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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Sep 2000
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
A Study on Factors Related to sex behavior and attitude of unmarried person
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 1~15
The purpose of this study is to analyse factors related to sex behavior and intention to premarital purity on the basis of theory of reasoned action. A structured Questionnaire was developed on the basis of Triandis model. Survey was conducted to 1662 unmarried person in high school students, college students, and workers. The results are as follows. For the factor of sexual behavior, male, older age had higher experience to sexual relationship, but for the factor of premarital purity, female and workers than student had higher consciousness of purity. Positive attitude to premarital purity, expectation toward preservation of purity, parental and social normative influence and facilitating factor such as experiences of sex education showed significant relationship to intention of premarital purity. Also multiple logistic regression showed that health behaviors such as smoking and drinking, sex and job were statistically significant factor for sex behavior. The result of this study suggest that educational program sex as well as good health behavior should developed and theory-based models in conducting health education research.
A Study on Health-Risk Behavior of Adolescent Smoking
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 17~33
The aim of this study is having the status, knowledge and attitude of the high school attendees toward smoking be analyzed, helping to make effective health education methods to diminish adolescent smoking habits. The field self-questionnaire investigation has been performed from Oct 10th through 23rd in 1999. The whole 427 cases were distributed to 1st and 2nd grade students of randomly selected men's high school in Seoul. And 414 cases (97%) were finally selected for analysis after exclusion of cases with insufficient information. The main contents of questionnaire are composed of several sectors; the general characteristics of the interviewees, the relationship with parents, the life style and the peer relationship in school. And smoking-related characteristics are taken into consideration, too. The major findings of the study are as follows: The smoking/non-smoking related factors are, in socio-demographical terms, the grade, average spending per month of the interviewees. And the degree of satisfactory relationship with parents is significant on smoking behavior. The higher, the degree of satisfaction on school life and relationship with designated teacher, the more chances of non-smoking habit. Poor academic grades and peer group dependability of interviewees cause higher smoking habit rate in other way. The self-interviewees grade and cohabitation with parents are also significant on both the attitude toward smoking habit and the knowledge on smoking statistically. The academic history and vocations of the parents and the academic grades of interviewees are also effective variables, but don't make any gap between groups knowledge on smoking. Smoking groups used to have positive attitude toward smoking habit. Both the attitude and knowledge on smoking by the consideration of Quit-smoking have statistically significance. The groups which have negative attitude and high knowledge on smoking quit-smoking into consideration. And the primary cause of quit-smoking is on health by smoking. Depression, stress, adult smoking in the house, peer group pressure, cigarettes advertisements on papers and magazines and smoking scenes on TV have positive correlation on forming smoking habit (p〈0.001) But the knowledge on diseases triggered by smoking has negative correlation on forming smoking habit. (p〈0.05, p〈0.001). Social factors as monthly spending, relationship and communication with parents, the degree of satisfaction in school life, academic grades and student-teacher relationship have crucial negative correlation on smoking habit. That is to say, the higher, the monthly spending is, the worse, the relationship with parents and teachers is, the lower, the academic grades of the student is, the percentage of the interviewees who have smoking habit seems to get higher.
A Study on Factors Related Between Adolescents' Perceived School Environment and Physical . Mental Health
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 35~56
This study is research on physical health and mental health(physical and mental symptom at school) in perceived school environment among adolescents. The study subjects ere selected by senior high school students in seoul and random sampling. The 3,060 subjects were selected 18 schools. The duration for survey was for Nov. 25-Dec. 13, 1998. The reliability of Questionnaire was Cronbach's
. This study used multiple regression through Factor Analysis in SPSS programs. The major findings of this study are as follows: (1) All of Multiple Regression Models were significant. (p<0.001). (2) Physical Mental health is related to gender, personal environment, and economic status. (3) Physical Health is related to perceived school environmental variable (therapeutic teacher-student relationships, classrom climate, and school life satisfaction) among adolescents. (4) Mental Health is related to perceived school environment variables(therapeutic teacher-student relationships, classroom climate, school life satisfaction, teachers' climate, and classmates' attitudes) among adolescents. This study could be used as the basis for the development of educational program, counseling, teacher in-service training, student teacher training and the establishment of educational and health policy.
