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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
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Volume & Issues
Volume 21, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 21, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 21, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 21, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Effects of Job-related Characteristics on Alcohol Consumption among Female Workers in Korea
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 1~23
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of job-related characteristics on alcohol consumption among female workers. The Data was collected from a sample of 1,000 female workers by a stratified proportional quota sampling method derived from those who were working in Seoul. Drinking behavior pattern includes total amount of pure alcohol consumed during the last month (AC) measured by graduated quantity-frequency. Job-related characteristics (JRC) were measured by job-related stress, work characteristics, and organizational structure including length of working hours, number of times dining out together with workers per year, number of staff to supervise, employment status, occupational category, and proportion of female workers to male counterpart. Confounding variables include sociodemogrphic and socio-cultural attitudes toward alcohol expectancy, subjective norm of drinking, and gender-role attitude. Hierarchical multiple regression models show that the variability of AC was accounted for by some JRC including number of times dining together and employment status, with confounding variables held constant. However, the relationship between AC and JRC varied across occupational categories. Some implications were discussed in terms of health policy for female workers and further study for female drinking behavior.
Stress and Stress Management in Clinical Nurses Working from University Hospitals in Daejeon City
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 25~43
This study is aimed at determining stress and the degree of stress coping among nurse as well as such general characteristics as daily life styles, duty, and socio-demographic characteristics of that group. 525 nurses, from four university hospitals in Daejeon city underwent a self-administered questionnaire during the 3-week period from July. 21 to August. 9, 2003. The questions focused on general characteristics including： socio-demographic and duty characteristics, daily life styles, and stress and methods of coping with stress. Based on the distribution of degree of stresses, 66.1% of the study subjects were at the potential risk of stress, with the high risk group constituting 30.3% and the normal group 3.6%. The stress and the degree of stress coping were shown to be affected by socio-demographic and job-related characteristics as well as daily life styles. The group at higher risk of stress was shown to have a lower degree of coping with stress, implying that a lower degree of coping with stress would in turn heighten the occurrence of stress. Therefore, it is required to develop an effective strategy that includes stress-reduction programs available in the field and prompting further build-up of comprehensive stress-management programs.
Sexual Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors of Korea College Students and Effects of Sexual Education on Sexual Knowledge and Attitudes
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 45~68
This study was done to examine the sexual knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors of Korea college students and investigate the effects of sexual education programs on college students with respect to their sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes. For these objectives, a single 92 item sexual questionnaire was administered to 213 college students (113 in the experimental group and 100 in the control group) as a pretest one day before the experimental group participated in a sexual education program. Then a three week sexual education program was given to the experimental group and a posttest was administered to both groups day after the program. The findings from the pretest； 1) The main sources of sexual information were friends, Internet, books and magazines. College students in this study showed relatively high scores on their overall sexual knowledge but showed low scores on their knowledge of venereal disease and HIV/AIDS. Female students had a higher sexual knowledge of physiology, pregnancy and sexual abuse than male students. 2) The overall sexual attitudes of college students were subjective. They showed especially strong liberal attitudes to premarital intercourse, had few double standards and agreed on induced abortion. Male students showed a more liberal attitude to premarital intercourse and extramarital intercourse (X²＝50.679, p＜.001). Christian students showed the lowest rates of permissiveness for induced abortion than students of other religions. 3) 64.9％ of the subjects in this study had experience in intercourse. The gender and age of students did influence the experience rates of intercourse. Male students had much higher rates of intercourse than female students (X²＝13.565, p＜.001) and older students had higher experience rates of intercourse. 4) From the analysis of the relationship between sexual knowledge, attitudes and behaviors, this study revealed that sexual knowledge and sexual attitudes of college students have a correlation 6＝0.324, p＝0.000). Students' experience of intercourse did not influence their sexual knowledge scores, but did influence their sexual attitudes. Students who had experience of intercourse showed more liberal sexual attitudes than those students who did not (t＝2.677, p＜.050). And students who were exposed to sexual media such as pornography, sexual magazines, sexual books and the Internet, also showed more liberal sexual attitudes than those students who were not. The findings from the comparison of pretest and posttest ； 1. The sexual knowledge of the experimental group that participated in the sexual education program was significantly increased after the program compared to before the program (p＜.001). However the control group did not show any significant change in their sexual knowledge. 2. The sexual attitudes of the experimental group were also changed significantly becoming less liberal (p＜.001). The control group also showed significant change in their sexual attitudes, also becoming less liberal (p＜.001). Therefore, the sexual education program used in this study was effective in increasing college students' accurate sexual knowledge, but had little effect on their sexual attitudes.
