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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Dec 1994
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Jun 1994
Selecting the target year
Change of Knowledge and Attitude toward AIDS of Soldier through Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 3~15
This study was conducted to investigate changes of knowledge and attitude toward AIDS of soldier through health education. The sample was selected with and experimental group(160 persons who were received health education group) and control group(160 persons who were not received), 20-21 years of age from 320 persons(soldier) who were between in a certain base located in Kyung Gi province. The data was collected from 24th Feb. to 21st April 1993. By questionnaires before and post test for education process about 4 weeks(pre and post test). The results of this study were as follows ; Of 320 soldiers 66.6% had received health education on sex before attending in base, 58.8%(94 persons) of experimental group and 58.1%(93 persons) had experience with sexual intercourse. In characteristics related to sexual intercourse experience, age of first sexual intercourse for experimental group was 19 in highest percentage as 30.0%, 18 in control group, 64.9% of experimental group and 61.4% of control group answered no use condom during sexual intercourse. About the reasons why use condom 51.5% of experimental group answered to prevention of VD and 44.4% of control group answered to prevention of partner's pregnancy in the highest percentage. There was no significant difference between mean score of knowledge level of experimental group and mean score of control group in pre-test. There was significant difference between mean score(15.23) of experimental group and mean score(12.98) of control group(p<0.01) in post-test. The attitude level in pre, post education was mean score 11. There was significant difference between mean score(9.04) of experimental group in pre-test and mean score(9.39) in post education(p<0.05), There was also significant difference between mean score(9.16) of control group in pre-test and mean score(9.60) in post-test(p<0.05), Mean score of perceived susceptability level of experimental group decreased from mean score 2.84 in pre-test to 2.66 in post-test, there was no significant difference between mean score of pre-test and that of post-test in 2 group. There was no significant difference between mean scores of perceived severity of experimental group in pre-test and that in post-test and there was no significant difference between mean score of perceived severity of control group in pre-test and post-test. There was no significant differences between mean scores of perceived benefits to act health behavior of experimental group or control group and pre-test and post-test.
A Study on the Factors affecting Health Education needs of industrial workers
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 16~32
Health Education is very important not only in school or community fields but also in industrial fields. And health education is most fundamental and enthusiastic area in industrial health. The purpose of this study was to analyze the workers' health education needs and the factors which could affect them. The subjects for this study was 855 workers selected from 57 factories in Inchon. The results were as follows: 1. For demographic variables, sex, age, educational level, and income of the workers were investigated. Most of the workers were males (80.2%). Of the respondents, 30∼39 years old were 41.3%. Approximately 62% of the workers were high school graduates. In additions, those who reported they earned 500,000∼800,000 won monthly were 41.9%. 2. Behavioral characteristics of the workers investigated in this study included smoking, drinking and physical activities. Of the respondents, 55.9% were smoking cigarettes, and 26.8% of the workers reported they drank alcohol once or twice a week. The workers who were taking any form of exercise regularly were 31.6%. 3. Occupational characteristics of the workers included working period working hours a day, medical examination, and so on. About 37.6% of the workers had worked 1∼5 years and 53.6% of the respondents were working less than 8 hours a day. More than half of the workers in this study were taking special medical examination(59.3%) and 59.6% of the respondents were working at the production line in the factories. And most of the respondents (69.0%) were mere members of the staffs. 4. For perceived health status of the respondents, 41.1% answered they were healthy. And for the level of health status, health grade 20.4% of the workers were unhealthy. 5. Health education areas the workers in this study wanted to learn were as follows: 1) Mental health 2) Worksite environment 3) Safety control 4) Disease contol. 6. Those who reported having ever received health education in the factories were 20.9%. 7. Women had more health education needs in personal health care, disease control and family health areas than men. Each age group had different health education needs in all health areas and the differences were significant statistically. 8. The workers who had received special medical examination had more health education needs in worksite environment, safety control, and disease control areas than those who had received general medical examination. The lower the satisfaction of the work and the working environment was, the higher the health education needs of worksite environment area were. 9. For the levels of health status healthy workers were more likely than unhealthy workers to have health education needs in all health areas.
