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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Dec 2013
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Aug 2013
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Apr 2013
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Ethnographic Analysis on Health-related Behavioral Patterns of Male College Students in a Weight-control Program
Kim, Jeong Soo ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 241~253
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.241
Purpose: We performed an ethnographic analysis on health-related behavioral patterns of male college students enrolled in a weight-control program. Methods: The participants in this study were 12 obese male college students and one member of the health program staff. Data, collected through interviews and participatory observations during fieldwork, were analyzed using text analysis and taxonomic methods. Results: Patterns of health behavior were categorized into one of two types: the type with a willingness and motivation toward improving health (including a positive management of diseases and lifestyle) or the type concerned with social development and competence (including the application of strategic relationships and a self-conscious inclination toward appearance). Conclusion: The concepts of body and health in sociocultural contexts lead to weight-control practices. These results strongly indicate that providers of dieting programs for young adults need to understand the physical and psychological concerns of their students. Moreover, another implication from our results is that health-related interventions should be designed according to specific aspects of its participants.
Factors Affecting Parental Practices of In-home Injury Prevention for Young Children in Low-Income Families
Hwang, Ra Il ; Im, Yeo Jin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 254~266
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.254
Purpose: This study examined the characteristics of in-home injuries of children in low-income families and sought to identify the factors affecting parental in-home injury prevention practices. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey design was applied, using questionnaires on in-home injury characteristics in children, parental in-home injury prevention practices, parental perceptions and knowledge on childhood injuries, and the Parental Stress Index. We queried 169 parents of children less than 5years of age who were enrolled in Nutrition Plus Projects at community health centers. Results: Overall, 92.7% of children had experienced in-home injuries, with sliding crashes and bumping injuries as the most frequent type of injury. The recovery rate with a scar after injury was 26.3%. Parental practices for in-home injury prevention were higher according parental age, educational status, and previous learning experiences regarding in-home safety and injury prevention. The two most significant factors affecting parental in-home injury prevention practices were age and parental perception of childhood injuries as being controllable and preventable. Conclusions: Considering the high risk of in-home childhood injuries in low-income families, safety education and the promotion of injury prevention practices for parents are recommended. The strategy to enhance the parental perception on preventing childhood injuries needs to be addressed.
Factors Related to Blood Pressure Control in Hypertensive Patients in Jeju Province
Ko, Yeong Ju ; Park, Eunok ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 267~279
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.267
Purpose: This study was conducted to identify blood pressure control rate and related factors in hypertensive patients. Methods: Data were collected using face to face survey with measuring blood pressure from 268 hypertensive patients. Results: Subjects without spouses were 2.19 times more likely to control their blood pressures (p
Health Education Needs and Confidence of School Nurses in Korean Secondary Schools
Ryu, Ho-Sihn ; Im, Yeo Jin ; Cho, Jeonghyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 280~292
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.280
Purpose: The aim of this study was to determine the perceived needs and confidence of school nurses in health education at middle and high schools in Seoul, Korea. Methods: A descriptive survey questionnaire was developed by a research team to investigate the perceived needs and confidence across eight health education areas. A total of 329 school nurses at secondary schools in the metropolitan areas of Seoul participated. Descriptive statistics, the t-test, and ANOVA were conducted to analyze the data. Results: Generally high means in perceived education needs(Mean: 3.8~4.7/5) and health education confidence (Mean 3.3~4.5/5) were reported. However, there were significantly low means of health education confidence related to perceived needs in health education for all areas of health education. While injury prevention and emergency care education were the highest perceived educational needs and were also areas with high confidence of school nurses, mental health, social health, and sexual health were areas where nurses showed a significantly lower confidence. In general, nurses with a longer clinical experience and educational career had a higher confidence in injury prevention, emergency care, and mental health. Conclusions: Multi-level support, including the continuing education and proactive in-service training, for the school nurses needs to be developed to improve their teaching competency.
