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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Dec 2012
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Aug 2012
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Apr 2012
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A Study on The Relationships Between Job Stress, Social Support and Job Satisfaction of Taxi Drivers
Im, Eun-Seon ; Choi, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 195~203
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.195
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the relationships between job stress or social support and job satisfaction, and the function of social support, theoretically considered to mediate the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction. Methods: After obtaining informed consent from participants, data were collected from 122 taxi drivers. Gamma was used for testing of the first and second hypotheses. Partial Gamma was used to test the third hypothesis. Patterns of elaboration described by Babbie (1986) were selected for interpretation of the relationship among the three variable analyses. Results: First, a negative relationship was observed between job stress and job satisfaction (Gamma=-.543, p=.001) and a positive relationship was observed between social support and job satisfaction (Gamma=.741, p<.001). Second, when controlling for social support, the relationship between job stress and job satisfaction showed a decrease under conditions of both low and high social support. As for the mediating effect of social support, job stress was found to affect social support and social support was found to affect job satisfaction. Conclusion: The results showed that social support had a mediating effect between job stress and job satisfaction. Therefore, development and implementation of appropriate social support interventions is needed in order to reduce job stress and promote job satisfaction.
The Relationship of Life Satisfaction, Health Behaviors and Successful Aging in the Elderly
Lee, Seon-Hye ; Moon, Myeong-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 204~214
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.204
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to the relationship between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging and factors associated with successful aging. Methods: Participants in this study included 159 elders living in one city. Data on life satisfaction (Choi's Life Satisfaction Scale for Korean elderly, 1984), health behaviors (Choi & Kim's Health Behaviors Scale for Korean elderly, 1997), and successful aging (Kim & Shin's Successful Aging Scale for Korean elderly, 2005) were collected by trained interviewers. For analysis of collected data, the PASW 18.0 program was used, which included descriptive analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson correlation coefficients, and Multiple regression. Results: Results showed a positive correlation between life satisfaction, health behaviors, and successful aging. Life satisfaction, self-perceived health status, and health behavior explained 60.8% of successful aging. Conclusion: There is a need to help improve health behavior and self-perceived health status of elders. We should also understand life satisfaction over their life span and establish a program that encourages healthy behavior in the community. Accordingly, these efforts will allow for achievement of a more successful aging process for the elderly.
Factors Affecting Employment Stress Among College Nursing Students
Hwang, Rah-Il ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 215~226
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.215
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate factors associated with employment stress and the relationships among employment stress, depression, and body mass index (BMI) among college nursing students. Methods: Subjects included 319 students at two colleges in Kyonggi and Chungbuk province, who were asked to complete a survey questionnaire. T-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were used for statistical analysis of data. Results: Results of this study showed an average value of 53.39 for the total employment stress scale, and both values for familial environmental stress and school environmental stress were relatively higher among subscales of employment stress. The average score on the depression scale was 10.18 indicating slightly high, and BMI was 20.35 with an obesity fraction of 12.3%. In addition, the results also indicated that they suffered from much stronger employment stress according to their severity of depression. Overall factors that affect employment stress included depression, age, economic status, and whether family members live together or not. However, BMI had no significant statistical effect on employment stress. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that it is necessary for students to measure and control their employment stress and depression, because employment stress is closely associated with depression.
Physical Activities and Health Belief of Elementary School Students for Obesity Prevention and Management among Elementary School Students
Yang, Sook-Ja ; Jang, Se-Hee ; Kim, Shin-Jeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 227~238
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.227
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine physical activities and health belief in order to provide basic data on obesity prevention and management among elementary school students based on the health belief model. Methods: Participants included 194 fifth grade students in an elementary school located in Seoul. Data were collected by questionnaires and physical measurement, including weight and height. The SPSS Win 17.0 program using descriptive statistics, ANOVA with Scheff
post hoc tests, and Cronbach's alpha coefficients was used in data analysis. Results: Significant differences were observed in physical activity according to perceived severity (F=3.444, p=.034), perceived benefit (F=7.674, p=.001), perceived barrier (F=21.014, p<.001), and self-efficacy (F=22.098, p<.001). A significant difference in physical activity (t=4.502, p<.001) and perceived severity (t=-2.278, p=.024) was observed according to gender. Significant differences in physical activity (t=7.633, p=.006), perceived barrier (t=10.826, p=.001), and self-efficacy (t=5.928, p=.016) were observed according to obesity status. Significant differences were observed in physical activity (F=7.503, p=.001), perceived susceptibility (F=37.904, p<.001), and perceived barrier (F=3.425, p=.035) depending on level of satisfaction with body image. Conclusions: In order to promote physical activity among children with low physical activity, development of program with an emphasis on the benefits of physical activity and physical activity self-efficacy, and to decrease the barriers to physical activity is needed.
