Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1998
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Jun 1998
Selecting the target year
Knowledge, Behavior, and related Factors of Skin Care of Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~30
A study on skin care was conducted in order to develop proper skin care program and disseminate the Information to the consumers. The study was performed from October 2, 1997 though April 30 1997 by using questionnaires. The subjects were 1,793 from lug cities of Seoul, Pusan and, and 800 from medium and small cities of Kyongsan, Kimchon, Mokpo and KimHae cities. All subjects were females over 20 years. 1. 64.3% of the subjects said that they chose the massage packs after considering their skin condition. 55.1% of the subjects said that they did not know the side effects of the massage packs. 2. 53.3% of the subjects reported that they knew the cause of acne. and 73.3% of the respondents reported that they knew the nature of their body classified by oriental medicine. 3. The average knowledge and attitude was 10.61 :t3.46%( who it is converted to percent, it is 53.1%). The upper limit was 18.9% and lower limit was 19.0%. 4. The factors which are under the influence on knowledge of skin care were the times of massage, education level, the height of subjects, disease of skin, age, the degree of fatty body, the hour of make-up(R2=0.137). 5. The factors which are under the influence on the times of massage were education level, the experience of skin side effect, the status of physic8I health and the birth place of the subjects(R2=0.139). 6. The main factors which had significant effect on the status of face skin health were the status of physical health, economic status, age, the side effect of skin cosmetic, and the hour of make-up(R2=0.140). 7. Finally, it is recommended that training package on side effect of cosmetics, massage, physical characteristics and proper way of make-ups, and the public should be educated on the above mentioned areas.
The Study on Teachers' Knowledge, Attitudes, Behaviors, and Interests regarding to AIDS
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 31~48
A study of 232 secondary school teachers was conducted to explore their knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and interests concerning AIDS and HN infection, in order to develop in-service training program for teachers and effective teaching strategies across the curriculum for students. 1. Teachers of 12.9% reported that they had attended in-service training concerning AIDS and HIV. 2. Teachers of 75.4%, 68.2%, 73.7% offered correct answers to the knowledge section pertaining to the transmission of HN, prevention of mv infection, and HIV antibody testing. 3. Significant correlations were found among knowledge, attitudes, interests, and between interests and behaviors, related to AIDS and HIV. Teachers who had relatively more knowledge and positive attitudes related to AIDS, had an more interest in AIDS, expressed stronger intentions to care for, and took more positive attitudes toward working with and teaching AIDS patients than other teachers did.(Correlation through Factor Analysis).
A Study on Structural Modeling of Activation of the Information System Utilization in the Health Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 49~66
The general objectives of this study were to develop a health education management information system to effectively deal with community health problems. This study aimed at 1) to development an health education management information system, and 2) to offer computer-based communication channels among the District Health System components such as health center, health subcenters, and community hospital, 3) lastly, to identify the key issues and effectiveness of health education. Major findings of the study were as follows: The major benefits and significances of this information system included: improvement of quality of health education statistics by reducing manual data processing, improvement of productivity of health educators by reducing paper works, improvement of decision-making capability of managers by providing more information for planning, organizing, and evaluating health education programes, and improvement of communication flow among health institutions. Based on the findings of the study, the following are recommended: (1) The health education information system will connect with computerized information systems of various health-related institutions in a district and computer-based communication channels among them, and of the superior agencies in the future. (2) The major functions of the computerized health education program are: to keep client medical records, to inquire about information on the client and his family's history. (3) The program will provide outputs in various forms, such as files for patient records, data on some chronic diseases, information on the patient and his family members, and various kinds of statistics.
Ethics education in Public Health
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 67~77
A major purpose of this article is to provide ethical aspects in public health. This is not intended to establish theoretical and philosopical argument for issues of health care ethics, but intended to describe the necessity of ethics education in public health. The increase in medical science to sustain life and the failure to provide corresponding ethical guideline in public health have created new ethical problems. All members in public health trainning programs should not only have an interest in health care ethics, but also have an ability to reach decisions in ethical problems related to community. The goal of ethics education in public health is not to improve the moral character of health care providers but rather to provide them with the conceptual abilities and decision-making skills they will need to deal successfully with ethical issues in public health research and practice. Obviously. the ultimate goal is to increase awareness of human values in health care.