Ego-Resilience and the Clinical Competence of Nursing Students
Lee, Eun Kyung ; Park, Jin Ah ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 293~303
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.293
Purpose: This study was performed to understand the relationship between ego-resilience and the clinical competence of nursing students. Methods: The subjects were 291 juniors and seniors who received clinical training from nursing universities in Gyeongsang, Jeolla, and Chungcheong. General characteristics, main study variables were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation; ego-resilience and clinical competence by general characteristics were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA; correlations between ego-resilience and clinical competence were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: The mean score for ego-resilience was 3.44; and the mean score for clinical competence was 3.71. The data showed a positive correlation between ego-resilience and clinical competence. Conclusion: According to the results, there is a correlation between clinical competence and the ego-resilience of nursing students. Therefore, to enhance clinical competence, a follow-up study on the development of a program for advanced ego-resilience is needed.
A Comparative Study of Health Knowledge, Health Attitude and Health Behavior Based on the Hours of Health Education in Middle School Students
Cha, Young-Sook ; Choi, Soon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 304~312
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.304
Purpose: This study was conducted to compare health knowledge, health attitude and health behavior of middle school students based on the hours of health educational parameters imparted. Methods: After obtaining informed consent from participants, data were collected from 474 middle school students attending three different schools. The questionnaires were developed based on previous studies and four authorized health textbooks. Data were analyzed using
-test, t-test, ANOVA and ANCOVA. Results: The scores of 34-hour or 17-hour regular health education group were higher than those of 0-hour regular health education group in the areas of health knowledge and health attitude. In contrast the score of health behavior showed no significant difference among the three groups. Conclusion: The course of regular health education should be included as an essential one rather than as a selective option in the curriculum, and 34-hour regular health education is needed for all primary, middle, and high school students who are about to developing lifelong health habits, in order to have them gradually acquire sound education of health knowledge, health attitude, and health behavior.
Effects of Lifestyle Modification Program on Body Composition, Metabolic Syndrome Markers, and Depression in Obese Postmenopausal Women
Park, Nam Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 313~326
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.313
Purpose: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of lifestyle modification program on body composition and metabolic syndrome makers, depression in obese postmenopausal women. Method: The research design of this study included a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The lifestyle modification program was administered twice a week for 12 weeks the experimental group, whereas the control group had no program. The experimental group consisted of 22 obese postmenopausal women while the control group contained 19 subjects. The study also attempted to measure the effects of the program on body composition, metabolic syndrome markers, and depression in obese postmenopausal women. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and a t-test using the SPSS/WIN 17.0 program. Results: After participating in the lifestyle modification program, the experimental group showed statistically significant decreases in systolic pressure, diastolic pressure and depression, but no change in body composition. Conclusions: The result of this study show that the lifestyle modification program had a significant impact on obese postmenopausal women. In the future, it is necessary to offer more tailed program for a longer period.
Effects of Health Characteristics on Depression of Elderly Beneficiaries of the National Basic Livelihood Scheme
Hur, Jungyi ; Yi, Yunjeong ; Lee, Keum-Jae ; Kim, Hee Gerl ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 327~337
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.327
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence rate of depression and the associated factors affecting the depression among the elderly beneficiaries of the national basic livelihood scheme. Methods: From the beneficiaries of the "visiting health care program" in a city the beneficiaries (aged 65 years or older) of the national basic livelihood scheme were selected. A total of 677 subjects were included in the study and hence for data analyses. Results: The observed prevalence rate of depression was 80.5% (mild depression was 60.2%, and severe depression was 20.3%). The factors influencing depression were indicative of subjective health status, walking exercise, hypertension, and diabetes. Conclusion: On the basis of our study results, as a strategy to reduce the prevalence rate of depression among the elderly concerned, we are of the opinion that it is very much necessary to motivate them to practice continuous and regular walking exercises in easily accessible places by mobilizing community resources such as visiting nurses and volunteers. Such efforts may not only immediately reduce the morbidity rate of depression among the low-income elderly, but also, in the long run, prevent suicides and contribute to improving their mental health status to an appreciable extent.
