Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1993
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jul 1993
Selecting the target year
Recent Changes of Public Health Problems and the Role of Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 1~8
Along with recent changes in the nature of disease, social and environmental conditions and medical care practices, we are faced with a new set of problems for the field of public health. It represents a corresponding increase in importance of the chronic and degenerative diseases. Therefore, it is realized that socio-cultural factors are much more important for these diseases in treatment and prevention. These trends require a real challenge to traditional forms of public health activities in Korea. This paper emphasizes the role of health education in dealing with all aspects of newly appeared health problems on the present stage. It also discusses a brief summary of some of the major trends in the field of health and medical care that have particular behavioral and sociological relevance.
A Study on the Evaluation for the Effect of the Nutrition Education in the Community
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 9~20
This study was conducted to show one case model for a community nutrition program as a part of the public health systems. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of the nutrition education through the Knowledge(K), Attitude(A), and Practice of the nutrition that is the Behavior-Diagnosis(Be-D). The Nutrition Education was done for 33 housewives whom live in Sudong-Myeun, Namyangju-Kun, Kyungki-Do. It had been performed eight times during April 3rd through May 30th, 1991. We investigated actual conditions of objects about K, A, Be-D in the nutrition, and the Food Environment(En) separately before and after the nutrition education by questionnaire and interview. The results of the research turned out as follows ; 1. The comparison of the scores before and after nutrition education showed significant increase in the knowledge and attitude. 2. The scores of the Be-D were also significantly higher after education, especially in the number of foods taken per day, the balanced diet, the general food habits for adult, and amounts of intake of nutrients showed significant increase of lipid, calcium, Vit. A,
, Vit. C after nutrition education. 3. Multiple regression analysis showed that the scores of the Knowledge and En were significantly associated with the number of food taken per day for condition of adjusting socio-demografic factor and A effect. Also, En was important variable in explanation of the balanced diet and A, En were important in the general food habits for adult.
The Health Information for Health Promotion
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 21~33
Human health is affected by physical, social, cultural, economic, and political environment. To improve health status, of the people we need much support from social system and to make social supporting system effective for health promotion, we need health information. Because, the health information is basic to the social supporting system for health promotion. So, we should construct health information systems as follows : 1. Health information system for children 2. Health information system for families 3. Health information system for adolescents 4. Health information system for mothers 5. Health information system for workers 6. Health information system for physical handicapped 7. Health information system for elders
Knowledge and Pattern of Dental Health Care of the Community People
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 34~60
This study was done for the improvement of dental health of rural villagers and the dental health education, through finding of the types of brushing teeth and dental treatment of 812 people in Sunsan, Kyungpook province for 35days from March 27 to April 30 in 1992. Summaries are as follows ; 1. 58.5 percent of respondents were women, 56.3 percent were 40′s, 28.0 percent were 30′s, 12.3 percent were 50′s, and the over 60′s were 3.4 percent Elementary school graduates were 36.1 percent and most of them were middle school graduates, 33.5 percent. In view of the occupation, farmers were 56.5 percent, factory workers were 17.9 percent, the middle class (monthly pay amounting to 500,000∼990,000 won) were 49 percent and the lower class(less than 500,000 won) were 30.9 percent. In the standpoint of religion, Buddhists were 42.5 percent. 2. In the number and times of respondents brushing, 35.5 percent is "after dinner", 25.6 percent is "Before going to bed", 15.8 percent is "After breakfast", 13.3 percent is "After every meal", 5.2 percent is "Before breakfast" and 4.7 percent is "The sometimes it occurs to them". 3. The acquirement process of knowledge on the dental health were clinics or health center dentists (27.6%), TV(24.5%), magazine(9.2%), school(7.8%), relatives(5.3%). and 25.6 percent has never acquired. 28.3 percent of the farmers learned something by clinics and 28.1 percent of them haven′t heard about dental health. 4. The rate of persons who experienced oral diseases during 1 year period was 76.1 percent, and that of the educated was 19.9 percent and that of the uneducated 80.1 percent. The authorities concerned with treatment were dentist′s(41.6%), health center(30.3%), and the unlicensed person(2.9%). The rate of negligence was 6.3 percent, farmers experienced oral disease was 75.2 percent and they utilized the health center most often(36.2%). 5. The rate of person who had experienced dental prosthesis during ten year period was 71.9 percent, and the final place or man for dental prosthesis was dental clinic(59.4%), the unlicensed person(27.1%), and health center(13.5%). The rate of farmers experienced dental prosthesis was 70.4 percent. They utilized the dental clinic, the unlicensed person and the health center with the rates of 51.5 percent, 32.2 percent, and 16.7 percent respectively. 6. As to the results of dental prosthesis using the dental clinic, "being satisfied now" was 72.4 percent, "being dissatisfied" 14.4 percent, "being unable to use it" 3.1 percent, "its being somewhat usable" 10.1 percent, "having some problem" 38.7 percent, and "there being no problems" 61.3 percent. About utilizing the unlicensed person, "being satisfied now" was 65.8 percent, "being dissatisfied" was 10.7 percent, "being unable to use it" 5.1 percent and "its being some what usable" was 18.4 percent. 7. The rate of missing teeth holders amounted to 89.8 percent, the rate of the educated to the uneducated was 19.2 percent to 80.8 percent The reasons of neglecting that illness were due to "Endurable"(28.3%), and "No money" (24.3%). In the case of farmers 89.1 percent of them were the missing-teeth holders, the "Endurable" were 29.8 7. percent, and "No money" lay in 27.4 percent. 8. Their hopeful centers for dental prosthesis were the dental clinics(76.6%), and the health center(16.9%).