Relationships between Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors about the Dental Health and the Dental Health Conditions in Elementary Students in the Pusan Area
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 69~84
This study was conducted to identify actual dental care status, levels of knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about dental health, and dental health conditions in elementary students; and examine the relationships between the levels of knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and dental health conditions for 427 students in their sixth grades from six elementary schools in Pusan area from November 1st to December 5th, 2002. The data was collected through a structured study questionnaire and through dental checkups by dentists and was analyzed into frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation analysis using SPSS program. The main results of this study were summarized as follows： 1) The levels of knowledge, attitudes, behaviors about dental health was found to be high as mean score 18.75 points (64.7％) in knowledge, 17.86 points (59.5％) in attitudes, and 31.64 points (67.3％) in behaviors. Therefore they were found to care a lot about their dental health. The indices of dental health conditions were found to be low as mean score 0.87 pieces (3.1％) of treated teeth, 1.27 pieces (4.5％) of teeth to be treated, 7.64％ of the DMFT rate and 0.43 points (7.2％) of the simplified oral hygiene index. Therefore their condition of dental health was found to be very clean. 2) The relationships among the knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about dental health showed a weak level of positive correlations. Among the conditions of dental health, treated teeth and the DMFT rate showed a moderate level of positive correlation； and treated teeth and the simplified oral hygiene index showed weak level of positive correlation. 3) The condition of dental health of the subjects of this study was found to be good and dental care was properly done when there was participation of parents and school health educators in dental care. It tells us that dental education is required not only for children but also for their parents. As there were significant correlations between knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors about children's dental heath, school health educators should encourage students to have continuous dental care habits for lifelong dental health with repetitive education, rather than to deliver simple knowledge to students during dental health education.
Utilization of Internet Health Information Sites by Undergraduates at Colleges Related to Public Health
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 85~102
The purpose of this study was to examine the utilization of Internet health information sites by undergraduates at colleges related to public health. A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out by 2,400 student from university and colleges in Taegu and Kyongsangbuk-do area from March 11, 2002 to March 31, 2002. 58.8% of the subjects responded that once connected rate of health information sites on the internet for year. In the connection rate of health information sites on the internet, the low class(
300%), the middle class(40-70%), and the high class(80%
) accounted for 89.8%, 9.0%, and 1.2%, respectively. A ranking of internet health information sites, diseases are ranked frist and exercise is ranked second and obesity is ranked third. The motives Students submit reports 36.1% and obtained knowledge 22.8%. Sufficiency of health information sites on the internet, sufficient 19.6%, common 56.3%, and insufficient 24.1%, Satisfaction of health information, satisfied 18.4%, common 63.1%, and dissatisfied 18.4%. With regards to the health behavior of the subjects that contacted Internet health information sites, the nonsmoking rate was 86.2%, the nondrinking rate was 28.9%, the rate of exercise practice was 22.6%, the rate of normal sleep was 66.3%, the rate of eating breakfast was 37.1%, the rate of not eating between meals was 4.8%, and the standard BMI was 14.3%. With regards to the health behavior of the subjects that had not contacted Internet health information sites, the nonsmoking rate was 84.9%, the nondrinking rate was 26.0%, the rate of exercise practice was 18.5%, the rate of normal sleep was 72.1%, the rate of eating breakfast was 34.3%, the rate of not eating between meals was 5.0%, and the standard BMI was 17.0%. In the frequency of health behavior, the subjects with the Breslow Index of 0-3, 4-5 and 6-7 accounted for 80.9%, 18.8%, and 0.2%, respectively. The average score of health behavior was 2.80 out of 7. In conclusion, Internet health information sites are required for students to understand proper, reliable, interesting information and there is a need to develop simple criteria that the general public can understand and utilize.
