a written agreement for smoking cessation. Lecture education for smoking cessation was composed of a ready-prepared lecture for the group, writing a letter to stop smoking, and writing a written agreement for smoking cessation. To measure smoking related knowledge, Jeong Ree Roh(1996)'s smoking related knowledge scale
was modified and used by the researcher. To measure smoking related attitude, Jeong Ree Roh(1996)'s smoking related attitude scale
was modified and used by the researcher. Smoking related knowledge scale's Cronbach's
was 0.83 in the pilot study and 0.93 in this study. Smoking related attitude scale's Cronbach's a was 0.80 in the pilot study and 0.98 in this study. To determine the smoking amount, the number of cigarettes smoked per day was checked. The concentration level of CO in the exhaled breath was measured (Micro CO Cat. No. MCO2, UK). Data was analyzed by
, t-test, repeated measures ANOVA. simple main effects, and time contrast test with SPSS/Win 11.0 program. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The first hypothesis. that 'Smoking-related knowledge score in the experimental group by using CAI education for smoking cessation will be higher than that in the control group by using lecture education for smoking cessation', was not supported. 2. The second hypothesis, that 'Smoking-related attitude in the experimental group by using CAI education for smoking cessation will be higher than that in the control group by using lecture education for smoking cessation'. was supported(F=6490.79. p=0.000). 3. The third hypothesis. that 'Smoking amount in the experimental group by using CAI education for smoking cessation will be less than that in the control group by using lecture education for smoking cessation'. was supported. 1) The third-1st sub-hypothesis. that 'The number of cigarettes smoked per day in the experimental group by using CAI education for smoking cessation will be less than that in the control group by using lecture education for smoking cessation'. was supported(F=134.19. p=0.000). 2) The third-2nd sub-hypothesis. that 'The concentration level of CO by ppm per one exhaled breath in the experimental group by using CAI education for smoking cessation will be lower than that in the control group by using lecture education for smoking cessation"' was supported(F=268.55. p=0.000). From the above results. CAI education can be an effective intervention to improve smoking-related knowledge and attitude. and to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the concentration level of CO by ppm per one exhaled breath. Lecture education can be effective to improve smoking-related knowledge. In the future, when CAI education and lecture education for smoking cessation are applied on the school nursing field. the students can gain a comprehensive understanding of smoking cessation, changes in smoking-related knowledge. smoking-related attitude and reducing smoking amount. Furthermore, CAI education for smoking cessation could be developed as an individual self initiative program and could give a guideline to apply CAI education for smoking cessation in other field.
Diagnostic Variables Related to Elementary School Students' Weight Control - Based on the PRECEDE model -
Yoo Jae Soon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 95~107
With the aim of diagnostic research on health education. the health promoting behaviors related to elementary school students' weight control. life satisfaction. health state. self-efficacy. parent's interest and knowledge about weight control and school health education of weight control were investigated on the basis of the PRECEDE model. The data for this study were collected from a sample at an elementary school in Chongju for 5 days in July. 2004. In analyzing the data. t-test. one-way ANOVA. chi-square test and multiple regression analysis were done by using SPSS 10.1 The results were as follows : 1. The elementary school students' level of life satisfaction was above half of the full point. The score difference of life satisfaction was statistically significant by grade and academic achievement(F=4.646. p=.010. F=16.042. p=.000). 2. The perceived level of health state was moderate for all students. Normal weight students' level was significantly higher than obese students' (t=3.667. p=.000). 3. The perceived level of health promoting behaviors related to weight control was above the moderate. The perceived level of health promoting behaviors related to weight control in the obese students was significantly higher than that in normal weight students(t=-2.225. p=.027). The students used computer for 1.48 hours and watched TV for 2.52 hours a day. 4. The score of health promoting behavior self-efficacy in this subject was 70.61. 5. The parents' level of interest in the obese students' weight control was significantly higher than that in the normal weight students(t=-4.86. p=.000). 6. Sixty-six percent of the students learned about weight control education in school. 7. The health promoting behavior self-efficacy among the educational diagnostic variables was the most influential variable in students' health promoting behaviors related to weight control. This research diagnosed the needs of weight control education in elementary school by assessing various factors related to weight control behaviors. The research findings suggest that we can enhance the prevention of childhood obesity by strengthening the related factors such as parents' knowledge and interest, health promoting behaviors and self-efficacy related to weight control in school health education.
Recognition of Home Care Services for Nurses and Physicians
Ko Young Aie ; Baek Hee Chong ; Park Jin Kyung ; Kim Mi Ju ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 108~116
The purpose of this study is to determine the level of recognition of home care services and to provide basic data for implementation of home care services. Data collection was carried out between December 2004 and January 2005 by surveying 88 nurses and 40 physicians working at a general hospital and 28 physicians working at different clinics in the Seoul metropolitan city area. The results of this study were as follows: 1. Home care services were recognized by
of physicians and
of clinic physicians. The main sources of information for most of them were medical and nursing journals. 2. The percentages of staff regarding find home care services as necessary for the institutions were
of physicians and
of clinic physicians. All of them anticipated that home care services would maintain 'continuous care' and 'long-term patient care'. 3. The percentages of staff willing to refer their patients to home care were
of physicians and
of clinic physicians. However, only
of clinic physicians were willing to refer actively. 4. Most nurses and physicians replied that a majority of test-related services is suitable for home care services. However, among medication-related services, intravenous injections were not suitable for home care services. Among treatment-related services, most nurses and physicians replied that Levin tube feeding, oral and nasal suction, simple dressing, perineal care, and enema were suitable for home care services, but incision and drainage, and tracheostomy tube change were not suitable for home care services. In conclusion, for the implementation of hospital-based home care services, it is necessary to educate nurses and physicians on the present condition and precedent at other hospitals.