Knowledge and Attitude toward Restaurant-Related Sanitation of New Restaurateurs
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 79~95
The purpose of this study was to investigate the sanitation affairs of general restaurants. The questionnaire survey on the attitude and knowledge toward sanitation, the attitude for sanitary administration and the sanitary education was conducted against new 600 restaurateurs who were educated from June 20 to July 11, 1996, at the administration hall's division of Kyungsangbook-do in charge of food industry that offered regular sanitary education to new restaurateurs annually. And the visit survey on sanitary practice was also conducted over 93 restaurateurs who obtained the commercial license for food service business. The findings from the survey were as follows; In regard to food sanitation, some 87.1 to 88.3% got the right knowledge about the reason and precaution of food poisoning, food's frozen or cold-storage, and the disposal of products after expiration of validity term. But it was about 20.8% to 50.0% who knew right about major precaution, storage temperature in refrigerator, fermented milk product's storage temperature and validity term. There was therefore a necessity for education in food sanitation. 38.2% of the subjects placed an emphasis on sanitary storage of foodstuffs as the most important thing in sanitary management. 33.8% emphasized cooking sanitation. The environmental sanitation was counted as the most important thing by 19.2%, and personal sanitation of worker was counted by 8.8%. There was differences in what they thought the most important thing was, according to the respondent's educational level and cooker. 86.6% replied it necessary to improve the sanitary level. The respondents who were younger or had better educational level emphasized more the need for it. Concerning health examination, 90.2% replied it necessary. 81.4% answered the reason was because there was a potentiality Quests might be infected with contagious disease. 78.5% pointed the need for sanitary education, but respondents with higher educational level less emphasized its needs. As the reason for poor sanitation, restaurateur's poor awareness about it was most frequently pointed out, by 46.9%. Cooking sanitation was most frequently counted, by 38.5%, as the first thing to be improved. As the most critical point in sanitary education, 34.5% indicated food's sanitary Quality control 30.9% mentioned sanitary treatment of kitchen facilities and peripheral environment, and 27.1% emphasized the summary of the general food sanitation. 77.7% answered to correct immediately in case of violating the Food Hygiene Law, and 12.0% replied to correct in the same case if they would get the order from public official or administrative action would be taken. Respondents with higher educational level answered more to correct immediately. What they wanted the government office to do toward sanitary improvement was a fund aid an facilities and management which was pointed out by 38.9%, a periodical sanitary education by 26.3% and a on-the-spot guidance of sanitary officials by 22.3%. In view of the food service business's sanitary practice, the rate of wearing a sanitary clothes was 32.9% in city and 35.0% in county. The rate of hand-washing without soap or non-washing at cooking was 73.9%, 85%, respectively. The rate of personnel sanitation was 34.2% in city and 50.0% in county. These things indicated the sanitation was not well practiced. To improve the poor sanitary conditions of the food service businesses, it is recommended to offer institutional backing and financial aid from administrative office, and encourage restaurateurs to take pride in their job. and conduct the sanitary education effectively by sanitary education institution.
Growth Chart for Growth-Assesment of Down Syndrome in Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 97~114
This study's purpose is to clarify the growth pattern of Down Syndrome cases -particulary centering on the adolescent growth pattern - and to draw up a standard growth chart on body height and weight which is one estimation of physical growth for the effective caring of their health. I sampled 269 Down syndrome cases (Male 151, Female 118) whose ages ranged from 6 years of age to adulthood and 348 normal control cases (Male 175, Female 173) who were in same age group with Down Syndrome. We also picked 124 Down syndromes cases(Male 70, Female 54) and gathered 8 year longitudinal data on their body height and weight. The results were that, I found Down syndrome cases' height to be short and their weight to be overweight. As far as age at peak height velocity was concerned, boys were at 11-12 years of age and girls were at 10-11 years of age, showing that girls were about one year faster. Peak height velocity was 6.8cm/yr for boys and 5.4cm/yr for girls. The age at peak weight velocity were 12-13 years for age for boys and 10-11 years of age for girls. Peak weight velocity was 5.7kg/yr for boys and 4.3kg/yr for girls. The menarche age of girls with Down syndrome was anticipated to come about 2 years after peak height velocity and peak weight velocity. Finally, we drew up a standard growth chart and compared it with that of the NCHS, which caused us to come to the conclusion that the Standard Growth Chart for Down syndrome cases in Korea that came out of this study was appropriate for the growth-assesment of Down syndrome.
