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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Sep 2009
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2009
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The Effect of CPR Clinical Training in Nursing Students's Knowledge and Practical Ability
Oh, Suk-Hee ; Sun, Jung-Joo ; Kim, Sang-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 153~161
Purpose: This study was done to evaluate the differences between an experimental group and a control group of nursing students for their knowledge of CPR and their practical ability after undergoing CPR training. Method: This experiment was done with nursing students, who are divided into the experimental group (20 students) and the control group (23 students) in Chunbuk C city. The data were analyzed using the SPSS PC+ 12.0 program for the Chi-square tests, t-tests and Wilcoxon rank sum tests. Results: The 1st hypothesis, that the CPR knowledge scores for the experimental group will be higher than the scores for the control group (t=-3.934, p=<.001), was supported. On the other hand, the control group showed a conspicuous and meaningful improvement (t=-3.932, p=<.001). The 2st hypothesis, that the practical ability scores for the experimental group will be higher than the scores for the control group (t=-3.926, p=<.001), was supported. Conclusion: The CPR training in combination with theory and clinical placement is seen as a means to effectively develop the knowledge and practical ability of CPR.
The Influence of Family Structure and Sex on Health Status
Jeon, Gyeong-Suk ; Lee, Hyo-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 162~173
Purpose: This study investigated the health and socioeconomic status of single-parent and partnered families, and examined the intersection between sex and single-parent status focusing on inequalities of health and socioeconomic status. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using the data from the nationally representative 2005 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 14,827 respondents had custody of their own children and other family members (13,943 were coupled families and 891 were single-parent). Results: Our result indicate that single-parent had poorer health status and were more likely to have lower educational attainment, lower household income, no home ownership and be unemployed. However, the association between single-parent status and socioeconomic and health inequality were in divergent ways according to sex. The most socioeconomically disadvantaged were single-parent women. Inequalities in health differ markedly by sex but vary little according to single-parent status. Conclusions: An uneven distribution of socioeconomic resources might help us to understand why single-parent, both women and men, have worse health than parents who live together. Previously recognized sex gap with regard to health status also might help us to understand the difference in health between single-parent men and single-parent women found here.
Perception of Teachers on School Violence
Lee, Mi-Hyoung ; Lim, Ji-Young ; Lee, Soon-Deuk ; Oh, Seung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 174~185
Purpose: The aim of this study was to provide the basic data for efficient strategy planning to prevent school violence by analyzing the types, causes and copying methods of school violence. Methods: The subjects consisted of a finite population of teachers (n=230) in a certain area. The method of data collection was a self-reported questionnaire. A total of 216 surveys were conducted using a modified school violence measurement tool (Lee, 1999). Data were analyzed using SAS 10.0. Results: The most serious school violence type perceived by the teachers was cursing/strong language. The main cause of school violence was perceived to be the home environment factors such as broken homes, inadequate care methods, and family violence. The most effective copying method of school violence was school violence prevention education programs for the students. Conclusions: Establishment of prevention education for students need for future school violence prevention.
Relationship between adults' Optimistic Bias about Colorectal Cancer and Life Styles
Park, Su-Ho ; Kim, Hee-Sook ; Kim, Seong-Eun ; Oh, Kyoung-Hwan ; Kim, Joo-Hyung ; Kim, Gwang-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 186~198
Purpose: To identify relationship between the life styles and optimistic bias about colorectal cancer (CRC) of adults. Methods: The participants were 338 adults who live in Seoul. The measurements were consisted optimistic bias about CRC and life styles. The life styles were included smoking, alcohol consumption, dietary habits, and CRC screening. Results: 30.5% of the participants regarded their possibility of CRC to be less than others, while 69.5% viewed their likelihood of CRC as at least the same as others. The optimistic bias about CRC was associated with alcohol consumption and dietary habits, but not with smoking and CRC screening. Conclusion: It is difficult to relate optimistic bias about CRC with life style since CRC inspection and alcohol consumption are negatively related with optimistic bias while displaying a positive relation in other aspects. Since the relationship between optimistic bias and life style can change, promotion of a healthy life style as part of a health program could be influential in lessening CRC.
A Transition of Health Habits and Self-rated Health Status of Women Aged in Early Adulthood
Lee, Young-Ran ; Kim, Myung-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 199~206
Purpose: This study was designed to compare health habit and self-rated health status among early adulthood women in 1995, 2001, and 2007. Also, it was performed to determine correlations between health habits and self-rated health status. Methods: This research was investigated to identify a transition of health habits and self-rated health status. Participants who agreed to participate in the study were 18~25years old college women. Data was collected from 380 college students in 1995, 196 college students 2001, and 411 college students in 2007. Health habit assessment questionnaire was developed by authors. The reliability of the questionnaire were Cronbach
=.90. The visual analogue scale which had 100 self-rating scores was used. All statistical analyses were used the Statistical Package for Social Sciences for Windows, Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics, Levene's test, repeated measure ANOVA, Brown-Forsythe test, Turkey test, Games-Howell test, and Pearson correlation coefficient test. Results: Health habit level, and self-rated heath status were significantly increased over time after 1995. Health habits was correlated with self-rated health status. Conclusion: Health habits and self-rated health status were influenced by health environments. Health practitioner can use perceived health status to access health habits.
