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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Society of public Health Nursing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Aug 1990
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Feb 1990
Selecting the target year
A Study on Physical Self Concept Between Boys' and Girls' High School Students
Choi Sun Ha ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 5~13
The purpose of this study was to investigate physical self concept between high school boys and girls and to find various factors affecting them. For the Survey, 331 respondents for boys and 347 for girls were randomly selected from one coeducational high school in Seoul, from May 16 to May 19, 1990. The instrument used in this questionaire survey method was a part of Won Shik Jung's Physical Self Concept Scale for measuring Self Concept, it's reliability was' Cronbach a = 0.718. For the analysis. descriptive statistics were used by calculating frequencies, percentages and mean scores.
, t-test, and analysis of variance were employed to test the differences and statistical significance. The relationship between physical self concept and area variables was analysed by use of Pearson's correlation coiefficients. For the examine of various factors affecting physical self concept, multiple stepwise regression method was employed. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. There was no significant difference in physical self concept between male and female students. 2. The scores of physical self concept among the students were negatively correlated with their academic year, even though statistical signification was not found. 3. Physical self concept was classified into two areas; health area and appearance area. There was no significant difference in health area between boys and girls. But, the difference of health area was significant in accordance with the academic years. That, the scores of the health area are dropped as academic year going up. 4. Significant relationship was revealed among health area, appearance area, and physical self concept. The correlation between health area and physical self concept was the highest relationship (r = 0.71) The main factors affecting the physical self concept were (1) father's educational background (2) year (3) number of brother (4) religion (5) father's age. 5. As academic year going up, the rate of counseling with parents are dropped. In conclusion, the result of the study indicate that, a person managed the school health and parents can help students to promote their physical, mental, and emotional health by means of health education and counseling.
A Comparative Study on Self-care Practices between the Natural Menopause Group and the Artificial Menopause Group
Jung Moon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 15~23
This study was carried out to explore the illness-related activities of the menopaused women. To achieve such a purpose, sixty-six cases of the middle aged women were sampled the naturally and the artificially menopaused group respectively from 1st, Aug. to 31th, Aug. in 1988. For the collection of data, 1, 140 women aged between 45-54 were selected through stratified sampling techniques in urban and rural area. Among them the final subjects for analysis were restricted to only those who had experienced menopause naturally or artificially. And then, after control for age and education analysis was performed. The data was analysed by use of frequency, percentage,
t-test, Pearson correlation coefficiency and stop-wise multiple regression. The obtained results were as follows. I. As for the se1f-perception on menopausal symptoms, it was revealed than Korean women, neithe in naturally and artificially, accepted the change of menstruation itself as serious. This shows us that middle-aged women had positively receptive attitudes that the change of menstruation is follwed by amenorrhea. 2. The artificially menopaused group scored more than the naturally one: (I) on the self-control activities such as self-assessment, lay-consultation, fever check, pulse check and observation of vagina discharge, (2) on the self-decision activities such as hospital and pharmacy utilization, (3) on the self maintenance activities such as walking, aerobic, weight check, skin care, skin protect, calori control diet control, milk intake, vegetable intake, cold water drinking before meal, parasol use and BP check The above results lead us that the self care practices of the menopaused women revealed' coping wit I menopausal symptoms at the first level in community and must be developed by the adequate nursin intervention.
Test of the Health Promotion Model
Lim Nam Young ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 25~34
The Purpose of this study were 1) to find out the characteristics of health promoting Ii festyles of the study samples, 2) to determine the relationships of physical health and mental health, 3) to determine the relationships of health promoting lifestyles and health status. The health promotion model was tested with a volunteer sample of 141 female students in a university in Seoul. The health promoting lifestyle was measured by the scales developed by Walker and Pender(1987). Health status was measured by Cornell medical Index. Pearson's product moment correlations and stepwise multiple regression technique were used to analyze the data. The results are summarized as follows; 1. The items with the highest frequency of the subscales of health promoting lifestyle were 'look forward to the future'
in self actualization, 'Enjoy being touched and touching people close to me'
in relationships with others. The strongest correlation was between general competence In self care and nutritional practice(r=5388, P<. 0001). 2. Fatigability, frequency of illness, miscellaneous diseases, habit, mood and feeling patterns were predictive of mental health. 3. Total health promoting lifestyles explained
of the variance for health status. Relationships with others explained
of the variance for health status. In conclusion, because the most variance explained was
, there must be other variables not accounted for by the model. that influence health promoting behaviors. Psychological factors accounted for more variance than other factors. Intervention studies focused on psychological factors as a means of altering behaviors have great potential for the design of interventions to increase health promoting behaviors. Further testing of the model with this population should be done.
