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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Sep 2009
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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Effects of Perceived Health Status and Fatigue on Family Health in Middle Aged Women
Choi, Jung ; Ha, Na-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 5~16
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify the effects of perceived health status and fatigue on family health, and to define the main factors that influence family health in middle aged women. Methods: Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected from 311 middle aged women. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient, a t-test and ANOVA, a Scheffe test, and Stepwise multiple regression were conducted using the SAS package. Results: The mean score of perceived health status was 3.17(
.63), while that of fatigue was 2.65(
.49) and that of family health was 2.91(
.37). Fatigue was negatively related to perceived health status and family health. In addition, perceived health status was positively correlated with the family health. The major factors that affect family health in middle aged women were perceived health status, economic status, mental fatigue, and satisfaction with marital status, which explained 27.2% of family health. Conclusion: These results indicate that, to increase family health, it is necessary to concentrate on improving the perceived health status and decreasing fatigue.
The Effect of an Alcohol Education Program on Behavior Related Drinking by the Elderly with Drinking Problems
Oh, Suk-Hee ; Sun, Jung-Joo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 17~26
Purpose: In this study, the effects of an alcohol education program for elderly persons with drinking problems and the effects of knowledge of the behavior associated with alcohol use by elderly individuals with drinking problems were evaluated. Method: A single-group repeated study was conducted to evaluate 19 elderly individuals with drinking problems who used the G-city Elderly Welfare Center, with more than eight points in AUDIT results. The changes in drinking knowledge and alcohol behavior following an alcohol education program were evaluated. The effectiveness of the program was analyzed by a Wilcoxon signed rank test. and the relationship between drinking knowledge and changes in alcohol behavior was measured by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient. Results: The results indicated that drinking knowledge after conducting education increased significantly(Z=-3.826, p<.001), and that this increased knowledge resulted in significant changes in alcohol behavior(Z=-3.830, p<.001). There was a significantly positive relationship between drinking knowledge and changes in alcohol behavior(r=.464, p=0.013). Conclusion: Alcohol education programs effectively educate the elderly with drinking problems regarding alcohol, which influences their alcohol behavior.
The Relationship between Self-control Behavior, Social Comparison Attitude, Self-efficacy and Health Promotion Activities of College Students
Song, So-Hyeon ; Jang, Youn-Kyoung ; Kim, Joo-Hyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 27~39
Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between self-control behavior, social comparison attitude, self-efficacy and health promotion activities of college students who had health related majors (nursing, dental hygiene, health administration). Methods: The subjects consisted of 413 college students. Data were collected by self reported questionnaires that were designed to evaluate self-control behavior, social attitudes, self-efficacy and health promotion lifestyle (HPLP). Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC win 14.0 program. Results: Upward & parallel comparison, self-efficacy and parents income were positively correlated with health promotion activities by college students. The most significant predictors of health promotion activities for college students were self-efficacy and self-control behavior. Conclusion: Health promotion activities for college students are influenced by self-efficacy, self-control behavior, and upward comparison. In conclusion, to increase the health promotion activities of college students, methods designed to increase self-efficacy should be prepared while considering the self-control behavior and comparative propensity towards others.
The Relationship between The Psychosocial Characteristics, Family Function, and Activities of Daily Living in the Elderly Females
Yoo, Jang-Hak ; Chu, Su-Kyung ; Ban, Keum-Ok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 40~49
Purpose: To investigate the relationships among stress, depression, family function, and activities of daily living in elderly females. Methods: Using a descriptive correlation for the study design, data was collected from 134 elderly females older than 60 years of age. Result: The level of depression among the subjects was 6.04(
) and level of stress was 1.62(
). The performance capacity of the activities of daily living was 17.79(
), and the instrumental activities of daily living was 22.33(
). The family function was 2.82(
). Depression and stress showed a positive correlation(p<.001) and had a negative correlation with family function(p=.025), as the correlation with instrumental activities of daily living was negatively related(p=.008). Stress had a positive relationship with family function(p<.001). and was negatively related to instrumental activities of daily living (p=.041). Conclusion: For health promotion of elderly females, it is critical to make an effort to establish and constantly develop a program, as well as policy for the health of the elderly considering and understanding gender differences.
Factors Influencing on Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy among University Students
Kim, Myoung-Sook ; Kim, Myoung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 50~60
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing on drinking refusal self-efficacy among university students. Method: The subjects consisted of 228 university students. The data were collected using self-reported questionnaires, which were constructed to include satisfaction of campus life and the DRSEQ-R(Drinking Refusal Self-Efficacy Questionnaire-Revised). Data were analyzed using the SPSS/PC WIN. 12.0 program. Results: The mean score indicating satisfaction of campus life was 3.20, and drinking refusal self-efficacy was 4.36. Satisfaction of campus life was positively correlated with drinking refusal self-efficacy. The gender, social circle, family history of drinking, drinking frequency, drinking quantity, and satisfaction of campus life explained 33.7% of the variance for drinking refusal self-efficacy. Conclusion: The findings suggest that satisfaction of campus life is an important factor for improving drinking refusal self-efficacy in university students. Therefore, strategies should be developed in order to promote drinking refusal self-efficacy and increase satisfaction of campus life in order to prevent drinking problems.
The Effects of 12 Weeks of Walking Exercise on Body Composition and Physical Fitness in Middle Aged Women
Seo, Dong-Il ; Kim, Sung-Ki ; Chang, Hyuk-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 61~68
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effects of walking exercise training on body composition and physical fitness in middle aged women. Method: The subjects were randomly assigned into an obese walking exercise training group (n=21), a non-obese walking exercise training group (n=9), or a control group (n=10). The women in the treatment groups were then subjected to brisk walking at 50~70% of maximum heart rate twice a week for 12 weeks. The results were then analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA using SPSS 12.0 for windows. Results: Body weight, BMI, % body fat, and WC were not significantly improved in the obese walking exercise training group and the non-obese walking exercise training group. However, muscular flexibility and muscular endurance were significantly improved in each of these groups (p<.05). Conclusion: These results indicate that 12 weeks of walking exercise training enhanced physical fitness. However, the treatment in this study did not improve the body composition of middle aged women.