Health Knowledge, Health-Guidance Execution and Health-Education Needs of Parents of Preschoolers
Seo, Hyun-Mi ; Jeon, Mi-Yang ; Choi, Na-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 207~218
Purpose: In an attempt to develop a parental health improvement education program for day care children, survey questions were devised to measured the extent of parental health knowledge, health-guidance execution and needs. Method: Participants were 727 parents whose children attended daycare centers in J province informed consent was provided prior to participation. Result: Respondents were overwhelmingly (91.6%) mothers. Questions with high percentage of incorrect answers were "What should I do if my child swallows harmful drugs, bleach or detergents?" (98.1%) and "What should I do if insects or other bugs enter my child's ear?" (96.6%). In most cases, parental health-guidance execution exceeded 90% except in response to the survey question "Does your child have a dental check-up every 6 months" (51%). Taken together, parental education is necessary concerning growth and development (12.8%), nutrition (12.1%), healthy life styles (10.3%) and general health issues (10.0%). Conclusions: Parental health knowledge about preschooler's health varies with degree of income, education and type of employment. Consideration of these variables is important in a parental health education program.
Comparison of Health Practices between Single- and Multiple-Member Households by Gender in Korean Adults
Kim, Young-Ju ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 219~231
Purpose: This study compared health behaviors between single-member and multiple-member households by gender in adults. Method: Study subjects were 21,757 adults 20-65-years-of-age from the Third Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2005. The relationship between health behaviors and residence characteristics was assessed using multiple logistic regression analysis while controlling for sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Younger women living alone were more likely to drink than older women living with others. Women who were in multiple-member households and had a low income were less likely to exercise regularly, to sleep well, and to have regular health examinations. Age, educational level, and income were significantly associated with smoking, exercise, and health examination rather than residence characteristics in men. Conclusion: Residence characteristics should be considered in developing a public health program to reduce or increase modifiable health behaviors as well as age, gender, education, and income.
Roles of Visiting Nurses Defined Based on Long-Term Care Insurance Regulation for the Elderly
Kim, Myung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 232~250
Purpose: This study was designed to define the roles, tasks, and activities of home visiting nurses aimed at enhancing the quality of nursing care under the long-term care insurance regulation for the elderly introduced on July 1, 2008 in Korea. Methods: A review of domestic and foreign literature was used to formulate the proposed roles, tasks, and activities of visiting nurses, which were subsequently modified and complemented by the agreement of home visiting nurse experts and acceptance of 127 nurses. Data was collected from 04 June - 17 September 2008 and analyzed concerning frequency and percentile using SPSS ver. 15.0. Results: The established functions of home visiting nurses were direct nursing service provider, case manager, patient educator, decision maker, care coordinator, and research worker. These functions involved 27 different tasks and 167 activities. Conclusion: The roles, tasks, and activities of visiting nurses, established based upon the guidelines of the Long-term Care Insurance Act for the elderly, were verified for their applicability by nurses involved in home care delivery. These parameters will provide a useful tool in developing an assessment to enhance the quality of home-based care for the elderly in Korea.
Effects of Brain Respiration Program on Test Anxiety and Depression in Nursing Students
Kim, Young-Sun ; Kim, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 251~261
Purpose: The study determined the effects of a brain respiration program on reducing the test anxiety and depression of nursing students. Method: This study used a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. Subjects (n=126) were divided into an experimental group (n=64) that received the brain respiration program two times a week for 8 weeks, and control group (n=62), Data was analyzed using paired t-test and, Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: There was no significant group difference in decreased test anxiety between the two groups (t=1.726. p=.087), but the experimental group displayed a significant decrease in depression (t=2.882, p=.005). Test anxiety and depression was significantly difference by the group (F=5.449, p=021; F=21.008, p=<.001). Significant positive correlations were revealed between worry, and emotional and cognitive factors in test anxiety. Conclusions: Use of a brain respiration program can reduce test anxiety and depression in nursing students.
Factors Affecting the Consciousness of Biomedical Ethics of the Nursing Students
Kwon, Yun-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 262~272
Objectives: This study sought to provide basic data for the establishment of a desirable sense of ethics in medical service by analyzing the consciousness of biomedical ethics of nursing students. Methods: Subjects were nursing students selected from four-year and three-year nursing colleges (n=355 and 360, respectively) in D city and G buk-Do region. The Data was analyzed using t-test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple regression. Results: The average point of the consciousness of biomedical ethics was 2.99. As result of analyzing general and specific aspects of the consciousness of biomedical ethics, statistically significant differences were found in age, religion, participation in religious activity, kinds of student group activity in subjects, ethical values, experience of hearing for biomedical ethics, quantity and quality of biomedical ethics in the current curriculum, the experience of conflict for biomedical ethical problem in subjects. The predicting variables that influence the consciousness of biomedical ethics, ethical values, quantity and quality of biomedical ethics in the current curriculum, religion, age, and experience of hearing for biomedical ethics. Conclusions: An arbitration program that could promote either changeable or controllable ethical values must be considered with attention to the significant variables that can promote the consciousness of biomedical ethics of nursing students.
