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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Dec 1997
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Jun 1997
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A Study on Improvement of Health Education in Hospitals
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~9
The health education in hospitals has many problems including lack of the division specialized in health education, lack of implementation system of health education, insufficient professional health education and insufficient health education materials. Despite these restraints, hospitals should reinforce health education program as a part of active response centered on disease prevention and health promotion targeting healthy people who have potential health risk before the onset of disease, rather than passive approach emphasizing the treatment. Accordingly, health education team should be organized in a hospital, in which health educators can provide the following education services. First of all, hospitals themselves should provide active community services in collaboration with community organizations. In addition, multi-disciplinary approach in cooperation with schools, work places should be reinforced to establish the comprehensive health education system. The establishment of medical service referral system with other medical institutions and the linkage system for medical information exchange are also needed. The utilization of education materials obtained through these system should be open to community residents as well as patients. Finally, medical staff working in hospitals should try to provide the high-quality health education that is as high as the level of medical services. The high-quality health education is possible when its level is based on one required by community residents and the county rather than the international or arbitrary standard.
A Study on Effectiveness of Health Education for Middle School Students through Health Education Program in Short Term
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 11~21
We carried out this study to analyze the effectiveness through health education program in short term which was performed to use the special subject activities. This study was conducted on 63 students who were first grade in S Junior High School from Dec. 1995 to Feb. 1996. To analyze the effectiveness, we performed the Pretest, 1st Posttest, and 2nd Posttest for learned health knowledge. The results were as follows: 1. Most of the students(69.8%) responded that their health were good, and they got the information for health through Mass Com.. The students who had experience of health education were 15.9%, and the 77.8% of the respondents needed the health education. 2. The means of health knowledge on tests were 18.2(Pretest}, 21.5(1st Posttest), and 21.4(2nd Posttest). Increase of health knowledge between Pretest and 1st Posttest was 10.9%. 3. The mean of differences between Pretest and 1st Posttest was 3.26, it was significant(p〈0.01). And the mean of differences between Pretest and 2nd Posttest was 3.19, it was significant(p〈0.01);however, the mean of differences between 1st Posttest and 2nd Posttest was not significant(p=0.2514). 4. The significant main contents were Health Facilities(d=0.42), Pregnancy and Labor(d=0.39), Sex Education(d=0.29), Personal Hygiene(d=0.35), Safety Education (d=0.66), and Drug Abuse(d=0.60)(p〈0.01)
An Analysis on Health Promotion Behavior of Middle and High School Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 23~45
This study was conducted from March 1, 1996 through June 30, in order to provide basic data for devising a policy for school health especially students health promotion and for developing of an education program. Middle school students were 1000, high school students were 2000 and a total of 3000 students were selected randomly among the boys/girls/middle/high schools which are in Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Pohang, Suwon, Kyungsan, Milyang and a town or subcountry. The summary and conclusion are as follows. 1. In general characteristics of respondents, 51.8% were girl students, 33.7% were middle school students, 66.3% were high school students. 37.2% were living in a medium and small city, 89.1% were middle classes, 43.6% were having no religion, 27.3% were buddhists. 2. As a result of analyzing, exercise, nutrition, personal behavior, knowledge of health education and behavior level which are the factors promotion, exercise level were 3.61 of the perfect 9(40.1/100), nutrition level were 3.71(41.1/100), personal hygiene were 6.89(76.6/100), health education level were 5.1(58.9/100), all of the them are low level. 