Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Health Promotion
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Dec 2008
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
The Relationship among Fun Seeking, Self-Efficacy, Interest in Physical Activity and Actual Physical Activity of Male College Students
Suh, Kyung-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 1~12
Objectives: The researchers investigated the relationship among fun seeking, self-efficacy, interest in physical activity and actual physical activities of male college students, in orders to provide valuable information to professionals in health promotion. Methods: The participants were 316 male college students whose ages ranged from 18 to 30(M=22.53, SD=2.09). The questionnaires and psychological tests used in this research included the following: sub-scale of Korean Version of BAS/BIS Scale, The General Self-Efficacy Scale, International Physical Activity Questionnaires, & sub-scale of The Intrinsic Motivation Inventory for physical activity. Results: Results indicated that male students who had moderate level of fun seeking were more likely to engage in physical activities than those who showed low or high level of fun seeking. And students with the strong self-efficacy were more likely to do physical activity than with the weak self-efficacy, especially high level of physical activity. Male students who had greater interest in physical activity were more likely to engage in physical activities than those who were not interested in physical activity. A regression analysis revealed that interest in physical activity accounted for the most variance; it accounted for around 14.5% variance of actual physical activity with self-efficacy. The interaction effect of self-efficacy and interest in physical activity was significant for actual physical activity. Conclusion: This study reiterates the roles of self-efficacy and the interest in physical activity on physical activity, and found that non-linear relation of fun seeking to physical activity. These results may provide useful information for health practitioners.
Evaluation of Ubiquitous High Blood-Pressure Demonstration in Sungnam
Lee, Won-Jae ; Kim, Hye-Jung ; Lee, Jae-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 13~23
Objective: The current study was to test if the developed sphygmomanometer was working well and blood pressure information could be collected and monitored systematically through the internet. We tested if the sphygmomanometer and services for blood pressure controlled high blood pressure significantly and the ubiquitous monitoring could be used further. Methods: Kyungwon University, KT Co., Gil Medical Center, LIG Nex1 Co., and Sujeong Health Center conducted an ubiquitous high blood control project in Sujeong-gu, Sungnam, Korea from Mar. 5 to May 16. We developed and applied sphygmomanometer. We distributed the devices to 27 high blood pressure patients. The blood pressures of the residents were monitored through the internet when they measured blood pressures in their homes. A nurse monitored and consulted their blood pressures in the monitoring center in Kyungwon University during the demonstration period. The consultant called them and consulted on their blood pressures in few seconds they used the sphygmomanometers. For the significance of change in blood pressure, we tested statistically with Generalized Additive Model(GAM) and Multi-level Analysis. Results: Both GAM and Multi-level Analysis showed that the blood pressures of persons with ubiquitous blood pressure management decreased significantly as time passed. Conclusions: The internet monitoring and services are considered to be promising because most of the participants were satisfied especially because somebody was caring their health. The decrease of blood pressures was significant by GAM and Multi-level Analysis. Thus, we can apply ubiquitous blood pressure management to health promotion projects.
Factors associated with success of smoking cessation for 6 months at smoking-cessation clinic of public health center in urban area
Jun, Yong-Wook ; Ji, Nam-Ju ; Lee, Weon-Young ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 25~38
Objectives: This study identified the factors associated with successful smoking cessation for 6 months at a smoking-cessation clinic of a public health center in an urban area. Methods: The subjects of this study were 670 visitors to the smoking cessation clinic of Dongjak-Gu public health center in Seoul, from September 6, 2005 to March 24, 2006. The 274 visitors of them responded to the questionnaire with registration, which contained the information related to the study except that of registered card for the clinic. A dependent variable was success or failure in smoking cessation during the 6 month-smoking cessation program, measured the status of smoking cessation in each week by self-report. Independent variable included demographic information, the characteristics in using the clinic, health status and smoking related behaviour, exposure to other smokers in daily life and motivation. Multiple logistic regression model was used to find the factors associated with success of smoking cessation. Results: The success rate in smoking cessation for 6 months was 33.6%. Five pretreatment characteristics were identified as univariate predictors of continuous abstinence. Finally, age, job, and practice oriented motivation were associated significantly with the success of smoking cessation for 6 months from a multiple logistic regression analysis. The lower socio-economic smokers such as people having lower literacy level, lower income people, unskilled workers, and recipients by Medical Assistant Program were more likely to fail in continuous abstinence for 6 months. Conclusions: In order to increase the success rate in smoking cessation clinics of public centers, counselors should activate self confidence and practice oriented motivation of participants for smoking cessation.
Analysis of the Effects of Muscle Strength Exercise on Physical Function and Quality of Life in the Frail Elderly
SunWoo, Duk ; Lee, Sue-Hyung ; Park, Ji-Sun ; Bae, Sang-Soo ; Cho, Yoo-Hyang ; Kim, Chun-Bae ; Koh, Kwang-Wook ; Kim, Yeon-A ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 39~53
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of muscle strength exercise on physical function and quality of life in the frail elderly. Methods: Subjects were 401 frail elderly people selected by the screening tool developed by Japan department of Health, Labor and welfare. The program was carried out for twice a week for 12 weeks. Data were analyzed with paired t-test and t-test using STATA program. Results: 1) Muscle strength exercise for the frail elderly showed statistically significant effects on improving grip strength, single leg stand, TUG(Time up to go) and quality of life. 2) The grip strength and single leg stand indicators showed statistically significant effects between the over 75 years old and the under 75 years old. However, TUG and quality of life indicators didn't show statistically significant effects between the over 75 years old and the under 75 years old. Conclusions: The muscle strength exercise for the frail elderly people was very effective on improving grip strength, single leg stand, TUG and quality of life and especially, it was more effective in the over 75 years old than in the under 75 years old.
