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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
Selecting the target year
Meta-Analysis of Effects on Smoking Prevention Programs for the Adolescent in Korea
Park, In-Hyae ; Park, Jung-Soo ; Kim, Youn-Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 1~16
Objectives: To analyze the characteristics of smoking prevention programs for the adolescent, and to synthesize the common effect sizes on smoking prevention programs for the adolescent. Methods: Seventeen studies for meta-analysis were selected from dissertations, these, and papers that had been published from 1996 to 2005 and had a randomized or nonequivalent control group in a pre test-post test design. The analysis of the data was computed by using the meta-analysis software package developed by Song(2003). Results: Smoking prevention programs for the adolescent have resulted in a significant effect size on smoking-knowledge( .62), smoking-attitude( .55) of smoking prevention programs for the adolescent showed more than 'medium effect' size. In smoking-knowledge and amount of smoking, the effect size was smoking-attitudes, the effect size was large in the studies which consists of more than 10 sessions of intervention. Conclusion: From the above results, we notice that the smoking prevention programs for the adolescent were effective in increasing the smoking-knowledge, smoking-attitudes, and the intention of smoking-cessation.
A Study on the Related Factors of Skipping Breakfast in Elementary Students
Bang, You-Mi ; Lee, Moo-Sik ; Na, Baek-Ju ; Kim, Keon-Yeop ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 17~35
Objectives: This study was conducted to investigate the determining factors that have influence on elementary students who go without breakfast and identified their physical, mental and social health that may resulted by skipping breakfast. Methods: For data collection, total 855 elementary students at the 5th and 6th grade in an urban and a rural area were asked to join the survey using a self-administered questionnaire from March 25 to April 9, 2005. The data were analyzed through a series of statistical methods including frequency, percentage, chi-square
test, t-test and multiple logistic regression analysis. Results: It was found that 24.0 % of respondents would skip breakfast, and influential socioeconomic factors on their skipped breakfast were economic level and mother's occupation. A group that has meals more with family everyday and a group that has breakfast served by mother as usual showed significantly low percentage of going without breakfast at statistical level(p<0.05). In case that other family members used to go without breakfast, there was a tendency to significantly high rate of skipped breakfast(p<0.01). And a group who got up early in the morning and a group who scored high points in the assessment of dietary habit showed significantly low percentage of skipped breakfast(p<0.01). In the result of multiple logistic regression analysis, the significant variables in urban area were economic level, person setting up breakfast, getting-up time and family members who would skip a meal. In rural area, meal-skipping family member, person setting up breakfast and dietary habit were significant variables(p<0.05). In physical influences according to skipping breakfast, students would skip breakfast had more stomach or dizziness(p<0.05). Depression score were higher and school life score were lower in group skipping breakfast, but not statistically significant. Conclusions: In conclusion, in order to reduce the rate of elementary students who often go without breakfast, it is favorable that they should be instructed in the importance of breakfast and the harm of skipped meal, so that they can cultivate positive living habits and dietary attitudes as well. And it is necessary that this health education cover not only students but also all of their family members(especially mother). Furthermore, it is necessary to develop systematic programs for them to get over environment factors.
Prevalence and Correlates of Obesity in Elementary School Students of Daejeon City
Lee, Tae-Yong ; Lee, Jae-Hun ; Kwon, Kyoung-Hee ; Shin, Eun-Sook ; Kim, Soon-Young ; Nam, Hae-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 37~51
Objectives: The objective of this study is to investigate the relation between the obesity prevalence of elementary school students and some factors such as socio-demographic factors, parent's obesity, diet habit and physical activity. Methods: The students of the fourth(443), fifth(405) and sixth grade(417) at six elementary schools in the school district of Daejeon metropolitan city were sample-surveyed and classified into a normal group, a non-intensive obesity group, and a highly intensive obesity group. Results: 1. The obesity rate of the elementary school students in the school district of Daejeon metropolitan city was total 14.2%. 2. The obesity rate of students with parents who had high BMI was notably higher than the other groups. 3. Diet factors such as eating fast, always eating one more, liking fatty food and the frequency of snacks were more critical than physical activity factors in relation to school children's obesity. Conclusions: From the above evidences, it is apparent that the obesity of elementary school students have strong relations with eating habits. It is needed that obesity prevention program such as effective meal guidance in addition to intense physical activities is included in the curriculums of health education for elementary school students.
Effects of Microbe Inspections in School Food Service Systems
Han, Myeong-Sook ; Youn, Sung-Tae ; Yim, Jun ; Im, Jeong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 53~63
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of microbe inspections on the hygienic improvement of school food service systems. Methods: Thirty-three school food service systems in Incheon metropolitan city participated in the study from Sep. 2004 to Apr. 2005. Major items of microbe inspections were cutting boards, knives, kitchen towels, and kitchen staff's hands. The Rodac plate and hand plate were used to measure the surface contamination level of germs such as Staphylococcus aureus, Vibrio species, Salmonella species and E. coli. Results: This study compared the results of the inspections in Sep. 2004 and Apr. 2005. The surface contamination level of Staphylococcus aureus and Vibrio species on the knives and kitchen towels had significantly improved. However, the surface contamination level of E. coli on the hands of the kitchen staff had worsened. Conclusions: This study showed that microbe inspections could control the hygienic level of the school food service systems. In the future, microbe inspections should be actively used to improve sanitary conditions in the school lunch system.