3. Judging from characteristics, in case of exercise behavior level, It was far higher in boy students than in girl students, in middle school students than in high school students. It was respectively higher than other groups in the second graders of middle school, in the first graders of high school, in the residents who live in a big city, in the high classes in the buddhists. 4. The students level against disease was average 9.11 of the perfect score 14(65.1/100). The level of disease consciousness was high in girl students by characteristics, in the second graders of high school by grades, in high school students than middle school students. 5. In health status, 55.4% were healthy, 7.9% were unhealthy. It was respectively higher than the other groups in boy students, in middle school students, in the residents who live in a big city, in high classes of life level, in buddihists, in higher education level of parents. 6. Judging from the factors of health status and health promotion and the degree of significance, there's a significant differences between exercise and dietary life as P〈0.001, in personal hygiene as P〈0.05, in health education an P〈0.01. 7. Knowledge on disease, health promotion behavior level were average 19.42 ± 4.01 of the perfect score 50(38.8/100) this score was too low. As for characteristics, the level between variables was statistically significant in the higher life level, in the higher parents education level, in the happier family. 8. Judging from health status, knowledge on disease, health behavior level, knowledge and health promotion behavior level significantly in the better health status, in the better school record. 9. As a result of the multiplex regression analyzing the factors which were under influence on health status, the variables like exercise, school record level, the degree of family happiness, nutrition, grades, the members of family influenced much and its persuasive power was 10.2%. The factors which are under the influence on the health promotion were exercise, satisfied degree of education, health status, the degree of family happiness, knowledge on disease, the usage of physical training, sex, the number of the family members, mother's education level. It’s explained power was 21.3%. promotion were high We should develop a text book and an education program to study exercise, nutrition(dietary life), personal hygiene, knowledge on disease and health systematically. As far as health education irrespective city and locality without considering the entrance exam for high school and university we should execute it continuously. To do this, it’s important to cultivate and secure qualified men of ability who can teach things related health promotion and the related subject, that is, health or health promotion subject should be established in middle and high school curriculum necessarily.
Analysis of Health Behaviors of Selected Health Professionals in South Korea
Kim, Sung-Hye ; Larry K. Olsen ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~62
Dental Caries Status on Permanent Teeth among Primary School Children in Changwon, Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 63~72
In order to develop the programme for the improvement of dental health among primary school children, epidemiological survey to examine dental caries status was conducted among primary school children in Changwon, Korea. We sampled 2 primary schools and surveyed children from first to sixth grade aged 6-11 years. All samples were 3,206 consisted of 1,715 males and 1,491 females. We assessed caries prevalence on permanent teeth. 1. Children with caries experience on permanent teeth were 15.1% at 1st grade, 48.2% at 2nd grade, 73.8% at 3rd grade, 75.6% at 4th grade, 76.8% at 5th grade, 77.4% at 6th grade. 2. Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth were 0.31 at 1st grade, 1.16 at 2nd grade, 2.12 at 3rd grade, 2.38 at 4th grade, 2.50 at 5th grade, 2.69 at 6th grade. 3. Decayed teeth among Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth were totally 63.4%. Filled teeth among Decayed, Missing and Filled teeth were totally 36.6%. 4. Community dental health programmmes including water fluoridation, fluoride mouth rinsing, use of fluoride-containing toothpastes and fissure sealants should be developed to prevent dental caries among school children. 5. School incremental dental care programme should be also developed to prevent and treat children's dental caries by use of dentists and oral hygienists.