The Annals and Tendencies of the Articles
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 103~114
The Korean society for health education and promotion was established in 1982. The following year, the first journal of the Korean society for health education and promotion was published It has been 20 years since the first journal was published. For the future possibilities of the journal this study examined the annals of the journals and the characteristics of those articles. To do that, 8 variables were chosen： year of publication, volume number, numbers of researchers, types of articles, study field, research subjects, and trends of the study. A great growth has been noticed during the last 20 years. However, it was found that only limited study fields were investigated and the most frequently adopted study subject was a student groups. Most of the studies were carried out for the purpose of providing basic information in their study fields. It is noted that for the next decade the journal should assure the quality of articles.
A Comparative Study on the Relationship between Health Knowledge to Health Attitude and Health Practical Health Behaviors among High School Students in Seoul
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 115~135
The purpose of this study was to examine the health knowledge, attitude and behaviors of Korea high school students and find out the relationship between knowledge, attitude and behaviors in an effort to lay the foundation for the development of health-promotion programs and health education for adolescents. The subjects were 505 students in their first and second year of high school in Gangnam-gu and Guro-gu, Seoul. After a survey was conducted for seventeen days from April 23 to May 9, 2003, with self-administered questionnaires, the collected data was encoded and analyzed with SPSS Win 11.0 program. The frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation were calculated, and χ²-test, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe Post Hoc Tests and Pearson Correlation procedure were employed. The findings of this study were as follows： 1. There appeared significant differences in general traits, family-related characteristics and health-related features between the students in Gangnam and the others in Guro. 2. The collective average of the Gangnam residents in health knowledge was 13.97, and that of the Guro residents was 14.64. The overall collective average was 14.35(total of 22 points), and 65.2 percent of the students investigated had a correct knowledge. The points showed significant differences in the variables of sex, economic status, mother's occupation,and health concerns. 3. The students from Gangnam scored a mean of 77.55 in health attitude, and the others from Guro got an average of 78.75. The overall collective average was 78.22(total of 110 points), and 71.1 percent took a correct attitude toward health. The points showed significant differences in the variables of sex, religion, mother's education level, health concerns. 4. In the field of health behavior, the Gangnam residents got a mean of 63.99, and the Guro dwellers scored a mean of 62.12. There was a significant gap between the two groups, and the overall collective average was 62.94(total of 102 points). 61.5 percent tried to stay fit in a correct behavior. The points showed significant differences in the variables of sex, economic status, parents' education level, father's occupation, health concern of parents, self-perceived health status, health concern, exercise or diet performance for health, health education times for 1yr. 5. Concerning the relationship of health knowledge to health attitude and behavior, the health knowledge showed significantly positive correlation with health attitude(r＝0.227, p＜0.01), and the health knowledge showed significantly positive correlation with health behavior(r＝0.262, p＜0.001). But their relationship is comparatively low. The health attitude was not significantly correlated to health behavior.
