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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Oct 2007
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
Effectiveness of lifestyle intervention on the management of metabolic syndrome
Lee, Eun-Hee ; Lee, Yun-Hee ; Moon, Sun-Young ; Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Lee, Sun-Ha ; Kim, Hye-Kyeong ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 1~19
Objectives: The purpose of the this study was to evaluate lifestyle intervention program for the treatment of the metabolic syndrome. Methods: Subjects of this study were 700 adults with metabolic syndrome who took health examinations in health promotion centers of Korea Association of Health Promotion between May 1 and June 30, 2006. Subjects were randomly assigned to an experimental group and a comparison group. Participants in the experimental group received intensive 3-month lifestyle modification intervention and participants in the comparison group received minimal information on lifestyle modification. Pre test and Post test were carried out to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention program. Results: After the intensive intervention on lifestyle modification(healthy diet, physical activity, moderate drinking, stress management, and smoking cessation), the levels of blood pressure, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose and triglycerides were significantly reduced for those in experimental group(P<0.001). For those in comparison group, the levels of blood pressure(P<0.001), waist circumference(P<0.001), and triglycerides(P<0.01) were significantly reduced after the intervention. No change in the levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were observed in both groups. After 3-month intervention, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome was reduced to 35.7% in experimental group and 48.5% in comparison group. Conclusion: This study has demonstrated the efficacy of therapeutic lifestyle intervention for the management of metabolic syndrome.
The Effect of Physical Activity on Cardiovascular and Psychoaffective Responses to Stress
Suh, Kyung-Hyun ; Lee, Jae-Koo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 21~34
Objectives: This study aims to examined whether physical activity prevent the negative effect of psychological stress on cardiovascular reactivity by reducing stress induced sympathetic output and preventing norepinephrine depletion negative psych-affective responses. It is assumed that physical activity reduces the magnitude of cardiovascular responses and psychological responses to stress which threaten individuals' physical and mental health. The result of investigating the effect of physical activity on reducing negative physiological and psychological responses would suggest useful information health for practitioners who want to prevent stress-induced diseases, especially coronary heart disease. Methods: participants of this study were 30 students (10 males & 20 females), whose mean age was 21.30 (SD=2.29). Fifteen students (5 males & 10 females) were assigned for in each group, treatment and control groups. They were interviewed and given a survey that included a consent form, demographics sheet and psychological tests, such as State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Before the application of psychological stress, participants in treatment group were going through with a course of physical exercise, running on treadmill 15minutes, while participants in control group were not physically active. After exercise, there was 15 minutes resting period before applying cognitive stress. During the experiment, all participants performed challenging cognitive tasks for 20minutes in situations that were designed to experience learned helplessness and measured their cardiovascular reactivity including blood pressure and heart rate every 5 minutes, until 10 minutes after finishing the application of psychological stress(recovering state). In the end of experiment, they were given some psychological test again. Results: Heart rates of exercise group were significantly higher than non-exercise group, especially, five minute after applying cognitive stress and at the end of recovery, in other word 10 minutes after stressful event. Systolic blood pressures of exercise group were lower than those of non-exercise group during the stressful event, but this differences in borderline level of significance. state anger level of exercise group decreased even experiencing stress, while those of non-exercise group increase. And state anxiety level of exercise group decreased in borderline level of significance. Conclusion: This study reiterate health benefits of physical activity and suggest that regular moderate exercise may regulate cardiovascular reactivity and psycho-affective responses from stress by reducing stress induced sympathetic output.
Social Capital and Suicidal Impulse
Shin, Sang-Jin ; Cho, Young-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 35~49
Objectives: This study examines the relationship between social capital and suicidal impulse for the Metropolitan Seoul residents, paying particular attention on individual and area level risk factors using multilevel analysis techniques. Methods: Data are obtained from the 2005 Seoul Health Indicators Survey and the Seoul Survey. At the individual level, we analyze demographic variables including sex, age, marital status, educational attainments, family income, field of economic activities, having close friends or relatives, and having participating groups or organization. To measure the area level social capital, happiness index, attitude toward minority, the percent of volunteer activity, the percent of having close friends or relatives, and the percent of participating groups or organization are considered. A multilevel logistic regression analysis is conducted utilizing the SAS 9.1. Result: Results show that non-aged, female, not currently married, unemployed individuals tend to have relatively high motivation of suicide. Controlling for individual level covariates, the relationship between social capital and suicidal impulse is neither significant nor substantial. Further, the consideration of area social capital does not explain the variances in suicidal impulse across 25 Kus. Conclusion: Suicidal impulse among Seoul residents is mainly attributable to the composition of individual characteristics but little to the contextual social capital.
