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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Dec 2013
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Aug 2013
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Apr 2013
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Prejudice Toward Foreigners by Nurses and Physicians in Korea
Nam, Kyoung A ; Jeong, Geum Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 437~449
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.437
Purpose: To improve the cultural competency of nurses and physicians in Korea by disclosing their degree of prejudice toward foreigners who were major target of international medical tourists. Method: A descriptive research design was employed. Data were collected from a total of 458 nurses and physicians at general hospitals in Korea. Subjects completed questionnaires on their demographic information and prejudice toward foreigners from a cognitive, emotional, and behavioral perspective. Results: While there was a positive attitude toward Caucasian Americans and Japanese, there was a negative prejudice toward Chinese and African Americans. There was an especially high and negative prejudice from a cognitive and behavioral perspective toward Chinese. There was a significant difference in the level of prejudice according to the education level, workplace, and multi-cultural education of Korean health professionals. Conclusion: It is necessary to investigate the negative prejudice toward foreigners of specific races or countries with cautious consideration. We also recommend the development and application of strategies to improve the multi-cultural competency of Korean nurses and physicians.
Cognitive Impairment and Risk Factors among Elderly Persons Aged 60 or More in Korea
Kim, Hye-Ryoung ; Yang, Migyeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 450~465
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.450
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify cognitive impairment and risk factors among elderly persons aged 60 or more in Korea using raw data from the 2008 Elderly Survey: Basic Analysis Report of Actual Living Condition of the Elderly and Welfare Need Survey in Korea. Methods: This study was conducted using raw data obtained from 13,335 subjects representing elderly persons aged 60 or more in Korea. Data were analyzed using SPSS 19.0 software. Results: The rate of cognitive impairment was found to be 22.0%. Logistic regression analysis became more prevalent with increased aged. In addition elderly subjects with the following factors showed increased cognitive impairment: mails; underweight; slept well for 3 to 4 days per week at most; lack of high intensity physical activity; Eub/Myoun area; did not live alone; did not graduate from high school; un-employed; lack of active social participation, and not computer/Internet savvy. Conclusion: This study identified cognitive impairment and risk factors among elderly persons aged 60 or more in Korea using samples representing elderly persons aged 60 or more throughout the country.
Assessing Correlates of Physical Activity Levels in Female University Students
Kim, Gwang Suk ; Lee, Chung Yul ; Kim, In Sook ; Lee, Tae Hwa ; Cho, Eunhee ; Lee, Hyeonkyeong ; Lee, Kyongeun ; Kim, Sinhye ; Gwon, Seok Hyun ; Moon, Sun Hye ; Lim, Sarah ; Kim, Su Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 466~479
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.466
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to examine the level of physical activity and influencing factors in female college students. Method: Cross-sectional survey data including physical activity, exercise self-efficacy, social influences on physical activity, and perceived health status were collected from 213 subjects. Data from 204 subjects were analyzed. Results: The mean level of physical activity was 2,750.97 MET-min/week. Physical activity showed a positive association with exercise self-efficacy as well as social influences, and a negative association with age. Stepwise multiple regressions showed that physical activity among female college students was predicted by type of leisure activity, relative health status, social influences, and age. Conclusion: The findings suggest that a program for improvement of physical activity in female college students should include interesting and dynamic leisure activities and strategies for performing together with friends should be developed.
Self-transcendence, Spiritual well-being, and Death Anxiety of the Elderly
Kim, Soon Yi ; Lee, Jeong In ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 480~489
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.480
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, and death anxiety of elderly. Method: This was a descriptive survey study. Data were collected from March to June, 2013, from 243 elderly persons. Questionnaires were used in order to solicit information on self-transcendence, spiritual well-being, and death anxiety. Descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple regression were used in analysis of data. Results: Average scores were 2.96 for self-transcendence, 4.19 for spiritual well-being, and 3.08 for death anxiety. Statistically significant negative correlations were observed between self-transcendence and death anxiety, spiritual well-being and death anxiety. However, from the statistical point of view, significantly positive correlation was observed between self-transcendence and spiritual well-being.. Spiritual well-being, health status, and gender were significant predictors of self-transcendence. Conclusion: This study will provide basic information for use in development of a program to encourage a healthy lifestyle for elderly persons.
