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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
The Status of Safety Accident and Safety Health Education and Risk Factors of Safety Accident among the selected High School Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~15
In this study, it is aimed to clarify the status of safety accident and safety health education and risk factors on safety accidents among the selected high school students. The study is accomplished by the survey which includes a total of 558 students sampled from the six high school. The survey took for 10 days from the date of 3th July 2000 to 13th July 2000 and the results were as follows; 1. The rate of experience of safety health education during last one year was 26.4% and the rate of accident during last one month was 20.6%. 2. The risk factors of safety accident during last one year were understanding degree of safety health education(R.R.=2.81), experience of smoking(R.R.=2.55), educational level of mother (R.R=l.63) From the results of this study, we are to propose as follow; Because the purpose of safety health education is the practice, it is important to induce changing the recognition and behavior. Therefore the government have to build up experience place, to bring up professional teacher of safety health education. It need to develope a reference of each subject and to utilize various media. Especially it need to take of education comprehensive health and environmental inducing safety health subject.
Prevalence Status and Risk Factors for Back Pain among High School Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 17~30
BACKGROUND: Back pain is a popular disease in general population as well as in workers. School students handle heavy bag and keep awkward postures during class long time. However, the prevalence of back pain among students and the risk factors associated with back pain are not well known. METHODS: In this study, we assess the frequency of risk factors for back pain among 2,717 high school students. From April 2001 to May 2001, using a self-reported questionnaire, we collected data on occurrence of back pain and potential risk factors for back pain. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of high school students reported having daily back pain for a week or more during the past 12 months. Female students had a higher prevalence of back pain than males(OR=2.22, 95% CI 1.69-2.91). Using a multiple logistic regression model, we found six factors associated with back pain for females; alcohol(OR=1.75, 95% CI 1.26-2.45), depression(OR=1.75, 95% CI 1.84-2.28), poor physical health(OR=2.57, 95% CI 1.84-8.58), obesity(OR=0.29, 95% CI 0.12-0.68), exercise(OR=l.50, 95% CI=1.07-2.16), and good performance(OR=l.50, 95% CI 1.05-2.18). Only alcohol, however, associated with back pain for males(OR=1.70, 95% CI 1.05-2.77) CONCLUSIONS: High school students had a relatively high prevalence of back pain. Students with alcohol consumption had the higher risk for back pain.
Arthritis Patients' Knowledge Level and It's Related Factors
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 31~44
This study was conducted to examine arthritis patients' knowledge level and its related factors. Data were collected from 100 people who suffered from arthritis in Seoul, Busan, Daegu, Daejun, Junjoo, and Pohang from June 1, 2000 to August 31, 2000. The results of this study are summarized as follows. 1. 61.0％ of the subjects was female. The incidence rate of arthritis was higher in the higher age group, lower educated group, and thinner group. In the case of male, the incidence rate was higher in the groups of single, residents in big cities, and technicians. In the case of female, it was higher in the groups of the married, residents in towns or villages, and housewives. 2. Among the sources of obtaining the knowledge related to arthritis, 38.0％ of the respondents obtained the knowledge from physicians and 24.1 ％ got it from TV or Radio. 14.6％ of them obtained it from family members, neighbors, and friends and 14.3％ got it from newspapers, magazines, and pamphlets. Only 5.8％ of them obtained the knowledge from pharmacists. The sources showed significant difference in the variables of age, occupation, marital status, religion, place of residence, and education level. 3. 47.2％ of them thought that education related to arthritis was needed without fail, while 12.5％ thought that it was not necessary. In the question related to concern about arthritis, ‘no concern’ was 31.2％, while ‘concern’ was 7.8％ and ‘a little concern’ was 45.1 ％. 4. The knowledge level of arthritis was 7.35 ± 1.51 points on the basis of 11 points. It showed significant difference in the variables of age, occupation, education level, and economic status. 5. The knowledge was influenced by the variables of economic status, necessity of publicity, treatment period, occupation, education level, and age. The arthritis patients did not have enough knowledge of arthritis because the education was not provided well for them. Therefore, related professionals and organizations must develop education program of arthritis in order to educate them.