A study on the health awareness and attitude of obese high school students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 115~131
Understanding average abnormal obese high school students' health awareness and attitude, We analyzed problems affect on this to provide basic data for the school health education in the near future. From March, 1997, covering a month period, We investigated 300 average obese students from each 3 school, both boys and girls, around Taegu area. Followings are the summary. 1) Grouping obesity, 86.6% of boys were abdominal type and 54.0% of girls were lump types. 2) IN physical check-up and serum lipid lab., there were a lot of abnormal students for blood pressure, serum glucose, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein(HDL), low density lipoprotein(LDL), neutral lipid, the rate of lipid in the body, atherosclerosis index and electrocardiogram (ECG).; Especially, for the rate of Lipid in the body, 100.0% were in the abnormal range. 3) The main reasons of stress were on the physique and grade. Over 50.0% of students get rid of their stress by singing and dancing. 4) 46.7% of boys and 56.0% of girls were satisfied with their desks and 51.3% of boys and 48.0% of girls were satisfied with their chairs.; 70.0% of boys and 78.7% of girls usually felt uncomfortable for their desks and chairs. 5) 100.0% of boys and 98.0% of girls have been educated for obesity.; 53.3% of boys and 50.7% of girls were not interested in whether joining in or not, if ‘Obese school’ is open. 60.7% of boys get information about weight loss from television, while 41.3% of girls get it from all sorts of publications.; Both sexes said eating convenience food is the main reason to be obese. Most frequent disease is high blood pressure.; 30.0% of boys and 31.3% of girls were hypertensives. 6) 84.7% of boys and 78.0% of girls are awake to the seriousness of obesity from their families. 58.7% of boys and 66.0% of girls sometimes have meals with their families. For the boys, 30.0% of them eat fruit and 29.3% eat cookies while 37.3% of girls eat cookies for their snacks. Both 57.3% of boys and 40.0% of girls have a snack once a day and they drink soft drinks frequently. Both 32.0% of boys and 46.7% of girls have midnight meals 1-2times a week. 7) Both 45.3% of boys and 50.0% of girls suddenly gained their weight in the elementary school times. 30.0% of boys exercise 1 hour for a week, while 48.0% of girls don't exercise. For the exercise hour, both 53.3% of boys and 42.0% of girls exercise for 10-30 minutes a time. 59.7% of boys and 82.0% of girls strongly don't trust in the informations on weight loss. Both 74.0% of boys and 75.3% of girls think physical therapy is the most suitable way for obesity care.
Knowledge and Beliefs About the Association Between Diet and Cancer Among Korean Immigrants in the U.S.A.
Cho, Jae-Kyung ; Kim, Katherine ; Elena Yu ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 133~149
A Study on Factors Affecting Dental Hygienists' Job Stress
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 151~163
The purpose of this study is to find options which reduce the job stress and to enhance morale through a variable analysis, and also apply this data in the legal and administration fields. The data for the research was obtained from 217 dental hygienists working in the dental clinics, dental hospitals and university's dental hospitals' in Seoul. The tool used by this study was a Questionnaire measuring on-the-job stress of dental hygienists, was a modified and revised. The Questionnaire version used to measure bank's job stress and used to suggest options by Dae-ha Yoon(1991). Classification of items for measuring job stress was based on Theoretical Study on Job Stress by Dae-hyon Song(1986). The scale used in study was the two points (yes or no in the job stress) scale measuring for variables. The period of data collection was 30 days from December 4, 1995 to January 5, 1996. The methods of data collection were self-writing, direct visit, and postal Questionnaire answering, 224 copies of Questionnaire data were collected, but only 217 copies were used. 7 copies could not be analyzed, were not used for this study. The data analysis was conducted by SPSS after coding the collected raw data. The general characteristics was obtained from real digits and percentages. In order to analyze the difference of sub-variables against the job stress based on general characteristics. Mean, Standard Deviation, and F test (ANDVA) were conducted. The following were the results of job stress variables: 1. Meaningful variable affecting the working organization, is compensation system(p〈0.03). 2. Meaningful variable affecting the working period, is work overload(p〈0.02). 3. Meaningful variable affecting average patients per day, is the career management and payment(p〈0.04, p〈0.01). 4. Meaningful variable affecting number of staff, is the comrade relationship, role conflict among patients, work overload, and job overload(p〈0.000, p〈0.05, p〈0.04, p〈0.01). The comrade relationship is most affected to the number of staffs aides. 5. Meaningful variables affecting job diversion, are the desire and value, the non-role play, and the environment(p〈0.003, p〈0.02, p〈0.005).