Effects of Environmental Correlates on Alcohol-related Problems among Colleges
Kim, Kwang-Kee ; Jang, Seung-Ock ; JeKarl, Jung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 65~83
Objectives: This is one of the first efforts to describe incidence of alcohol-related problems and to identify environmental correlates associated with them among colleges. Methods: Date were collected by a sample of 105 college administrators who are in charge of student affairs in colleges nationwide through self-administrated questionnaire. Both logistic and linear multiple regression analyses were employed to identify the correlates associated with alcohol-related problems. Results: Most of colleges(76.6%) under study reported to have at least one alcohol-related problem in previous years. Interpersonal violence was alcohol-related problem taken placed most frequently, followed by making noise episode, having property damaged and motor vehicle accidents. Logistic regression analysis identified factors associated with incidents of alcohol related problems. They included being private colleges, numbers of prevention activities, product promotion and marketing by alcohol industry and alcohol accessibility to drinking context. Multiple regression analyses showed that correlates associated with numbers of alcohol-related problems included being a private college, being located in rural area, having drinking density, product promotion and availability of alternative activities to drinking. Conclusions: Environmental correlates were associated with incidence of alcohol related problems in colleges nationwide. Policy implications were discussed.
The Factors Influencing the Odds of Cancer Examination in Wonju City
Kim, Min-Kyoung ; Nam, Eun-Woo ; Jin, Ki-Nam ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 85~97
Objectives: This study was done for the purpose of revitalization of the health improvement project by looking into major influence factors on the health examination of local residents in a city area. Methods: The research data was collected using a survey of the local residents in Wonju-City, Gangwondo. The survey was held between Oct. 4th to Oct. 15th, 2004. And, it was done as a household interview survey. The independent variables used were socio-demographic characteristics, health status, health concern, and health behaviors. The dependent variable was whether or not the respondent did take a cancer screening test. Results: In case of men, the execution rate of cancer screening was higher for those who had spouses, who were having no experience of a disease, who drank, and who did exercise. In the case of women, the execution rate of cancer screening was higher in the cases who had spouses, who had high income levels, and who were making an effort for their health. Conclusion: To raise the execution rate of health examination, more research on the major factor of cancer screening is necessary.
The Relations of Social Support to the Health Behaviors and Health Status in the Elderly
Kim, Tae-Myon ; Lee, Sok-Goo ; Jeon, So-Youn ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 99~119
Objectives: This study intends to understand the difference within group of social support level and the effect of social support to health behaviors and health status of the elderly by selecting the old of local society as target. Methods: Data were obtained from self-administered questionnaire of 8,688 persons, older than 65 years, living in a community. We measured the sociodemographic characteristics, social support(family support, other support, quality of support), physical health state(subjective health status, number of chronic disease), physical function state(activities of daily living; ADL, instrumental activities of daily living; IADL), cognition state(mini-mental state examination-Korean; MMSE-K) and depression state(short form of geriatric depression scale; SGDS), health behaviors(smoking, drinking, exercise, eating habit). Univariate, multinominal logistic regression and covariance structure analysis were employed to analyze factors affecting on the social support of the elderly. Results: When considering the degree of social support by the sociodemographic characteristics of the older adults, the family support, other support and quality of support is better when the old is male, young, high education and self-reported living status is good and it has significance statistically. When considering the relation between social support and health status, the family support, other support and quality of support is better when the old's subjective and objective physical health status is good. The family support, other support and quality of support is better when the old's subjective health status is better. The other support and quality of support is better when the old's ADL(activities of daily living) and IADL(instrumental activities of daily living) are good. The family support, other support and quality of support is better when the old's cognitive function and depression state is better. When considering the relation between social support and health behaviors, in case of smoking and drinking, the quality of support, family support and other support is better when the old smokes and drinks rather than the old does not. In case of exercise and eating habit, the family support, other support and quality of support is better when the old exercises and eats regularly rather than the old does not. It has significance statistically. From the result of performing covariance structure analysis by structural equation modeling(SEM) with two endogenous variable(health behaviors and health status) and one exogenous variable(social support), factor loading of health status is 0.74 and factor loading of health behaviors is 0.05. The social support explains health status of 55.4% and health behaviors of 2.9%. Conclusions: This study has the meaning that it finds the difference of social support generating from inside of the group for the old residing in city and country and specifies the effect that the difference of social support influences to health status and health behaviors. From now on, in the development of health improvement strategy of the olds, it is necessary to approach from inclusive aspect while considering psychosocial factor such as social support and social economical factor as well as health status.