Medication Counseling and the Patient Customers' Demands
Cho Won Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 117~128
Purpose: The study examines the condition of medication counseling to determine the patient customers' demands, with the purpose of providing a basic data to improve the condition of medication counseling for phamacists and clinical nurses. Method: Questionnaire was completed by 150 nursing students. For data analysis, the SPSS win 10.0 program was used. Result: The contents of medication counseling given by the pharmacists in order of frequency were(
means 'always'): way of use
, period of taking medicine
, drug name
, question of taking other drug
, giving a notice
, way of storage
, side effects
, drug interaction
' The needs and demands desired by the patients in order of frequency were('the most important' is given 10 points, followed by the others in numerically decreasing order until 0): effect(8.68), way of use(7.60), side effect(7.20), giving a notice(6.38), dosage (5.95), drug name(5.67), a period of taking medicine(5.60), drug interaction(4.37), diet(3.63), the way of storage(3.03). Most of the respondents were satisfied with the pharmacists' kindness
. Some recognized the medication counseling was quite good
, but the majority felt it was modest
' Nearly half of them felt the medication counseling time was quiet short
' The communication was mostly oral
, while others used sticker
additionally. There was a significant correlation between pharmacists' kindness and medication counseling content(p<,01), and also recognition(p<.001). The correlation between the number of medication counseling which gave to the patient customer and the recognition was also significant (p<.001). As the number of medication counseling increased, the patient felt the medication counseling time was adequate(p<.05). The correlation between the medication counseling recognition and the adequate time was also very significant(p<.001). Conclusion: These results revealed the situation of medication counseling to be poor and to be differ from the patient customers' demands. Therefore optimal medication counseling, especially regarding possible side effects and drug interaction should be emphasized. Pharmacists and clinical nurses should give qualitative medication counseling which reflects the patients' demands.
Uncertainty and Factors Affecting Organ Donation in Living Liver Donors
Chon Hee Ok ; Park Ho Ran ; Park Jin Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 129~138
As the patients who need to undergo liver transplant operation continues to grow. the number of livers that are donated can not keep pace with the demand. With the development of surgery skills, the necessity for operations from living donors is increasing. Nevertheless, satisfactory research has been conducted on the factors which generally affect the living donors. In this article. therefore. researchers focused on the factors which generally affect the donating liver donor in order to design a plan for recommending liver donation from living donors. The subjects were 91 living liver donors in C university hospital from October 1. 2000 to December 31. 2003. The results on the uncertainty of living donor, by test sheet. were analyzed with SAS program. The final results were as follows: 1. The uncertainty of the living donors was 51.54 marks per full credit 100. 2. The factor with the greatest effect on donation was the possibility of survival of the donor, followed by the admission period. marriage status and age. In recommending the living donation, the rate of donor survival after the operation was 5.2 times higher than death, 5.2 times higher when the admission period was under 20 days. 5.0 times higher when married. and 27.3 times higher when the family-related donation was very active at the age of 20s than in the 50s. These results suggest that all medical staffs should care for living donors with more interest and activity to give them the least complaints in admission and the lowest possibilities for complication. To enhance the survival rate and improve the surgical success rate. on-going monitoring should include regular health-checks. and continual efforts and education should be made to care for the health condition of the living donors after donation.
Understanding of the Sexual Life of the Elderly in the Rural Community
Lee Inn Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 139~147
This study measured the understanding of the sexual life of the elderly in the rural community. Questionnaires were given to 421 elderly enrolled at 16 community health posts in Chungcheongbuk-do from November 10. 2003 to January 20. 2004. The mean score of the understanding of the elderly's sexual life was 21.0 out of a possible 36 points. Of the scores of the understanding of the elderly's sexual life depending upon general characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in sex, education level. the presence of spouse. residence pattern. religion. economic supporter. and subjective health status.
Policy Alternatives on Developing A Home Health Care System for Long-term Health Care Insurance System in Korea
Ryu Ho Shin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 19, issue 1, 2005, Pages 148~160
Presented here are policy alternatives for understanding home health care for the long-term health care insurance system which is being developed for elderly people starting 2007. The summary of issues concerning home health nursing care under the long-term care insurance system include; 1) absence of comprehensive and systematic policy in home health care deliverly systems; 2) absence of community based home health agencies that are considered as the community residents in general. In order to overcome these problems and Issues, policy alternatives of home health care should 1) establish a comprehensive home health care policy for homebound persons; 2) establish the foundations for home health care nurses and community based home health care systems; 3) establish home health care facilities and infrastructure; and 4) promote research and development concerning home health care. Conclusively, a home health care system should be built on a comprehensive policy vision based on health policy, especially long-term care insurance system in the near future. Every homebound residents service has to be constructed systematically under suitable facilities considering the consumer characteristics and health conditions. By doing this, the consumer based comprehensive community home health care delivery system can be constructed in view of the long-term health care insurance system for elderly people.