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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Dec 2012
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Aug 2012
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Apr 2012
Selecting the target year
Influence of Organizational Culture and Health Promotion Life Style on Job Satisfaction in General Hospitals Nurses
Cho, Young-Soon ; Park, Jong ; Ryu, So-Yeon ; Kang, Myeng-Guen ; Min, Soon ; Kim, Hye-Sook ; Ha, Yoon-Ju ; Kim, Eun-A ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 5~15
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.005
Purpose: The effects of the organizational culture and health promotion life style on job satisfaction of nurses in general hospitals have been studied in an effort to provide basic information that will be helpful in effective management of the organization and enhancement of nursing. Method: The 341 samples used in the study were selected randomly from general hospitals having more than 250 beds in Gwangju province and Yosu province. Data collected were analyzed for frequency, percentage, ANOVA, t-test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and Multiple regression analysis using SPSS, a program package for statistical analysis. Result: Factors affecting job satisfaction included work years, position, monthly income, stress management, which is a substructure of health promotion life style, innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, and task-oriented culture in organizational culture. Results showed an influence of 64.2%. Ed - highlight: Please review. Conclusion: The organizational culture, such as an innovation-oriented culture, relation-oriented culture, or task-oriented culture, has a positive influence on job satisfaction.
Perception and Satisfaction with Health Education of Elementary Students
Jung, Young-Hee ; Choi, Yeon-Hee ; Kim, Na-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 16~27
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.016
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate perception and satisfaction with Health Education for elementary school students in grade 5 and 6, using data on national health education gathered since March, 2009. Methods: Data were collected by way of a questionnaire, from 475 elementary school students in grades 5 and 6 from February 1~15, 2010. Statistical analysis of collected data was performed using frequency, t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression analysis, using SPSS 18.0 software. Result: Levels of health promoting behavior, interest, importance, and satisfaction were relatively high, respectively, and those of students in grade 5 were higher than those of students in grade 6. Levels of Satisfaction with frequency and educational environment were relatively low. Among the factors found to influence satisfaction with health education, interest in health education was found to be the most influential(grade 5:
=.279, p<.001, grade 6:
=.306, p<.001). Conclusion: Students expressed a high level of satisfaction with regular health education. Expansion of health education frequency and health education-only-classrooms is needed. To improve the effect of health education, constant acquisition of knowledge of subjects' perception and satisfaction is needed. In addition, contents and teaching methods that showed low level of satisfaction should be reformed.
A Study of Body Composition, Dietary Behavior, and Exercise among Students at Women's Colleges
Eom, Ji-Yon ; Jung, Duk-Yoo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 28~37
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.028
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine BMI, body fat mass, percent body fat, waist-hip ratio, soft lean mass, skeletal muscle mass, and fat free mass, and to determine the association between dietary behavior and exercise and body composition among students at women's colleges, and decide on the relationships among them. Method: This study employed a cross-sectional study design and a convenient sampling method. Ultimately, a total of 404 students participated in the study, which was conducted from September 1 to December 22, 2009. Measurements administered were comprised of dietary behavior and a questionnaire on exercise. The SPSS Win 18.0 statistics program was used for analysis of final data. Results: Major findings are as follows: 9.9% of participants showed a high BMI, and more than 56% and 38% of participants showed a high percent body fat and waist-hip ratio, respectively. Dietary behavior showed a significant negative association with percent body fat (r=-0.110, p=0.027) and waist-hip ratio (r=-0.118, p=0.018). Compared with the non-regular exercise group, the regular exercise group showed a high level of soft, lean mass (t=4.15, p<0.001), skeletal muscle mass (t=3.13, p=0.002), and fat free mass (t=4.00, p<0.001). Conclusion: For maintenance of proper body composition, health promotion programs for management of dietary behavior and regular exercise for students at women's colleges should be developed.
