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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Sep 2011
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2011
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Trends in Research Papers Published in the Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing from 2001 to 2010
Yang, Sook-Ja ; Ham, Ok-Kyung ; Han, Suk-Jung ; Lee, Young-Sook ; Han, Young-Ran ; Baek, Hee-Chong ; Shim, Moon-Sook ; Kwon, Myung-Soon ; Kim, Gwang-Suk ; Suk, Min-Hyun ; Im, Mi-Lim ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 153~173
Purpose: This study was conducted to analyze trends in research papers published in the Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, and to compare and contrast similarities and differences of papers before and after listing in the Korea Citation Index (KCI) in 2007. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted with 266 published studies during the 10-year period. The criteria for analysis included types of research, characteristics of researchers and participants, designs, data collection methods and study instruments, ethical considerations, data analysis, and keywords. Results: Studies conducted with grants constituted 23.7%, and students (32.3%) and general populations (25.2%) comprised the largest proportion of the study participants. The majority of the papers were quantitative research (93.2%), and self-reported methods (63.1%) were most frequently utilized. Seventy percent of the studies obtained verbal consent from the participants. Among the study instruments, psychosocial indicators (41.1%) were most frequently employed. The trends indicated that grant studies, students and general populations as study participants, and experimental studies increased, and use of written consent increased after KCI registration. Conclusions: The results could be used to understand the context of scientific research and to improve the quality of the research papers published in the Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.
Perceived Health Status, Health Behavior, and Marital Satisfaction in Married Immigrant Women
Kim, Gwang-Suk ; Moon, Sun-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 174~186
Purpose: The study examined the correlation of perceived health status, health behaviors, and marital satisfaction in women who have immigrated to Korea through marriage. Method: Data were collected via questionnaires that investigated health status, health behaviors, Korean language ability, characteristics of couple, and marital satisfaction. Three hundred four subjects were selected for a 4-month period. The data of 300 subjects were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation, after four questionnaires were excluded due to incomplete data. Results: Perceived health status varied significantly according to nationality, existence of religion, and period of immigration. The scores for perceived health status among women who had lived in Korea for more than 5 years were lower than for women who had resided for 1-3 years. There was a significant positive correlation between health status and health behavior, and health status and Korean language ability, but a negative correlation between health status and age. Conclusion: A program for the improvement of health in immigrant women should include communication assistance as their mother language and should provide periodic health screening.
Effects of Fall Prevention Program on Fall Efficacy Scale and Activities-Specific of Balance Confidence Scale in Rural Residents
Kim, Ok-Hyun ; Lee, Eun-Kyung ; Kim, Eun-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 187~196
Purpose: The study evaluated the effects of a fall prevention program in a Korean rural area. Methods: A single pretest-posttest design group was studied. Thirty nine residents in the same rural area participated in a program comprised of education and exercise. The 5-week fall prevention program was performed for 60 minutes, once a week. Results: Fall Efficacy Scale (FES) score and Activities-specific of Balance Confidence Scale (ABC) score were significantly increased after the program, but the pre-and posttest FES and ABS scores were not significantly different between the fall experience group and non-fall experience group. Conclusion: The fall prevention program can improve rural residents' FES and ABS, and is recommended as a fall prevention intervention.
Hearing Status in Korean Adults according to the Fourth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009
Kim, Ji-Su ; Lee, Bong-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 197~208
Background: This study investigated the hearing status in Korean adults according to data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2009. Methods: The data of 3,479 adults(
years, 1,492 men, 1,987 women) collected by the Korean Center for Disease Control was analyzed using
-test and logistic regression. Results: Differences in hearing loss according to individual factors were evident by follows gender, region, education status, economic status, current smoking and recognition of stress. Differences in - hearing loss according to ear related factors were evident subjective hearing status, experience of tinnitus, prevalence of chronic otitis media, and tympanomembrane abnormality. Conclusion: Hearing-related disorders can cause many social problems. This study investigated a representative cross-section of Koreans to determine the hearing status. The study was limited in that the risk factors of hearing loss were not identified. It is also recommended that a program be developed that can help control the variables identified in this study along with follow-up studies to verify the model.