Effects of Passive Music Listening on Psychological Well-Being and Depression in Undergraduate Nursing Students
Yoo, Moon-Sook ; Park, Jee-Won ; Song, Mi-Sook ; You, Mi-Ae ; Park, Hyung-Ran ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 490~499
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.490
Purposes: This study was conducted in order to investigate the effects of passive music listening on psychological well-being and depression in 134 nursing students enrolled in two colleges of nursing in Kyeonggi-do, Korea. Methods: A prospective, pretest and posttest, controlled, quasi-experimental design was used. An intervention group (n= 74) participated in a 14-week passive music listening program before and after each lecture while those who were assigned as a control group (n=60) were given a series of traditional lectures. Analysis of data was performed using chi-square test, independent t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test, using SPSS 19.0. Results: Although no significant difference was observed in psychological well-being (t=0.34, p=.738), depression (z=-3.19, p=.001) showed a significant difference in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusions: This study provided evidence of the beneficial impact of passive music listening for nursing students with depression. Conduct of further studies will be needed in order to verify the effects on psychological well-being.
Comparative Study on Influencing Factors of Suicidal Ideation according to Sex in the Elderly
Lee, Seung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 500~512
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.500
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate suicidal ideation and its associated factors according to sex in the elderly, by focusing on socio-demographic and health characteristics. Methods: Data were derived from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2, 2011). The subjects were 1,464 elderly aged 65 years or more (620 male and 844 female). The SPSS/WIN 21.0 program was used for data analysis. Results: Suicidal ideation was positively associated with depression and stress in both male and female subjects. For elderly men, those aged 75 years or more, had no spouse, and had activity limitations showed a higher suicidal ideation risk. For elderly women, those who had low a education level and were perceived to be unhealthy showed a higher suicidal ideation risk. Conclusion: Nurses should consider sex differences when designing suicide prevention programs for the elderly.
Effects of the Traditional Play-centered Obesity Control Program for Obese Elementary School Children based on Cooperative Learning Theory
Seong, Jeong Hye ; Choi, Yeon Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 513~526
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.513
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of the Traditional Play-centered Obesity Control Cooperative Learning Program based on the cooperative learning theory on obesity rate, physical fitness, self-esteem, and body image specifically in obese elementary school children. Methods: The research design for this study was based on a non- equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The study was conducted from September, 5 to November 30, 2012. The subjects included 74 obese children (
) with an obesity rate above 20% at an elementary school in G City. Data analysis was performed using SPSS/WIN 18.0, using Chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and Scheffe test. Results: The obesity rate (F=4.033, p<.022) in the experimental group was significantly lower than that in the group (Com, Cont), in which the Traditional Play-Centered Obesity Control Cooperative Learning Program was not implemented. Self-esteem (F=4.310, p<.017) also caused significant differences. However, physical fitness (Muscular endurance F=1.545, p=.220; Flexibility F=.671, p=.514; Agility F=1.594, p=.210; Speed F=5.386, p<.007, scheffe (a,b
Correlation among Depression, Death Anxiety, and Quality of Life of Aged Women
Park, Kyung-Eun ; Kwon, Mi-Hyoung ; Kwon, Young-Eun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 527~538
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.527
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to provide basic data for development of a nursing intervention program needed in living successfully in elderly women's later years by examining the relationship among depression, death anxiety, and quality of life of elderly women. Methods: Subjects were 115 elderly women over 65 years old who were capable of verbal/nonverbal communication and could understand/answer the questionnaire in H region. Data collection was conducted after receiving written consent using a structured questionnaire. The data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's multiple range test and Pearson's Correlation Coefficient using the SPSS 12.0/WIN program. Results: Results of this study showed that the degree of depression in elderly women was
on average and the degrees of death anxiety and quality of life were
on average, respectively. No significant correlation was observed between depression and death anxiety however, depression showed negative correlation (r=-.448, p<.001) with quality of life and death anxiety also showed negative correlation (r=-.219, p<.05) with quality of life. Conclusion: We can predict that depression and death anxiety negatively affect quality of life of elderly women.