Psychological Factors Associated with Short-tenn and Long-tenn Abstention Following a Smoking Cessation Program
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 137~151
Objectives： This study aims to investigate the psychological factors associated with abstention following a smoking cessation program, and to suggest useful information for those who want to stop . smoking and health practitioners who help them Methods： Participants were 73 smokers (65 males, 8 females) that participated in a hospitalized smoking cessation program, whose mean age was 44.89 (SD＝9.61). Participants completed questionnaires and psychological tests including： Demographic sheet, Eysenck's Personality Questionnaire, Multidimensional Coping Scale, Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence, and Jerusalem and Schwarzer's Self-Efficacy Scale. To identify whether the subjects abstained or not and to encourage them to abstain, the researcher called them on the telephone once a week for three months. After three months, they were contacted every other week till six months passed since they had left the smoking cessation program Tthey were THEN contacted once a month for another six months. The data was analyzed by using ANCOVAs with SPSS 10.0 for Windows. Results： 42 (57.5％) out of 73 abstained for one month and 26 (35.6％) abstained for one year. People who failed to abstain within a month showed a higher psychoticism and introversion personality trait than those who abstained for one month, while people who abstained for one month were coping actively in most situations, showed a higher self-efficacy and lower nicotine dependence than those who failed to abstain within a month, and people who failed to abstain within a year showed a higher psychoticism than those who abstained for one year. While people who abstained for one year were coping actively, obstinate, and interpreting positively most situations, they showed a higher self-efficacy than those who failed to abstain within a year. Conclusion： These findings reiterate the roles of personality, self-esteem, nicotine dependence in smoking and suggest the roles for smoking cessation. And it was found the roles of coping styles ,in smoking cessation. It might help smokers who want to stop smoking and health practitioners who help them
Evaluation of the Effects of a Smoking Prevention Program for Korean High School Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 153~170
Objectives： This study was performed to develop a smoking prevention program for Korean high school students, and to evaluate the effects of the program. Methods： A smoking prevention program, composed of five-session curriculum, was developed by modifying several smoking prevention and cessation programs based on the Social Influence Model. The program was applied to the freshmen of a technical high school. We surveyed with a questionnaire one week before education, one week after education, and two months after education. The number of participants for data analysis were 282(181 males, 101 females). Among those, 162(97 males, 65 females) students were allocated to the education group, and the other 120(84 males, 36 females) students were allocated to the control group. The effect of education was analyzed by multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted by potential confounders. Results： Among smokers, those who had education were more likely to quit smoking (OR＝2.99, 95% confidence interval(CI) 0.84-10.64), and to decrease smoking frequency(OR＝2.29, 95% CI 0.95-5.53) in borderline significance one week after education. However, the effect of education disappeared two months after education. The effect of education was significant(OR＝9.11, 95% CI 3.22-25.76) for the increase of smoking cessation intention one week after education, and it persisted until two months after education(OR＝2.94, 95% CI 1.18-7.35). Education was also a significant predictor(OR＝1.97, 95% CI 0.89-4.37) for the increase of smoking cessation stage one week after education and it persisted(OR＝6.39, 95% CI 2.42-16.86) after two months. Among non-smokers, those who had education were more likely to decrease smoking intention one week after education(OR＝4.71, 95% CI 1.63-13.58). However, the statistical significance of education disappeared two months after education. Conclusions： The results showed that the smoking prevention program developed in this study changed smoking behaviors immdeiately after education even though the effect did not persist. However, this program was successful in increasing smoking cessation intention and stage of smoking cessation among smokers.