The Complaining Rate of Physical Self -Consciousness Symptoms for College Students in Taegu, Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 45~58
This research was conducted to understand and analyze the physical awareness symptoms of college students and get fundamental research data essential to provide efficient student guidance and public health service at schools. The survey was carried out for 1 month from May 7th, 2001 to June 7th, 2001. The interviewees were 950 enrolled students at junior colleges in Daegu. 26.5% of them were men and 73.5% women. Among the surveyed, public health majors were 76.9%. Daytime students were 64.1 %, and the majority of the students, 42.8%, were atheistic. 56.0% of the students grew up in big cities, 22.2% in medium and small-sized cities, and 21.8% in farming and fishing communities. 66.1 % used public transportation. The majority of the students, 48.7%, answered that the satisfaction level for their majors was average. The result shows that the ocular fatigue was indicated as a greatest complaint, and the female students showed the higher complaint rate than the males. In the study of the complaining rate of physical symptoms by major, the public health majors showed the highest complaining rate in gasping when going up/down stairs, shoulder pain, a burning feeling on empty stomach, and leg/knee pain. On the other hand, the highest complaint factors for the technical majors were ocular fatigue and the feelings of heavy head. In the study of the complaining rate of physical symptoms by transportation, gasping during going up/down stairs and shoulder pain were most common, which were 52.2% and 36.0% respectively. In the study of the insecurity response distribution by transportation, college students who drive a car showed 3.8% and students using public transportation 3.7%. In the study of the insecurity response by subject satisfaction, students who answered dissatisfactory were 8.3%, average 3.9%, satisfied 3.0%. Therefore, it was concluded that students who were dissatisfied with their subjects showed the higher rate of insecurity response. it can be recommended that a school health education program regarding ocular fatigue and shoulder pain should be developed.
Health Promoting Behavior of University Students and Related Factors
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 59~85
The purpose of this study was to examine the health promoting behavior of university students and its related factors. A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out for 1,031(male, 477, female, 554) students from 7 universities in Taegu from March 10 to April 15 2000. Collected data were analyzed by the
-test, t-test, ANOV A and structural equation modeling analysis. The results of this study were as follows; Mean score of health promoting behavior of women was higher than mean score of men(p〈0.01). According to the subordinate fields, female students showed significantly higher scores in the fields of stress management, nutrition, personal relations and alcohol-cigarette(p〈0.05). And in male students, the only fields of exercise had meaningfully higher score(p〈0.01). The highest degree of performance was marked in alcohol-cigarette field in female, and interpersonal field in male. In Both male and female students, the lowest field was health responsibility. The mean score of health promoting behavior showed significant differences in intermediating factors such as age, health education and grade in male, and such as grade, pocket money for a month, taking health education, perceived body shape and gastrointestinal symptoms in female(p〈0.05). The mean score of health promoting behavior showed significant differences in cognitive-perceptual factors and cues to action such as perceived health status, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, and health concern of parents in both male and female(p〈0.05). By the results of structural equation modeling analysis in male students, the economic status, gastrointestinal symptoms and perceived body shape as lean had significant direct effects on cognitive-perceptual factors(
〉2.0). Grade and health concern of parents had significant direct effects on health promotion behaviors(
〉2.0). In female students, perceived body shape as lean and perceived body shape as fat had significant direct effects on cognitive-perceptual factors(
〉2.0). Grade, pocket money and health concern of parents had significant direct effects on health promotion behaviors(
〉2.0). On the consideration of above findings, it is recommended that perceived health status and perceived benefits should be raised and perceived barriers should be lowered to increase health promoting behaviors, by means such as institutional approach which can enhance the primary prevention for a disease. In addition, the health policy for improving parents' concern about health as well as university students, through various ways such as health education, consulting, and health program, should be employed.
A Study on the Development of the Measuring Scale of Safety Consciousness
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 87~107
Recently, the industrialized world is suffering from accidents referring from the lack of safety consciousness. According to Korean Safety Regulation Department(1996), students at junior high schools are mostly involved in safety accidents, and this is due to lack of safety consciousness. To prevent these accidents, we need to have safety consciousness and attitude. To make junior high school students who are mostly affected in these accidents act safely, they need to know their level of safety consciousness. The purpose of this study is to develop a guideline of measuring the scale of safety consciousness and analyze the relationship between safety education, accident experiences and safety consciousness. This study is based on a survey of 708 junior high students in Seoul, which was carried out from 12 November, 2001 to 21 November, 2001. 1. The main fields of safety consciousness are home safety, school safety, fire safety, emergency management based on documents. Home safety is again divided into facility safety and livelihood safety, school safety is divided into facility safety, livelihood safety and laboratory safety, traffic safety is divided into pedestrian safety, bicycling safety and public transportation safety, fire safety divided into prevention and escaping during fire breakouts, emergency management safety is divided into general principles and escaping during emergency situations. 