Effects of Perceived Death and Self-esteem on Meaning in Life among University Students
Kim, Chun-Gill ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 539~550
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.539
Purpose: The objectives of this study were to investigate the level of meaning in life(MIL) among university students as well as identify the effects of death perception, including good death and concerns about dying, and self-esteem on MIL. Methods: A questionnaire survey was developed and carried out using a convenient sampling method (N=301). Data were analyzed by applying descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results: The average score for MIL was 4.70 on a 7-point scale. The factor of purpose of life received highest score among all factors in MIL. MIL was positively correlated with age, good death, and self-esteem. However, concerns about dying were negatively correlated with MIL. MIL showed a strong association with self-esteem(r=.72). Specifically, self-esteem(
=.608), satisfaction of school life(
=.190), relationship with parents(
=.180), good death(
=.080), school grades(
=.078), and age(
=.074) all significantly influenced MIL. These variables accounted for 61.0% of the total variance. Conclusion: The results show that self-esteem is an important factor for MIL among university students. Therefore, self-esteem should be carefully considered to increase their MIL. These research findings can be utilized to support programs such as counseling and education of university students.
Suicidal Ideation and Associated Factors of the Elderly According to Residence Area - Focusing on the Comparisons between Urban and Rural Areas -
Mun, Young-Hee ; Im, Mee Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 551~563
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.551
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to investigate the incidence and associated factors of suicidal ideation among the elderly according to residence area. Methods: This cross-sectional study used secondary data from the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-2). A representative sample of 1,464 men and women aged 65 and over was selected. Rao-scott
-test, multiple logistic regression models based on sampling scheme of the data were used. Results: Of the 1,464 respondents, 22.4% had experienced suicidal ideation during the past year. Higher incidence of suicidal ideation was observed in rural seniors (23.7%) than in urban seniors (21.1%). The incidence of suicidal ideation showed correlation with age, education level, depression, stress, lying in a sick bed, and current smoking status among elderly living in urban areas. However, among elderly living in rural areas, the incidence of suicidal ideation showed correlation with household income, depression, stress, and daily activity. Conclusion: Based on the results, nurses should manage effective and individualized nursing interventions for elders in planning suicide prevention programs with consideration for residence areas, because there were differences in the factors affecting suicidal ideation among elders according to residence area.
Factors Affecting Mental Health among College Students - Sassang Constitution and Ego State centered Approach-
Kim, Myoung-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 564~577
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.564
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to address differences between mental health according to sasang constitution and ego state among college students. Methods: Data for this cross-sectional study were collected by administration of questionnaires eliciting Woo's ego state scale, QSCC II for the sasang constitution classification, and SCL-90-R for mental health to 393 college students. Analysis was performed using IBM SPSS (version 19.0). Results: The Free Child ego and Adapted Child ego differed significantly among sasang types. The ego-gram pattern of So-eum type exhibited the N pattern (Nurturing Parent (NP)>Adapted Child (AC)>Adult (A)>Free Child (FC)>Critical Parent (CP), AC-high type), however, the ego-gram pattern of other constitution types showed the M pattern (NP>FC>A>AC>CP). No statistically significant differences in mental health were observed among sasang types, however, among ego states, AC and CP showed negative correlation with mental health status. Between So-eum type and So-yang type, AC was the factor predicting mental health. Between Tae-eum type and undefined type, AC and CP were factors predicting mental health. Conclusion: These findings suggest that sasang constitution could be an important factor in understanding the ego state and mental health status. We conclude that sasang constitution should be considered in interpretation of mental health status presentation in clients.
Health Behaviors, Health Status, and Utilization Patterns of Health Care Institutions for homeless shelter residents: Comparison of Younger and Older male residents
Yoon, Hee Sang ; Han, Young Ran ; Song, Mi Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 578~591
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.578
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to identify the health behaviors, health status, and utilization patterns of health care institutions for homeless shelter residents as well as to compare these research outcomes between younger and older male homeless shelter residents. Methods: The subjects in this study were 357 homeless shelter residents that were recruited by simple random sampling. Data were collected from August to September 2009. Health behaviors, health status, and utilization patterns of health care institutions were measured using structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using the Chi square test and Fisher's exact test using SPSS 14.0. Results: Both younger and older male subjects showed unhealthy behaviors, and their health status was lower than that of the Health & Nutrition Examination Survey conducted in 2009. Subjects preferred to utilize national or municipal hospitals as well as pharmacies as opposed to general hospitals, clinics, and public health centers. Conclusion: Differentiated comprehensive health care services and monitoring should be provided to homeless shelter residents based on the needs of each group in order to improve their health status as well as to prevent communicable diseases and complications of chronic diseases.