A Study on the Effects of Health Behavior upon Health Status in Some Old People
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~95
Elderly problem from being aging society, especially health related problem of the elderly is very serious in many parts of this country. The reason is that most of geriatric disease are chronic and debilitating. The cause of chronic and debilitating disease are bad lifestyle and wrong health habit. Health is affected by a result of interaction of environment and human being. Because of difference of lifestyle between a city and a farm village, health behavior and health status of urban elderly and rural elderly may be dissimilar. Thus the purpose of this study was to grasp health behavior and health status, to identify the factors that effect on health status of the elderly. The subfects for this study, 488 persons aged 60 and over who live in Seoul or Cheonbuk Province. The preliminary survey was carried out from Aug. 19, to Aug. 22, 1996. With complement of questions, main survey was carried out from Sep. 29, to Oco. 10, 1996. The data was analysed by using in SPSS/PC+ program. The results were as follows. 1. General Characteristics 1) In the individual characteritics of the respondents, Seoulites aged 80 and over were 24.7%, the average age was 73.14 years old and rural residents aged 60-69 were 63.7%, the average age was 68.90 years old. In Seoul, 142 men and 101 women were respondents. In Cheonbuk Province, 101 men and 144 women were answered. In Seoul, those who graduated form elementary school were 35.4%, in farming region, illiteracy persons were 44.9%. In Seoul, 47.7% of respondents had spouse and in farming village, 66.1% of respondents had spouse. 39.0% of respondents who's imcome type was independent were Seoulite, and 66.1% of respondents who's income type was independent were rural residents. Employed persons in Seoul and in rural region were 16.9% and 62.0%. 2. Health Behavior 1) For the health behavior total score, the difference by region was not statistically significant. But the score of individual item was different and statistically significant. 2) For the Seoulites, younger person(p〈0.01), the female(p〈0.001) showed better health behavior and for the farming village residents, younger person(p〈0.01), the female(p〈0.01), independent income type(p〈0.05), employed person(p〈0.05) showed better health behavior. 3. Health Status 1) For the self-rated health status total score, the difference by region was statistically significant and individual item score was different and statistically significant. For ADL and IADL total score, the difference by region was not statistically significant, but individual item score was different and statistically significant. 2) For the Seoulites, woman(p〈0.05), lower education(p〈0.00l), independent income type(p〈0.05) showed higher score in self-rated health status. For rural residents, woman(p〈0.05), lower education(p〈0.01), independent Income type(p〈0.001) showed higher score in self-rated health status. For the Seoul residents, younger person(p〈0.001), employed(p〈0.05) showed higher score in ADL and IADL, and for the farm area residents, younger person(p〈0.001), higher education(p〈0.01), having spouse(p〈0.001), family type(p〈0.01) showed higher score In ADL and IADL. 3) For the Seoulites, drinking(p〈0.05), breakfast(p〈0.05), exercise(p〈0.05) and for the rural residents, drinking(p〈0.05), deep sleeping(p〈0.05), exercise(p〈0.01), washing hands before meal(p〈0.01) showed higher score In self-rated health status. For the Seoulites, deep sleeping(p〈0.05), exercise(p〈0.05) and for the farm village residents, fruit(p〈0.05), deep sleeping(p〈0.05), exercise(p〈0.001) showed higher score in ADL and IADL. We carried out this study to analyze the effectiveness through health education program in short term which was performed to use the special subject activities. This study was conducted on 63 students who were first grade in S Junior High School from Dec. 1995 to Feb. 1996. To analyze the effectiveness, we performed the Pretest, 1st Posttest, and 2nd Posttest for learned health knowledge. The results were as follows: 1. Most of the students(69.8%) responded that their health were good, and they got the information for health through Mass Com.. The students who had experience of health education were 15.9%, and the 77.8% of the respondents needed the health education. 2. The means of health knowledge on tests were 18.2(Pretest), 21.5(1st Posttest), and 21.4(2nd Posttest). Increase of health knowledge between Pretest and 1st Posttest was 10.9%. 3. The mean of differences between Pretest and 1st Posttest was 3.26, it was significant(p〈0.01). And the mean of differences between Pretest and 2nd Posttest was 3.19, it was significant(p〈0.01);however, the mean of differences between 1st Posttest and 2nd Posttest was not significant(p=0.2514). 4. The significant main contents were Health Facilities(d=0.42), Pregnancy and Labor(d=0.39), Hygiene(d=0.35), Safety Education(d=0.66), and Drug Abuse(d=0.60)(p〈0.01).