Review of Nursing Research on Psychotropic Drugs in Korea
Lee, Jongeun ; Bae, Jeongyee ; Im, Sookbin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 338~356
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.338
Purpose: This study critically reviewed nursing research psychotropic drugs that has been published in Korean journals. Another aim of this study was to identify trends in nursing research on psychotropic drugs and make suggestions for further study in Korea. Methods: Data were collected from degree theses and original articles on psychotropic drugs published in Korean journals from 1992 to 2013. Thirty-four articles were analyzed of which at least one nursing author participated in the study. Search keywords were "psychotropic drug" and "mentally ill patient & medication". Results: For the research design, quasi-experimental study was 58.8%, descriptive study was 17.7%, descriptive correlational study was 8.8%, qualitative study was 8.8% and model development research was 5.9%. Variables measured were knowledge of medication & symptom management, knowledge of disease, side effects, drug attitude, medication pattern, diet & activity, quality of life, and self-care. Conclusion: Despite recent increased interest in psychiatric medication, research on psychotropic drugs remains very limited, particularly regarding findings from a nurse`s perspective. More research project should be designed to develop programs for the treatment of side effects from a nursing view-point.
The Effects of Education on the Prevention of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Adolescence
Kim, Hong Jee ; Yang, Sook Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 357~371
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.357
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of health education based on the health belief model (HBM) to the prevention of noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) in middle school students. Methods: A pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group was designed for the purpose of this study. A total of 212 students (134 in the experimental group and 78 in the control group) of two middle schools in Seoul were enrolled for the study. Health education of two 45-minutes sessions over two weeks were provided. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, t-test, ANCOVA and repeated measures ANOVA with Bonferroni post-hoc test, using the SPSS version 21.0. Results: There were significant differences between experimental group and control group with reference to perceived susceptibility (F
Factors Influencing the Quality of Life in Low- Income Elders Living at Home: A Literature Review
Cho, Chung-Min ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 372~383
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.372
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the current state and trends of factors influencing the quality of life in low- income elders living at home. Methods: To carry out this study we established the patient, intervention, comparison, outcomes (PICO) strategy, reviewed 241 published documents from both national and international electronic databases, and finally selected 9 references based on inclusion and exclusion criteria alone. The quality of selected references was assessed using 15 questions. Two reviewers independently examined titles and abstracts and assessed whether each met the predefined inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: The following factors were significantly associated with quality of life in low- income elders: (1) demographic factors such as number of children, income, and age; (2) health - related factors such as joint exercise capacity, activities of daily living/instrumental activities of daily living, health perception, health promotion behavior, and depression; and (3) socio environmental factors such as family support, community-based service program, leisure activity, and the number of neighborhoods involved. Conclusion: The results of our study provide a definite basis for the development of a policy strategy to improve the quality of life in elders with low income and we hence strongly recommend that any strategy to improve the quality of life in low-income elders be based on the results of our study.
The Effectiveness of Health Promotion Program for the Elderly
Im, Mee Young ; Mun, Young-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 2, 2013, Pages 384~398
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.2.384
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to identify the effect of a community based health promotion program for elders in Korea. Methods: The PICO-SD (Participants, Intervention, Comparison, Outcome, and Study Design) strategy was established. A search of the electronic bibliographic database of NDSL, RISS, KMbase, and KoreaMed etc. was performed and 28 articles met inclusion criteria. Results: Both exercise and health education were in most programs and were more effective than one of the two. The health education included stress management, mental health, health promotion lifestyle, chronic disease, and medication. Various exercises such as walking, stretching, gymnastics, rhythmic activity, muscle strength, and joint exercise were performed. The programs for elders showed an association with significantly improved muscular strength, flexibility, depression, quality of life, subjective health status, satisfaction with life, self-efficacy, and health promotion behavior. Conclusion: Intervention programs including both exercise and health education are effective in improving health promotion behavior and physical and psychological health status in elders. Therefore, these results could provide useful guidelines for development of effective health intervention programs for the elderly.