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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Oct 2007
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Associated factors of Depression among Elderly for Visiting Health Services in Public Health Centers: Focused on Social Support and Perceived Health Status
Kim, Hyeon-Suk ; Kim, Hee-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 1~14
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to investigate predictors of depression among elderly who have received visiting health services in public health centers. Method: The data has been collected from 678 elderly living in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province during the period from February 21 to June 30 in 2006. The data were collected by individual interview and were analyzed using correlation and multiple regression analysis with the SAS 9.1 program. Result: Among elderly, 73.8% of them showed depression. The elderly with higher level of socioeconomic status (
, p=0.019) and higher level of social support including family support(
, p<.0001), friend's support(
, p<.0001) and special person's support (
, p<.0001) show lower levels of depression. In addition, elderly with perceived good health status (
, p<.0001) feel less depression than those who have poor health condition. Conclusion: These findings suggest that low socioeconomic status and lower level of social support among elderly should be considered to decrease depression. These findings would contribute to health education, designing interventions and program development for appropriate depression management for the elderly.
Analysis of Internet Usage Patterns of Health Consumers for Internet Health Information Assessment Criteria
Cho, Kyoung-Won ; Kam, Sin ; Chae, Young-Moon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 15~28
Objectives: In this paper, the survey on internet usage patterns of health consumers was conducted and analyzed in order to determine internet health information assessment criteria for providing correct consumer health information on web-sites. Methods: By using a survey questionnaire with 16 questions on general information and 20 questions on internet health information, data were collected from September 16 to 25, 2005 from 476 participants through an internet web site, http://www.hp.go.kr. Frequency analysis, t-test, and multiple regression were used in order to analyze the difference in assessment criteria, factors influencing assessment criteria, factors influencing user satisfaction, etc. Results: General characteristics of the study population were: the persons over age 40 were the smallest age group; women were accounted for 74.2%; and the persons with average income were the largest income group; and the persons with average health status were the largest health group. Most widely used health information were: exercise, disease, and diet, in order. There was significant difference(p=.001) in importance of assessment criteria between the persons in medical institutions and the persons not in medical institutions. There was no significant difference in other assessment criteria. We also found that contents of websites and easy to use were more important factors than elucidation of information providers and information sources including speciality of information in quality assessment criteria of internet health information. Discussion and Conclusion: Results of this paper were compared with the previous studies from the literatures. Contrary to the previous studies in the literature, there was significant difference in importance of assessment criteria between the persons in medical institutions and the persons not in medical institutions. In order to apply the study results to develop health contents for consumer, there is a need for further upgrade the proposed assessment criteria based on expert opinion.
Fatigue Symptoms and Its Related Factors among Clerical Public Officers
Cho, Kwang-Hee ; Yang, Hye-Kyeong ; Kim, Kwang-Hwan ; Cho, Young-Chae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 29~44
Objectives: The administrative employees of government were analyzed on their levels of fatigue symptoms to reveal the various factors related to them. Methods: The self-administered questionnaires were performed, during the period between Dec. 5th, 2005 and Jan. 31st, 2006, to 1,005 individuals in the service of general administration located in Daejeon Metropolitan City. The survey items included subjects' socio-demographic and job-related characteristics, health-related behavior, degree of job demand, job autonomy, social support in work, type A behavior pattern, locus of control, sense of self-esteem, and degree of fatigue. The study results were analyzed and the authors came to the following major findings, by univariate and multiple regression analysis with degree of fatigue dependent variables and other variables independent. Results and Conclusions: The study results indicated that the level of fatigue symptoms is so complicatedly influenced by variable factors as well as job-related characteristics such as socio-demographic characteristics, rank in work, or job career, to a greater extent, by job specifications and personality traits(type A) like whether performing health-related behavior or not, job demand, job autonomy, social support in work, or sense of self-esteem. Thus the effective strategy for stress reduction among governmental employees requires additional programs focusing on innovated job specifications and managed personality trait.