Physical Activities and Related Factors among Low-income Middle-aged People
Moon, Seong-Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 38~50
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.038
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the physical activities of vulnerable low-income middle-aged people and their associated factors. Methods: From a health behavior survey of 1,000 vulnerable low-income subjects from a public health center in a metropolitan city, a secondary analysis was conducted for 332 respondents who ranged in age from 40 to 64. Results: The prevalence of walking activity was 45.2% and that of moderately intense physical activity was 9.9%. Prevalence of walking activity showed a significant association with marital status (divorce/widowed/separated, OR=2.263), drinking (drinker, OR=0.430), and CES-D score (over 21, OR=0.434). Prevalence of moderately intense physical activity was greater in subjects who had two chronic diseases, compared with those who had no chronic diseases (OR=3.713). Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest a need for implementation of strategies to improve moderately intense physical activity of low-income, middle-aged people. Also, in addition to studies on socio-demographic and health status and their associations with physical activity, further studies of related factors affecting physical activity, such as self-efficacy, social support, and social networks as internal and external resources, are needed.
Self-Efficacy and Sexual Autonomy among University Students
Kim, Kyung-Won ; Kang, Kyeong-Hwa ; Jeong, Geum-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 51~59
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.051
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify correlation between sexual autonomy and self-efficacy and provide preliminary information for use in development of a sex education program for university students. Method: This study employed a descriptive research design. Data were collected from 357 university students. Subjects completed questionnaires on the following: demographics, sexual autonomy, and self-efficacy. Results: A total of 112 subjects (31.3.%) had experienced sexual intercourse and 126 subjects (35.3%) regarded it as an acceptable level of sexual behavior. The mean of sexual autonomy was 3.49 and significant differences were observed in gender, grade, department, and acceptable level of sexual behavior. The mean of self-efficacy was 4.08 and significant differences were observed in gender, department, and acceptable level of sexual behavior. In addition, significant correlation was observed between sexual autonomy and self-efficacy. Conclusion: Development of a sex education program for university students, which includes information on reinforcement of sexual autonomy and self-efficacy, is needed.
Perceived Occupational Stress and Depression of School Nurses
Oh, Kyong-Ok ; Gang, Moon-Hee ; Lee, Sun-Thyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 60~71
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.060
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to identify occupational stress and to determine level of depression of school nurses and to identify factors that influence depression. Methods: A cross-sectional design was employed in this study. Participants included 146 school nurses from D city. Data collection was conducted on January 17-21, 2011, using self-administered questionnaires. The SPSS/WIN 11.5 was used in performance of data analysis. Results: Significant differences in occupational stress were observed according to age, occupation and perceived mental health status, and in depression according to marital status, perceived mental health status and physical disease. Depression showed significant positive correlation with occupational stress (r=.35, p<.001). In regression analysis, occupational stress and physical health state were found to be the cause of depression in 17% of subject. Conclusion: Findings of this study allow for a comprehensive understanding of occupational stress and level of depression of school nurses in Korea. Further study using a larger random sample and various variables is needed.
Level of Depressive Symptoms in Persons with Physical Disability and Effect Factors
Mo, Jin-A ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 72~81
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.072
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to determine the actual conditions of depression and to explore factors influencing persons with disabilities. Methods: Data were collected from October to November 2010. Study participants included 349 community-dwelling persons who were older than 19 years. Their level of depression was measured using the CES-D. Results: Among the subjects, 41.3% were found to be at the level of a clinically depressed state. Age, job, stress, and perceived health status were found to be factors influencing depression. Risk of depression was found to be 14.0 times greater in subjects with no job. And risk was found to be 12.4 times greater in young adults. Deeper level of depression showed correlation with health status (t=5.666, p=.018). Those in a good state of health were more likely to report depression by a factor of 10.5 times (95%CI:1.9-12.3). In addition, risk of depression was 18.6 times higher (95%CI:2.8-21.4) in subjects with a high level of stress. Conclusions: In planning of programs to promote health for disabled persons, we should select priority targets by considering state of age and job, level of perceived health status, and stress.
Comparision of Muscle Strength and Gait Ability between Hemodialysis Patients and Healthy adults
Park, Keun-Sook ; Choi, Soon-Hee ; Park, Min-Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 82~90
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.082
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to compare muscle strength and gait ability of hemodialysis patients with those of healthy adults. Methods: Data were collected through a questionnaire, by testing of muscle strength and gait ability of 40 hemodialysis patients and 40 healthy adults.