Factors Influencing Cooperation between Nurses and Social Workers
Kim, Hee-Jeong ; Bae, Jin-Hee ; Park, Sun-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 209~220
Purpose: The study investigated the level of mutual cooperation among those engaged in public and private nursing and social welfare to understand contributing factors. Method: The subjects were 289 nurses and 279 social workers. The level of mutual cooperation between nurses and social workers was evaluated. taking into account related personal factors and organizational environmental factors. Results: The level of mutual cooperation between nursing and social welfare organizations showed the following sequence, in decreasing order; public nursing, public social welfare, private nursing and private social welfare personnel. The factors affecting nurses' cooperation with social welfare personnel were expected duties, understanding of social workers' service, service autonomy, service appropriateness, and the training environment of the organization. Factors influencing the level of cooperation of social workers with nurses included understanding of nursing service, understanding of the efficiency gained by cooperation, service appropriateness and the training environment of the organization. Conclusion: The development of training programs to increase the level of cooperation between the nursing and social welfare fields is strongly recommended.
Quality of Life of North Korean Defectors in Korea
Shin, Gi-Soo ; Cho, Kap-Chul ; Yang, Sun-Hee ; Lee, Og-Cheol ; Baek, Hee-Chong ; Lee, Gyu-Young ; Lee, Suk-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 221~232
Purpose: The study sought to provide basic information for North Korean defectors (Sae-Tu-Min) by studying the quality of life(QoL) based on their general characteristics and health problems. Methods: The targeted subjects were 1400 North Korean settlers who were receiving settlement service by Korean National Red Cross after finishing their training at Hanawon in 2005. The data was collected from August to October in 2007. The QoL was assessed by Medical Outcomes Study Short Form-36. Collected data were analyzed by ANOVA and t-test with SPSS win 15.0 program. Result: The majority of the 466 subjects were female(77.9%). The average age was 36.8 years, 52.8% lived alone, and 64.0% were unemployed. The average QoL score of the group was
, which was markedly lower in terms of social, physical and mental health compared to the scores of immigrants to South Korea from other countries. The score was the highest for physical ability and the lowest for general health. Influential socio-demographic factors to QoL were gender, age, education, religion, annual salary, occupation, and life insurance. Employed in the subject group showed higher level of QoL on eight categories than unemployed. Concerning health problems that detracted from QoL, 18.5% of the subjects were aware they suffered from anemia and 8.8% of them recognized they suffered from attention deficits. Conclusion: The health conditions of the North Korean settlers had improved since they settled in South Korea, but their QoL was lower than other immigrants. Various programs to maintain and promote the health of North Korean settlers would be useful.
Effects of Competency Level in Communication on Professional Competence of Public Health Nurses
Ahn, Yang-Heui ; Kweon, Eun-Kyung ; Choi, Eun-Seong ; Gu, Eun-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 233~243
Purpose: The study was done to describe competency level in communication and professional competence of Public Health Nurses and to test effect of competency level in communication on professional competence of Public Health Nurses (PHNs). Methods: A correlational research design was used and 153 PHNs working at nine Public Health Centers (PHCs) in four Metropolitan cities agreed to participate. Participants completed a structured questionnaire measuring the study variables with socio-demographic characteristics. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multiple regression analysis with the PAWS Statistics 18. Results: The mean of competency level for communication and professional competence were above average for the test instruments utilized (90.3 and 68.4 respectively). The level of communication competency differed by age and location of PHCs, and professional competence differed by location of the PHCs. The level of communication competency was the most important affecting professional competence and explained 32.9% of the professional competence. Conclusion: Nurses with better communication competency had more professional competence. In the future, repeated study is needed, and communication program is needed to develop and train PHNs to improve their professional competence.
Development of an Instrument to Measure Risk Factor-related Deviant Behavior for the Elderly in South Korea
Lee, Sook-Kyung ; Hong, Chong-Min ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 244~254
Purpose: The study was designed to develop an instrument to measure risk factor-related deviant behavior (RFRDB) for the elderly. Methods: The preliminary instrument including 52 items to measure the risk factor-related deviant behavior for the elderly was developed through conceptual framework based literature review. The items were reviewed by experts to reveal the Content Validity Index (CVI). Then, construct validity and reliability were tested using factor analysis, comparative groups, and Cronbach's alpha with data from 233 elderly. Results: Among 52 items, 27 questions in the RFRDB instrument were selected from content validity and 21 questions in the final RFRDB were developed from testing validity and reliability. Results of empirical analysis(retest) of RFRDB were supported by 70% congruity with conceptual framework through literature review. The RFRDB has been completed by validity testing by known-group technique. The final developed RFRDB of the elderly has 21 questions each with a 4-point Likert Scale. Conclusion: The RFRDB may be utilized as a measurement to assess the risk of elderly deviant behavior.