The Study on Health Habit Forming of Children
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 33~42
The purpose of this study was to investigate the health habit forming of children to develop health education area in children's education. For the purpose, 330 children with 175 boys and 155 girls ranging of 4 to 6 in the ages were selected as subjects. The methods of study are used by questionaries of DA KAENG Social Achievement Scale with 50 items in 5 areas. Statistical process was used ANOVA, t -test, coefficiency through SPSS. The results were as follows ; 1) The study showed that the score of health habits of 50 items were lower than score of standard value of DA KAENG type of social Achievement Scale. 2) There were coefficiency with 5 health habits area each other. 3) The score of boys were higher than girls score without signifficant differences level in health habit forming. 4) The area of excreting habit, neating habit, and clothing habit forming were effected by ages with signifficant difference among the those of health habit forming areas. 5) The study indicated that mother's job were not effect to health habit forming for children. 6) The excreting habit, neating habit and clothing habit forming among the health habits were effected by socia-economics status of home. 7) The factors of enrollment of preschool, father's job and mother's age were not effect to health habit forming for children.
A Study on the University Student's Consciousness about Sex and AIDS
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 43~56
Although the officially confirmed incidence of the acquired immune deficiency syndrome(AIDS) has remained low thus far in Korea, the progression of the pandemic has been rapid, concerned about an eventual increase in transmission. Until a vaccine or cure is found, public information and education remain an important weapon against AIDS. For the year 2000, the current WHO projection is that there will be a cumulative total of 40 million HIV infections in man, woman and children, of which more than 90％ will be in the developing countries. The incerased mortality among adults and children has raised concerns that AIDS may become so devastaing as to reverse positive population growth rates and wipe out entire population. In order to plan for the rising incidence of patient with AIDS, an assessment of AIDS-related cognition and behavior, attitude of the recognized high-risk groups is necessary. Considering that undergraduates have sexuality active and more oriented toward sexual concerns than other ages. Adolescents today are more sexually involved than in the past: The media, including films, music, and television, reinforce sexual concerns by preseating images of highly sexual adolescents. Incidence of both petting and sexual intercourse in higher and occurs at earlier ages, they are important reservoir of AIDS infection. Hence, it has become important to emymerats and describe the knowledge, attitude and behavior of them, I want.. This information will eventually guide the direction of change in public policies and education programs to meet the challenges of AIDS. The objective of this study were to identity Knowledge, Attitude, Experience of Sex and AIDS in Korea. The data were collected by survey at Korean Federation for AIDS Affairs, INC. and J university, K junior college. After October in 1993, surveyed with 507 student during their's college days in Seoul. The questionnaire was designed to provide information on sex and AIDS-related knowledge and attitudes and experience. AIDS-related knowledge was measured by using 26 questions on mode of transmission and AIDS-related attitudes were measured by 7 questions, AIDS-related experience was measured by 5 questions. There were the main dependent variables in our study, In conclusion, students during their university day need to develop AIDS-preventive education programs. Clearly, the many AIDS-prevention educational effort need to be guided by well trained health agents. Financial supports from all sectors (i.e., public and private) of our society are required to achieve that end. Further researches on AIDS-related Knowledge and Attitude and behaviors of undergraduates are needed for the development of comprehensive AIDS prevention programs.