A Study on Drug Abuse and the Factors Affecting Drug Abuse Behaviors of Students Preparing College Entrance or Transfer Examinations
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 57~73
A study on drug abuse of young people who failed in college entrance examinations and preparing the next examination and those enrolled at colleges but trying to transfer to other colleges was conducted from February 3 to May 31, 1999 in order to determine current drug abuse status of them and factors affecting their behavior related to drug abuse. A total of 1,771 people were selected from college entrance preparation institutes in Seoul, Pusan, Taegu, Taejon and Kwangju and interviewed by using questionnaires. The results are summarized as follows; 1. 49.78％ of them experienced drinking, 22.8％ smoking, and 6.7％ drug previously. More males smoked cigarettes than females. The young in the age group of 25 to 29 years old, and the young living in small towns, and subjects who finished junior colleges and those without religions drank more than those in other categories. The subjects in the age group of 20 to 24 years old and those with one parent, and those living in small towns used more drugs than those in other categories. 2. 60.1％ of those with drug using experience used the drug in their or friends' homes. 53.6％ of them used drugs with their friends, junior or senior classmates. 36.6％ of them purchased drugs from drug stores. 76.0％ of them spent their pocket money for buying drugs. 3. The drugs (excluding alcohol and tobacco) they used were bond and butane gas (29.6％), stimulants (20.6％), marijuana 02.0％) LSD (4.8％), cocaine, heroine and opium (4.2％), and others (28.8％). 4. 21.5％ of those with drug using experience had detoxification treatment previously. The ajmor sufferings they experienced were distraction (42.6％), fear 01.7％), and others. 5. 51.0％ of the subjects experienced drug related health education in schools, and 14.6％ had that kind of education through social program. 6. 64.3％ of the subjects got information about drug abuse through mass media, 16.4％ through printed materials, and 11.4％ through public health professionals. 7. The knowledge level of drug abuse was 16.48:1:2.76 points out of 24 (68.6 points out of 100).
Development of a Smoking Prevention Video for Youth
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 75~85
The National Health Promotion Law passed in 1995 was a milestone for initiating a national health promotion program in Korea, and local governments and health related organizations are developing and providing health promotion programs for the public. The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of a smoking prevention video for adolescents. There was no educational video on smoking prevention for school students in Korea. Based on funding from the National Health Promotion Fund, an educational video on smoking prevention has been developed and tested for the effectiveness. The primary subject of the video was middle school students. The result of the study has shown that there was a statistically significant difference between pre-and post test among middle school students and elementary school students. Students' knowledge on the harm of smoking has been increased after the video education. In addition, more than half of the students responded that the educational video was interesting and helpful. To reduce initiation of smoking among adolescents, both policies and school health education programs should be reinforced. Policies on tobacco should focus on demand of smokers and potential smokers. So government officials should keep monitor obedience of the law on prohibition of smoking for those under age 19. School teachers should focus on social influence of smoking for adolescents.
A Study on Importance Analysis for the Department of Industrial Safety and Health through Task Analysis
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 87~98
In this paper, an effective curriculum for the department related to industrial safety and health is developed through task analysis by the following approaches. The first approach is DACUM. The method is reflected the demand of industrial fields on subjects in curriculum. In this paper, DACUM workshop involves a trained DACUM facilitator and a committee of 6 expert workers from industrial safety and health area. 21 subjects which are necessary in the industrial fields have been selected by the DACUM analysis. The other is to understand the relative importance among each subject by AHP method. The relative importance of the subject is shown in the order of safety management, mechanical safety, construction safety, human factors engineering and system safety, chemical safety, electric safety by AHP analysis. The competition of department can be improved, if the result of this research is adapted to the department curriculum related to industrial safety and health.
