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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Dec 2015
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Aug 2015
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Apr 2015
Selecting the target year
Policy Implications for Home-Visit Nursing(HVN) of the Korean Long Term Care Insurance through the implications of the Japanese HVN
Ryu, Hosihn ; Arita, Kumi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 403~411
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.403
Due to lack of an information system regarding the status of using home-visit nursing (HVN), it has barriers of providing improvement of the HVN for management of elderly health care in Korea. The twofold aims of the current review are to expose the existing agendas for HVN and to suggest the political implications for HVN of Korea based on the transition process and revised HVN system of Japan. This review suggests that an information evaluation system has to precede for HVN services in detail. And, the service provided per manpower should be assessed by separating the code of manpower (registered nurse, nurse aide, dental hygienist) as well as securing detailed and precise information on the HVN services. The other suggestion, development of a community-based home health care nursing model in order to provide necessary services for long-term health insurance beneficiaries. In addition, a master plan for health care for elderly should be established at the national level in order to establish an effective home health nursing delivery system.
Trends of Research on the Case Management of Medicaid Beneficiaries in Korea
Kim, Soon Ock ; Cho, Jeonghyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 412~425
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.412
Purpose: This study was conducted to understand the trend in research by analyzing previous studies related to the case management of Medicaid and to explore the direction of future research. Methods: Thirty three studies conducted from January 2003 to June 2015 were analyzed according to characteristics of researchers and subjects, research methods, measurable variables, and key words. Results: Of the studies analyzed, 69.7% were conducted on Medicaid beneficiaries, and 65.6% were conducted on the group of high risk for over medical utilization. The mainly used research design was a survey study design, which was 51.5% of them, followed by experimental (24.2%), and qualitative (12.1%) study design. Most frequently measured variables were medical utilization (62.5%), needs for case management (41.7%), and health status (25.0%). The topics most frequently studied were related to medical utilization, effect of case management, self-care, and program development in Medicaid beneficiaries and job and socio-psychological factors in case managers. Conclusion: The future direction of nursing research in Medicaid case management is to be vitalized through the expansion of the research population, and concretization and diversification of the research topics. In addition, conduct of further studies on intervention strategies and contents for improving quality of case management program is also needed.
Expanding the aging self: Investigating successful aging among Korean older adults using grounded theory
Park, Hyung-Ran ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 426~440
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.426
Purpose: This qualitative study aimed to understand older adults' perspectives on successful aging and develop a model of a successful aging process, within the Korean socio-cultural context. Methods: This study used a Grounded Theory approach. Through theoretical sampling, 14 participants were selected from older adults at a public health center and a volunteer institution in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. Results: The basic social process identified was "expanding the aging self", which was preceded by three phases, namely, adjusting to the changes, developing the valuable self, and embracing the environment. Participants used 2-3 strategies for successful aging in each phase. For adjusting to the changes, participants used strategies such as "adopting a positive attitude", "accepting the changes", and "being at the center of life". To develop the valuable self, "re-identifying capacities", "having something to do", and "advancing to a healthy lifestyle" were used. Participants embraced their environments with "sharing with others" and "embracing younger generations". The causal condition for expanding the aging self was the changes in participants' physical, mental, or psychosocial situations. Conclusion: These findings suggest a theoretical foundation for the development of potential nursing interventions to promote self-care management and the interpersonal relationship for successful aging among Korean elderly individuals.
Mediation Effects of Self regulation and Hopelessness between Self efficacy and Internet game addiction in Middle School Students
Kim, Bo Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 441~451
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.441
Purpose: This study was conducted in order to examine the multiple mediated effects of self-regulation and hopelessness between self efficacy and internet game addiction in middle school students. Methods: The participants were 458 middle school students in G City, South Korea. Multiple mediation was analyzed using Indirect SPSS macro and the bootstrapping method. Results: Significant negative correlations were observed for internet game addiction, self-efficacy, and self-regulation. Self-efficacy and self-regulation were positively correlated. Self-efficacy showed a direct effect on Internet game addiction. The results of the indirect effects of all mediators showed the mediated effect of self-regulation (estimated effect=-.11, 95% CI[-.20, -.03]) and hopelessness(estimated effect=-.06, 95% CI[-.12, -.01]). Conclusion: Based on these study results, we suggest that self-efficacy should be examined to prevent development of Internet game addiction in middle school students. It is necessary to provide Internet game addiction preventive programs focusing on changing the self-regulation and relieving the feelings of hopelessness.