A STUDY on the PRACTICE of FAMILY PLANNING of SOME MARRIED WOMEN -FOCUSING on SEX & NUMBER of ACTUAL CHILDREN-
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 57~69
The purpose of this study is to investigate the experience of abortion and practice of contraception in view of preventive in order to analysis the degree of family planning according to the sex & number of actual children. We collected data on married conceptive women who are resident in Seoul and from 20 age to 49 age. This was carried out from 26 July, 1993 to 25 August, 1993. This collected data was analyzed through x² Logistic regression using SAS/PC/sup +/and SPSS/PC/sup +/. The analyzed results are as follow. 1. Those who answered "son is not positively necessary"are only 15.7% among investigated women. 2. The percentage of practicing contraception was 68.2%, in case of 30s' women it was 74.3% and most high. Also, in view of religion, the percentage of practicing contraception of Buddihist was most low as 61.54% (p<0.05). 3. The portion of those who had sons more than four who used permanent. method of contraception is most high(83.3%), in terms of composition, while the ratio of those who have only son is 60.7%, the ratio of those who have only daughter was only 14.3%. 4. In order to investigate the independent variable affecting practice of contraception, we analysed data with Logistic regression analysis. The result of this analysis is as follows: the older(p<0.01) woman is and the higher the level of education of woman(p<0.05), the more it affects significantly practice of contraception. 5. In abrotion experience, the number of experienced women was 241(50.3%) and including repeated abortion, the total number of abortion is 317. The main reason of abortion was that they didn't want more child. The number of abortion due to such reason was 153(48.3%), Especially, the 181(43.0%) cases among last pregnancy 421 cases were the undesired pregnancy. So, the 147 cases of them came to abortion. 6. In the number of actual children, the ratio of those who have three children occupied high portion(56.7%, p<0.05), for the composition of children, although the case of those who have both son and daughter showed most high ratio of experience of abortion, but it was statistically insignificant. 7. In order to investigate independent variable affecting experience of abortion, we used Logistic regression analysis. The result of the analysis was that the older women was(p<0.01) and the more they had actual children(p<0.01), it significantly affected abortion.
A Study on Growth Acceleration in Korean by the Maximum Growth Age in Body Height From 1913 to 1990.
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 70~84
On the basis of the study intended to research by cross-sectional study keeped pace with semi-longitudinal study the growth accelerating phenomena that MGA(Maximum Growth Age) in teenager's body height. The duration of study is from Oct. 1st. 1991 to September 30 1992 and the data are analysed through computer. The body height and MGA of Koreans who had been for during the period from 1898 to 1973 proved transition of the growth accelerating phenomena by research data reported between 1913 and 1990. The results are as follows: 1. Maximum Growth Age The MGA's in body height of male are respectively the age 15.024 in 1913, 14.28 in 1940, 13.65 in 1959, 13.86 in 1967, 12.52 in 1983, 11.39 in 1987, 12.36 in 1990, while those of female are the age of 12.0 in 1940, 12.36 in 1959, 10.45 in 1969, 11.15 in 1985, 10.27 in 1988, 10.23 in 1990 ; these data show that the MGA of the Korean has been getting younger. 2. The correlation of the MGA's in body height are as below ; Male ; r = -0.448(p<0.01) Female ; r = -0.404(p<0.05) 3. The equation of linear regression of MGA's in body height are as below ; Male ; Y(MGA) = -0.0316X(the year)+75.297 Female ; Y(MGA) = -0.035X(the year)+79.986 4. The MGA's in body height are shown in Table 3. 5. From the transition of the growth accelerating phenomena, we can compute the fact that the MGA's has been getting younger by 0.3 year per 10 years. 6. The future growth accelerating phenomena in body height, the MGA's of male are respectively the age 12.25 in 1995, 12.09 in 2000, 11.94 in 2005, 11.78 in 2010, while those of female are the age of 10.16 in 1995, 9.98 in 2000, 9.81 in 2005, 9.64 in 2010, these data show that the MGA of female are more younger than that of male.
A Clinical Study on Effect of Mouth Cleaning by Use of Water jet
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 11, issue 1, 1994, Pages 85~94
The purpose of this study is to provide a guide for selection of oral hygiene devices for nations and establishing valid indication of recently popularized water jet. The author has divided 36 persons into general, orthodontic, periodontal patients according to their oral hygiene state, and then evaluated the degree or decrease in plaque indices and gingival bleeding indices. The obtained results were as follows. 1. When both manual toothbrush and water jet were used together by three kind of patients, significant decreases in plaque index were observed in all patients, after 4 weeks compared with ordinary toothbrushing only(p<0.05). 2. When both oral hygiene devices were used together by three kind of patients, significant decreases in gingival bleeding index were observed in all patients after 4 weeks compared with ordinary toothbrushing only(p<0.05). 3. Singificant differences of the average gingival bleeding index & plaque index among three kind of patients were observed(p<0.05). 4. Therefore, it is concluded that for effective oral hygiene care. water jet can be recommendable to general patients, especially to orthodontic or periodontal patients.