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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1993
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jul 1993
Selecting the target year
The Utilization of Health Educator for Health Promotion
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 1~10
Health behavior of the people is not satisfactory and it is recommended that proper health education methods be utilized for health promotion of the people. In order to accomplished health promotion objectives. it is necessary to assign teachers specialized in health education to schools and health educators to communities. Health promotion bill is prepared by members of national assembly and the government has to develope a sound policy for the health promotion of the people. In developed countries. health educator are serving communities and help people for health promotion. It is recommended that health educators be assigned to local health departments and local health centers throughout Korea, and to general hospitals. It is recommended that public health related associations, health education association and professors of health care departments in colleges work together for better health services through health education. The most important variable to affecting KAP level of people on environmental health was education level.
Medical Insurance and Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 11~21
Recently the structure of disease is changing its form into chronic disease. Taking into consideration this, the health care system doesn't cope with this tendency. With the health care system for acute disease, it is difficult to decrease medical care cost. At this point, Health education like primary health care can reduce risk factors and possibilities of occurrence of disease. This can cut off the medical insurance finance further more cuts off the rates of insurance cost. This is why health education is the principle part of medical insurance service. Though the law shows health education must be executed in the field of Medical insurance, still it is not enough. In order to carry out health education in the medical insurance organization, the efforts we should make are as follows: 1. Recognize the importance of health education. 2. Set the clear goals in health education. 3. Organize health education system. 4. Train health workers. 5. Systematize health education service. 6. Reform the medical insurance system. 7. Evaluate the effect of health education and practice the model.
Accreditation of Health Education as a Curricular Subject in Schools
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 22~31
Presently, in the countries, such as America and Japan which are better in socio-economical conditions than Korea, in Taiwan which is similar in them to us, and even in Thailand and Philippine which are thought lower in them, health education is taught as one of curricular subjects in elementary and secondary school levels. In Korea, however, the importance of teaching health education as a curricular subject has been recognized among many professionals of health since a long time ago. Along with current rapid development of polytechnique and industry, various kinds of serious health hazard have appeared even in our daily life, so it has been urgently needed that people have comprehensive knowledge and skills to resolve one's own health problems. Among various conditions needed to resolve the health problems in our society, it is one of the most effective precedures that health education is taught as a curricular subject at least in elementary and secondary school levels. For this, the followings are inevitable ; reformation of school health organization and laws involving health, development of teaching materials in health and training of health educators.
A Study on Appraisal for School Oral Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 32~39
The authors have examimed 349 primary school children with questionare in order to appraise the oral health educational levels, one month later after performing oral health education as direct education and indirect education with video film, and compared the data from 350 uneducated children. The obtained results were as followings ; 1. It was estimated that the direct and indirect oral health education for school children were effective for in creasing the knowledge levels of oral health. 2. It was revealed that such items of oral health education as preventive measure for caries, tooth brushing method, etiology of dental caries and etiology of malocclusion were more effective for increasing the knowledge levels, compared to uneducated group. 3. Tooth Brushing Method should be educated in practical, not only to school children but also school teachers. 4. It should be established the goals and items for oral health education in practical as national level.
Knowledge and Attitude toward Sex, Sexual Experience and Need of Sex Education of High School Girls in Taegu
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 40~55
To obtain information about knowledge and attitude toward sex, sexural experience and need of sex education, a questionnaire survey was conducted on 599 students who were attended in 2nd grade of 2 girls' high schools(A group: 190 girls), 2 vocational girls' high schools(B group: 205 girls), and 2 special girls' high school attached to industrial company(C group: 204 girls) in Taegu city between 20th and 25th April 1992. Mean score of knowledge toward sex of the total was 9.3. Mean score of A group was higher than that of Band C groups. Among the total students, vocational high school girls were the highest affirmative attitude towards the acquaintance and relationship with the other sex, and the next was special high school girls. Students of B group assumed the highest negative attitude towards artificial abortion, and the lowest was A group. Among the respondent girls, 31.1% did not experienced in the acquaintance and relationship with the other sex and 86 girls(14.4%) had experience with sexual affairs. Most of girls(96.9% of A group, 90.4% of B group and 86.8% of C group) agreed to necessity of sex education, and answered that current education on sex was insufficient to them(80.6% of A group, 82.6% of B group and 62.4% of C group). Among what the surveyed girls wanted to know about knowledge towards sex, they showed the highest interest on the acquaintance and relationship with the other sex(A group: 44.7%, B group: 45.4%, C group: 56.4%). And they showed the second highest interest on pregnancy and delivery(A group: 33.2%, B group: 32.6% , C group: 26.5%). There was no unique difference among each surveying item. Most of the students(A group: 46.8%, B group: 40.1%, C group: 36.3%) thought it better that the time they wanted to get education on sex in 5th or 6th grade of elementary schools and to have a regular curriculum on sex education.
