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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Effects of Substance Abuse Prevention Education for Middle School Students in Busan
Kim Young-Hae ; Eo Yong-Sook ; Ju Hyeon-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 1~10
Purpose: This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of substance abuse prevention education for middle school students in Busan. Method: The data were collected by a self-administered questionnaire before education and one month later. The whole subjects were 458 students in first grade of middle school. The data were analyzed using frequencies and difference t-test after classifying the whole into potential drug abuse group and not potential group. Results: The substance abuse prevention education was ineffective in the whole group and the potential group. However, in the not potential group, the increasing rate of SPDA(Screening scale for Potential Drug-use Adolescents) score in experimental group was less than in control group. Conclusion: The substance abuse prevention education was effective for the not potential drug abuse group. On the other hand, intensive long-term drug abuse treatment program was needed for the potential group.
Effects of a Tailored Smoking Cessation Program in High School Girls
Song Yeon-Yi ; Lee Kang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 11~27
Objectives: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of a tailored program based on the Transtheoretical Model to smoking cessation in high school girls. Methods: A quasi-experimental research design was used in this study. The participants were 35 industrial high school girls who have been smoking. The girls were allocated to an experimental group(18) and a control group(17) by randomization. For intervention, the experimental group received the group smoking cessation program and individual program which tailored according to the stage of change. A common group smoking cessation program was given to the control group. Data were collected before the program, immediately after and 4 weeks after the program was completed and were analyzed with repeated measure ANOVA. Result: In the experimental group, the daily smoking amount, nicotine dependency and decisional balance(Pros) score were significantly decreased and the self-efficacy score were significantly increased at one month after the intervention in comparison with before and immediately after it. The decisional balance(Cons) and processes of change score of the experimental group were significantly increased at immediately after the intervention and one month after it in comparison with before it, and at one month after it in comparison with immediately after it. A significant difference in the daily smoking amount, urine cotinine, nicotine dependency, decisional balance(Pros, Cons) and processes of change score between the both groups was found after one month of intervention. Conclusions: The tailored smoking cessation program was more effective, compared to the common smoking cessation program on smoking behavior, self-efficacy, decisional balance, processes of change. This program can be used for favorable changes in high school girl's smoking behavior.
Moderate Effects of Gender on the Knowledge and Attitude toward Smoking and Self-concept among High School Students
Lee Sun-Hye ; Suh Kyung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 29~45
Objectives: This study aims to investigate the attitude toward smoking and knowledge on smoking, self-efficacy, and self-esteem among high school students, and examine the moderate effects of gender on the differences in those variables between smoking and non-smoking students. As the result of investigation, it would suggest useful information for those who want to provide interventions of smoking prevention and smoking cessation to adolescents. Methods: Participants were 1,117 high school students (511 males, 584 females), whose mean age was 16.38 (SD=.87). To identify whether participants were smoking or not, bogus-pipeline was used. The data was collected with questionnaire include Smoking Attitude Inventory, General Self-Efficacy Scale, and Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale. A Pearson chi-square test and 2-way MANOVAs were performed with SPSS 11.5 for Windows. Results: With bogus-pipeline, one hundred thirty five (26.0%) of male students and 125(21.4%) of female students reported as they were smoking, while 115(22.2%) of male students and 78(13.3%) of female students reported as they were smoking at unidentified survey which was performed one week before bogus-pipeline. Results revealed that students who smoked had more positive attitude toward smoking and more knowledge on smoking than those who didn't smoke. Difference in knowledge on smoking between smoking and non-smoking students only existed in female students. Female students who smoked had lower self-esteem than female students who didn't smoke, but this difference didn't exist in male students. Conclusion: With the results of this study, it is considered smoking rates of adolescents surveyed with unidentified self-report questionnaires as underestimated. Health practitioners might consider female smokers' attitude toward and knowledge on smoking and self-esteem, especially for high school students. Despite of limitation of this study, it might help those who want to prevent initiation of smoking and give up smoking in adolescence.
