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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Dec 2007
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Oct 2007
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 2007
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 2007
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 2007
Selecting the target year
A meta-analysis of adolescent psychosocial smoking prevention programs in the United States: Identifying factors associated with program effectiveness
Hwang, Myung-Hee-Song ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 1~21
Adolescent psychosocial smoking prevention programs have been successful, but limited in the magnitude of program effects. The present study is the secondary analysis after the previous study estimated mean effect sizes in smoking knowledge, attitudes, skills, and behaviors with treatment variables. Regardless of overall program effect estimations that other meta.analysis studies have done, this study is conducted to identify explanatory variables that are likely to increase program effects. A decrease of adolescent smoking behaviors is associated with the following factors: a. Younger students (
) than older students (
). b. Research methodology using true experimental design, quasi experimental design with equivalence between groups, use of random assignment, 10% or less attrition rate, use of a no treatment control group, high implementation fidelity, and/or acceptable instrumentation reliability. c. Programs using trained peer leaders, targeting cigarette smoking only, implementing 10 or more treatment sessions and/ or providing booster sessions.
Effectiveness of stages-matched educational program for cervical cancer screening among adult women in a community
Kim, Young-Bok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 23~37
Background: Even though cervical cancer poses a significant global cancer burden, successful implementations for early detection offer an opportunity to prevent deaths and reduce the cancer burden. In Korea, cervical cancer is the most prevalent type of cancer among adult women, but it is one of the few cancers in which a consensus-approved screening test exists for early diagnosis, Pap test, that can be combined with highly efficacious treatment regimens for early-stage disease. Purpose: This study was carried out to identify the cognitive-behavioral factors associated with cervical cancer screening behavior among adult women, aged 40 to 59, and to develop tailored messages and to evaluate the effectiveness of stage-matched educational program. Method: A total of 283 women who aged 40 years or older was recruited in Seoul, from September, 1st to November, 14th, 2003. The intervention group (N=162) and the control group (N=121) were selected from five sub-districts in Seocho-gu, Seoul. Building on the TTM, a quasi-experimental study was conducted to test the effectiveness of stages-matched intervention addressed at the five stages of cervical cancer screening behavior. Women in the intervention group were randomly assigned to one of two conditions, internet or postal services. Results: In our results, 88.9% of participants had received a Pap test at least once in their life-time, and 65.4% had got it in the past two years. With regard to cognitive-behavioral factors, the stages-matched educational program increased attitude and process of change for cervical cancer screening. The percentage changed was the largest in maintenance stage. With regard to delivery methods for tailored messages, the print materials were more effective at increasing screening adherence than the e-mail. Whereas the postal service group showed remarkable the change of behavior stage, the internet service group did not. Also it was not shown any difference of the satisfaction with stages-matched educational program between internet and postal service groups. Conclusion: This study suggested that cervical cancer screening behavior could be changed by tailored messages which had developed with cognitive-behavioral factors. The stages-matched educational program was effective to promote the screening adherence for cervical cancer.
A comparative study for the development of a health promotion policy through an analysis of the mortality rates in Korea and Japan,
Nam, Eun-Woo ; Song, Yea-Li-A ; Moriyama, Masaki ; Ishihara, Akiko ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 39~54
This study attempts to provide fundamental information for a health policy and health services by looking at the trends and types of the mortality rates in Korea and Japan. In this study, data of the death statistics of Korea and Japan over the 21-year period from 1983 to 2003 are analyzed. Mortality data are standardized
to the 2003 Japan population, according to the direct method. In 2001/2003, the ranking of major causes of death in Korea and Japan has been greatly changed. In Korea, mortality rates from malignant neoplasms, diabetes mellitus, renal failure, falls and suicide have increased. In Japan, the mortality rates from pneumonia increase more than those from diabetes mellitus. In 2001/2003, the proportions of the mortality rates from chronic diseases are higher than those from acute diseases. In the Korean health promotion policy "Health Promotion 2020", a more intensive goal management is needed.
Differences in Longevity Factors amongst Korean Centenarians, Octogenarians, and Sexagenarians
Kim, Jong-In ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 55~68
The purpose of this study was to investigate differences in longevity factors for 3 age groups: centenarians, octogenarians, and sexagenarians. There were 389 elderly Korean subjects who participated in this study. This included 109 centenarians who participated in the 1-wave study that examined the longevity factors using the health behaviors and psychological reactions. The study that examined the longevity factors by using odds ratio of the logistic regression analysis. The major findings indicate that female centenarians and octogenarians scored the highest in abstinence from alcoholic drinking than males from these same 2 age groups (OR=9.04, CI=4.04, 20.24). Centenarians scored higher in non-visiting hospitals (OR=11.48, CI=5.56, 23.70) and showed little emotion when watching sad scenes, upon comparison with the younger 2 age groups. Also, centenarians scored higher in laughter (OR=11.59, CI=5.04, 26.63), showing no anxiety (OR=12.49, CI=6.42, 24.32), and displaying indifference towards games, when compared with the younger 2 age groups. The findings imply that Korean centenarian leads to a life of longevity is the result not only of psychological reactions but also of health behaviors. Also, these results support future studies of improvement of longevity factors.