-test, t-test, and ANCOVA were used in performance of data analysis. Results: First, variables including of occupation (
=22.40,p<.001), body weight (t=-3.72, p<.001), and BMI (
=14.65, p<.001) differed significantly between patients in the hemodialysis group and subjects in the healthy adult group. Second, using ANCOVA analysis with correction for related variables, such as occupation, body weight, and BMI as covariates, numbers for lift/reach (F=8.15, p<.001) and sit-to-stand (F=5.47, p=.001), and both maximum safe speed (F=9.17, p<.001) and normal comfortable speed (F=8.89, p<.001) were significantly lower for patients in the hemodialysis, compared with subjects in the healthy adult group. Conclusion: According to the results, muscle strength and gait ability of patients in the hemodialysis group were lower than those of subjects inthe healthy adult group. These findings suggest the importance and necessity for an interventional exercise and rehabilitation program for hemodialysis patients.
The Effect of Microteaching on Self Efficacy and Speech Anxiety for Student Health Educators
Kwon, Myung-Soon ; Cho, Hae-Ryun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 91~100
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.091
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of microteaching for student health educators. Methods: Subjects included 43 students in the nursing department of "H" university. In order to measure the degree of self-efficacy and speech anxiety at pre-treatment and post-treatment, subjects in the experimental group underwent training in microteaching. Results: No significant difference of variance in self-efficacy and speech anxiety was observed between subjects in the experimental group and those in the control group. However, self-confidence, a sub-domain of self-efficacy, showed a significant increase from pretest to post-test. In addition, speech anxiety measured during the post-test showed improvement, when compared with that of the pretest. Conclusion: Findings of this study provide preliminary evidence that microteaching may result in improved speech behavior.
Comparison of Frequency and Difficulty of Care Helper Jobs in Long Term Care Facilities and Client Homes
Hwang, Eun-Hee ; Jung, Duk-Yoo ; Kim, Mi-Jung ; Kim, Kon-Hee ; Shin, Su-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 101~112
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.101
Purpose: The purposes of this study were to identify differences of duties, tasks, and task elements of care helpers between long term care (LTC) facilities and client's home (CH), and to provide data for the development of educational programs and policies. Methods: This study was a descriptive investigation; the subjects of the study were 418 care helpers. Duties, tasks, and task elements were measured using the framework proposed by Shin et al. (2012). Data were analyzed by t-test using PASW 18.0. Results: All of the jobs were statistically significant differences between LTC and CH. Dietary assistance and Daily work assistance were more frequently in CH, and the frequency of other tasks was higher in LTC than CH. Tasks with higher-reported difficulty by those who worked in LTC were as follows: personal hygiene, position change and movement, exercise and activity assistance, safety care, communication assistance, dietary assistance, environment management, daily work assistance, emergency prevention, early detection and speedy reporting, and dementia patient care. Conclusion: These findings suggest that training for care helpers of each facility type will be differentiated. Tasks and task elements reported by care helpers were modified and added to the standard textbook.
Health Behaviors and Health Status according to Socioeconomic Status of the Elderly in Daegu
Lee, Sung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 113~125
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.113
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate health behaviors and health status and to identify factors that affect health behaviors and health status of the elderly in Daegu. Methods: Analysis of data on 360 Daegu citizens aged 65 and over, which were taken from the 2010 social survey, was analyzed using the SAS program. Results: Results of logistic regression analysis showed that gender, age, education, and economic activity were independent predictors of health behaviors. Economic activity and owner-occupied housing were found to be independent predictors of health status. Conclusion: Findings of this study indicate a need for development of strategies to promote the health of vulnerable members of the elderly population with consideration for these variables that were found to affect health behaviors and health status of elderly citizens.