Knowledge, Attitude and Factors for Smoking Behavior in High School Students
Hwang, Byung-Deog ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 45~61
Objectives: This study was to get database of health service for smoking preventing through investigating the smoking status of students and the knowledge, attitude on smoking. Methods: The subjects were consisted of 463 students who were currently enrolled in 1, 2 and 3 grade of 6 high schools located in Ulsan-city. The instruments for this study were smoking knowledge and smoking attitude questionnaire(each 20 items) developed by WHO. Results: Among the students 25.8% answered they had the experience of smoking. The experience of smoking related to general characteristics were showed significantly different according to opposite sex friends. Student's knowledge level about smoking prevention is high score to mean get obtain 0.65 out of 1. Smoking prevention knowledge level related to highest score(0.82) were have affect on pregnancy and an unborn child. Smoking prevention knowledge level related to low score(0.19) were get rid of stress. Therefore smoking prevention knowledge high level is non smoker rather than smoker. Student's attitude level about smoking prevention is high score to mean get obtain 2.0 out of 3. Smoking prevention attitude level related to highest score(2.5) were no smoking allowed public area and put a stop smoking to friends. Therefore smoking prevention attitude high level is non smoker rather than smoker. Conclusion: It follows from this study that education for smoking prevention should be continued from lower grade student and sustaining teaching for refusal skill against smoking is needed.
Relation between Employees' Life patterns and Health conditions
Kim, Nam-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 63~75
Purpose: The research was performed to provide basic information and bring importance to people's attention based upon seizing relation between employees's life patterns and health conditions in their daily lives. Method: This study was done from October 9th, 2006 to 27th and targeted on people who work more than 1 year in Seoul and Kyung-gi area including 700 people; 350 of males, 350 of females. In the experiment, there are 8 measurable variables which are weight, smoking, drinking, exercise, sleeping, having breakfast, regular time for meal and having snack. The survey questionnaire used THI. The collected data was analyzed using t-test, one way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and Multiple regression with SPSS/PC. Results: 1) It showed different data based on general traits such as gender, age, marriage, job and working time. 2) It also displayed different data in physical, mental and total health conditions depending on general traits. 3) The rate of symptom appeal was noticeably low as the body condition is in a good shape. 4) It exhibited that the variables for the rate of symptom appeal was negatively related to both male and female. 5) The variables affected to health conditions were age, exercise, having snack, sleeping, time for meal and smoking for male and weight, sleeping and time for meal for female. Conclusion: It is shown that if a person has a good life patterns in his/her daily life, he/she has a low rate of symptom appeal, which means he/she has better both physical and mental conditions.
Quality of Life and Its Related Factors among University Students
Lee, Young-Mee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 77~91
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among health behavior, obesity and QOL, and to identify factors affecting QOL of University Students in rural area, to provide the basic data for health promoting program in order to improve the QOL. Methods: The subjects of this study were 991 university students. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe's test, Pearson correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression with SAS. Results: In the degree of the obesity were 13.4% of the underweight group, 48.9% of the normal weight group, and 37.6% of the overweight group. The average item score for the QOL was 3.19; the highest score on the subscale was physical domains(M=3.25) with the lowest environmental domains. In the degree of health behavior performance were 15.3% of regular health check, 27.5% of exercise, 45.1% of no-smoking, 32.4% of no-drinking alcohol, 53.1% of sleeping 7-hour, 49.7% of weight care, 56.1% of stress management, and 44.4% of breakfast. The score of QOL was statistically significant difference according to age, occupation of father, the number of brothers, total income, level of life, perceived health status, and admission of hospital. The score of QOL correlated positively with health behavior(r=.2521, p<.0001), and the scores of health behavior correlated positively with obesity(r=.0915, p=.0039). Stepwise multiple regression analysis for QOL revealed that the most powerful predictor was level of life. Stress management, perceived health status, sleeping 7-hour, regular health check, admission of hospital, total income, and weight care explained 13.2% of the variance. Conclusions: Therefore, it is necessary to develop health behavior promotion program in order to enhance the quality of life of university students. Future studies need to be pursued to find significant influencing factors for QOL of university students.