The Relationship with Socio-economic Level, Disability Characteristic And Prevalence of Chronic Disease of The Disabled Person
Choi, Young-Sil ; Mo, Jin-A ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 239~247
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.239
Purpose: This study provides basic information for improve of health the disabled person by evaluation of their socio-economic level and disability characteristics, and by attempting to understand the connection between prevalence of chronic disease these characteristics. Methods: This study used references from KIHASA after conduct of an inquiry from April 13th-June 10th, 2008 for collection of data from 6.314 subjects. This study focused on 722 disabled persons over the age of 20 years. The general character of the object used technical statistics, such as average, standard deviation, and so on.
verification was used to confirm the difference of chronic diseases of general character, and Logistic regression analysis was used to determonation the possibilities and factors of affecting chronic diseases. Results: Factors of impacting chronic diseases were related to sex (
=11.61, p<.001), age (
=37.56, p<.001), income level (
=22.77, p<.001), occupation (
=36.08, p<.001), type of disorder (
=21.75, p<.001), and period of disorder (
=37.78, p<.001). Analysis of the risks of affecting chronic prevalence rate showed that being female was 2.33 more dangerous than being male, age 46~64 was 2.68 more dangerous than 45 >, and 8.83 more dangerous than being 65 <, Unemployment was 1.77 higher than employment, and low income classes were 2.42 higher, sensory disabilities was 2.95 more dangerous than mental disorder, and 2.57 more dangerous than physical disorder. Regarding the period of disorder, 29 (years) < was 2.04 less dangerous than 13-28, and 3.27 lower than 12>. Conclusions: The results indicate that general character, socio-economic level, and features of disorders should be considered in management the prevalence of chronic diseases and the disabled person.
Sexual Consciousness and Attitude of Male University Students
Kim, Sang-Hee ; Yoon, Woo-Chul ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 248~257
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.248
Purpose: The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between sexual consciousness and attitude among male university students. Methods: Data were collected using self-reported questionnaires from 235 male university students at two universities located in Busan. SPSS 12.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and correlation coefficient was used for data analysis. Results: In the area of sexual consciousness, sexual male chauvinism appeared to be strongest in the area of gender (
). In the area of sexual attitude, abortion appeared to be the most opened area (
) among all areas. Religion, pleasure attitude, premarital virginity, sex admissibility and homosexuality were found to be factors affecting overall sexual consciousness. On the other hand, religion, sexuality, and gender appeared to be the factors that affected overall sexual attitude. In addition, the result of this study demonstrated a positive correlation between sexual consciousness and attitude. Conclusion: Development of various sex education programs reflecting the liberal sexual attitudes of university students, and provision of opportunities for establishment of healthy sexual consciousness and sexual attitude among university students accordingly are needed.
The Validity and Reliability of Injury Risk Perception in Preschool Children
Kim, Shin-Jeong ; Kang, Kyung-Ah ; Kim, Sung-Hee ; Kim, Yae-Young ; Lee, Jung-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 258~267
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.258
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of injury risk perception in preschool children. Method: Employing a methodological research design, data were collected using questionnaires from a sample of 178 child day care center preschooler selected by convenient sampling located at Kwangwon-Do. Descriptive statistics, content analysis, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used in performance of data analysis. Results: Through conduct of validity testing, 27 items were finally selected. The internal consistency was acceptable with a Cronbach's alpha of .66 and a Guttman Split-half coefficient of .70. Conclusion: The injury risk perception scale showed adequate validity and reliability in preschool children. It can be used for assessment of injury risk and for development of injury prevention programs for preschool children.