A Preliminary Study for Curriculum Building in Nursing
Jung Moon-Hee ; Lim Nan-Young ; Choi Sun-Ha ; Do Keong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 35~57
This study was conducted to provide information useful in developing a nursing curriculum. The sample consisted of 158 nursing students in Hanyang University and 34 faculty members who has taught them in their college & the practical area. Data were collected by using a structured questionnaire, which consisted of general characteristics of the students & their self-concept, teacher's perception of student's professional roles. The results are summarized as follows; 1. General characteristics of the students When the students applied for the university, they decided what they would specialized in. Because the motive of application for their major was simply based on their high school records, they were admitted to their university without previous knowledge of their major. The reason why they wanted to tranfer to another course after the admission was the same as above. The level of satisfaction of their major was the highest in Freshman, but in other grades the higher the;, grades were, the more they satisfied with their major and they had a better prospects about their speciality. 2. Self-concept in profermance for their major Self-concept in horne aspects was more positive perception than in social aspects & self control aspects. It resulted from tile fact that all students were females and the nursing uniqueness was based on the spirit of humanity & service. The students who had graduated from the high school in rural area wanted to tranfer to another course and taken counsel their personal problems with their parents had higher self-concept in horne aspects. As their grades were higher, the self-concept in social aspects bacame higher. The students who were satisfied with their major and took counsel their personal problems with their parents had more positive self - concept in social aspects. Self-concept in self control aspects was lower than other aspects. The students who didn't take counsel their problems with their parents, were burdened with their educational expenses and their curriculum had more negative self-concept in self control aspects. Therefore the university should be concerned about student's welfare and provide detailed orientation about their curriculum. 3. Teacher's perception about learner's professional role The role model of democratic group leader, role models for learners facilitator in a students' reach for knowledge and teaching based on soundly researched theory showed more positive perception than other factors. Their mean values were over 4. 32. The professionalism of allnurshing area, reinforcement with reinforcement for learning, nursing as part of the meaningful context of the whole showed nagative perception. Their mean values were below 3. 00. Therefore the nurse as a teacher should try to promote the locus of nursing profession and participate in their research actively.
A Study on the Health Problem of the Industrial Workers
Park Moon Hee ; Suh In Sun ; Ahn Ok Hee ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 59~77
The purpose of this study was to provide the basic data for the effective health management of the industrial workers, by classifying factors influencing their perceived symptoms to examine their health status and identifying the inter' relationship of their perceived symptom with their working department. the environment of working area and their general characteristics. The study was undertaken from October 1 to November 30. 1989. The subjects were 999 workers who had worked in Industrial Corps located in Chungbuk Province. The results of this study were as follows: I . Worker's perceived symptoms were classified according to the following eight factors; 1) musculo - skeletal symptoms of shoulder, neck, back and arm 2) optical symptoms 3) symptoms in head(such as headache and dull) 4) musculo - skeletal symptoms of leg and lower back 5) gastro - intestinal symptoms 6) mental symptoms. 7) neural symptoms 8) lung and heart symptoms II . The degrees of workers' perception of perceived symptoms; Mean score of perceived symptoms:7.0 The rank of degrees of perceived symptoms: The highest:musculo - skeletal symptoms of shoulder, neck, back, and arm The second:optical symptoms The third:musculo - skeletal symptoms of leg and lower back The fourth:mental symptoms the fifth:gastro-intestinal symptoms m . Analysis of the inter-relationship of perceived symptoms with working department, environment of working area and general characteristics; 1) sexuality The difference of degrees of perceived symptoms was significant;femanle was higher than male(P<0.000). 2) level of education The difference of degrees of perceived symptoms according to the level of education was significant; The higher the level of education, the higher the degree. 