Effects of A Well-Designed Program for Smoking Prevention Applicated on Korean Middle School Students
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 171~182
Objectives： Smoking, especially among youth, has been increasing in Korea. This study was performed to evaluate the effects of a newly developing well-designed packaged smoking prevention program (PSPP) for middle school students and to propose further ideas about the program. Methods： The subjects were middle school students enrolled in one Busan city middle school. The effects of the PSPP were evaluated through intervention and follow-up. The PSPP was executed for 10 hours during the semester of middle school freshmen by the author as a position of health teacher, from 1999. After PSPP, cognitions and experiences about smoking were assessed annually from February, 2000 to 2002 by questionnaire. The responses of the educated group and the non-educated group (enrolled in the school at 1998) were compared through chi-square test and odds ratio (OR) and 95％ confidence interval (CI) using SPSS program (ver 10.0). Results： In the three years' follow-up study on the students enrolled in 1999, the proportion of habitual smoking increased significantly (p＜0.001); freshmen 0.2％, sophmore 1.7％, junior 5.0％. However, these level were lower than the results of national study； freshmen 1.1 ％, sophmorer 6.3％, junior 8.5％. Also, the risk of smoking based on the response of 'smoking is hazardous to my health' increased by higher grading. In the comparison of educated and non-educated group, the proportion of the habitual smoking was significantly lower in the educated group(5.0％) than in the non-educated group(13.5％) (OR [95％CI]＝0.33 [0.20∼0.57]). The response rate of 'smoking is hazardous to my health' was higher (OR [95％CI]＝4.42 [2.52∼7.77]), and that of 'maybe smoking in the future' was lower (OR [95％CI]＝0.43 [0.31∼0.59]) in the educated group than in the non-educated group. Conclusions： Though there is not enough information and it was a relatively short evaluation period, this PSPP is considered to be effective in smoking prevention in middle school students. Interests and continuity would be emphasized for the success of smoking prevention programs for younger subjects.
The Change of Health Behavior and Knowledge related to Women's Health after Women's Health Education on Korean College Women
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 183~195
The purpose of this study was to discover the effects on women's health education for college women on their health promotion behaviors and the health related knowledge. The content of women's health education consisted of sex education, smoking, alcohol, exercise, nutrition, diet and stress management. “A Women and Heath” course was provided as an optional full term subject in the years of 2002 and 2003 at C University in G City. Out of 210 students who had chosen this course, 134 had agreed to participate in the research and had answered the same questionnaire which was given before the education and 14 weeks after the course at the last class. The findings are as follows： 1. It was found that the subjects have obtained knowledge mainly from television, radio, the Internet, women's magazines in order before the education. 2. Knowledge related to women"s health origionally scored low(average 1.92 out of 5). However, having completed a course on women and their health, they showed a significant increase of knowledge statistically(t＝26.945, p＝ .001) with average score of 3.48. 3. Health promotion behaviors who had completed the course has statistically significantly increased (t＝6.464, p＝ .001) compared to before the education. The results of this study are that by providing a women's health related course for college women on a regular basis, they could broaden their health related knowledge and become more active in practicing health promotion behaviors. This shows us the need to broaden the curriculum on women's health at the college level so that women have good knowledge and practice the knowledge for the sake of their health throughout their life.
Comparison of Beliefs about Social Rules, Differential Peer Association, Perceived Behavioral Control, Intention of Smoking, and Self Efficacy for Rejecting Smoking Among Smokers, Reformed Smokers, and Non Smokers in Adolescence
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 197~216
The purpose of this study was to compare beliefs about social rule, differential peer association, perceived behavioral control, intention of smoking, and self efficacy for rejecting smoking among smokers, reformed smokers, and non smokers in adolescence. The subjects were 576 adolescents in middle and high school, living in K city. The data was collected through questionnaires from December 1st to 18th, 2002 was analyzed using descriptive statistics, x²-test, and ANOVA. 1) The general characteristics and characteristics related to smoking among smokers, reformed smokers, and non smokers in adolescence showed differences as follows： sex, mother's education, monthly allowance, thinking about teacher's smoking, feelings about the smoking scene, thinking about father's smoking, drinking, satisfaction of school, and sexual experience. 2) Belief about social rule, differential peer association, perceived behavioral control, intention of smoking, and self efficacy for rejecting smoking among the three groups showed differences as follows： smokers have a lower belief about social rule, lower perceived behavioral control, lower self-efficacy for rejecting smoking, but higher differential peer association and higher intention of smoking than those of reformed smokers and non smokers. We recommend the development of a nursing program for anti-smoking behavior including the research factors affecting attitudes of smoking adolescents.
The Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Quality of Life in Dental Technicians
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 217~242
This study was carried out to measure job satisfaction and quality of life and to clarify the factors in job satisfaction which influence on quality of life of dental technicians, using developed tools for job satisfaction and WHOQOL-BREF for quality of life. The subjects for this study were 238 people who worked the in the Daegu-Kyungbuk area. The results of this study were as follows； the general characteristics that influenced job satisfaction, were especially education, hobbies, salary level, job career and work hours. The factors that influenced the quality of life, were especially Married status, hobbies, job position, and office hours. All subfactors in job satisfaction were related to each other. Growth-development factor was intensely related with recognition factor. Also, all subfactors in quality of life were in positive relation to each other, especially psychological domain was highly related with social domain. Factors of safety, recognition and accomplishment in job satisfaction intensely affected quality of life. Therefore, It is suggested that social recognition for dental technician should be promoted and it might be needed to adjust office hours and support hobby life.
Study on the Recognition and Behavioral Intention for Alcohol-reduction Programs
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 243~257
Alcohol consumption is a major source of health problems, for example, alchol consumption is related to liver diseases. In addition, the social and economic costs related to alcohol consumption are enormous. This study was conducted to evaluate the current status and influencing factors related to the recognition and behavioral intention for both drinking and alcohol-reduction programs. Three effective alcohol-reduction programs of clinic program, mass education, and alliance were considered. To explain the health behavior for drinking and alcohol-reduction programs, a five-stage behavioral intention model was built and 500 questionnaires were completed through a telephone survey. Stages of the model composed of recognition of the programs, past experiences, present drinking status, intention for drinking, and behavioral intention for alcohol-reduction programs. As a result, recognition rates of the programs were low in general, therefore the strategies of education, public relations, and advertisement need to be pursued. The alcohol dependency resulted in the fact that success rate was 30％ although trial rate of alcohol-reducing was 23％. The necessity of alcohol-reduction programs were suggested. In addition, significant factors related to the intention for alcohol-reducing were individual attitude and reluctancy to pay their time and money. An insignificant factor was the attitude to their alcohol-reduction by other people. Behavioral intention rates for alcohol-reducing clinics were 4％, and those for mass education were 8％. There were very low purchase rates for clinic program, mass education, and alliance. In conclusion, evidenced-based and effective alcohol-reduction programs need to be encouraged to drinkers by medical doctors, and the strategies of education, public relations, and advertisement are also recommended. In addition, continuing legal and systematic support for alcohol-reducing would lower the drinking rate and ultimately contribute to the nation's health promotion.
The Development of the CAI Program and an Analysis of Its Effects, for the Learning of the Emergency Patient Triage
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 259~283
This is an quasi experimental study using nonequivalent pre-test post-test control design for the development of the CAI program and an analysis of its effects, for nursing college students to learn emergency patient triage. This program was developed from November, 2000 to middle of September, 2001 with the aid of curriculum design experts. The subjects of this study were 86 randomly sampled freshmen students of C nursing college in Ulsan. They were divided into 45 for the test group and 41 for the control group. The CAI program for the learning of the emergency patient triage has been developed on the basis of Merrill's Component display theory and Keller's ARCS theory and through the curriculum design process of Hannafin ＆ Peck. It has also been done with the use of Tool book 8.0, the multimedia righting tool. The experiment to verify the effect of the CAI program has been carried on from September, 20 to October, 8 2001. There were six hypotheses to accomplish the purpose of the study, and the analysis of the data was done with the use of SPSS/win program. As a result of this study, the author concluded that this CAI program is an effective mediation method to promote the learning accomplishment and learning motive for nursing college students. Therefore in the field of emergency nursing education, it would be possible to use this program as means for widening the possibility of self-learning and to promote individual learning of nursing college students.