Effect of Attribution Disposition and Self-Efficacy on Clinical Practice Competence of Nursing Student
Kim, Su Ol ; Kim, So Myeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 452~462
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.452
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of attribution disposition and self-efficacy on clinical practice competence of nursing students. Methods: A descriptive survey design was used. Participants were 214 nursing students who were collected using a structured questionnaire. Data were analyzed by frequencies, t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple stepwise regression via spss win 21.0. Results: The total mean score for attribution disposition was
, self-efficacy was
, and clinical competence was
. Clinical competence is significantly and positively correlated with attribution disposition (r=.179, p=009) and self-efficacy (r=.379, p<.001). In a multivariate approach, predictors included explained 33.5% of variance in clinical competence. Significant predictors of clinical competence were attribution disposition (
, p<.001), self-efficacy (
, p<.001), and satisfaction with the nursing (
, p<.001). Conclusion: Development of an effective intervention program is needed to improve nursing students clinical practice competence, attribution disposition and attribution disposition of nursing students.
Stress, Interpersonal Competence and Health Promotion Behavior of Health Allied Undergraduate Students
Kim, Eunhye ; Suk, Min Hyun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 463~473
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.463
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine stress, interpersonal competence, health promotion behavior and factors influencing health-promoting behavior of undergraduate students majoring on a health-related degree program in Korea. Methods: Descriptive correlational study was utilized. The subjects were 269 college students in Gyeongi Province. Data were collected from November to December, 2014. Stress, interpersonal competence and health promotion behavior were measured using structured questionnaires. SAS 9.3 program was used for data analysis. Results: Stress and health promotion behavior were low, while interpersonal competence levels of students were moderate. Correlation between stress and health promoting behavior (r=-.16, p=.002) and interpersonal competence and health promoting behavior (r=.46, p<.001) was statistically significant. Factors influencing health promotion behavior were found to be stress(2.4%), interpersonal competence(21.7%), religion(1.7%) and academic achievement(1.5%). Interpersonal competence was the most influencing predictor for the health-promoting behaviors of undergraduate students majoring in health related programs. Conclusion: We suggest development of intervention programs for enhancement of interpersonal competence for college students in order to improve their health-promoting behaviors.
A Study on Nursing and Non-Nursing College Students' Knowledge and Attitudes of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B
Lee, Hyeong Suk ; Park, Haena ; Kim, Keun Hee ; Kim, Mi Ri ; Kim, Mingee ; Kim, Bit Na ; Kim, Eun Kyung ; Kim, Eun Yong ; Kim, Jin Hee ; Seong, Hye Jin ; Song, Misun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 474~487
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.474
Purpose: This study was conducted to describe the knowledge and attitudes of nursing and non-nursing college students toward HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B. Methods: A descriptive design was used for this study. The subjects were 123 nursing college students and 128 non-nursing college students. Self-administered questionnaires were used for data collection. Descriptive statistics,
-test, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient were used for data analysis. Results: Nursing students showed a greater understanding and more favorable attitudes towards HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B than non-nursing college students. Most non-nursing college students learned about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B from Mass Media. In contrast, many nursing college students learned about HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B from technical books and lecture. Students who learned from technical books and lecture showed a higher score for knowledge and more favorable attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS and hepatitis B. Conclusion: The findings of this study demonstrated that educational opportunities in school are crucial to enhancing knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis B. A structured education program using strategies to improve attitudes is necessary for college students.
Neighborhood Environment Associated with Physical Activity among Rural Adults: Applying Zero-Inflated Negative Binominal Regression Modeling
Kim, Bongjeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 488~502
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.488
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the neighborhood environmental factors associated with physical activity among adults living in rural communities. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 201 adults living in three Ri in Y-city, Gyeonggi-do. Data were collected from face-to-face interview by trained interviewers and were analyzed using a zero-inflated negative binominal regression model. Results: Participants reported engaged in moderate or vigorous physical activity was 76.1%; 10.5% of participants reported that they met moderate physical activity recommendations and 14.5% of participants reported that they met vigorous physical activity recommendations. Zero-inflated negative binominal regression analysis showed association of increasing days of physical activity with social cohesion (
, p=.005), social network (
, p=.003), and safety for crime (
, p=.036), and no days of physical activity was associated with no attainment of education and marginally associated with increasing BMI. Conclusion: Neighborhood environmental factors including social cohesion, social network, and crime for safety were significantly associated with physical activity of rural adults. Community health nurses should expand an approach for individual behavior change to incorporate rural adults' specific neighborhood environmental factors into physical activity interventions.