Effects of Health Promoting Behaviors and Mental Health Status of Shift and Non-Shift Nurses on Quality of Life
Yun, Ji-Young ; Ham, Ok-Kyung ; Cho, In-Sook ; Lim, Ji-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 268~279
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.268
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare and contrast health promoting behaviors, mental health, and quality of life between shift nurses and non-shift nurses and to evaluate factors influencing their quality of life. Method: Data were collected by questionnaires from 113 non-shift nurses and 265 shift nurses who had been working at one of five hospitals in Incheon for more than one year. Descriptive statistics, ANCOVA, logistic regression, and multiple regression were used in performance of data analysis. Results: For shift nurses' mean total scores for health promoting behaviors and quality of life were significantly lower than those for non-shift nurses'(p<.05). Result of logistic regression analyses indicated that marital status (OR=2.092, 95%CI=1.174-3.729) and quality of life (OR=3.397, 95%CI=1.694-6.812) were significant between shift nurses and non-shift nurses. Non-shift work, low stress, provision of health-welfare programs, high score for health promoting behavior, and good mental health status showed an association with better quality of life (explained 48.3% of variance). Conclusion: Educational, policy, and regulatory approaches are required in order to improve mental health and quality of life for nurses, which may be influenced by their unhealthy behaviors such as irregular dietary patterns, while provision of counseling programs may be helpful to enhancement of nurses' mental health.
Effects of Hospice and Palliative Care Education on Knowledge of Hospice and Palliative Care and Attitude toward Death in Nursing Students
Lee, Young-Eun ; Choi, Eun-Joung ; Park, Jung-Suk ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 280~288
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.280
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to determine the effects of hospice and palliative care education on knowledge of hospice and palliative care and attitude toward death in nursing students. Method: Subjects of this study included 49 nursing students. Using a one-group pretest-posttest quasi-experimental research design, we conducted experiments to determine the effects of a hospice and palliative care education during a period of seven weeks from August through November 2009. The program was composed of seven sessions (total: 28hrs). The SPSS/Win 18.0 program was used for analysis of collected data. Results: A significant change in knowledge of hospice and palliative care and attitude toward death was observed after the intervention. Conclusion: The hospice and palliative care education was effective for nursing students in improving their attitude toward death and in increasing knowledge of hospice and palliative care. Therefore, I recommend generous application of this program to nursing students in order to improve knowledge of hospice and palliative care and attitude toward death.
A study on the Effectiveness of Case Management in Elderly Medicaid Beneficiaries by Geographic Location
Cho, Jeong-Hyun ; Kim, Soon-Ock ; Song, Myeong-Kyeong ; Yim, Eun-Shil ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 289~302
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.289
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of case management in elderly medicaid beneficiaries according to geographic location. Methods: Data were collected from 23,633 elderly medicaid beneficiaries assigned from over users of medicaid. We used the need assessment tool developed by the government, which consists of 19 items with four subscales. Results: Among elderly medicaid beneficiaries, statistically significant differences in effectiveness of case management were observed for quality of life, self-care competency, medical care utility, and support system. Differences in case management effectiveness were higher in urban areas than in metropolitan or rural areas. Conclusion: The differentiated and tailored intervention model based on characteristics of participants, resource distribution, and geographic location may be needed for effective case management for elderly medicaid beneficiaries.