A Study on the relation of health concern, health behavior, and subjective health status between the aged and the preliminary aged group
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 99~110
The purpose of this research was to provide basic data to the welfare policy for the aged by studying the relation of health concern, health behavior, and subjective health condition between the aged and the preliminary aged group. Subjects were composed of a total of 259 (116 males, 143 females) living in seoul, aged 50-64(preliminary old people) and over 65(old people), and they were asked to answer the survey Questionnaires The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and spearman's correlation coefficient. As a result of the study, the preliminary aged group was significant than the aged group in all three variables. In the relation of health concern and health behavior, there was significance both for the preliminary aged(p〈0.01) and the aged group(p〈0.001). Also, there was significance in the relation of health behavior and subjective health condition of two groups(p〈0.001). However, in the relation of subjective health condition and health concern, there was significance only for the aged group(p〈0.001). For the correlation among three variables, there was significance in the relation between health concern and health behavior and between health behavior and subjective health condition of the preliminary aged group(p〈0.01), but there was significance in the relation between health concern and health behavior and between health behavior and subjective health condition of the aged group(p〈0.01).
Measurement of Effects of Health Educational Methods on Sex and AIDS
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 111~124
The objective of this study is to find the most effective educational method on Sex and AIDS/HIV among young people in Korea. The number of people with HIV amounts to 1,224 as of Sep. 2000, and is increasing continuously, especially among young people(National Institute of Health, 2000). In setting up the policy of health education on Sex and AIDS, the criteria should be the effectiveness. By two-stage cluster sampling, 4,713 students were selected from among the 19,093 students from 44 middle and high schools and divided into three groups and taken the education with three different methods( 〈lecture with slides show〉, 〈lecture without any material〉 and 〈lecture through broadcasting system〉) by the same lecturer with the same contents for about 50 minutes. To compare the effects of education by methods, the tests on the AIDS knowledge, AIDS attitude on AIDS and Sexuality attitudes with self-administered questionnaire were implemented three times, that is, ‘before’, ‘right after’ and ‘2 weeks later’ of the education. As to the degrees of change of AIDS knowledge, AIDS attitudes, Sexuality attitudes and subjective evaluation of the education, 〈lecture with slides show〉 was the most effective, 〈lecture without any material〉 was the second and 〈lecture through broadcasting system〉 was the least effective, respectively. In the cost-effectiveness analysis using the results of this study, 〈lecture with slides show〉 turned out to be the most effective, and 〈lecture through broadcasting system〉 was the second and 〈lecture without any material〉 was least effective. From these results, it is suggested that 〈lecture with slides show〉 is more effective health educational methods on Sex and AIDS than 〈lecture without any material〉 or 〈lecture through broadcasting system〉.
Factors Affecting Dental Hygienists's Stress at Public Health Center in Chonbuk Province
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 125~149
The purpose of this study was practiced to investigate factors affecting dental hygienists's stress. The results executed by percentage and Likert scale (on a scale of 5) producing a mean standard deviation, T-test, one way ANOV A and person correlation coefficient using SPSS according to purpose of study. The results of study were as follows: 1. Mean point of stress from administration system dental hygienists's was 3.49 2. The dental hygienists's job place was significantly related to stress from duty volume (p=0.000), stress from personal relation(p=0.028) and stress from atmosphere of job(p=0.000). 3. The dental hygienists's career was significantly related to stress from safe job. 4. The dental hygienists's grade in rank was significantly related to stress from pride ＆ self-conceit. 5. The number of colleague worked public health center was significantly related to stress from duty volume. 6. There is a significant relationship between stress from duty volume and stress from conflict of job(p〈0.01, r=0.280). There is a significant relationship between stress from dissatisfaction and stress from personal relationship(p〈0.001, r=0.396). There is a significant relationship between stress from pride ＆ self-conceit and stress from personal relationship(p〈0.001, r=0.423). There is a significant relationship between stress from personal relationship and stress from atmosphere of job(p〈0.001, r=0.662).