Effects of a Happiness Choice Program Based on Reality Therapy on Subjective Well-being and Interpersonal Relations in Nursing Students
Lee, Eun Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 503~514
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.503
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a happiness choice program based on reality therapy on subjective well-being and interpersonal relations in nursing students. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design was used. The participants were 45 nursing students, 22 in the experimental group, and 23 in the control group. They were from 2 different colleges of nursing located in 2 regions. The happiness choice program based on reality therapy was held 6 times over 6 weeks, taking 120 minutes per session. Nursing students' subjective well-being and interpersonal relations were measured. SPSS 18.0 using the
-test, t-test, and paired t-test were used in data analysis. Results: Nursing students in the experimental group showed significantly higher life satisfaction (t=3.81, p<.001), positive emotion (t=2.09, p=.042), and interpersonal relations (t=4.11, p<.001), while significantly lower negative emotion (t=-2.59, p=.013). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that a happiness choice program based on reality therapy could be a useful intervention for improving subjective well-being and interpersonal relations of nursing students.
Health Impaired Children's Participation Experience of Hospital School Programs as Perceived by Mothers
Yun, Hyun Jung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 515~527
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.515
Purpose: This study was to the experiences hospital school programs health impaired children as perceived by mothers. Methods: The participants were 9 mothers of children with health impairment who had in hospital school program. ata were collected through in-depth interview using semi-structured questionnaire. The interviews were analyzed by content analysis. Results: domains and 13 categories were extracted from the analysis. The 5 domains related to the experience hospital school program were emotion, therapeutic course, interpersonal relationship, school reentry, and needs for hospital school management. Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that participation hospital school programs not only educational support but it is also helpful for physical, psychosocial adjustment of health impaired children and could be used develop effective hospital school programs to improve the adaption of children with health impairment.
A Survey on Housing Environment of Vulnerable Population - Focused on the Recipients of Visiting Health Care Services -
Kim, Hee Gerl ; Nam, Hye Kyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 528~539
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.528
Purpose: The aim of this study is to provide baseline data on the housing environment of a vulnerable population. Methods: This study provides a descriptive survey on the housing environment of a vulnerable population of a city in Gyeong-gi province. A total of 9,061 households were selected as research participants. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews by visiting nurses from February 2014 to March 2014. Results: Interviewees answered "poor" on items including cold drafts, illumination, daylight penetration, inflow of polluted air, house odor, stairs safety, noise, mold, pests, and ventilation. The score for housing environment problems showed a significant group difference due to gender, age, economic status, family type, type of housing, and type of ownership. Conclusion: These results indicate that the vulnerable population is exposed to a poor housing environment. Thus, there is an urgent need to improve the housing environment for the vulnerable population. Based on this study, linking a visiting health care service program and housing environment improvement projects from relevant administrative agencies might be recommended in order to effectively improve the housing environment.
Combined Influence of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome on Ischemic Heart Disease in Korean middle aged and older adults
Ra, Jin Suk ; Kim, Hye Sun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 540~550
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.540
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine a combined influence of obesity and metabolic syndrome on ischemic heart disease in Korean middle aged and older adults. Methods: This study used secondary data from the 2013 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. A total of 3,726 adults over age 40 were included. Logistic regression was used for analysis of complex samples. Gender, age, educational level, family income, family history of ischemic heart disease, physical activity, smoking, and heavy alcohol consumption were analyzed as covariates. Results: Ischemic heart disease was more prevalent among adults with metabolic syndrome regardless of obesity (non-obesity: Adjusted Odds Ratio [AOR]: 3.044, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 1.163-7.967, overweight: AOR: 2.805, 95% CI: 1.246-6.316, obese: AOR: 3.137, 95% CI: 1.548-6.358) compared to the reference group, defined as adults with non-obesity and non-metabolic syndrome. Odds of ischemic heart disease were not significant in the group with obesity and non-metabolic syndrome compared to the reference group. Conclusion: The results of this study show that the population with metabolic syndrome is an at-risk group for ischemic heart disease. Thus, management of metabolic syndrome is required for prevention of ischemic heart disease.
