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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Sep 2007
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
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Effects of Community-Based Group Walking Exercise Program
Go, Young-Aie ; Baek, Hee-Chong ; Hwang, In-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 5~14
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a group walking exercise on body composition, blood lipid profiles and psychological factors. Also this study was to examine the satisfaction of walking exercise and characteristics of the exercise behavior among participants. Method: The subjects, aged 30 to 77 years, were 138 participants in a 24-week, group walking exercise. A walking exercise protocol and education was given to the participants, which was to do walking over three times a week and over thirty minutes each time. We compared the participants' body composition (BMI, PBF, BFM, FFM, WHR and VFA), blood lipid profiles (HDL-C, LDL-C, total cholesterol, triglyceride), exercise self-efficacy and quality of life before and after group walking excercise. Collected data were analyzed through paired t-test using the SAS program. Results: Mean walking frequency was 11.4 times per month and mean walking time was 71.5 min. BMI, PBF, BFM, WHR, and VFA were significantly decreased. FFM increased significantly (p=.0002). There were significant decreased in TC, LDL-C and TG.. Exercise self-efficacy did not increase significantly, but quality of life increased significantly(p=.0088). Conclusion: Community-Based 24 weeks group walking exercise program had positive effects on body composition, blood lipids and quality of life.
Family Characteristics and Self-care Ability in Visiting Nursing Service based on Urban Public Health Center
Cho, Yoon-Hee ; Kim, Gwang-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 15~24
Purpose: The study aim was to provide basic data needed for formulating systematic visiting nursing strategies by comprehending the characteristics and self-care ability of the object families of public health centers in Korea. Method: The research examined 252 families and 339 family members of the vulnerable class that were registered in a visiting nursing program of an urban public health center. The data of 220 families were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, and ANOVA, after excluding any incomplete data. Result: 1. The most frequent characteristics of families were solitary families (52.8%) and financially vulnerable families (87.3%). The most frequent way of family detection was request of the community office. 2. The most frequent type of family problems were vulnerable families (93.2%), followed by patient families (91.0%). 3. The mean score was 11.67 for family self-care ability. 4. The variables of the number of family members, disease type of the patient family members, and the type of vulnerable family showed a significant difference of family self-care ability. Conclusion: This study suggests that vulnerable families demand specific nursing interventions focused on their own problems and that visiting nurses need to obtain and use supportive resources.
A Study on the Reality of Non-Smoking Education of School Nurses and Health Teachers Holding Additional Job and a Demand for Non-Smoking Education in Middle Schools in Busan
Kim, Sook-Nam ; Kang, So-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 25~36
Purpose: This study evaluated a smoking education program in middle schools in Busan. School nurses and health teachers performing additional job development with a variety of human resources on smoking education for adolescents were investigated. Method: The subjects were obtained from 133 middle schools located in Busan, and data were collected from January 10, 2005 to February 19, 2005. The data was analyzed using the descriptive statistics, multiple response and t-test on SPSS 12.0 for Windows. Results: Schools that had school nurses undertook 67% of all smoking education programs. However, 78.3% of smoking education programs were undertaken in schools that used health teachers holding an additional job, those who had other jobs, and teachers in charge of school discipline. The health teachers holding an additional job reported that they had difficulty with smoking education due to a 'lack of professionalism' (t=-2.776, p=.006). In addition, the school nurses reported that 'they had insufficient time for non-smoking education' (t=2.440, p=.016). Conclusion: The results of this study show that school nurses should be in charge of the smoking education programs developed in the middle schools in Busan.