An Analysis of the Effect of Public Advertisement on Smoking Prevention Education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 151~163
Adopting the theory of enter-educate, this study was conducted to prevent the smoking by middle school students who had not started smoking yet. A famous pop music singer with high popularity among teenagers was cast on the public sponsored advertisement (PSA) on smoking prevention. This PSA was televised through major TV stations for two months. The effectiveness of this project was evaluated seven times. The effectiveness of the PSA, the role of the cast singer, the rate of seeing the PSA, and the impression about the PSA were evaluated. The viewer survey since the second period of the PSA revealed that most of the middle school students (79~94 percent) watched it. Among TV stations, MBC recorded the highest viewer rate as 69.6~72.0 percent of the middle school students watched the PSA at least once from this station. Also, the viewer rates of such cable TV stations as Mnet and OCN were quite high for their advertisement prices. The overall impression about the PSA was favorable. The contribution of the singer to this positive outcome was 60 percent and over. The effect of smoking prevention was also high as 93.7 percent of the middle school students replied that they would not start smoking. However, since this study dealt with the general public, it was not possible to control the effect of other factors systematically. Also, we could not measure the differences bewteen the pre-PSA and the post-PSA periods, so that the interpretation of the results has some limitation.
Caring for older adults with dementia -focused on therapeutic environment-
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 165~181
Even though enormous governmental expenses and scientists' efforts to find out definite causes and treatment methods of senile dementia have been investigated, little has been known in this area. Along with knowledge development of the etiology and treatment of the dementia, researchers have started to focus on improving the quality of life of the older adults with dementia through psychosocial intervention. This study was designed to propose a theoretical framework for establishing therapeutic environment for the older adults with dementia and for developing principles and strategies of caring. The results of this study were expected to help family members of the older adults with dementia to understand behavioral problems of the demented persons. The results can be utilized for health professionals to provide nursing interventions to reduce family caregivers' burden and to improve the quality of life of the older adults with dementia and their family. Caring principles developed from this study were as follows: 1. To minimize the stressors that can stimulate older adults with dementia. 2. To assess demented person's needs for safety and provide intervention based on the assessment. 3. To provide therapeutic environment for older adults with dementia to reduce confusion and to improve orientation. 4. To organize simple regular daily activities that older adults can anticipate. 5. To enhance demented person's self-esteem and self-confidence by providing supportive care. 6. To promote social interaction of the older adults with dementia by utilizing adequate activity programs.
Comparison of the Quality of Life of the Elderly inpatient with that of the normal elderly people
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 183~205
This research was designed to compare the health condition and the quality of life of the elderly inpatients with those of the normal elderly people. The subjects of study were 482 elderly inpatients and 304 normal elderly people. The research was conducted in July and August using the instrument WHOQOL. The results of the research are as follows: For the level of health, it was recognized that male was healthier than female, having higher the education, living in the city rather than in the rural, keeping the normal life than being in the hospital. There were little difference in the past medical histories of the elderly inpatients and the normal elderly people. As to the diseases currently under the treatment, there were some difference between the elderly inpatients and the normal elderly people but the tendency was similar in the kinds and the frequencies. As to the recognition for the quality of life between the elderly inpatients and the normal elderly people based on the records reflected on each of the domains of WHOQOL, the normal elderly people more positively recognized in the overall quality of life and the following domains: physical, psychological, level of independence, and spirituality/religion/personal beliefs. The normal elderly people more positively recognized especially in the level of independence domain (mobility, activities of daily living, dependence on medication or treatments, working capacity). In the social relationships domain only the sexual activity was significant and the normal elderly people more positively recognized. The elderly inpatients showed the correlation of over 0.5 in the overall quality of life and the following domains: environment, social relationships, physical, psychological, level of independence. It was over 0.6 in the physical domain and the domains of psychological and level of independence. and the psychological domains of level of independence and social relationships. For the points of overall quality of life, it had no correlation with hospitalization but the health condition, residential district, occupation, and taste exerted a significant effect. As a result of separate analyses of the elderly inpatients and the normal elderly people, the health condition and the age only were the common variable which would exercise a significant effect. Besides, the primary factors which would exercise the quality of life were the occupation and taste for the elderly inpatients, and the residential district and source of income for the normal elderly people. In conclusion, it is first and foremost important to improve the standard of health for the overall quality of life for the elderly people, regardless of hospitalization. Therefore, a plan must be urgently drawn up for revitalization of the health promoting projects for the elderly people and the public health projects for the elderly people, and the investment must be increased for settlement of health problems of the elderly people.