2. The primary safety consciousness scale was made according to every field of safety consciousness. A preliminary examination based on the scale and a study of reliance and the factors was held. Based on these results, 27 questions which were concerned to be impairing reliability or lacking in factor were deleted on the secondary safety consciousness scale development The secondary safety consciousness scale which constituted of 73 questions was put into another preliminary study and after analyzing reliability and the factors, 12 questions of low reliabilities were deleted and with these results, the third scale were made consisting of 61 questions. 3. A study based on the third safety scale which is made of 61 questions, were held and with a analysis of the reliability and factors made, the relationship between safety education, accident experience and safety mind were examined. (1) The study of reliability and factors show that Cronbach's coefficient in home safety fields is .7598, in school safety .7924, in traffic safety .8306, in emergency treatment .7775, in fire safety .7247. The questions indicating low reliability were deleted. The factor analysis revealed that home safety is converged on facility safety and livelihood safety. But one question was deleted because it showed incongruence of validity. School safety was converged on facility safety, livelihood safety and laboratory safety. But 2 questions showed incongruence of validity and these were deleted. Traffic safety fields were converged on pedestrian safety, bicycle safety and public transportation safety. One question showing incongruence of validity was deleted. Emergency treatment fields converged on general principles and acting in emergency situations and three questions showing incongruence of validity were deleted. Fire safety was converged on prevention and acting in fire breakouts. Totally, eight questions were removed and the final scale were consisted of 53 questions (2) The 3/sup rd/ grade students scored higher average safety mind scales than 1st graders(p〈.05). And students who had high scores at school tend to have a higher scale than those who do not(p〈.001). (3) Average scale of students who had experience in safety education were higher(p〈.001). Students who had previously been involved in home safety accidents had a low score(p〈.001). This was same to students with experience in school safety accidents(p〈.001). Students with traffic safety accidents and fire safety accidents tend to have a lower scale too(p〈.05, p〈.001).
A Study on Health Education Behavior of Parent for Preventive Health Care of Kindergarten Children
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 109~132
The study surveyed 1,127 mothers whose children aged 3 to 5 went to 25 randomly selected kindergartens, which were located in Busan Metropolitan City and the adjacent Gimhae City, and analyzed the preventive health behaviors on their children and the condition of home health education on their children. As the compulsory kindergarten education will e to be implemented within 4 years, this study aimed to draw up the rudimentary material for health education at kindergartens. The study results are summed up as follows: 1. Mothers' awareness of health-related attitude and behavioral level for their children at kindergarten: 1) The general health condition of the children, which mothers are aware of, was that they were healthy on the whole. As their children becomes older, the income level of the parents is lower, and mothers have lower level of educational standard, the health condition of the children was found a little lower. 2) In terms of mothers' recognition of the practice level of preventive health behaviors, the items such as going to bed regularly, washing hands and feet well, and having meals regularly were high in the practice level, while exercise and tooth-brushing were not practiced well. 2. The condition of mothers' health education of their children: 1) It was found that washing hands and feet, restriction of overeating and preference for specific kinds of food, guidance on regular sleep and regular meal were practiced well among items of home health education targeting kindergarten children. 2) Mothers have obtained information on family health from printed matter such as newspaper or magazine rather than the visual media. 3) From the cross analysis of mothers' health education on children and children's health behaviors, as the standard of education of mothers was higher, so was the level of preventive health behaviors of children. 3. From the result of multi regression analysis of the factors influencing the preventive hygiene of kindergarten children, it was found that as the home health education level was higher, so was the health behavior of children. On the other hand, as the mothers were older, the health behavior of children became lower.
A Study on Correlations among Menopausal Symptoms, Exercise Performance and Subjective Health Conditions of Middle-aged Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 133~147
This study conducted an analysis of the correlations among menopausal symptoms of middle-aged women, their exercise performance and subjective health conditions on those 417 middle-aged women aged 40-59 years, residing in Seoul and the Kyongki Province area, from December 6, 2000 through Jun. 20, 2001, using the SPSS 10.00 program. Resultant findings were revealed, as follows: 1. A difference was represented in general characteristics between menopausal symptoms of middled-aged women and variables such as satisfaction with life, sexual life, diseases, the presence or absence of surgical operations; a difference between exercise performance and variables such as age, the presence or absence of vocations, weight control, satisfaction with life, and sleep; and also a difference between subjective health conditions and variables such as weight control, satisfaction with life, diseases, and the presence or absence of surgical operations. 2. Furthermore, a difference was revealed between the levels of menopausal symptoms by exercise performance and variables such as mental and physical symptoms and psychological symptoms. 3. The group of good exercise performance showed higher subjective health conditions as to subjective health conditions by the levels of exercise performance. 4. The better their subjective health conditions, the lower their menopausal symptoms as to menopausal symptoms by subjective health conditions. 5. A negative relationship was disclosed between menopausal symptoms and exercise performance; a positive relationship between exercise performance and subjective health conditions; and a negative relationship between subjective health conditions and menopausal symptoms.