Smoking Influence and Psycho-social Factor of Participant in a Smoking Cessation Program
Kim, Gwang-Suk ; Lee, Young-Ja ; Lee, Chung-Yul ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 37~45
Purpose: A diverse range of measurement methods to evaluate the effect of smoking is more powerful than using a single measure. The objectives of this study were to examine the relationships among smoking pack year, self-reported smoking dependence, and urinary cotinine levels, and to investigate the psychological variables in working men. Method: In this cross-sectional study, we surveyed men working in an electronic company who participated in a smoking cessation program. Among 57 men who completed questionnaires, 25 participate in a test for cotinine levels. Results: Smoking pack year was significantly and positively correlated with the FTND-K (Korean version of Fagerstrom test for nicotine dependence) sum scores (r=0.631, p=0.000) and with the levels of urine cotinine (r=0.463, p=0.023). The relationship between FTND-K sum scores and urinary cotinine levels was also significantly positive (r=0.639, p=0.001). Those with higher social support, especially family support, tended to perceive a higher self-efficacy to smoking cessation. Conclusion: These findings suggest that self-reported smoking pack year and nicotine dependence in working men may be a valid way to evaluate the effect of smoking. A supportive family may influence smoking cessation in working men as it increases self-efficacy to avoid smoking.
A Descriptive Study on Development of an ALARM Sexual Counseling Program for Patients with Ostomy
Park, So-Mi ; Kim, Chang-Hee ; Hur, Hea-Kung ; Kim, Gi-Yon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 46~56
Purpose: This study attempted to identify the sexual function (ALARM: Activity, Libido, Arousal and orgasm, Resolution, Medical history) of patients who have had an ostomy for the development of an ALARM sexual counseling program. Method: Subjects for this descriptive study were recruited from the outpatient clinic of a university affiliated medical center and peer group. Fifty-two subjects who have had an ostomy and lived with their spouse were selected. Instruments were developed by researchers based on the ALARM model by Anderson (1990). Results: In the subject group, 32.7% patients were not sexually active and 76.9% hesitated to have sexual activity because of the stoma. The mean score of resolution was 13.2 (range: 8-32), with a higher score for couple's intimacy indicating a higher level of libido and resolution. Conclusion: This study presents a series of clinical guidelines that nurses can use to accurately assess sexual health issues and select appropriate sexual counseling for patients with an ostomy.
Factors Affecting Attitudes of Health Care Professional Students toward Physically Disabled Students
Kim, Ki-Kyong ; Kim, Yang-Ji ; Chae, Jung-Won ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 57~66
Purpose: This study investigated the factors affecting the attitudes of health care professional students toward physically disabled students. Method: The data was collected from 415 health care professional students in one university using a structured questionnaire. The data was analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression by SPSS 12.0. Results: The mean score for attitude was 3.49(SD=.27). There were significant differences in the mean score for attitude according to gender, major, family with disability, having social interactions and meeting as a clinical case. The attitudes of health care professional students correlated to the gender and having social interactions
. Conclusion: This study revealed that intimate contact is the most effective factor for health care professional students to have a positive attitude toward students with physical disabilities.
A Comparative Study on the Self Perception of Body Image in College Students
Jin, Eun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 67~74
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to research the distorted self-perception of body image held by many college students. Method: The subjects in this study consisted of 189 female college students and 125 male college students. The data were obtained through self-reported questionnaires completed by the students between April 1 and April 10, 2005. The data were analyzed by frequency and a
-test in the SPSS/pc 10.0 statistical program. Result: While female students tend to perceive themselves as being more overweight than they actually are according to their BMI scores, male students consider themselves to be thinner than they actually are according their BMI scores. Conclusion: Many female and male college students have a distorted self-perception of body weight. These findings indicate that health care providers need to do a better job of educating college students about normal body weight.
