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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Aug 2016
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Apr 2016
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Health Status and Ego-Integrity of the Permanent Elderly Returnees from Sakhalin
Yi, Young-Soo ; Sohng, Kyeong-Yae ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 5~16
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.5
Purpose: This correlational study was conducted to determine the relationship between health status and ego integrity of permanent elderly returnees from Sakhalin. Methods: We surveyed 94 permanent elderly returnees from Sakhalin, living in Gimpo, Korea. Data were analyzed using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test,
test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: The mean score of total health status was 3.7 on a 5 point Likert scale. The mean score of ego integrity was 3.6 on a 5 point Likert scale. The health status showed significant correlation with the ego integrity of the permanent elderly returnees from Sakhalin. Conclusion: In the present study, although the health status of the permanent elderly returnees from Sakhalin appeared to be good, the lack of awareness about health care and the need for ego integrity, is in itself the actual suffering. Thus by providing health education along with medical information can enhance the health management. And, this practice can be self regulating for the society and can provide institutional support for the permanent elderly returnees from Sakhalin, which they require.
Impact of Working environment on Psychological Well-being in Male Baby boomers
Park, Min-Jeong ; Kim, Hyeong-seon ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 17~29
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.17
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to measure psychological well-being and to examine the associated factors in male baby boomers using Korean Working Conditions Survey Data 2011. Methods: This study was based on the 3rd Korean Working Conditions Survey Data 2011, which was conducted from June to November 2011 by the Occupational Safety and Health Research Institute. The total number of subjects was 3,340 male employees, who were born from 1955 to 1963 and responded to the question regarding occupational stress. Chi-square and multiple logistic regression were used for data analysis using the SAS ver 9.3 program. Results: Approximately 54.5% of the male babyboomer employees did not have psychological well-being. Factors associated with psychological well-being were weekend-shift and occupational stress including job insecurity, organizational system, and lack of reward. Night-shift and long working hours influenced psychological well-being, but the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: This study is a meaningful attempt to measure psychological well-being and perform an analysis of associated factors in male baby boomer employees using nationwide survey data. We suggest a complex institutional supplement in terms of national and employers to increase the psychological well-being of baby boomers.
The Effects of Social support, Self-efficacy and Perceived health status on Aging anxiety of the Middle-aged women
Jung, Young-Ok ; Oh, Hyo-Sook ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 30~41
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.30
Purpose: This study was conducted to determine the effects of middle-aged women's social support, self-efficacy, and perceived health status on aging anxiety. Methods: Research subjects were 210 middle-aged women between 40 - 60 years living in G-city. Data were collected from July
2014 to August
using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using t-test, One way ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis using the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program. Results: Aging anxiety showed statistically significant differences in religion (t=2.44, p=.015), satisfaction with married life (F=4.39, p=.014), type of leisure activity (F=8.09, p<.001), and number of friends (F=3.23, p=.024). Aging anxiety showed correlation with social support (r=-.21, p=.003), self-efficacy (r=-.46, p<.001), and perceived health status (r=-.33, p<.001). Factors affecting aging anxiety were self-efficacy (
, p<.001), perceived health status (
, p<.001), leisure activity type (
, p=.010), and religious affiliation (
, p=.038). The predictive power of these variables was 25% (F=18.63, p<.001). Conclusion: Nursing intervention strategies for improving self-efficacy, perceived health status, and leisure activity are required to relieve aging anxiety of middle-aged women.
Awareness of Health Education Environment, Teacher Efficacy, and Job Satisfaction of School Nurses in Korea
Yoo, Moon Sook ; Seo, Eun Ji ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 42~55
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.42
Purposes: The aim of this study was to examine the awareness of health education environment, teacher efficacy, and job satisfaction and to identify their relationship. Methods: A total of 193 school nurses from elementary/middle/high schools in Korea were enrolled in this descriptive study. The awareness of health education environment, teacher efficacy, and job satisfaction were measured using structured questionnaires. Results: The awareness on health education environment was
on average. School nurses with positive awareness on the environment showed significantly greater efficacy and job satisfaction than those with negative awareness, and school nurses at elementary schools had positive awareness on the environment compared with those in middle/high schools. Those with work experience of 11 years or more had a positive awareness on the environment. However, heavy workload, lots of work irrelevant to school nursing and few training opportunities on health education were recognized negative items. The awareness on the health education environment was positively correlated with teacher efficacy and job satisfaction, respectively. In particular, the awareness on health education environment influenced teacher efficacy and job satisfaction. Conclusion: Teacher efficacy and job satisfaction should be enhanced through continued improvement of the health education environment to promote the effect of health education.