The Use of Health Behavior Theory for Effective Health Counselling
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 149~170
The use of health behavior theory in health counseling may improve its effectiveness. This article provides an overview of health behavior theory and guidelines on how to incorporate various theories into effective health counseling. Models that focus on behavior change at the individual level are described, including the health belief model, which focuses on individual health beliefs; social learning theory, which emphasizes interactions between individual, behavior and its environment; theory of reasoned action and theory of planned behavior, which examines factors influencing behavioral intention;. the stages of change model, which focuses on one's stage of readiness for change. Research review provides explanatory and predictive utility of four health behavior theories. Suggestions for effective health counselling are as follows: 1. Unified theoretical framework incorporating key concepts from different health behavior theories is needed. 2. Need assessment should be included in counselling process. 3. Behavior-change counselling should target changes in one or more key variables previously identified. 4. Focusing on promotional efforts into a high profile behavior(gateway behavior) can be an an adjunctive way of initiating other health promotion behaviors. 5. Counselling should be staged based, and different strategies and processes of changes should be applied at different stages.
Relationship between Self concept and Depression of Middle-Aged Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 171~184
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self concept and depression of middle-aged women. The Subjects were 102 middle-aged women whose age range were 40-59 years old living in urban area. The instruments used in this study were self concept scale developed by Rosenberg and the depression scale developed by Zung. Data were collected done from July 1 to July 31, 2001 by a structured questionnaire. The Data were analyzed by the SPSS/PC+ program using t-test, ANOV A and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. The results of the study were as followed : 1. Mean score of self concept was 2.35. 2. Mean score of depression scale was 2.43 3. The relationship between self concept and depression was statistically negative correlation(r=-0.3769, P〈0.001). 4. There were statistically significant differences in the score of middle-aged women's self concept to the age(F=3.41, P〈0.05), education(F=2.97, P〈0.05), Occupation(t=1.84, P〈0.05). 5. General characteristics variables were significantly related to the level of depression were the age(F=3.12, P〈0.05), numbers of children(t=3.59,P〈0.05). Obstetrical characteristics variables were significantly related to the level of depression were age of menarche(F=4.03, P〈0.05), times of abortion(t=10.09, P〈0.001). In conclusion, this study revealed that self esteem was an important factor related to depression. I suggest that to decrease depression, it should be encouraged self esteem.
A Study on Beauty Artistis' the Morbidity of Limited Range of Motion about Cervical and the Factors Related to the Disease
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 185~197
This study was conducted to analyze the factors affected morbidity for beauty artists of the limited range of motion about cerviacl, shoulder and wrist, from July 15 through August 30, 2000. Questionnaires were distributed to 373 beauty artists working in beauty shops of Taegu city. The factors included general characteristics, working conditions, life style and regular diagnosis of subject. The data collected were analyzed by SPSS program and the results of this study are summarized as follows; By the marital status, 224(86.5%) out of 259 unmarried beauty artists had the complaint of a neck(P〉0.05), and by the status of education, the complaint rate of a shoulder of beauty artists who graduated university(92.9%) is the highest(P〈0.01). In survey of complaint rates of symptom by the sleeping place, 324(86.7) out of 373 subjects had the pain in shoulder(P〈0.01), specially, beauty artists who are sleeping in bed complained the pain in shoulder more the others, in survey of complaint rates of symptom by sleeping pose, there was the significant different in neck(P〈0.01) and shoulder(P〈0.001). In survey of complaint rates of symptom by regular diagnosis, 61(85.9%) out of 71 beauty artists who took regular diagnosis and 263(87.4%) out of 302 beauty artists who didn't take regular diagnosis(P〈0.05). In conclusion, beauty artists who are on their feet for long time by official trait complaint the pain in neck and shoulder mainly. This result occurs from complex action of general characteristics and work condition and so on. In order to promote the health of beauty artists, there are needs for moderate exercise and regular diagnosis.
An Ecological Study on Dietary Behaviors by the Degree of Stress Among Female College Students in Suwon
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 19, issue 1, 2002, Pages 199~212
Stress not only brings disorders in social, family life but brings also changes in eating behaviors so that the imbalance of food intake is induced. Our study was carried out to find out the association between the degree of stress and eating behaviors for the subjects of 262 female college students in the Suwon area. The study instrument was a structured questionnaire composed with questions about demographic data, food preferences, questions related to life styles, and health. All of the collected data was analyzed by the degree of stress score, grouping into high(25〈) and low stress group(〈=25). High stress group showed unhealthy lifestyles, higher percentage of irregular menstruation, smoking, dizziness, higher amount of alcohol consumption. They also showed higher preference rate of spicy foods including hot foods, oil based foods and showed percentage of removing visible fat when eating meats. They more wanted to control weight and prefers snacking compared to low stress group. These results show that stress changes in eating behaviors in a way of unhealthy life styles.