Factors Associated with the Beautician's Dyspepsia
Kim, Eun-Suk ; Kim, Young-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 121~134
Objectives: This study was conducted to analyze the general properties of beauticians and to analyze correlation between their experiences of indigestion and relevant factors and thus to provide basic data to prevent obstacles to beautician's health. Methods: A self-administered survey on 257 female beauticians in Daegu from March 15 to May 30, 2005 was conducted. Cross-link analysis was used to examine indigestion in relation to the general properties of beauticians, and correlation analysis was used to determine the level of relationship between indigestion and relevant factors, and multiple regression analysis was used to determine the degree of effects of relevant factors on indigestion. Results: The results can be summarized as follows: 1. As for indigestion by general properties and beauty-related properties, there were significant differences in gender(p<0.01), age(p<0.05) and marriage status(p<0.05) among general properties and there were significant differences in the number of holiday(p<0.05), beauty culture career(p<0.01), and the degree of satisfaction on duty(p<0.001) among beauty-related properties. As for indigestion by eating habit and health-related properties, there were significant differences in the degrees of regular eating(p<0.001) and regular living habit(p<0.001), and eating speed(p<0.01). 2. Factors relevant to the eating habit showing significant correlation with indigestion were regular eating habit, taking well-balanced nutrition, and taking salty food. Among them, the regular eating habit was shown to be the most relevant with the correlation coefficient of -0.253(p<0.01). The general and beauty-related factors showing significant correlation with indigestion were beauty culture career, number of holiday, and regular living habit. And regular living habit was shown to be the most relevant with the correlation coefficient of -0.260(p<0.001). 3. Results from the regression analysis showed that relevant factors having significant effects on indigestion were gender, beauty culture career, satisfaction on duty, eating speed, regular eating habit and regular living habit. And satisfaction on duty was found to have the greatest effect on indigestion. Conclusions: The findings of this study could be effectively used to develop a practical management strategy to prevent
indigestion, and to promote
health, and ultimately to improve the
quality of life.
Related Factors of Exercise Injury from Hospital Patients
Kim, Nam-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 135~147
Objective: This study was performed to identify the related factors of exercise injury throughout the actual cases among patients. Method: The subjects of the study consisted of 304 patients(209 male and 95 female) over 20's in seoul and kyonggi area, and data collected by using questionnaires were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 11.0 program. To prove the relative factors of exercise injury from hospital patients Results: 1) It was found that the general degree of exercise injury showed significant difference regarding gender, age and education level. In other words, if it was male, young and high school graduate, the portion of exercise injury for the person was higher than others. On the other hand, the duration of medical treatment for the patient, who is male, old and college graduate took longer than the others. 2) It demonstrated that the lower extremity was most intensively damaged due to the exercise injury, especially, knees and ankles had the most portion of exercise injury and a sprain was the most common form of exercise injury for these body parts. 3) The degree of exercise injury regarding of exercise maintains significant difference with the frequency of exercise. In fact, the more exercise was done by a person such as 3 to 4 days a week, the less duration of medical treatment for the person was taken. 4) It also showed that there was significant difference between the habit of exercise and the degree of exercise injury. In other words, a person had better exercise habit, it took the person less duration of medical treatment. As well, if someone had better warming up, he or she had lower degree of exercise injury after all. Conclusion: Consequently, according to the data, the research suggested that the male needed more carefulness than the female in exercise. Old age people needed to be more careful of getting sprain of knee and ankle in particular. As well, it concluded that people needed not only enough warming up before doing exercise but also positive habit of exercise in order to minimize the exercise injury.
The National Health Promotion Plan 2010: The Planning Model and Approaches
Lee, Kyu-Sik ; Suh, Mee-Kyung ; Han, Dal-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 23, issue 3, 2006, Pages 149~167
Objectives: This study examined the national health promotion plan 2010 in order to identify the agenda and issues to be considered for the improvement of the evaluation of the plan and future planning. In specific, the examination focused on both the planning model and practical aspects of the planning work. With regard to the planning model, attention was directed to the theoretical background, logical framework and assumptions involved in the design. Also, an observation was made in comparison with Japanese
Health Japan 21
Healthy People 2010
which provided main reference to our original health plan 2010 and revised health plan 2010 respectively. From this observation it was found that all the plans of three countries, except our original health plan 2010, basically employed a model of educational and ecological approaches to health promotion planning. As predicted, the practical constraints on the health promotion policy and programs in Korea led to many difficulties in attaining the rationality and validity of the plan. The short period of time afforded for the planning work, the limited availability of relevant data and research findings, and the lack of experiences and competent personnel in health promotion planning were main factors impeding the planning work performance. The observation and analysis of the National Health Promotion Plan 2010 suggest two main implications for the future planning of health promotion. First, it will be both theoretically and practically appropriate to maintain the current planning model basically as it is. Second, there are many practical problems that may impede effective planning for health promotion, thus continuous efforts should be made to remove or alleviate such problems.