Effects of experience based menstrual education program on menstrual attitude and menstrual discomfort among female elementary students
Jun, Jung-Hee ; Lee, Hae-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 93~109
Objectives: The purpose of the study was to examine the effects of experience based menstrual education program on menstrual attitude and menstrual discomfort among female elementary students. Methods: Non-equivalent control group, pre-post test design was utilized for the study. The participants in the study were 122 female elementary students in P city. They were assigned into 2 groups: The experimental group of 62 and the control group of 60. The experience based education program consisted of 5 sessions with 40 minute length. For control group, no treatment was provided during the period. Post-tests were conducted just after the following menstrual period for both experimental and control groups. The data was analyzed using SPSS WIN 12.0 program. The t-tests were used to answer the research questions. Results: There were significant differences in menstrual attitude and menstrual discomfort between experimental and control groups, The students who participated in the program reported more positive attitude to the menstruation and less discomfort during menstrual period than the students who did not participate in the program. Conclusions: Experience based education had a positive influence on menstrual attitude and menstrual discomfort among female elementary students. Further application of the program would be beneficial for the female elementary students. Future research to standardize the program to the broader population is warranted.
The Evaluation of Networking System between Health Promotion and Other Programs at Public Health Centers
Seo, Young-Joon ; Jeong, Ae-Suk ; Lee, Ji-Eun ; Shin, Jung-Woo ; Kang, So-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 111~121
The purpose of this study is to examine the status quo of the networking between health promotion and other programs conducted by public health centers(PHCs), and to develop concrete strategies for improving the efficiency of the health promotion programs at PHCs. Data were collected from a questionnaire survey for 246 PHCs nationwide and 96 questionnaire were returned(response rate of 39%). A focus group study was also conducted to compliment the detail of the networking system between health promotion and other programs at PHCs. The results revealed that the current networking between health promotion and other programs conducted by public health centers is not working well. Especially, the communication networking between health promotion and other programs at planning stage is poorer than the stages of implementation, performance, and evaluation. The main reasons of the poor networking have been caused by an inadequate organizational structure, inefficient information system, low level of motivation for networking among the staff of PHCs, and no concrete guidelines for networking. This study also suggested several strategies to facilitate the cooperation between health promotion and other programs.
Review and Prospective of the Heathy Cities in Korea
Nam, Eun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 123~134
Since 1996, the Health Promotion Programme spearheaded by the Korean Central Government has been actively developing and recently, the Healthy City Project led by the local autonomous entities have also been actively promoted. Healthy City is one in which the health and well-being of the citizens are given the utmost importance in the decision-making of the city. While the Health Promotion Programme focuses on changing the "health behavior" of the people, the Healthy City Project, a policy to improve the existing inequality of public health services, deals with more essential health factors and requires political support as well as a new organization. The Healthy City paradigm based on the New Public Health started in England and ever since the Healthy City Model Project spearheaded by the EURO WHO began in 1986, the Alliance for Healthy Cities centered in the West Pacific region supported by the WHO in Oct 2003 was inaugurated. 19 Korean cities are full members of the Alliance for Healthy Cities and 2 laboratories are associate members. The Ministry of Health and Welfare has held the Healthy City Forum consisting of related officials, experts and representatives of civic bodies on 6 occasions since Dec 2005. The need for adequate administrative and financial support from the Central Government to the local autonomous entities governing the Healthy Cities was raised. It is hoped that this Healthy City Project will bring about the improved health conditions of the people as well as promote the equality of the public health services.
The past and future of health promotion program in health center
Lee, Ju-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 2, 2007, Pages 135~148
This paper reviews the past of community-based health promotion program through public health center to suggest the direction of future. The Minister of Health and Welfare has implemented health promotion demonstration programs at 18 public health centers in September 1998. Health promotion programs were spread nationwide in 2005. Now, 251 public health centers have performed health promotion programs. Health promotion includes both actions towards changing determinants, within the more immediate control of individuals, including individual health behavior, and those factors largely outside the control of individuals, including social, economic and environmental conditions. Direction of health promotion programs in public health is divided into two categories: creating environment for healthy lifestyle and health promotion services. The result of this paper will be able to act as a guide for future operation plan in health center.