Development of Health Professional Training Program for National Health Promotion Services
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 207~218
National health promotion services are any planned combination of comprehensive and specific services to help people to achieve and maintain health. The purpose of the service activities is to identify health needs, to obtain information and resources and to achieve change of individuals, families, groups, or entire communities. It also includes environmental support of social, political, economic, and organizational policy and regulatory arrangements bearing on behavior or more directly on health. To be most effective, the service must be planned and delivered by health professional. Therefore, the aim of this study has been to develop a health professional training program for national health promotion. The specific aims of this study were: 1) to clarify the roles, responsibilities and competencies of health promotion practitioners; 2) to help health promotion practitioners to get the knowledge, skills, and abilities for any heath promotion project or program that seeks to improve health; 3) to help health promotion practitioners to acquire the skills and abilities to encourage people to participate in the health promotion project, to access the health needs and available community resources, and develop community-wide health promotion program strategies. The health professional training program developed in this study included factors affecting education, the demands of training program and roles and responsibilities of health promotion practitioners. This study also developed the curriculum for health promotion practitioners. The curriculum had six topics: 1) government's health promotion policies and projects or programs; 2) health management and plan; 3) recent health issues and future perspectives; 4) data on various health status indices; 5) strategies to implement health promotion projects or programs; and 6) introduction of some effective and comprehensive health promotion projects or programs.
A study on the problematic direction of health promotion in Korea - focusing on the importance of health education
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 219~228
The fundamental hypothesis of health promotion is that the modification of behavior to better fit practices associated with health will in fact increase health and longevity. Therefore, it is in general said that the most important thing to health promotion is the practice of health education which can result in the change of human behaviors. The National Health Promotion Fund is the financial resource of health promotion programs in Korea. The budget for health education of the fund accounted for 0.58 billion won out of the health promotion budget, 29.5 billion won in 1998. It has been the smallest out of 4 categories of health promotion programs from 1998 to 2000. What is worse, only 0.26 billion won was spent on health education in fact. It was less than a half of the budget for health education. In addition to it, the budget for the development of health education material was 0.17 billion won in 1998. But it was not spent on the project at all. And the project of educational material development got no budget in 1999. The Korean health promotion needs to enlarge the portion of community health education services drastically in order to attain the proper behavioral change of the people in the future.
Actual Conditions of Smoking of Public Workers within Nonsmoking Areas
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 17, issue 2, 2000, Pages 229~237
The purpose of this study was to be useful in working out plans for improving national health by identifying public workers' knowledge of and attitude to smoking, actual conditions of smoking within nonsmoking areas, and related factors. For the purpose, the questionnaire was carried out with 761 public officials of the division manager-level and lower working in Taegu Metropolitan City Hall in september, 1998. The results are summarized as follows; Smokers of the subject group accounted for 55.1％, and the smoking rate had a significant relation with age and religion. In view of the time when smokers started smoking, smokers who started smoking after graduation from a high school accounted for 70.6％. Smokers who smoke one pack of cigarettes per day and a cigarette to its two-thirds length was the most. In the smoking place of smokers at home, 54.9％ of the smokers responded that they smoke in an outdoor space The rate of smoking in an office was 68.3％ and the rate of smoking within the nonsmoking areas of other public institutions was 43.0％. The results of multiple regression analysis with the actual state of smoking within the nonsmoking area of other public institutions as an independent variable revealed that smokers who check for a nonsmoking area before smoking in the public institutions and who do not smoke in an office do not smoke within the nonsmoking areas of other public institutions. In conclusion, more smoking and health education for public workers is needed to reduce the rate of national smoking and allow people to have a good smoking attitude, and it is required to arrange an institutional system who can strictly control public workers' smoking in their offices or public places and to stress a function of surveillance and monitoring by nonsmokers.