The Relationship between Xerostomia and Depression in Elderly People
Jang, Jong-Hwa ; Kim, Sook-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 51~60
Objectives: This study was to investigate the level of xerostomia and depression in the elderly people and to determine the relationship between xerostomia and depression. Methods: The subjects were 238 subjects(86.5%), who were 65 years or older with mean age of 73.6 years. Data was collected using a self administrated questionnaire from September 14 to September 23, 2005. Perception of xerostomia was measured by questionnaire, and depression was measured using the 20-items CES-D. The data were analysed with t-test, one-way ANOVA, pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using the SPSS 12.0 Windows. Results: Regarding xerostomia, the subjects was a mean of 7.87 out of a maximum 12 points. The level of depression in the group of people 65 years or older was 21.51 out of a maximum 60 points. Xerostomia was positive related depression in this study. Perceived oral health and xerostomia had a significant impact on depression. Conclusion: Based on the findings, the perception of xerostomia is strongly associated with depression. These results suggest that oral health promotion should be considered various psychological factors related xerostomia in elders.
Socio-demographic, Life Style and Work related Factors Associated with Stress and Fatigue of White Collar Workers
Han, Sang-Lyeol ; Kim, Hwi-Dong ; Lee, Chae-Kwan ; Ahn, Jin-Hong ; Lee, Jong-Tae ; Lee, Chae-Un ; Kim, Dae-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 61~71
Objectives: The research was conducted to evaluate the socio-demographic, life style and work related factors of stress and fatigue, and correlation between them in the white collar workers. Methods: This study was targeted on white collar workers of medium-sized company in Kimhae city including 249 people; 167 of males, 82 of females. The data was collected by structured questionnaires and analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation and stepwise multiple regression with SPSS 12.0. Result: Both stress and fatigue levels were higher for female of gender, 20s of age, single of marital status in socio-demographic factors. The stress level was higher for current smokers and lower frequency of regular exercise per week, and both stress and fatigue levels were higher for unsatisfied sleeping in lifestyle factors. The stress level was lower for 5-day workweek system and experience of downsizing, and both stress and fatigue levels were higher far lower period of employment in work related factors. The correlation coefficient(r) between stress and fatigue level was 0.578, which was highly statistically significant. According to stepwise multiple regression analysis, factors affecting stress were unsatisfied sleeping, female and lower frequency of regular exercise per week, and those affecting fatigue were younger age and unsatisfied sleeping. Conclusion: This study provided strong support for associations between stress and fatigue, and we suggest that modifiable factors such as regular exercise and satisfied sleeping would be important for white collar workers to reduce their stress and fatigue.
Factors Associated with Perticipation in a Walking Campaign
Jo, Heui-Sug ; Song, Yea-Li-A ; Hong, Seon-Young ; Yoo, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Jeong-Reol ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 73~86
Objective: The purposes of this study are to understand the characteristics of the participants in a community walking campaign and to analyze the factors related to their participation based on the Transtheoretical Model (TTM). Methods: The study composed of the description of participant characteristics and comparison of them with non-participant characteristics in a walking campaign in K province. The data were collected through a survey of 2,590 participants and 258 non-participants from the same community. The survey instrument included questions about stages of walking and exercise, knowledge and attitude toward walking, and environmental condition for walking. Results: A majority of the walking campaign participants were in the action(24.8%) and maintenance(43.6%) stages of walking and exercise behavior. The non-participant group was split between maintenance(51.6%) and precontemplation (30.6%) stages. Among the participants, effective campaign promotion channels differed by age group while motivation for participation and participation patterns were associated with both age and gender. Favorable physical environment was a significant factor of participating in walking campaign(OR=1.396, CI=1.149-1.696). Although the campaign participants scored higher than the non-participants in most attitude toward walking questions, differences in knowledge scores between two groups were less significant. Conclusion: In conclusion, further social marketing to increase the awareness and to increase the concern of population in the community is needed based on the survey result. Transtheoretical model seems appropriate to apply to the evaluation and the planning the program of the behavior change in the community. Also, more organized and sustainable support in need to maintain the good habit of walking for the participants in walking campaign.