Expectations for a Tele- Health Surveillance System by Residents of an Information Network Village
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 285~295
Purpose： The purpose of this study was to investigate the expectations toward a tele-health surveillance system by residents of an information network village. Method： A descriptive study was conducted using interviews with a questionnaire. Of the households in the village, 24 were selected for inclusion in a pilot study. All of the residents from these households, for a total of 67, participated in the survey. Result： Expectations for promotion of health by a tele-health surveillance system were higher in residents with higher level of education. Expectations for effectiveness of disease management and promotion of health status by a tele-health surveillance system were higher in residents with family history or experience with emergencies. The higher scores for health knowledge and health concerns were associated with higher expectations for effectiveness of disease management and promotion of health by a tele-health surveillance system Conclusion： Analysis of the characteristic of the residents should precede implementation of a tele-health surveillance system in any location as expectations for tele-health surveillance system differ according to the characteristics.
A Comparative Study on Mother's Caring Attitude between Children with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder and Normal Children
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 297~317
As many precedent studies have shown, most children grow receiving influence from their parents. The purpose of this study was to serve as a basis for better preventive approach by finding out the relationship between the attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder(ADHD) of elementary school children and maternal behavior characteristics. Moreover, the purpose of this study was to present basic materials for developing program of children and create good relationship between child and parents for better education. For the purposes, two hypotheses were posed. Hypothesis 1： There would be a significant disparity in maternal behavior between the ADHD group and the non-ADHD group. Hypothesis 2： The environment could have an influence on maternal behavior characteristics. The subjects in this study were 71 mothers who had children with ADHD and 69 mothers who had non-ADHD, who selected from mothers of third to sixth graders in elementary school in Kyonggi, Suwon. The instruments used for the diagnosis of ADHD was DSA-IV. The data were analyzed with ANOVA(Analysis of Variance) by SPSSWIN Program. The findings of this study were as fellows： First, Hypothesis 1 was accepted. The mothers who had ADHD children had rejective behavior characteristics in while the mothers group who had non-ADHD children had controling behavior characteristics but there was no significant difference in affectionate attitude and autonomic attitude. Second, hypothesis 2 was accepted generally. The psychological and physical environment had correlation with maternal behavior characteristics. Especially, there was a significant correlational relationship between the maternal satisfaction for their life and rejection of maternal behavior. The following conclusion could be made from the above mentioned findings. First, The maternal behavior characteristics resulted in severe ADHD for children which justified the need of proper education for mothers to care children wellbeing. Second, The environment of psychology had an influence on maternal behavior. This showed that it is essential to develope educational program and counselling system for mothers
Relations between Scoliosis and Gastroenteric Disorder
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 21, issue 1, 2004, Pages 319~328
The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between thoracic scoliosis and gastroenteric disorder. In this article, We surveyed sixty two patients and investigated through a questionnaire the health and meal habits, digestive trouble levels, stress levels(BEPSI-K), and the stress response index(SRI). Participants were classified according to each group in over
(vertebral scoliosis), under
(functional scoliosis) and made a diagnosis of X-ray of scoliosis grade. The data was took statistics on two group by independent t-test, chi-square test with SPSS/PC+ 10.0 program. The statistically significance was a p＜.05 and the following results were obtained； 1. In general characteristics, The thoracic scoliosis was as many as women, weight 50∼60kg, height 160∼170cm, married person. 2. Relations between health and meal habit with thoracic scoliosis was not statistically significant(p＞.05). 3. Relations between thoracic scoliosis and digestive trouble level was statistically significance (p＜.05). 4. Relations between thoracic scoliosis and incidence rate of internal disease was statistically significant(p＜.05). 5. Relations between thoracic scoliosis and stress(BEPSI-K) was statistically significant(p＜.05). 6. Relations between thoracic scoliosis and stress(SRI) was statistically significant(p＜.05). These results lead us to the conclusion that thoracic scoliosis influences digestive trouble, incidence rate of internal disease and stress. However, there results are not easy to explain because of the limitations of a few subjects and a single comparison. Therefore, further research on this study thoroughgoing inspection would clarify the association of thoracic scoliosis and gastroenteric disorders.