A Study on the College Student's Awareness of Supporting the Elderly in Pusan
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 56~72
In our society the value system has changed to individualized one, so that the awareness of supporting the elderly is changing now. This study aims to provide basic materials for the welfare policy for the elderly and to foresee the probability of maintenance and development that the most ideal system of supporting the elderly by analyzing the male and female students' attitude toward the elderly and the degree of their awareness of supporting the elderly according to several factors. A questionnaire was developed with this purpose, the study subjects of this study were 365 college students who were recruited from 6 colleges(179 male students and 186 female students) living in Pusan, and the study period was from November 9. to November 23. 1992. The results were as follows: 1. In the factors related to attitude toward the elderly, male students had more positive attitude than female students toward the desire of living with their parents in the future(P=0.000). 2. In the expectant awareness of being supported by their offsprings and the desire of living together with their offsprings male students were more highly than female students(P=0.000). 3. The subjects who want to live together with their parents in the future desired more to live with their offsprings in the period of old age(P=0.000). 4. As results of hypotheses verification about the awareness of supporting the elderly, there were significant differences according to the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in law(P=0.001), the receptive attitude toward the elderly(P=0.000) and the desire of living with their parents in the future(P=0.000) 5. In the correlations between all variables and the awareness of supporting the elderly, the economical and emotional awareness of supporting the elderly had positive correlations with the relationship between mother in-law and daughter-in-law and their parents' filial piety to grandparents(P＜0.01), and service awareness of supporting the elderly had positive correlations with age, sex, the relationship between mother-in-law and daughter-in-law and their parents' filial piety to grandparents(P＜0.01). In the correlations between each of the awareness of supporting the elderly, the correlations between each one had high positive correlations(P＜0.001).
Relationships between Socioeconomic and Cultural Variables and Smoking, Alcohol, Marijuana Use Behavior
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 73~85
It is necessary to understand the relationship between socio-cultural elements and smoking, alcohol, and marijuana use behaviors in order to plan public health policy or health promotion program of Mexican Americans. Demographic, socioeconomic status, and acculturation are variables which reflect mechanisms socialization influences these behavior patterns among this population. Thus, this study investigates the prevalence of addictive behaviors and individual differences on addictive behaviors related to variables of acculturation, age, gender, education, and income. And the interrelations among addictive behaviors are also examined. The analyses used data for Mexican Americans from the U.S. Hispanic Health and Nutrition Examination Survey conducted from July 1982 through December 1984 by the National Center for Health Statistics. ANOVA and correlation coefficients were used for this study. This study found that there are gender differences among addictive behaviors in their prevalence. Both males' and females' alcohol and marijuana use behaviors are positively related to the acculturation. Females' smoking behavior is positively related to acculturation while males' smoking is negatively related to it. Income and education are negatively related to males' smoking and positively related to males' alcohol behavior. However, males' marijuana behavior is not related to income. Females' smoking behaviors is not significantly related income and education. Education and income are positively related to marijuana behavior among females. Age is related to all three addictive behaviors among both gender. Age is negatively related to both males' and females' marijuana use behavior. Interrelation between smoking and marijuana use behavior is not significant among males. However, interrelations between alcohol and marijuana use behavior and between alcohol and smoking are significant among both genders. Females' smoking and marijuana use behavior is also significantly related.
The Identification and Analysis of Selected Health Behaviors as Reported by Korean Adolescents in Seoul
Choi, Eun-Jin ; Olsen, K. ; Nicholson, Mary E. ; Birch, David A. ; Nicely, Robert F. ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 10, issue 2, 1993, Pages 86~99