Relationship between the Self-Reported Oral Health Status and Hemoglobin A1c Level among Diabetic Patients
Choi, Jun-Seon ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 55~69
Objective: This study was to investigate the relationship between hemoglobin A1c level and self-reported oral health status. Methods: The subjects of this study were 150 diabetic patients (60 male patients and 90 female patients) who went to the internal and family medicine departments of clinic. This study used the questionnaire and NYCOCARD
READERII to quantify hemoglobin A1c. Results: The proportion of well controlled diabetes subjects was 31.3%. When hemoglobin A1c levels became higher, subjects perceived that there were more decay teeth, bleeding, swollen gums, mobility teeth, and oral disease symptoms. In comparison with the well glycemic control group, poor glycemic control group perceived that the overall oral health status was worse, and had more bleeding teeth, swollen gums and mobility teeth. Conclusion: These results show that hemoglobin A1c level is related to the self-reported oral health status. Therefore, dental professionals should emphasize more the necessity of maintaining the hemoglobin A1c of normal range and monitoring it periodically, and the practice of thorough oral hygiene care in order to promote diabetic patients' oral health.
The 4th Year Appraisal for Effectiveness of School-based Oral Health Program in Daegu, Korea
Park, Ji-Hye ; Jeong, Seong-Hwa ; Song, Keun-Bae ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 71~81
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long term effects of school-based oral health program on the decrease of dental caries among elementary school children. Methods: The subjects of this study were total 283 students of one elementary school in Deagu, Korea. They had received school-based oral health programs more than one year since 2004. This school-based oral health program included regular oral examination, fluoride mouthrinsing, pit-and-fissure sealing, APF gel application, tooth brushing instruction and chewing the xylitol tablets. The subjects' oral health status were examined and calibrated by a dentist every year from 2004 to 2007. Results: The change of DMFT index were as follows: (1)The subjects who entered the school at 2004 - 0.32(2004), 0.25(2005), 0.25(2006) and 0.38(2007), (2)the subjects who entered the school at 2005 - 0.18(2005), 0.31(2006) and 0.32(2007), and (3)the subjects who entered the school at 2006 - 0.19(2006) and 0.27(2007). Conclusions: This study partially showed the effects of school-based oral health programs on the increments of dental caries. This programs should be expanded widely among elementary schools in Korea.
The Methodology of Community-Based Participatory Research
Jung, Min-Soo ; Jung, Yoo-Kyung ; Jang, Sa-Rang ; Cho, Byong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 83~104
Objectives: Community-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) is a kind of health promotion approach to increase social cohesion and sense of community, which has built the collaborated partnership in all phases. This has the co-ownership of research objectives and knowledges produced by residents, and the outcome was taken to enhance community empowerment. This study performed to embody CBPR, which had regulated collective health status approached by social epidemiology. Methods: Reference review had been exercised focused on CBPR books and papers published since 1990. Our interests were aimed at its paradigm and methodological issues. Particularly, we problematized its feasibility in the social and behavioral foundations of pubic health. Results: According to the review, CBPR shared critical understanding and decision-making related to their community development including health status. Therefore, it was strength-based approach in spite of scientific dichotomy. CBPR created social cohesion and community empowerment with all participants, because it sublated contradiction between subjectivism and objectivism. Conclusions: The success of CBPR needs what we so called trust, democracy, collaboration, devotion, and consensus of equity. Despite these factors, CBPR may be a methodological transition to prepare some intervention of health inequality. This is because it does emphasize a mixture of theory and praxis to manage vulnerable people in community.
International Trend of Health Education and Health Promotion
Nam, Eun-Woo ;
Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion, volume 25, issue 1, 2008, Pages 105~115
For the development of Korean health promotion projects, this paper appraised the capacities of health promotion projects and examined the latest international trend of the health promotion field, based on the appraisal of data made by the Ministry of Health and Welfare, 2005 and IUHPE relevant reports. The capacities of Korean health promotion should be strengthened as follows: First, it is urgent to give health education and to use the professionals of it. Secondly, setting approach is required when working on health promotion projects. Thirdly, it is necessary to strengthen the capacities of local communities through the central government's administrative and financial supports for the healthy cities project which is a strategy of general approach to new public health projects. The
century is an age of new public health that the cause for deaths increasingly is centered on life style. So it is necessary to expand the scope of health education to the field of making the environment of local community healthy beyond the level of individual health education. And further, it is required to develop the curriculum of health and to work out new strategies for health promotion. In conclusion, Korea should train competent human resources in the fields of practice of healthy public policies, of knowledge-based projects, and of health promotion (like health educators). The political direction for it should be to promote various healthy city projects, not only health center-led health promotion projects, and further, to strengthen the capacities of the health promotion projects of local communities.