Study on Relations among Use of Earphones, Stress, and Hearing Threshold in University Students
Kwak, Hye-Weon ; Kim, Na-Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 126~136
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.126
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among use of earphones, stress level, and hearing threshold in university students. Methods: Study subjects included 210 university students (76 men, 134 women). Data were collected by questionnaire and audiometer from December 17 to 20, 2011. The SPSS win 19.0 program was used for data analysis by descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Results: 1) 4KHz, 6KHz hearing threshold of subjects who used earphones was higher than average hearing threshold of same age group. 2) Not significant differences in hearing threshold were observed according to frequency of use, and stress level. 3) Significant differences in 4KHz hearing threshold were observed according to earphone volume. 4) A significant positive correlation was observed between frequency of use and stress level (r=0.15, p<.05), earphone volume, and 4KHz hearing threshold (left) (r=0.15, p<.05); however, a negative correlation was observed between stress level and 4KHz hearing threshold (right) (r=-0.14, p<.05). Conclusion: A significant positive correlation was observed between frequency of use and stress level and earphone volume and 4KHz hearing threshold (left). Development of a program for hearing conservation is needed.
Effects of National Evaluation of Long-Term Care Hospitals on Hospital Workers' Work Environment, Job Satisfaction, and Quality of Services
Kim, Jeong-Seon ; Kim, Jin-Kyung ; Han, Woo-Sok ; Shim, Moon-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 137~146
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.137
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the work environment and job satisfaction of hospital workers and to assess their effects on quality of services under the national long-term care hospital evaluation (hereafter, national evaluation), which has implemented since 2008. Methods: A self-administered survey was conducted on 178 hospital workers' at 18 hospitals in Chungcheong province, Korea. Survey questionnaires include questions about respondent' awareness of the national evaluation and any change in work environment and job satisfaction under the national evaluation. We used a path analysis to assess the effects of work environment and job satisfaction on quality of services. Results: Results showed that the effects of the national evaluation on work environment and job satisfaction were positive, which, in turn, leads to better quality of services. Improvements in the work environment under the national evaluation have resulted in increased job satisfaction. High scores for job satisfaction showed a significant association with the quality of services provided in long-term care hospitals. In addition, the national evaluation itself had a positive effect on improving quality of services. Conclusions: In order to facilitate quality improvement activities under the national evaluation, it is suggested that workers be provided with education and training. Continuous efforts to improve work environment and to enhance job satisfaction would lead to provision of better quality of services in long-term care hospitals.
Application of the Transtheoretical Model to Exercise Behavior Change Stages of Women in Nursing College and Factors Affecting the Stages
Bae, Phil-Won ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 147~157
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.147
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the related factors of change affecting the stages of change for exercise, on the assumption that there are various stages of change in the exercise behavior of women in nursing college. Methods: The subjects were 496 female college students in D city. The research instruments were stages of change for exercise behavior, the process of change, decisional balance, and self-efficacy. The dates were analyzed by descriptive statistics, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression using the SPSS 18.0 program. Results: The distribution of the subjects across the stages was: pre-contemplation, 17.7%; contemplation, 58.7%; preparation, 19.0%; action, 2.8%; maintenance, 1.8%. Analysis of variance showed that cognitive process (F=17.26, p<0.01), behavioral process (F=27.05, p<0.01), the pros of decisional-balance (F=7.07, p<0.01), the cons of decision-balance (F=5.82, p<0.01), and self efficacy (F=17.79, p<0.01) were significantly associated with the change of exercise behavior stages. The related factors of change affecting the change of exercise behavior stage were the cons of decision-making, counter conditioning, self re-evaluation, and body mass index, including 28.4% R-square. Conclusion: The transtheoretical model would be applicable to explain the exercise behavior of some women in nursing college. So, this study will be useful information for developing effective exercise behavior programs considering female students' stages of change.
Factors Influencing Depression of Elderly Women in a Metropolitan City
Yang, Seung-Ae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 1, 2012, Pages 158~173
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.1.158
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate factors related to depression of elderly women in a Metropolitan city. Methods: Subjects included 118 elderly women older than 65 years of age. Structured questionnaires were used for data collection, and descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analysis were performed for data analysis. Results: A significant difference in depression was observed according to number of chronic diseases(F=4.963, p=.001). Significant factors influencing depression included number of chronic diseases (
=.265, p<.01), cognitive function (
=.290, p<.01), quality of sleep(
=.212, p<.01), and nutritional state (
=.161, p<.05). These factors explained 54.2% of the variance. Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest the need for development of nursing strategies to decrease the incidence of depression in elderly women.