Factors Affecting In-Patient Satisfaction of Oriental Hospital
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 97~113
It is very important to estimate the patients satisfaction level with medical services, to classify the objectvies according to the patients characteristics and sub-satisfaction factors. The purpose of this study is to determine the factors affecting satisfaction in oriental hospital. The 549 patients' hospitalized in five oriental hospital in Taegu city and one oriental hospital in Kyungbuk province were selected for this study. The results summarized are as follows. l. The general characteristics of 549 objectvies were included gender, age, education, occupation, income level, length of stay, health status of hospitalized, and expectation for medical care. 2. Patients characteristics affecting patients total satisfaction, as for age(b=0.05), health status of patients(b=-0.052), and expectation for medical care(b=0.117) were significant, while gender, education, job, income level, and length of stay were not. As the factors according to patients satisfaction, accessibility(b=0.09l), doctor's kindness(b=0.357), staff kindness(b=0.137), nurse's skills(b=0.111), hospital facilities(b=0.211), and medical fee(b=-0.160) were significant. In total patients' satisfaction, Doctor's kindness was the most significant of prediction variables. In general the factors affecting In-patient satisfaction of oriental hospital was highly associated with doctor's kindness.
A Study on the Diverse Sub-factors of Type A Behavior - on the Basis of Bortner Scale
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 115~124
The correlations among the fourteen items of the Bortner Scale are proved not to be very strong. In this case the method of flat summing of all the variables(Johnston and Schaper 1983) can be little valid because each variable has a statistically different weight. The Bortner Scale through the factor analysis of the German data has shown a diverse factor structure of Type A behavior that contains five sub-factors such as ‘speed and urgency’, ‘introversion’, ‘little listening to others’, ‘competitiveness and ambition’ and ‘mobilization’. And what is more, the Bortner Revised Scale through another factor analysis of the Korean data has revealed more complicated factor structure which is composed of eighteen sub-factors. In addition, only two of the German five sub-factors such as ‘speed and urgency’ and ‘mobilization’ are associated with cardiovascular disease. The association is stronger in infarction than in angina pectoris.
The Effectiveness of School Sexuality Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 125~145
Over the last several decades, the debates on school sexuality education program have centered on the specific education topics and its in-depth to be taught for different level of students. Many people, on the whole, worried that sexuality education for the adolescents promote irresponsible sexuality activities and that students become more liberal following sex education(in all ways, not just sexually). At the present time, however, most social leaders agree that school sexuality education program should be developed and implemented as an important part of the formal school curriculum. Because they believe that sexuality education programs will be effective to change irresponsible sexual behavior and prevent sexual risk among teenagers. Researches demonstrate that not all school-based sexuality and AIDS education programs are effective, but that some programs are effective. On the basis of previous studies, the present paper reviewed the beliefs and questions which generate discussion and opposition to sexuality education program at the school. The effectiveness of the educational instruction was also evaluated focused on the reducing specific sexual risk behavior and reinforcement of individual values against sexuality activities. Lastly, this paper proposed several ways and means for effective sexuality education program in general.
A Study on the Relationship between Injury Preventive Behaviors and Accidents for Elementary School Children
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 147~160
Nowadays according to the complexity of our daily life due to the development of industry and transportation various kinds of injuries happen. Since 1993 the death rate among 5-14 age children by injuries amount to about 57%. Furthermore, the injury of children can give a direct damage to their own family and it can also bring a serious loss to the country as well as the community where they live in accord with degree of an injury. From this reason, the importance of safety education has been increasing. In this study, it is aimed to clarify the effect of injury preventive behaviors on injury incidence of the 6th grade students in the elementary school. This study is accomplished by the survey sampled from 9 elementary schools in seoul, each of which belong to different district. The survey took for 15 days from the date of september 10th 1996 to september 25th 1996 and the results were as follows; 1. For demographic characteristic, sexual distribution was 48.7% of male students and 47.1% of female students. The required time from home to school was 10-19 minutes(51.8%), and the most way of their going to school is to walk(89.7%). Mothers who graduated from high school were 46.6% and 49.4% of fathers were above university graduated level. The most vocation of mothers was housewife as 56.7%. 2. The results of analysis on the injury rates, 75.8% of children experienced more than one injury and the most was play injury. With regards to sites where injuries happened, the room, the kitchen, and the living room in the house ranked first(38.3%) and then injuries at school such as on the playground, in the classroom, and on the stairs was 34.1%. 3. Considering the rate of injury incidence in accordance with demographic characteristics, male students experienced more injuries than female students(p〈0.05). For the way from home to school, children who went to school by bicycle experienced the most injuries and then on foot, by bus in order of which differences were statistically significant(p〈0.05). 4. From the comparison of parents' safety education practice and the injury incidence, the less often parents practice safety education, the more often children experience injuries(p〈0.05). 5. The results of analysis on the effect of injury preventive behaviors on accidents children who didn't act injury preventive behaviors experienced much more injuries than those who did injury preventive behaviors of which differences were statistically significant(p〈0.01). 6. From the results of analysis of factors effecting on the elementary school children's injuries, children without injury preventive behaviors had more effect on accidents than those who had injury preventive behaviors as odds ratio 2.06(p〈0.01), and the odds ratio of male students compared with female students was 1.47(p〈0.05).