The State and Factors Associated with the Level of Physical Activity and Exercise in Adolescents
Mun, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 75~84
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the state and factors associated with level of physical activity and exercise in adolescents. Method: The subjects in this study included 528 adolescents registered at two junior high schools and two senior high schools in J City. The data were collected between October 20 and 30, 2006. Result: The study results showed that 23.8% of the adolescents engaged in vigorous activities for at least 20 minutes, three times a week, while 3.8% of the adolescents participated in moderate activities for at least 30 minutes, five times a week. The subjective level of health was determined to be
points on a 5-point scale. The level of stress was
points on a 4-point scale. The obesity index was
points. Significant correlations were found between the subjective level of health and level of stress (r=-.201, p=.000), the subjective level of health and the obesity index (r=-.135, p=.004), and between the level of stress and the obesity index (r=.107, p=.024). Conclusion: These results showed that developing a health promotion program that includes an exercise program specific to gender and level of education, individualized strategies of stress control and optimal weight control is required.
The Effects of Interpersonal Relationship Improvement Program Applied MMTIC on Self-esteem and Interpersonal Relationships of the Middle School Students
Kim, Hee-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 85~94
Purpose: This study examined the effects of Interpersonal Relationship Improvement Program Applied MMTIC on self-esteem and interpersonal relationships. Method: The survey was carried out from September to November, 2005. The subjects were 32 middle school students in G City. To test the effects of the Interpersonal Relationship Improvement Program Applied MMTIC, the subjects were divided into two groups, 16 in the experimental group and 16 in the control group. The research design used in this study was a nonequivalent control group pre-test and post-test design in quasi-experimental research. The research tools included MMTIC(Murphy-Meisgeier Type Indicator for Children), self-esteem scale, and interpersonal relationship scale. The collected data was analyzed using Chi-square test, paired t-test, and t-test on the SPSS/WIN 10.0 program. Result: Significant differences were found in the self-esteem scores and interpersonal relationship between the middle school students who had participated in the Interpersonal Relationship Improvement Program Applied MMTIC and those who did not. Conclusion: Therefore, it appears that the Interpersonal Relationship Improvement Program Applied MMTIC is a useful nursing intervention for improving the self-esteem and interpersonal relationships of middle school students.
Incidence and Types of Unintentional Injuries among Koreans Based on the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey
Ham, Ok-Kyung ; Lee, Eun-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 95~101
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of unintentional-injury and to identify factors related to the high incidence of unintentional-injury in the community in order to provide useful data for the development of prevention and intervention programs aimed at reducing unintentional-injury incidence. Methods: This study utilized data obtained from cross-sectional national surveys conducted for the 2001 National Health and Nutrition Survey targeting 37,769 individuals aged between 0 and 99 years old, which was performed using a face-to-face interview method. Demographic characteristics, unintentional-injury experience, types of injury, and attributes of health behavior were included in the study instruments. Results: About 1.3% of the subjects had experienced unintentional injury that required hospitalization at least once during the past year. Age older than 40 years, male gender, lower education, lower income, and blue collar workers were all significantly and positively associated with increased risk of unintentional-injury. Among the health behavior variables, sleeping less than 6 hours, drunk driving, and binge drinking were significantly associated with unintentional injury, while traffic accidents and falls/slips constituted 80% of all unintentional injuries. Conclusion: Public health efforts to reduce unintentional injuries should target high-risk populations such as males, those with low income and education levels, and binge drinkers.
Community Capacity Building and Community Health Nursing
Ahn, Yang-Heui ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 21, issue 1, 2007, Pages 102~109
This paper discusses the merits of the community capacity and capacity building concepts, the strategies used for building community capacity and their implications for community health nursing. Community capacity is defined as the interaction of the human capital, organizational resources, and social capital existing within a given community that can be used to improve or maintain the health of the community. Community capacity building is one approach to promoting community health. This approach takes a comprehensive, dynamic, and multidimensional view of community needs and circumstances and places an emphasis on asset development, collaboration among community organizations, and community participation. The major strategies for community capacity building involve activities such as facilitating the development of an asset-based approach to community, developing leadership, establishing partnership, organization development, utilizing community resources, and developing public relations. The implications of community capacity for community health nursing are addressed in terms of the need for community health education and practicum, long-term commitment, partnerships, and a paradigm shift. The author suggests that the concept of community capacity building may be useful for improving the health of both the entire community and its individual residents.