Secondary Prevention Health Behavior on Cervical Cancer in Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 165~178
The purpose of this explanatory study was to provide baseline information on the secondary prevention health behavior of cervical cancer in Korea which was related to the utilization of the Papanicolaou (Pap) smear screening test. The secondary data from the 1992 Korean Health Behavior Survey was used for analysis in order to determine sociodemographic profiles and the predictor variables. The sample analyzed for this study contained 1,489 Korean women residing in Korea aged 20-59 selected by multi-stage sampling method from the 1990 Korean census. Univariate, bivariate, and logistic regression analysis were performed to produce the findings of this study. Only 27.9% of the study sample had had a Pap test in 1992. It was found that the relative sociodemographic profiles of the Pap test between users and non-users were distinctive. The predictors variables were age, marital status, educational status, usual source of care, perceived household economic status, health check-up, and presence of chronic diseases
A Study on the Body Composition in Korean Basketball Players by Dual Energy X -ray Absorptiometry
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 179~194
This study focused on the body composition of Korean Basketball Players in Dual X -ray Absorptiometry. The principal subjects of this study were 10 Basketball Players who participated in the process of Dual Energy X -ray Absorptiometry at K.H. University Hospital for 8 months from Sept. 1. 1996 to April, 30. 1997. On the basis of the these measurements, the authors calculated physical indices and total fat percent. On the results of bone densitometry, the author analyzed body fat weight, body composition according to body position, bone mineral density and discerned the difference between the fatness which was calculated indirectly and which gained from the bone densitometry. 1. General Characteristics The mean age of the subjects was 20.4
1.35 year. 2. Physical. Measurement The mean physical growth and development of the subjects were superior to standard value of the average Koreans 3. Body Fat by Physical Measurement Body surface area was 2.019
, body volume was 74.4
, body density was 1.041
/kg, and body fat percent was 24.9
2.9%. 4. Body Fat by Bone Densitometry Total body fat percent was 15.17
2.19% and according to body position that of upper limb was 1.62%, that of lower limb was 5.55%, that of trunk was 7.06% and that of head was 1.05%. There was significant difference between the amounts of body fat from the methods used in this study; that from physical measurements and from bone densitometry method could be said most desirable. 5. Body composition According to Body Position Trunk was highest at 46.7%, lower limb was 36.0%, upper limb was 10.6%, and head was 6.7% in order. 6. Bone Mineral Content and Bone Density In bone mineral amount by body position, that of upper limb was 466.9
46.4g, that of lower limb was 1,424.1
154.0g, that of trunk was 1,343.0
150.3g, and total bone mineral content was 3,786.8
0.13%). Bone mineral density by body position, that of upper limb was 0.758
, that of lower limb was 1,342
, that of trunk was 1,169
, that of head was 1,742
and total bone mineral density was 1,204
The relationship between % Body Fat and Blood Pressure, Total Cholesterol, and Serum Lipoprotein Ratios in College Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 195~204
The purpose of this study was to develop cardiovascular health related percent body-fat standards that may be applied to epidemiologic investigations of the prevalence and incidence of obesity in adolescents, pediatric health screenings, and youth fitness tests. The subjects included 102 males and 80 females aged 19～22years. All subject were Honam University Students Total body fat was derived from body density which was estimated from age and the triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness measured with Lang calipers to the nearst l.0mm. Serum total cholesterol and lipoprotein cholesterol fraction(HDL-CLDL-C) were measured from blood obtained from fore arm vein after blood pressure measurement. In analyses to determine critical fat levels associated with elevated CDD(Chronic Degenerative Disease) risk factors;male and female were grouped by level of percent fat as follows: male, 〈 10%, 10-14.9%, 15-19.9%, 20-24.9%, and
25%;female, 〈 20%, 20-24.9%, 25-29.9%, 30-34.9%, and
35%. As the results of the data, the conclusions were as follows: 1. A dose respones effect was observed between blood pressure and percent body fat in males and females; in contrast, total cholesterol and lipoprotein ratios were relatively independant of percent fat among the lower four fatness group in males and the lower three fatness groups in females. 2. The percentage of subjects in the uppermost quintile for S-Bp, D-Bp, TC, LDL/H was significantly(P〈.05) greater than expected by change alone(20%) in males with
25% fat and in females with
30% fat females with
35% had even greater representation in the uppermost quintile of all CDD risk factors compared to females with 30-34.9% fat.
Health Education for Improving the Effectiveness of Community Health Programmes
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 15, issue 1, 1998, Pages 205~218
Health education is the first of the nine essential services of primary health care which has been advocated as a key in achieving “Health for All” by World Health Organization and its Member States since 1978. The purpose of this paper is to assist community health workers to improve the effectiveness of community health programmes through understanding key issues related to health education, and applying the recommended skills to conducting their health education programmes in the community. Chapter 1 shows the relationship between health and behavior, and the importance of understanding several key factors for people's health behavior in designing and implementing health education programmes in the specific community, and discusses ways to facilitate people's health behavior changes. Chapter 2 deals with conducting face-to-face health education with emphasis on counselling skills, and chapter 3 touches with health education for informal group, in particular at the hospital setting. Chapter 4 introduces how to create a supportive verbal communication climate, and proposes applying these skills to health education so as to improve the effectiveness of health education.