A Study of Social Support, Loneliness, Sleep Quality, and Perceived Health Status among Community-dwelling Older Adults
Kang, Yun-Hee ; Kim, Mi-Young ; Lee, Gun-Jeong ; Jung, Duk-Yoo ; Ma, Rye-Won ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 303~313
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.303
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the correlation between social support, loneliness, sleep quality, and perceived health status among community-dwelling older adults. Methods: Older adults who lived in urban and rural local communities were taken into account. Among them, 396 people participated in this study. Path analysis was conducted in order to verify the study model and its verification. SPSS WIN 18.0 and AMOS17.0 were used for analysis of collected data. Results: The results showed that social support had a significant effect on perceived health status (
=.17, p= .003) and loneliness (
=-.56, p<.001), while loneliness had a significant effect on perceived health status (
=-.12, p=.045) and sleep quality (
=.20, p<.001). In addition, the results also indicated that sleep quality had a significant influence on perceived health status (
=-.16, p <.001). According to results derived from the model, Chi-square=.359, df=1 NC=.359, CFI=1.0, NFI=0.98, RMSEA=.000; thus, the model was shown to be significant. Conclusion: For maintenance of the health of the aged, social support, loneliness, and sleep quality should be secured; in order to realize this, an effort should be made toward health promotion while providing the aged with more social attention.
Emotional Labor and Job Stress of Public Health Nurses
Han, Suk-Jung ; Kwon, Myung-Soon ; Yoon, Oh-Soon ; Moon, Mi-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 314~327
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.314
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the relationship between the level of emotional labor and job stress for public health nurses. Methods: The survey was conducted from Mar. to Oct. 2010 for collection of data from public health nurses (N=195). Descriptive statistics, ANOVA, t-test, Tukey HSD, and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used in performance of data analysis. Results: Results of this study indicate that as the nurses grow older, they receive a larger salary and their emotional labor is reduced. The results of this study also demonstrate that the emotional labor is highest when their total nursing job work duration and public health nurse work duration are between six and 10 years. There is a significant difference in job stress of the two age groups between occupational roles and personal strain. This means that job stress is highest in nurses who are in their thirties and low fifties. Emotional labor showed positive correlation with occupational roles and personal strain of job stress, but showed negative correlation with personal resources. Conclusion: According to the results of this study, we suggest development of interventions to reduce emotional labor and job stress, taking into account the characteristics of age.
Family Function and Internet Addiction in Lower Grade Elementary School Students
Jung, Eun-Sook ; Shim, Moon-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 328~340
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.328
Purpose: This study explored the degree of internet addiction and its influencing factors in lower grade elementary school children in rural areas. Methods: Subjects included 1,137 elementary school children. A structured questionnaire consisting of questions internet addiction, family function and school life satisfaction was used for data collection. Descriptive statistics,
-test, ANOVA and Correlation and Regression were performed using a SPSS program. Results: Among the subjects, 85.8% were regular users, 8.1% were potential risk users, and 6.1% were high-risk users. Career of internet use, daily internet access time, the number of conversations per week, the number of times spent eating out and traveling with parents within the last month and activities with friends, and satisfaction on school life differed significantly according to the degree of internet addiction. Finally, among the factors studied, daily internet access time, conversations within family, activities with friends and school life satisfaction in children in early elementary school was 20.7% of the explanatory power of the subjects' degree of internet addiction, collectively. Conclusion: Use of the internet by early elementary school children should be monitored and strategies to promote familial conversations, activities with peers and school life satisfaction should be developed.
The Study on Job Satisfaction of Care Helpers
Yoo, Kwang-Soo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 26, issue 2, 2012, Pages 341~353
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2012.26.2.341
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Job Satisfaction of Care Helpers. Method: Subjects included 306 Care Helpers. working at geriatric care facilities; these data were collected from May 4 to May 15, 2012. The SPSS WIN 12.0 program was used for statistical analysis of collected data, including actual number, percentage, average, standard deviation, t-test, one way ANOVA, and Cronbach alpha coefficient. Results: 1. The average Job satisfaction was 3.76 and the average of each job satisfaction was the task (3.83), co-worker (2.23), and job turn over (2.25). 2. The satisfaction of the job itself, depending on back ground, had a significantly effect on age, protective person for a day, duty pattern, contract pattern, and motive. 3. The job satisfaction of human relationships, depending on their back ground, had a significant effect on degree, care-giving experience, duty place, protective person for a day, duty pattern, contract pattern, and duty motive. 4. The Job satisfaction of job turn over, depending on back ground had an. effect on job satisfaction statistically: age, degree, duty place, protective person for a day, duty pattern, and motive. Conclusion: These results found showed to contribute to job satisfaction of care helpers.