Impact of Depression, Ego-resilience, and Active Stress Coping on Internet Addiction Tendency among College Students
Oh, Won Oak ; Shin, Hyunjeong ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 56~69
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.56
Purpose: The prevalence of problematic internet usage among college students is a cause for concern. There is a lack of study examining influences of cognitive protecting or buffering factors on internet addiction among college students. The purpose of this study was to examine influences of depression, ego-resilience, and active stress coping on internet addiction tendency (IAT) among college students. Methods: A cross-sectional, descriptive design was used. Data were collected between October and December 2013. A convenience sample of 244 students completed self-report questionnaires consisting of Ego-resiliency Scale, Ways of Coping Checklist, Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression, and Self-report Scale for Internet Use. Stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed for data analysis. Results: We found that higher levels of depression were associated with higher levels of IAT. However, an inverse association was found between active stress coping and IAT. Students who mainly used the internet for chatting showed lower levels of IAT than those who used the internet for games or blogs. These factors explained 15.1% of the variance in IAT of college students. Conclusion: The study results suggest that stress coping strategies and depression are important factors for evaluation when developing intervention programs targeting college students with problematic internet use.
Development of a Multicultural Education Program for Nursing Students and Evaluation of its Effects on Multicultural Sensitivity and Efficacy
Chae, Myeong Jeong ; Kim, Jin-il ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 70~82
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.70
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to develop a multicultural education program for nursing students and to examine its effects on multicultural sensitivity and efficacy. Methods: A research design for this study was a non-equivalent control group, non-synchronized pre-post test. The experimental group (n=34) participated in a 13-week multicultural education program while the control group (n=35) attended regular classes having no relation with multiculture for the same period as that of the experimental group. Multicultural sensitivity and efficacy were measured before and after the program. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using the PASW 18.0 program. Results: Total scores for multicultural sensitivity and efficacy were significantly increased in the experimental group compared with the control group after the program. The subcategories of multicultural sensitivity; 'respect for cultural differences', 'interaction enjoyment' and multicultural efficacy; 'general functions', 'considering multicultural families' were increased respectively, whereas others were not changed. Conclusion: Based on these results, it can be suggested that a 13-week multicultural education program is effective for improving nursing students' level of multicultural sensitivity and efficacy.
Effect of Career Development and Career Plateau on Career Satisfaction of Nurses
Kim, Yo Na ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 83~92
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.83
Purpose: In this study, factors affecting career satisfaction of nurses were explored in the career development and career plateau. Methods: Participants were 143 nurses drawn from a general hospital in Busan. independent t-test, one way ANOVA and Hierarchial multiple regression with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program were used for data analysis. Results: The mean score of career satisfaction was 2.85/5, Career development was 2.99/5, and career plateau obtained 2.53/5. The extent of the career satisfaction differ according to age(F=3.60, p=.030), marital status(t=2.42, p=.017), current position(F=6.61, p=.002), total clinical career(F=3.36, p=.023), and work unit(t=0.95, p=.029). The influencing factors in career satisfaction of clinical nurses were organizational career management, career plateau and individual career planning.
. Organizational career management was the highest significant predictor of career satisfaction(
). Conclusion: Factors influencing career satisfaction were organizational career management, career plateau and individual career planning. Thus a program for career development of organization is needed.
Infertility Stress, Depression, and Resilience in Women with Infertility treatments
Kim, Miok ; Nam, Hyuna ; Youn, Misun ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 93~104
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.93
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship among infertility stress, depression and Resilience of infertile women during infertility treatment. Methods: As a descriptive study, we surveyed 129 infertile women in 1 fertility center from November 2014 to January 2015. The data was analyzed in SPSS WIn 18.0 program. Results: Infertility stress, depression, and resilience averaged
(range of scale 1~6),
(range of scale 1~4), and
(range of scale 1~5), respectively. There was significant difference in infertility stress by job, abortion experience after pregnancy with infertility treatments, anxiety of high risk pregnancy, burden of pregnancy, important of having child. There was significant difference in depression by job, Economy burden on infertility treatment, burden of pregnancy. Infertility stress had a positive correlation with depression (r=.192. p<.029) Resilience had a negative correlation with depression (r=-.349. p<.001). Conclusion: It is necessary to provide infertile women with the counseling on their infertility stress and depression, and the intervention programs for infertile women is expected to help them cope and adapt with their personal and marital problems, reduce their negative emotions, and thus promote their quality of life.