The Effect of the Obesity Prevention Education Providing Feedback to the Knowledge and Behavior of Young People
Kim Il-Won ; Choi Mi-Kyung ; Han Sang-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 47~61
Object: This research has been conducted in order to conduct obesity prevention education providing feedback which is currently taught to the second grade students of middle school, understanding how this method of education affects the knowledge and of behavior towards obesity prevention, and that could be actually applied to classrooms. Method: A questionnaire was supplemented questionnaire whose content validity and reliability was verified in the preliminary research was used. The reliability of the research tool was Cronbach'
for obesity knowledge tool, and Cronbach'
for obesity prevention behavior tool. Result: 1) It turned out that feedback was significantly effective in improving the knowledge. 2) It turned out that the education method providing feedback was effective in improving the behavior. Conclusion: From the results of this research, it can be said that the obesity prevention education providing feedback was the most effective method in improving the obesity knowledge and prevention behavior of middle school students. Therefore, it is advisable that the obesity prevention education methods providing feedback should be developed and applied continuously.
Health Promotion Behavior and Related Factors on the High School Students Who Live in a Dormitory
Han Chang-Hyun ; Park Jong-Ok ; Park Jae-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 63~76
Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find out practicing the health promotion behaviors and the factors relating their health promotion behavior between high school students who live in dormitory and the one who live in their house. Method: This study was carried out by using with questionnaire answered by 1,572 students. Some students are from two academic high schools, and the others are from two girl's high schools in Northern Kyungpook Province from the 27th through 30th of June 2005. Among them, 1,562were included in final analysis. The collected data was analyzed through frequency and percentage, mean and standard deviation, chi-square test, t-test and multiple regression. The data was analyzed using a SPSS/win ver. 12.0. Results: Analysis showed that the total score of practicing health promotion behaviors was 115.1. In case of male students, the score for students in dormitory was 119.6 and the one attending school from house was 114.9(p<0.05). In case of female students, score for students in dormitory was 113.7, and the score for students who live in house was 114.7. According to the data from multiple regression of analysis which has the health promotion behavior practice as a subordinate variable, in male students' case the degree of health promotion behavior practice becomes type of live in a dormitory, high in proportion to their parents' interest in health, disease of student and family, perceived health status, and the perceived self efficacy and the perceived benefit of the health promotion behavior. As to the female students, their health behavior practice becomes level of family economics, high in proportion to their parents' interest in health, perceived health status, and the perceived self efficacy and the perceived benefit of the health promotion behavior. Conclusions: On consideration of above findings, through the systematic development of health education program, we induced to desirable direction for the changeable factors of actions to health promotion for the health. and through the connective guidelines between the school and the home, we have to adapt to effective health promotion program for the health management of the young boys and girls.
Analysis on Cognitive and Behavioral Factors Associated with the Stage of Change on Breast Cancer Screening Behavior among Women in a Community
Kim Young-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 77~89
Objectives: Recent studies have shown that tailoring to women's individual beliefs and stage of cancer screening adoption increase the probability that cancer screening will ensue. To identify variables associated with cancer screening behavior, many studies for cancer screening have used the Transtheoretical Model(TTM). This study was carried out to identity the cognitive and behavioral factors associated with breast cancer screening by stages of change among women, forties aged. Methods: Building on the TTM constructs, we collected the data to test the association with cognitive and behavioral factors for breast cancer screening by stage of change among women, forties aged (N=232), using the self-reported questionnaire. The stages of change were grouped according to screening participation and intention for breast cancer as precontemplation, contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance. We found out the association between breast cancer screening and cognitive and behavioral factors, and testified the difference between stages of change by chi-square test, one-way ANOVA, and multiple comparison analysis(Duncan test). Results: Analyses of 232 women showed that participation on mammography was 68.1% within lifetime and 46.1% within last 2 years, and we found out the association with breast cancer screening participation, intention and cognitive-behavioral factors. The stages of change based on participation and intention were different from the decisional balance, the screening attitude, and the self-efficacy(p<0.01). The decisional balance was differ from stages of change because the difference on opinions about pros(positives) and cons(negative) were likely to significant by stages of change(p<0.05, p<0.01). Conclusion: To increase the screening rate for breast cancer, it should be developed the tailored message and recommend guideline. And the tailored message should be designed to increase the pros of breast cancer screening(mammography) and to decrease the cons, and considered the woman's stage of adoption.