A Study on Working Conditions and Factors Related to Job Satisfaction of Nurses in the Long-term Care facilities for the Elderly
Lee, JungSuk ; Hwang, RahIl ; Lim, MinKyung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 551~564
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.551
Purpose: Th study is to explore the working conditions and factors related to job satisfaction of nurses in long-term care facilities for the elderly. Methods: A total of 127 nurses working long-term care facilities, from June to November 2014, completed questionnaires. Face to face interviews were conducted. The questionnaire consists of a total of 32 questions, including 5 questions related to general characteristics, 15 questions related to working conditions, and 12 questions related to job satisfaction(likert scale of 1 to 5). Results: The majority of nurses were employed in institutional care facilities, in urban area, and in privately owned facilities. On average, employed nurses worked 170.7 hours per month. Only 40.9% of them got more than two million won for their monthly salary. They were satisfied with the nature and worth of their work and the workplace relationship, but not with their wages and promotion opportunity 40.2% of nurses reported satisfaction with job. In multiple logistic regression analysis, age was a statistically significant influencing factor on general job satisfaction. Conclusion: The findings suggest that policies must be to improve nurses' working conditions, for wages, and to support them with education and training for skills development.
Health related Lifestyles, Self-efficacy and Health related Quality of Life by the Types of Hypertension Management in Community Health Posts
Kwon, Myung Soon ; Yang, Soon-Ok ; Jang, Ji-Hye ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 565~581
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.565
Purpose: This study was conducted to confirm the factors affecting recipients' quality of life by two types of hypertension management, one was telemedicine provided by community health posts(CHPs) in a rural area, the other was traditional hypertension management by comparing patients' health related lifestyles, self-efficacy and health related quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted from February 1, 2015 through April 25, 2015 on 193 hypertension patients in 6 CHPs consisting of 98 patients in 2 CHPs running telemedicine and 95 patients in 4 CHPs running traditional hypertension management services. The data were analyzed and assessed with frequency, percentage, chi-square test and multiple regression. Results: Self-efficacy and health related quality of life were high for the subjects managed by traditional hypertension management services. Self-efficacy, age, hobby, balanced meals, more than 7~8 hours sleep and regular exercise, which affected the quality of life for recipients were explanatory in 45.9%(F=22.368, p<.001). Conclusion: When any services utilizing telemedicine are provided in the future, consideration of emotional aspects including self-efficacy and quality of life is recommended.
The Effect of a Community-Based Self-Management Program for Patients at Thyroid Cancer-Diagnosis Stage : a Pilot Study
Yoo, Hyera ; Boo, Sunjoo ; Chun, Mison ; Jo, Eun Mi ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 582~593
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.582
Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of a self-management program on patients with thyroid cancer, particularly during the time of waiting for surgery after cancer diagnosis. Psychological distress, biological responses of immune cell counts, and quality of life were the variables of this study. Methods: One group pre-post test design was used with the nature of a pilot study. Ten newly diagnosed thyroid cancer patients were recruited through physicians' referrals. After drop out of 4 participants, final data were collected from six participants. Small group technique, a one and half hour-session per week for one month (total 4 sessions, 6 hours) was used. Relaxation techniques, meditation training, and strategies to reduce distress were provided by researchers. Standardized questionnaires and an established bio-assay were used for collection of data. Results: Participants showed significant lowering of psychological distress (p<.05) and improvement in global quality of life (p<.05). Biological responses of immune cell counts did not show statistical significance. Conclusion: The self-management program may reduce psychological distress and improve quality of life of patients with thyroid cancer between the time of diagnosis and surgery. The self-management program would be a valuable approach for patients with an unexpected cancer diagnosis to prepare for their disease experience in a community setting.
Effects of Weight Reduction Program on Body Weight, Self Esteem and Self Efficacy of Chronic Mentally Ill Persons
Kim, Su Yeon ; Kim, Soo Jin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 29, issue 3, 2015, Pages 594~607
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2015.29.3.594
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of a weight reduction program on the body weight, BMI, self-esteem, and self-efficacy of chronic mentally ill persons. Methods: A nonequivalent control group pre-posttest design was employed. Participants were 46 chronic mentally ill persons who agreed to participate in this study, and were assigned to an experimental group (n=23) and a control group (n=23). The weight reduction program was modified by the author, based on the Wellness program (Lilly Pharmaceutical Company, 2003), Lee (2007) and Kim (2013). Data analysis with frequency,
-test, Fisher's exact test, and t-test was performed using SPSS/Win 18.0 version. Results: The results showed a significant decrease in body weight and BMI and an increase in self-esteem in the experimental group compared to the control group. Conclusion: The weight reduction program had a positive effect on body weight, BMI, and self-esteem. Evaluation of drug compliance and vocational rehabilitation is recommended for long term effect of the program and conduct of further studies will be required for use of various resources for self-efficacy for inclusion in drug education in a program for improved health outcome.