Obesity related Factors in Middle Aged Women: Comparison of Body Mass Index and/or Waist Circumference as Measures of Obesity
Kim, Gwang-Suk ; Kim, Eun-Gyeong ; Lee, Chung-Yul ; You, Mi-Ae ; Klm, Bong-Jeong ; Park, So-Hyun ; Lee, Soon-Nam ; Klm, Jeong-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 273~284
Purpose: The study examined obesity conditions and related factors in middle aged Korean women who had been diagnosed as obese based body mass index (BMI) or waist circumference (WC) measurement. Presently, BMI alone, WC alone, or BMI + WC were used as obesity measures. Methods: Subjects were 488 women 40~64 years of age living in one city, Korea. Structured questionnaires concerning general characteristics, health behavior practices, and chronic disease history were completed by each subject. Results: The proportions of obesity were 42.4% by BMI, 39.3% by WC, and 51.3% by the combination of both measurements. Chi-square test revealed significant associations of obesity with age, education level, menopausal status, frequency of excessive eating, and history of diabetes mellitus or hypertension. These associations were similar for the three measurement schemes. There was significant positive relationship between BMI and WC, whereas the relationship between BMI and WHR (waist-hip ratio) was not significant. Conclusions: The combination of BMI and WC measurement may be a valid way to evaluate the obesity status in middle-aged women. Developing an obesity management program that includes control of excessive eating, and consideration of menopausal status and history of chronic diseases would be prudent.
High Blood Pressure-Related Knowledge and Health Behavior among First-Year College Students
Jeong, Hye-Sun ; Cho, Ok-Hee ; Yoo, Yang-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 285~295
Purpose: This study surveyed first-year college students on their knowledge of hypertension and their health behavior to obtain basic data necessary to develop hypertension prevention and management programs. Method: Subjects were 561 first-year students at a college in Chungcheongbuk-do, Korea. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire during the period from 01 October to 08 December 2007. Data analysis involved t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient using SPSS for Windows. Results: Of the total subjects, 149 (26.6%) had a family history of hypertension 253 (45.1%) knew their blood pressure, 365 (65.9%) did not measure blood pressure, and 388 (69.1%) were not interested in knowing their blood pressure. Subjects' knowledge related to hypertension averaged 11.54 points out of 22, hypertension-related health behavior averaged 2.31 points out of 4. With a higher score indicative of increased attention paid to healthy behavior. Conclusion: Knowledge of blood pressure and characteristics of hypertension and management of both blood pressure and hypertension can be inadequate in first-year college students. Increased knowledge of hypertension may lead to better health behavior.
A Study on Body Attitude, Body Mass Index, and Perceived Stress among Women's College Students
Kang, Ji-Sook ; Kim, Yae-Young ; Kim, Mi-Young ; Jung, Duk-Yoo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 296~305
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine body attitude, body mass index, and perceived stress among women's college students and decide the relationships among them. Method: A cross-sectional study design and convenient sampling method was utilized. Ultimately, 393 students participated in the study from October 8 to October 30, 2008. The measurements administered were comprised body attitude questionnaire and stress scale for college students and the students had filled out the questionnaires by themselves. The final data were analyzed with SPSS Win 16.0 statistics program, which was used to calculate the frequencies, percentages, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlations of the variables. Results: The major findings of this study were as follows; female students were mostly stressed by 'schooling task.' Stress scores were significantly different in accordance with spending money per month. Overall, significant differences were observed in body attitude scores according to each BMI group. There were significant relationships between body attitude, BMI, and perceived stress. Conclusion: Stress managements for women's college students should be developed and a program for modifying body attitude should be designed.
Comparison Study of Body Weight Perception and Physiological Index by Body Mass Index Level in Young Adult Women
Cho, Chung-Min ; Han, Suk-Jung ; Lee, Young-Ran ; Im, Mee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 23, issue 2, 2009, Pages 306~317
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the characteristics of body weight perception and physiological index in young adult women. Methods: Subjects were 283 Korea women. Data was from the 2005 Korean National Health and Survey. Three groups-low normal and overweight-were based on Body mass index(BMI). General characteristics, health status perception, weight control behavior and physiological index such as BMI, total cholesterol, high-density cholesterol (HDL), low-density cholesterol (LDL), triglyceride, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and waist circumference were compared. Data were analyzed by t-test,
-test and ANOVA using SPSS program. Results: Of the normal weight group, 28.7% of subjects perceived themselves as overweight. Of the low weight group, 30.3% regarded their weight as normal weight. Of the overweight subjects, weight control was attempted by exercise (50.1%) and food reduction (77.1%). Significant group-related differences were evident in HDL, LDL, triglyceride, systolic blood pressure and waist circumference among three groups. Conclusions: Perception and attitude regarding body weight can be inaccurate. A weight control program should consider the relation of physiological index and weight based on BMI.