Knowledge and Actual Condition of Sexually-Transmitted Disease in Mongolian
Lee, Soon-Hee ; Kim, Shin-Jeong ; Lee, Young-Joo ; Kim, Sook-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 255~265
Purpose: The study investigated the knowledge and actual condition of sexuallytransmitted diseases(STD) in Mongoloian. Method: Data from 210 Mongolians were collected for 6days from August 10-15, 2008 using a questionnaire translated by Mongolians to identify the knowledge of STD and with permission, analysis of blood and human immuno deficiency virus(HIV) by SD Bioline Syphilis 3.2 test and SD Bioline HIV-1/2 3.0 test respectively. The data was scored by mean
standard deviation. Differences were evaluated according to the subjects' general characteristics by t-test and the ANOVA. Results: The average knowledge score concerning STD 48.99(
) indicated a low level of knowledge. STD was detected in six(2.9%) and HIV was four(1.9%) of the 210 subjects. General characteristics significantly different knowledge level were gender(t=-3.098, p=.002), education(F=6.090, p=.003), type of employment(F=2.443, p=.049), and sexual education experience(F=5.604, p=.004). Conclusion: Education programs to increase STD awareness and its prevention must be developed and regular health evaluations for those already have sexual transmitted disease is needed.
Relationship between Health Behavior Factors and Bone Mineral Density among College Students in a Health-Related Department
Cho, Kwang-Ho ; Yim, So-Youn ; Baik, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 266~275
Purpose: The study investigated the relationship of health behavior with bone mineral density (BMD) for college students. Methods: A descriptive study was done using a convenient sampling of college students (n=116) enrolled in a health-related department. Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), health behaviors recognition of subjective health, smoking, drinking, exercise, food habits, intake of calcium, and family history of fracture were measured. BMD was measured at the right forearm using Hologic lunar duel-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Data were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA and multiple linear regression. Results: The prevalence of osteopenia and osteoporosis was 41.4% and 22.4%, respectively. Significant relationships were observed between BMD of right forearm and gender, BMI, subjective health recognition, drinking, and exercise (p<.05). Results of linear regression after adjusted BMD were increased concerning subjective health recognition and regular exercise (p<.05). Conclusions: Subjective health recognition and exercise carries positive effects on BMD. We recommend for college students that healthy behaviors like proper weight, smoking cessation, regular exercise, regular food habits, and health awareness are helpful to BMD.
Types of Attitude toward Suicide in High School Students: A Q-Methodology Approach
Choi, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Jong-Hwa ; Jung, Hae-Kung ; Kwon, Sung-Bok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 276~288
Purpose: The rate of suicide is rising most rapidly among high school students. Teenage suicide is no longer just a personal problem. This study investigated and classified high school students concerning in South Korea with an aim of identifying suicidal ideation and types of teenage suicide. Method: A Q-methodology was used to identify factors in suicidal attitude of high school students. A Q-sample was collected from in-depth and objective interviews and literature reviews. A P-sample consisted of 37 high school students : selected Q-samples were sorted on a 9-point scale. Results: Three types of suicidal attitudes were evident among high school students : abomination(Type 1), understanding of the situation (type 2), and social responsibility(type 3). Conclusion: Precautionary measures against high school students suicide should be formulated according to the types of attitudes toward suicide in south Korea.
Depression Related Factors of Elderly Residence in Homeless Shelters
Han, Young-Ran ; Yoon, Hee-Sang ; Choi, Ae-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 25, issue 2, 2011, Pages 289~301
Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the level of health behaviors, perceived health status, emotional and cognitive conditions and depression of the elderly residence in homeless shelters, and to identify related factors on their depression. Method: This was a descriptive study using a questionnaire. Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) was used for examining depression, and other questionnaire were adopted and modified from the customized visiting health care service. Result: The 41 subjects displayed mild depression (
). The majority were non-smokers (73.2%) and non-drinkers (85%), and 81.1% of the subjects did light activities with 74.4 % performing regular exercise more than once per week. Perceived health status was above average in 70.7%, and feeling stress (70.7%), suicidal thoughts (12.2%) and abnomal KDSQ-C (29.3%) were shown in emotional and cognitive conditions. Depression had a significant relationship with regular exercise (t=3.61, p=.001), perceived health status (t=3.47, p=.041) and suicidal thoughts (t=2.85, p=.007). Conclusion: It is necessary to increase shelters for the elderly homeless and construct the system for examining not only their physical health but also their psychological problems, and to ensure long- term care recognizing their unique characteristics and needs, and their increasing number.