The Causal Relationship of Adolescent's Family Conflicts, Self-concept, and School Adjustment as Health Protection Behavior
Park Jae-San ; Moon Jae-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 91~107
Objectives: The school adjustment problems of the adolescence groups become more aggravated and are on the increase. The objective of this study is to identify the causal relationship of intra-family conflicts, self-concept and school adjustment as health protection behavior. Methods: The study setting is the adolescence groups. Data were collected by self-administered questionnaires from the middle and high school students in Seoul. The study sample consisted of 268 students. Structural Equation Modeling(SEM) analysis was conducted to find the causal relationship of intra-family conflicts, self-concept and school adjustment. Results: This study shows that firstly, the total effects of intra-family conflicts have a negative effect on self-concept(path coefficients=-0.080) and school adjustment(path coefficients=-0.107). And the self-concept factor as an intervening variable are affecting positively on school adjustment(path coefficients=0.411). Secondly, the economic conflicts, personaliy conflicts and social activity conflicts of father and mother among various family conflicts are more highly affecting on self-concept and school adjustment(p<0.01) Conclusions: These results imply that first, communication between parents and students is essential to solve the problems of school adjustment. Especially economic conflicts should be solved to improve the self-concept and school adjustment. second, a variety of programs are available for schools to employ in an effort to provide interventions for students who demonstrate school adjustment. Finally, it is necessary for family, school and all the society members to comprehensively cooperate to solve family conflicts and school adjustment.
Socioeconomic Differentials in Stroke and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality in Korea
Im Jeong-Soo ; Choi Dae-Kyung ; Yim Jun ; Hong Du-Ho ; Kim Jong-Kyun ; Park Sang-Hyun ; Youn Sung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 109~119
Objectives: A number of studies in economically developed countries have shown occurrence of stroke and cardiovascular disease to be inversely related to socioeconomic class. The purpose of this study is to investigate socioeconomic differentials in stroke and cardiovascular disease mortality in Korea. Methods: Two data from two sources, registry data from National Health Insurance Corporation and death certification data from National Statistics Office, were used to calculate mortality rate for five socioeconomic classes. Poisson regression analysis was used to calculate relative indices of inequality as a measure of mortality differentials between socioeconomic classes. Results: For males, graded socioeconomic differentials in mortality were observed with higher mortality rates related to lower socioeconomic class for intracerebral hemorrhage, cerebral infarct, hypertension, ischemic heart disease, myocardial infarct, and arrhythmia. The relative index of inequality for stroke and cardiovascular disease was 1.61(95% CI=1.54-1.68). For females, these differentials were observed for arrhythmia and intracerebral hemorrhage. The relative index of inequality was 1.06(95% CI=1.02-1.11). Conclusions: This socioeconomic differential in mortality, consistent with the results of other studies performed in economically developed countries suggest that Socioeconomic class can influence mortality regardless of the developmental stage of the country.
Management Factors Associated with Health and Safety Education in Korean Manufacturing Companies
Lee Myung-Sun ; Lee Gwan-Hyung ; Park Kyoung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 121~140
Objectives: Safety is a primary health promotion issue in worksite because injury induces multi-fold loss of the human and economic resources to profit organization. The purposes of this study were to describe worksite health and safety education and management status in Korean manufacturing companies. Methods: The original population size of Korean manufacturing industry in 2004 was 74,398 and 2,960 factories were selected by the multiple stratified sampling method for this study. The health and safety manager or representatives of the selected 2,960 companies successfully finished in the face-to-face interview survey about company's general characteristics, health and safety management style, health and safety education hours conducted by the Korean Occupational Safety and Health Agency. Results: The manufacturing companies in Seoul and Kyunggi areas, small size, and clothes and press industries were related to low health and safety management and education status. The companies which assigned at least one safety manager were 70.5% and which had a health and safety room within the company were only 9.3%. The companies which took the health and safety education for their regular blue-collar employees more than the legal education hours were under 56.1% and the percentage of the companies which took their health and safety education for newcomers less than the legal limits was lower than any other types of health and safety education in workplace. The significant strong workplace health and safety management variables in predicting employee health and safety education were psycho-social variables such as the company own health and safety regulation and the workplace health and safety management committee organization. rather than physical variables such as health manager employment, safety manager employment. Conclusions: Systematic and legal approaches are effective to encourage workplace health and safety education, specifically, through sustaining health and safety managers and building the company-wide health and safety management system. Furthermore, theses approaches should primarily focus on the small companies of which sizes were under 50.
보건 교육사 양성 및 활용방안
Nam Cheol-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 2, 2006, Pages 141~161