Influencing factors from the Transtheoretical Model on the Execution of Self-Management Behaviors among Community-Residing Older Adults with Hypertension
Ahn, Yang Heui ; Lim, Young Mi ; Kim, KiYon ; Kim, Ki-Kyoung ; Song, Hee-Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 105~121
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.105
Purpose: This study examined the influencing factors from the Transtheoretical Model on the stage of change in the self-management behaviors, i.e. regular physical activity and diet, among community-residing adults with hypertension in a rural area. Methods: With a cross-sectional descriptive design, 134 adults who had registered and received a prescription for hypertension medication from a public health center in W city were recruited using convenient sampling. The instrument was an interviewer-administered questionnaire on the stage of change, process of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance of physical activity and diet. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, 2-sample t-test,
test, and logistic regression. Results: The results revealed significant differences in the process of change, self-efficacy, and decisional balance of physical activity and diet between those who were in the pre-execution stage (precontemplation, contemplation, preparation) and those who were in the execution stage (action and maintenance). Logistic regression showed that consciousness raising and self-efficacy were significant predictors of the execution stage in physical activity, and self-reevaluation, social liberation and self-efficacy were significant predictors in the diet. Conclusion: The relevant processes of change, differentiated according to the stage of change, along with self-efficacy, should be addressed to enhance the execution of self-management behaviors among hypertensive adults residing in the community.
Relationships between Occupational Stress, Burnout and Job Satisfaction of Physician Assistants
Jang, Tea Un ; Choi, Eun Joung ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 122~135
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.122
Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine relationships between occupational stress, burnout and job satisfaction of PAs(Physician Assistant). Methods: This study was a descriptive study, and 136 PAs were recruited from hospitals in B metropolitan city. The study was approved by KUIRB, and data were collected from September to October, 2013. Results: A strong positive correlation was observed between occupational stress and burnout (r=.715, p<.001). Strong negative correlations were observed between occupational stress and job satisfaction (r=-.761, p<.001), and between burnout and job satisfaction (r=-.624, p<.001). Conclusion: An intervention program should be developed for PAs to reduce occupational stress and burnout in the health care environment.
A Study on the Sociodemographic Characteristics of Adult Users of Korean Traditional Medicine
Seo, Sukyong ; Park, Bo Hyun ; Choi, Sook-Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 136~148
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.136
Purpose: Patterns of traditional medicine (TM) utilization vary depending on culture, historical significance, and regulations. We seek to understand how socio-demographic factors are related to TM use in Korea. Methods: The longitudinal cohort survey data of the Korea Health Panel (2008-2012) were used for the analysis. Information on TM included questions on 4 types of TM therapies used in South Korea (e.g., acupuncture, moxibustion and cupping, herbal therapies, and massage using hand). To adjust clustering across multiple observations per individual, individual random effects were used in the multivariate analysis. All analyses were performed using Stata 11.0. Results: A majority of Koreans (60%) used WM only during a year, and few people used TM only. Among TM users, most (93%) used it along with WM and 8% used TM only. Our regression analysis showed that female, age 34-64, low-educated, and sicker people were more likely to use TM. Conclusion: This study provides evidence on the relationship between TM utilization and socio-demographic factors.
Evaluation of the Readability and Suitability of Printed Educational Materials on Metabolic Syndrome
Kim, Jung Eun ; Yang, Sook Ja ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 30, issue 1, 2016, Pages 149~163
DOI : 10.5932/JKPHN.2016.30.1.149
Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the readability and suitability of printed educational materials related to metabolic syndrome in South Korea. Methods: Data were collected on 15 educational materials on metabolic syndrome from public health centers in Seoul. The 9 Graded Korean Vocabulary Classification and Korean version of SAM (Suitability Assessment of Materials) were used for the readability evaluation and the suitability evaluation respectively. Results: Overall average of the readability was 3.0th grade level. The percentage of 1st to 4th grade words was 79.4%. The printed educational materials on metabolic syndrome were written according to recommended reading levels. In suitability assessment, 2 out of 15 materials(13.3%) were scored as superior, 12 materials(80.0%) were scored as adequate and only 1 (6.7%) was scored as inadequate. The total average score of suitability was adequate. However, there are limitations in "summary and review" and "context is given first" due to limited writing pages. Conclusion: Readability and suitability of educational materials for metabolic syndrome were evaluated as adequate level. However, future health educational materials should be evaluated for readability via different factors including length of sentences, numbers of sentences, and structure of sentences. In addition, for easier understanding and motivation of readers, materials should use summary & review, context and proper interaction.