Predictors of Addictive Behavior in Adolescents
Park, Hyun Sook ; Jung, Sun Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 592~607
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.592
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the personal, family, and community factors that affect addictive behavior of adolescents. Methods: This study was conducted using a descriptive survey design. Subjects included 398 adolescents in three middle schools and four high schools located in three cities. Data were obtained from these subjects between July 11 and July 19, 2013 using self-report questionnaires. Analysis of the data was performed using the SPSS 19.0 program. Results: Of the participants, 62.0% were included in the non-addictive group, and 38.0% in the risk for addictive behavior group. Significant factors related to addictive behavior includes eight personal factors: alcohol consumption, sexual experience, suicidal ideation, experience of being a runaway, time spent using the smartphone, and time management skills; five family factors: physical abuse by parents, parental alcohol abuse, parental rearing attitudes [the type of rearing attitude among emotional warmth, rejection, and overprotection]; and two community factors: number of peers who practice risk behavior and relationship with peers. Conclusion: Based on the outcomes of this study, it is suggested that a school health program to decrease adolescent addictive behavior should consider personal, family, and community factors.
Cybersex Addiction among Korean College Students: Current Status and Relationships of Sexual Knowledge and Sexual Attitude
Park, Hyojung ; Kang, Sook Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 608~618
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.608
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the current status of cybersex addiction, demographic factors influencing the level of cybersex addiction, and relationships between sexual knowledge, sexual attitude, and cybersex addiction among Korean college students. Methods: Using a cross-sectional study design, 6,000 college students were recruited through proportional quota sampling from May 2011 to October 2011. Results: Almost 10 percent(9.3%) of the participants had moderate or severe addiction to cybersex. The level of cybersex addiction differed significantly according to gender, major, and economic status. Significant association was observed between sexual knowledge, sexual attitude, and cybersex addiction. Conclusion: The significant demographic factors mentioned above, as well as sexual knowledge and attitude should be factored in when designing interventions for cybersex addiction among college students. Conduct of more qualitative and longitudinal research on this topicis needed in order to prevent and to intervene in cybersex addiction among college students.
Effects of Club Obesity Management Program for Obese Children on Body Composition, Self Efficacy, and Health Promotion
Nam, Soung Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 619~632
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.619
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop an obesity management program for obese children and examine its effects on body composition, self-efficacy, and health promotion. The obesity management program was based on a KAP & HBM mixed model and consisted of health education and group playing exercises. Method: This study was implemented at one elementary school in K city for a total of 12 weeks. The study subjects were a single group, and their body composition, self-efficacy, and health promotion were assessed at both pre-treatment and post-treatment. Data were analyzed by Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test using SPSS WIN 20.0. Result: After the program, the average height of subjects increased by 0.9cm (p=.001), whereas BMI decreased by
(p=.003), obesity index decreased by 3.79% (p=.003), and body fat decreased by 1.34% (p=.002). There were significant effects on diet self-efficacy (p=.027), exercise self-efficacy (p<.001), and health promotion (p=.001). Conclusion: This obesity management program reduced the degree of obesity and improved self-efficacy and health promotion. Therefore, the obesity management program is an effective intervention method for elementary-aged obese children.
University Students' Images, Knowledge, and Stereotypes plus Perceptions about the Elderly
Kwon, Myung Soon ; Noh, Ghee-Young ; Jang, Ji Hye ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 27, issue 3, 2013, Pages 633~646
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2013.27.3.633
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare the images, knowledge, and stereotypes plus perceptions about the elderly between students in nursing class and those in other classes and to determine the correlation among variables. Methods: The subjects of this study were 400 students, 200 from nursing class and 200 from other classes(premedical students were excluded) from one university. Result: Images the elderly of all participants showed an average score of 2.96(
), total average score of knowledge about the elderly was 16.22(
), and average score for stereotypes plus perception was 2.92(
). Comparison between students in nursing class and those in the other classes showed that students in the nursing class had deeper knowledge regarding physical and physiological fields of the elderly, however they had comparatively negative cognition in the images and stereotypes plus perceptions about the elderly. In addition interest in the elderly and volunteer experiences were significantly affected by the images and stereotypes plus perceptions. Images, knowledge, and stereotypes plus perceptions about the elderly showed significant positive correlation. Conclusion: In development of curriculum related to the elderly in nursing class, development of specific and diverse approaches that will raise positive awareness of the elderly is necessary.