Secular change of physical growth in Korean children and youth between 1999 and 2005
Kim, Myung ; Kim, Hye-Kyeong ; Matsuura, Yoshiyuki ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 69~85
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to clarify the traits of differences supposed as secular differences in physical growth between samples of children and youth in 1999 and 2005, and to identify the need of children and youth for health promotion. Methods: Two samples of different cohort were selected. The first one was consisted of 231 boys and 346 girls in 1999. And the other was consisted of 171 boys and 400 girls in 2005. Then the longitudinal growth distance data were collected from their cumulative health examination records. Results: The 2005 were larger in growth distances of stature, body weight, sitting height, and chest girth a at all ages from 6 to 16 in both boys and girls, so it could be concluded that a certain positive shift in growth process appeared in such a short duration. The 2005 were larger in growth velocity before peak age and also after peak age in body weight, but only in the term after peak age significant secular differences were found in stature for both sexes. As far as the growth distance concerned, the 2005 boys were ahead of the 1999 boys from 0.28-1.02 years and the 2005 girls from 0.32 to 0.81 years. In growth distance. Only in peak velocity, significant secular change was recognized in both sexes, any positive evidences of appearance of secular change were not found in peal age. In such derived physical indices as BMI, body weight index, sitting height index, and chest girth index, obvious evidences of secular change appearance were found.
Labor union associates' perception and participation on the safety and health education at work
Park, Kyoung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 87~101
Objectives: This study identified the labor union associates' perception and participation status on SHEW and analyzed these two Constructs correlations with Safety and health education at work(SHEW) in manufacture and construction industries. Methods: Self-administered survey was successfully finished by 103 labor union associates (91 employed in 78 manufacturing companies and 12 employed in 12 constructing companies over 12 areas). Two questionnaires, survey direction slip, the official letter to ask survey participation from Korea Ministry of Labor, and a posted envelop to return were delivered to each workplace labor union office in conveniently selected companies. Most participants' companies were at least medium to large in manufacturing industry and most associates were men and married. A survey questionnaire examined demographic characteristics, SHEW status (participation status included), and perceptions of SHEW. Results: Overall, manufacturing companies had better infrastructures for SHEW, employer support for SHEW, and current educators' competencies than constructing companies. These infrastructures for SHEW were closely correlated with company labor union participation on SHEW and the correlation coefficients were greater than any other expectations or needs variables for SHEW. Conclusions: The primary strategies for better participation and support from labor union need to be developed in supporting for organizational infrastructures related to SHEW and strengthening safety and health education training programs for supervisors or educators at work.
Housewives' Perception on Obesity Related Variables of Family According to Child Composition of Household
Seo, Yong-Seok ; Lee, Dae-Taek ; Cha, Kwang-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 103~118
Housewives' perception on obesity related variables to their family members according to the composition of children in the family was explored. Ninety housewives responded to a questionnaire consisted of sociodemographic informations, body weight perception, eating behaviors perception, and physical activity level for herself as well as her family. They were categorized into three groups based on child composition of the family; boys only (BO), girls only (GO), and boys and girls (BG) families. Boys in BO showed higher value of height, weight, and WHR than girls in GO (p <.05), while no differences were noticed in BMI and the waist girth between the groups. Mothers of BO perceived boys were active while mother of GO did girls were inactive (p <.05). Girls in GO ate meals less regularly than boys in BO and girls in BG. In general, housewives' perception on body weight of family members was relied on BMI and waist girth. As mother's BMI increased, the boy's BMI in BO was also elevated (p <.05), but not in others. Mothers' perception on caloric intake and activity encouragement were not accounted for morphological characteristics. Results suggest that housewives perceived obesity related variables differently based on the composition of children of the family.
Psychological benefits of bench-step aerobics program in overweight or obese adult women: its effects on anger, exercise self-efficacy, exercise-related affect, and body image
Lee, Mi-Ra ; Kim, Wan-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 24, issue 5, 2007, Pages 119~135
Objectives: The efficacy, feasibility, and safety of bench-step aerobics (BSA) program in overweight or obese Korean adult women have been implied. However, there has been almost no evidence for its psychological benefits. As such, the purpose of this study was to investigate the psychological benefits of BSA program in overweight or obese (body mass index
) Korean adult women. Method: Anger, exercise self-efficacy, exercise-related affect, and body image of overweight or obese women who participated in a 12-week BSA program (n=15) were compared with those of their counterparts in the control group (n=13). Subjects were selected among public health center visitors and those recruited by putting an advertisement in local newspapers and the public health center homepage. Data from the exercise and control groups were collected before and after the 12-week BSA program (from August to November in 2006) at the public health centers. The exercise program consisted of 45 to 60 min moderate-intensity (40/50 to 50/60% of their hear rate reserve) BSA performed for 3 days a week. Results: After the BSA program, body image of the subjects in the exercise group was significantly improved and there was a significant difference between the exercise and control groups. Anger, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise-related affect were improved after the BSA program but the changes did not reach the level of statistical significance and there were no significant differences between the exercise and control groups. Conclusions: In conclusion, BSA appears to significantly enhance body image in overweight or obese Korean adult women but its effects on anger, exercise self-efficacy, and exercise-related affect do not appear to be statistically significant. Further studies involving different subjects, particularly whose levels of anger are high or whose levels of exercise-related affect are low to exclude the influence of the ceiling or floor effect, are warranted in a randomized controlled design.