A Study on Physique and Maximum Growth Age of Korean Youth in an Urban Area
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 161~172
In order to assess the physical growth and development, and nutritional status of primary, middle and high school students in the city of Seoul, physiques of 4, 041 persons(Male : 2, 096, Female: 1, 945) were measured from March 1 to July 31 in 1995 and variouis physical and nutritional indices, maximum growth age related to them were calculated. The results are as follows: 1. Physical Growth and Development The growth of body height showed straight linear development among male in the ages 7~16 and among female 7~14, and after that showed slower development. The age of cross over between two sexes was between 11.5 to 12.5 years of age. The maximum growth age was between 11 and 12 years of age(7.28cm) in male and between 11 aqnd 12 years of age(9.77cm) in female. In terms of body weight, it also showed straight linear development among male in the ages 7~16 and among female 7~14, and after that showed slower development. The maximum growth age was between 11 and 12 years of age(7.64kg) in male and between 11 and 12 years of age(8.l9kg) in female. In terms of chest girth, it showed two step development among male in the age of 7~13 and 13~17, and among female in the age of 7~14 and 14~17. The age of cross over between two sexes was 11 and 12 years of age. In terms of sitting height, it showed two step development in the age of 7~14 and 14~17 of both sexes and the age of cross over between two sexes was between 10.5 to 14.5 years of age. The maximum growth age was between 11 and 12 years of age(3.64cm) in male and between 11 and 12 years of age(5.98cm) in female. 2. Maximum Growth Age of Physical Growth and Development In body height, MGA was 10.59 for male and 10.34 for female which showed that MGA for both sexes appeared in similar periods. In body weight, MGA was 10.30 for male and 10.30 for female which showed that MGA for both sexes appeared in similar periods. In chest-girth, MGA was 14.74 for male and 11.60 for female which showed that MGA for female appeared about 3 years earlier than for male. In sitting height, MGA was 11.69 for male and 11.38 for female which showed that MGA for both sexes appeared in similar periods. Maximum growth ages of physiques appeared in order of body height 〉 body weight 〉 sitting height 〉 chest-girth.
The Effect of a Submaximal Exercise Load on the Change in Blood Components.
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 14, issue 1, 1997, Pages 173~182
This study presents the results observed in the change in blood components of ten female students of “K” university's physical Education Department during submaximal exercise, relaxation and recovery periods. 1. After ecercise, the WBC value is higher than in relaxation time. Also within thirty minutes of the relaxation period it does not return to the normal range. 2. After exercise, the RBC value is higher than during relaxation time. Also in the recovery period, within 30 minutes it returns to the normal range. 3. After exercise. the RCT value is higher than during relaxation time. Also in the 30 minutes recovery period it returns to the normal range of relaxation. 4. After exercise, the Hb value is higher than during relaxation time. It rises slowly after exercise and returns to the relaxation range in the 30 minutes recovery period. 5. After exercise and in 10 minutes of the recovery period, the value of Glucose is lower than during relaxation time. It returns to the relaxation range in 30 minutes of the recovery period. 6. After exercise the value of protein is higher than during relaxation time. It returns to the relaxation range within ten to thirty minutes of the recovery period.