Health Problems and Work impairment in Nurses Working at Community Health Centers
Cho, Chung-Min ; Kim, Kyu-Sung ; Kim, Mee-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 69~77
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate health problems and factors related to work impairment of nurses working at community health centers. Method: Data were collected from May 2008 to July 2008 using a structured, self - reported questionnaire for general characteristics, work-related characteristics, health problems and work impairment. The subjects were composed of 434 nurses from 25 community health centers in Seoul. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis. Results: For present health problems, shoulder, back and neck pain were ranked the highest at (54.6%), followed by cold, GI trouble, and visual disorders. The average score of work impairment was 24.71(
) out of 50.0. Multiple regression analysis revealed that the major factors that affect work impairment were age and number of health problems, and that these factors explained 15% of the work impairment. Conclusion: Age and number of health problems are the factors that have the greatest influence on work impairment. These findings indicate that the health condition of nurses at community health centers must be considered to improve the overall quality of nursing service.
A Study on Depression, ADL, IADL, and QOL among Community-Dwelling, Low Income Elderly
Park, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 78~90
Purpose: This study investigated depression, ADL, ADL, QOL, and their relationships to examine the physical and, emotional health status of low income elderly in the local community. Methods: The subjects included 507 elderly 65 years of age in Jeonju, Korea. Data were collected through personal interviews with questionnaires. Results: The average depression score of the subjects was 8.7. There was significant difference in the level of depression as a function of the level of education and perceived health status. The items showing the highest level of functioning in ADL were consciousness and recognition, and the item combining the highest leveling of functioning in IADL was using phones. Regarding ADL and IADL, there were statistically significant differences in age. living condition and perceived health status. The levels of quality of life of the subjects were significantly different with respect to gender and, perceived health status. There were statistically significant correlations between the subjects' depression, ADL, IADL, and QOL. Conclusions: The findings indicate that the low income elderly in the local community were in poor physical and, psychological health. Based upon the outcome, health promotion programs to improve depression, ADL, and IADL of low income elderly in the community are needed.
A Comparative Study on the Health Status and Life Satisfaction of Elders in Charged and Free Welfare Facilities
Kwon, Yun-Hee ; Oh, Yun-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 91~100
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to compare the health status and life satisfaction of elders in charged and free welfare facilities. Methods: The subjects of this study were selected among those without cognitive impairment from charged (124 persons) and free (126 persons) welfare facilities in D city. The data were analyzed using frequency analysis,
test, and t-test. Results: Subjective health status was significantly higher for the residents in the charged welfare facilities. The data collected indicated significantly higher scores for the residents at charged welfare facilities when questioned regarding the physical health status, sense, personal hygiene, excretion control and activity. The data collected indicated significantly higher scores for the residents at charged welfare facilities when questioned regarding the mental health status, recall of breakfast side dishes, awareness of dates, interests in daily matters, feelings of happiness, feelings of loneliness and depression. Life satisfaction was significantly higher for the residents at the charged welfare facilities. Conclusions: There were significant differences in health status and life satisfaction of elders in charged and free welfare facilities.
Stress, Marital Satisfaction, and Needs for Help of Immigrant Women in Korea
Moon, Sun-Sook ; Kim, Chang-Hee ; Sim, Mi-Gyeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 101~112
Purpose: The study was to assess marital satisfaction. needs for help, and stress of immigrant women. Method: The study employed a descriptive design of data collection. Structured Questionaires were given to the subjects; 144 women who immigrated to Korea through marriage. The data were then analyzed using
-test, one way ANOVA, and Pearson's Correlation. Results: Stress of immigrant women was significantly different according to their nationality. Housework was the highest among stress domains, the next were finance, husband, parents in law, health, children, and friends. Among these, the subject's stress was significantly correlated to the domains of husband and parents in law. The level of immigrant women's marital satisfaction was significantly different according to their job. Immigrant women's Korean proficiency was correlated to marital satisfaction and their marital satisfaction was significantly correlated to stress. Needs for help of immigrant women were rated in the following order : communication, the raising of children, culture and institution, finance, employment, socialization, marriage problem, discrimination, and self development. Conclusion: The findings of this study could be useful to help develop new programmes, and to support existing projects that help immigrant women integrate into Korean society.
Barriers and Solutions of Immunization Programs for Children among Vulnerable Classes in Community Health Centers
Han, Young-Ran ; Park, Hye-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 1, 2009, Pages 113~128
Purpose: To explore the barriers and solutions of immunization programs for children among vulnerable classes in the position of service providers in Community health centers. Method: Data were collected through focus group interviews with 3 groups (17 providers), and were analyzed according to the analytic method of Morgan (1998) and Krueger (1998). Results: The following five categories were identified: difficulties in obtaining a list of children among vulnerable classes, difficulties in first contact with them, difficulties in up-to-date immunization, various difficulties according to the types of vulnerable family and suggestions of solution. These results indicated that there are many difficulties in providing expanded immunization service for children among vulnerable classes in terms of manpower, cooperation of departments in public health centers and linkages between health and welfare. Finally, the characteristics of the types of vulnerable family need to be elucidated. Conclusion: To increase immunization rates among children of vulnerable classes, policies need to be prepared at the public health organization itself and the linkages between health and welfare and need for hiring additional personnel.