Health Behavior of Middle and High School Students in an Island
Park, Jae-Yong ; Sung, Joo-Hee ; Oh, Nan-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 87~98
Objectives: This study was aimed to observe health behaviors of middle school and high school students in an Island. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire survey was carried out for total 414 people(middle school 285-men 160 and women 125, high school 129-men 71 and women 58) who resident in Ulleung-do Gyeoungsang-Bukdo from 1th to 30th November, 2005. results: Test main characters of smokers were men(p<0.01), high school student(p<0.01), low school-score(p<0.01), unsatisfacted school lift(p<0.05), smoking of parents(p<0.01), long attending duration of school in Ulleung-do(p<0.01) and existence of mental effect by an island life(p<0.05), the answered. The more drinkers lived together parents(p<0.05), that their habits were effected by island life rather than non-drinkers.(p<0.05). Conclusion: Among the participants, health-related problems varied in the region. To account for these problems, educational programs or counselling services may be employed.
Community Health Promotion Program for Vulnerable Women
Jeon, Gyeong-Suk ; Lee, Seon-Ja ; Lee, Hyo-Young ; Hong, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Bo-Ram ; Jang, Soong-Nang ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 99~118
There are little program and services that have been developed to address the health and health care needs of vulnerable women. The access for their timely and appropriate health care and health promotion services have been a increasing concern. The purpose of this study was to suggest health promotion program for vulnerable women with collaboration of women's NGOs. At the first part of this study, we reviewed a conceptual framework for identifying vulnerable population, and issues regarding health problems, unmet needs, policies and programs that have been developed to address their need. In second part, we focused on investigating the role, subjects and activities of women's NGOs and their capacity for health promotion program. The last part of this study proposed health promotion programme with integrating above two parts of study. In describing what type of health promotion program available in women's NCOs, eight major programs and services were summarized. 1. Direct health promotion program and collaborating program with other services. 2. Education and training for empowerment of vulnerable women 3. Organizing mutual support system such as self-help group 4. Community supports. Vulnerable women living at home may benefit from linkage to community services as much as women living in facility 5. Organizing collaboration system with program for economic support and job training, social rehabilitation 6. Trainer's training for practitioners in NGOs 7. Technical, informational support from professional groups 8. A national coordinating policies for vulnerable population should be established at the central level. National support for NGOs' health promotion program are needed hi solving unmet needs of vulnerable women.
Building Web Database for WHO Healthy City Wonju
Nam, Eun-Woo ; Shin, Taek-Soo ; Song, Yea-Li-A ; Park, Ki-Soo ; Song, Tae-Min ; Kim, Min-Kyung ; Park, Jae-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 119~128
The purpose of this study is to develop Web database for healthy city that contains healthy city indicators for making city health plans, setting project priorities, monitoring projects, and evaluating healthy city projects, effectively. Using Delphi survey method for identifying indicator domains and indicators, we extracted nine domains with thirty-four healthy city indicators. Based on the appraisals of DB users about the contents of DB, a web database for healthy city Wonju was constructed. We developed a web database system for the purposes of sharing high quality health related data for managing and evaluating healthy city projects. The web database currently provides variety data in the web address, http://healthycity.wonju.go.kr/index.html. The web DB comprised with major healthy city indicators that are the most important indicators, healthy city indicator data that have a variety data set for encompassing all domain areas such as city infrastructure, health medicine, economies, and all other related areas and qualitative data that contains policy reports, research results, healthy city information and all other tips. A database of healthy city is very essential and important because it makes healthy city projects alive by managing and sharing healthy city related data effectively. But we need to fill out some blank cells in DB because there are currently unavailable data for some indicators. In conclusion, we expect the web DB contributes information sharing of healthy city project teams and improving healthy city project quality at Wonju city in Korea.
Web-based PBL (Problem Based Learning) in Graduate School of Public Health Courses
Yoon, Soo-Jin ; Hokama, Tomiko ; Ho, Seung-Hee ; Kim, Min-Kyung ; Chae, Young-Moon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 3, 2007, Pages 129~142
Objectives: This paper is aimed to study the satisfaction level and course effects of web-based PBL of the Graduate school of Public Health. Methods: Web-based PBL was implemented from March 1 to June 22 on 19 students and a survey on the satisfaction level of the lessons was taken and analyzed. For the analysis, SAS 9.1 was carried out. Results: The relation of effectiveness of the lessons according to the satisfaction level of each evaluation items, shows a significance according to satisfaction of professors, whether or not the students were satisfied in evaluating themselves (correlation, p<0.05). The satisfaction level of the evaluation on teachers and whether or not the students were satisfied in evaluating themselves shows significant influence on the effectiveness of the lessons (simple regression, p<0.05), more specifically in active class participation and understanding by the students themselves (stepwise multiple regression, p<0.05). Conclusions: In this study the attitudes of professors and students toward the lessons are major influences on the effectiveness of the lessons. Specifically, active class participation and understanding by the students themselves are the most important influences.