3) working department The working department played a significant part in the degrees of perceived symptoms of workers; Workers of assembling department:musculo-skeletal symptoms both of shoulder. neck, back and arm and of leg and lower back(P<0.000). Workers of inspection department:optical symptoms(P<0.05). Office workers:mental symptoms(P<0.05). 4) kinds of job The difference of the degrees of perceived symptoms according to kinds of job was significant; Workers dealing with chemical materials and workers dealing with job with high tension:gastro-intestinal symptoms and symptoms in head. Workers dealing with weighty things or working a long time with the same posture:musculo-skeletal symptoms both of shoulder, neck, back and arm and of lower back(P<0.000). 5) working posture The difference of the degrees of perceived symptoms related with working posture was significant; Sitting:optical symptoms(P<0.0000) and symptoms in head(P<0.005) Standing:musculo-skeletal symptoms of leg and lower back(P<0.0000). 6) satisfaction with their own duty The more dissatisfien they were. the higher became the degrees of their perceived symptoms(P<0.0001). 7) satisfaction with their working condition The more dissatisfied with their working condition they were, the higher became the degrees of their perceived symptoms(P<0.001). 8) environment of working area The environment of working area played a significant part in the degrees of perceived symptoms of workers; Workers exposed to most of the factors of the environment of working area were higher than those not exposed in the degrees of musculoskeletal symptoms. Workers in the noisy environment:optican symptoms(P<0.000), symptoms in head(P<0.005). Workers in the damp environment:optical symptoms(P<0.005) and lung and heart symptoms(P <0.01). Workers with illumination problem:optical symptoms(P<0.000), mental symptoms(P<0.005) and neural symptoms(P<0.01). Workers with ventilation problem:optical symptoms and lung and heart symptoms(P<0.001)
A Study on the Family Problem of the Hospitalized Patients
Hwang Youngbin ;
Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing, volume 4, issue 2, 1990, Pages 79~99
This study was conducted to identify the family problems of the in-patients and to analize factors Influencing to the family problems. The subjects for this study were 277 family members those who were giving care for the adult patients during hospitalized in general wards at Seoul National University Hospital in Seoul. Data were collected through interviews with the questionnaire from September second to September twentieth in 1989. The instrument used for this study was the family problems scale which was developed by the researcher. Analysis of data was done by frequency, percent, mean, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson-Correlation Coefficients, and Stepwise Multiple Regression Analysis. The results of this study are summarized as follows: 1. General characteristics of the care-giver in family. The average age of care-givers was 37.9 years, and the
of monthly Income of family was 310,000-500,000 won group. The
of family had taken the responsibility of caring for the patients instead of hiring the care-givers, and the
of the care-givers complained weakning of health status during care giving for the patients. The spouse took the largest part of responsibility of the care-giving services to the patient among the family members. 2. General characteristics of the patients. The average age of patient was 47 years, and the
of patient was married status. The
of patient was father in the position of family, and the
had the responsibility to support their family before hospitalization. The average hospitalization period of patient was 24.3 day and the
had admission experience. 3. The factors of family problems which were faced by the family were classified into six problems. The factors of family problems were ranked as follows; the first rank problem was related to care-giving for the patients. the second problem was resulted from the patients diseases, the theirds problem was related with adaptation to the hospital enviroments, the fourth problem was related to the arisen conflicts with medical team. the fifth problem was related to the change of family function. and the sixth problem was the financial problem. 4. The relationship between the family problems and the general charateristics of the care-givers showed that the nuclear type family was higher the family problems, that the admission period of patients became longer, and that the family who had the worse condition of health status of the care givers during care giving for the patients. From the above results, it was confirmed that the family care giving for patients was faced with some problems resulted from patient's illness, relation to the medical team, adaptation to the hospital enviroment, financial problem. change of family function, and care-giving for patients.