A Study on the Pedestrian Safety Education for Elementary School Children
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 61~71
Pedestrian injury have been the most important cause of death in children 1 to 14 years of age. This study was attempted to analyze the status and factors of the pedestrian safety education for primary school children. The purpose of this study was to provide the baseline study on pedestrian safety education. The data were collected from 313 respondents of 5th grade elementary school children in Seoul during April 26 through May 6, 1993. The data were cross tabulated for percent distribution and analyzed by multiple regression using SAS for personal computer program package. Major findings are as follows: (1) 50% of the respondents had never received any safety education for Pedestrian. The primary provider of pedestrian safety education was parent. (2) Respondents' knowledge on traffic rules, traffic signals, natures of motor vehicle is high(above 88%). (3) Respondents are very negative to the attitude of playing on the street and transversing under d1e overpass(about 80%). (4) 58% of respondents had never played on the street and 49% of respondents had never run on the street. (5) Factors affecting the knowledge of traffic safety was respondents' sex and job of their mothers(p＜0.05). (6) Factors affecting the attitude of traffic safety was economic status(p＜0.01). (7) Factors affecting the practice of traffic safety was education of respondents' fathers. (8) The multiple regression analysis showed that sex was statistically significant in affecting traffic accident of pedestrians (p=0.05). In order to prevent children's traffic accidents, education for pedestrians' safety by both parents and teachers should be strengthened.
A Study on the Self-care of the Menopausal Symptoms of Middle-Aged Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 72~86
The purpose of this study is to find out the menopausal symptom of middle-aged women and their self-care on it. This study also intended to awaken the relationship of the menopausal symptom and self-care and to provide basic data on the health education of middle-aged women. For this purpose, the study (1) identified respondents background variables, (2) found menopausal symptom and the state of self-care, (3) analyzed relationship between general character, menopausal symptom, and self-care, (4) analyzed the relationship of menopausal symptom and self-care for 543 random sampled women in City of Incheon. The questionnaire consisted of 25 questions on the menopausal symptom interview by Neugarton translated by Jung Hae Ran(1985) and questions of the self-care inventory by Orem reconstructed by Sung Moon Hee(1988). The data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage, t-test, X²-test, pearson's correlation coefficient with SPSS statistical package. The results of this study could be summed up as follows ; 1. The Degree of menopausal symptom were graded from 25 to 75. (x 40.85, s. d. 8. 6.) 2. The test of relationship between the individual background and the menopausal symptom revealed that there seemed to be statistically significant correlation between the sexual life, life-content, the level of education, menstruation(p<0.000). 3. In the test of relationship between the individual background and the self-care process, (1) in case of insight of symptom, there seemed to be statistically significant correlation between the self-content(r=0.1463), sexual life(r= -0.1376), menstruation(r=0.1561), and artificial abortion(r=0.1577), (p<0.001), (2) In case of self-health control, there seemed to be statistical correlation between the states of menstruation and the number of induced abortion. (3) In case of self-health decision, there seemed to be statistically significant correlation between the number of visiting hospitals or clinics and the level of education(r=0.106), the self-content(r=0.1235), induced abortion(r=0.1343) (p<0.0000). And also individual background can show the 40.21 percent of self-health maintenance. 4. The relationship between menopausal symptom and self-care has a significant meaning to the insight of symptom, self-health decision according to the groups of menopausal symptom(p<0.000), but it doesn't have any meaning to self-health control. And self-health maintenance can manifest the 19.88 percent of menopausal symptom.
A Study on Girls' High School Students for Knowledge and Practice of Eyesight Care
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 87~97
The purpose of this study is to give practical information about eyesight care-preventing refractive error and actual conditions of wearing glasses(or contact lenses) to help school health education, For this study, 1,216 freshmen were sampled from liberal and vocational high schools in Seoul and the survey was successfully accomplished. Following are the major findings results of this study: 1. The percentage of the freshmen wearing glasses in girls high school were 57.5 percent in liberal high school and 41.7 percent in vocational high school. 2. The percentage of both the students and parents wearing glasses were 49.9 percent in liberal high school and 33.8 percent in vocational high school. 3. From the survey, the majority of the students began to wear glasses during their middle school years. The percentages were 46.6 percent in liberal high school and 62.1 percent in vocational high school. 4. The percentage of the students who got their glasses prescribed from an ophthalmic clinic were 60.6 percent in liberal high school, 31.5 percent in vocational high school and the rest got their glasses from the optician.. 5. The percentage of the students wearing glasses who didn't have optometry check-up for 6 months were 57.2 percent in liberal high school and 38.4 percent in vocational high school. The percentage of the students not wearing glasses in the same situation were 61.9 percent in liberal high school and 41.5 percent in vocational high school. 6. The percentage of the students who believe that the health education in school is necessary for the prevention of amblyopia were 79.2 percent of strdents attending in liberal high school, 82.9 percent in vocational high school, 81.5 percent of students wearing glasses and 80.8 percent of students not wearing glasses.
MCH SERVICE SYSTEM IN KOREA AND PROBLEMS OF SERVICES IN COMMUNITY
Hong, Moon-Sik ; Hwang, Na-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 1, 1993, Pages 98~105